Henri, Count of Chambord was disputedly King of France from 2 to 9 August 1830 as Henry V, although he was never proclaimed as such. Afterwards, he was the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883. Henri was the only son of Duke of Berry, born after his father's death; the Duke was the younger son of Charles X of France, by his wife, Princess Carolina of Naples and Sicily, daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies. As the grandson of Charles X, Henri was a Petit-Fils de France, he was the last legitimate descendant in the male line of Louis XV of France. Henri d'Artois was born on 29 September 1820, in the Pavillon de Marsan, a portion of the Tuileries Palace that still survives in the compound of the Louvre Palace in Paris, his father, the duc de Berry, had been assassinated seven months before his birth. At birth, Henri was given the title of duc de Bordeaux; because of his birth after his father's death, when the senior male line of the House of Bourbon was on the verge of extinction, Henri was named Dieudonné.
Royalists called him "the miracle child". On 2 August 1830, in response to the July Revolution, Henri's grandfather, Charles X, twenty minutes Charles' elder son Louis Antoine, duc d'Angoulême, himself abdicated, in favour of the young duc de Bordeaux. Charles X urged his cousin Louis Philippe of Orléans, as Lieutenant général du royaume, to proclaim Henri as Henry V, King of France, but Louis Philippe ignored him; as a consequence, after seven days, a period in which legitimist monarchists considered that Henri had been the rightful monarch of France, the National Assembly decreed that the throne should pass to Louis Philippe, proclaimed King of the French on 9 August. Henri and his family left France and went into exile on 16 August 1830. While some French monarchists recognized him as their sovereign, others disputed the validity of the abdications of his grandfather and of his uncle. Still others recognised the July Monarchy of Louis Philippe. With the death of his 79-year-old grandfather in 1836 and of his uncle in 1844, young Henri became the genealogically senior claimant to the French throne.
His supporters were called Legitimists to distinguish them from the Orléanists, the supporters of the family of Louis Philippe. Henri, who preferred the courtesy title of comte de Chambord, continued his claim to the throne throughout the July Monarchy of Louis Philippe, the Second Republic, the Second Empire of Napoléon III, the Third Republic. In November 1846, the comte de Chambord married his second cousin Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, daughter of Duke Francis IV of Modena and Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy; the couple had no children. In the early 1870s, as the Second Empire collapsed following its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War at the battle of Sedan on 1 September 1870, the royalists became a majority in the National Assembly; the Orléanists agreed to support the aging comte de Chambord's claim to the throne, with the expectation that at his childless death he would be succeeded by their own claimant, Philippe d'Orléans, comte de Paris. Henri was pretender for both Legitimists and Orléanists, the restoration of monarchy in France seemed a close possibility.
However, Henri insisted that he would accept the crown only on condition that France abandon its tricolour flag and return to the use of the white fleur de lys flag. He rejected a compromise, whereby the fleur-de-lys would be the new king's personal standard, the tricolour would remain the national flag. A temporary Third Republic was established, to wait for Henri's death and his replacement by the more liberal Comte de Paris. By the time this occurred in 1883, public opinion had however swung behind the Republic as the form of government which, in the words of the former President Adolphe Thiers, "divides us least". Thus, Henri could be mockingly hailed by republicans such as Georges Clemenceau as "the French Washington" — the one man without whom the Republic could not have been founded. Henri died on 24 August 1883 at his residence in Frohsdorf, Austria, at the age of sixty-two, bringing the Louis XV male-only line to an end, he was buried in his grandfather Charles X's crypt in the church of the Franciscan Kostanjevica Monastery in Gorizia Austria, now in Slovenian city of Nova Gorica.
His personal property, including the château de Chambord, was left to his nephew, Robert I, Duke of Parma. Henri's death left the Legitimist line of succession distinctly confused. On one hand, Henri himself had accepted that the head of the Maison de France would be the head of the Orléans line, i.e. the Comte de Paris. This was accepted by many Legitimists, was the default on legal grounds. However, many if not most of Henri's supporters, including his widow, chose to disregard his statements and this law, arguing that no one had the right to deny to the senior direct-male-line male Bourbon to be the head of the Maison de France and thus the legitimate King of France, thus these Legitimists settled on Juan, Count of Montizón, the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne (the Salic law having been suspended in
The 2015–16 Southern Illinois Salukis men's basketball team represented Southern Illinois University Carbondale during the 2015–16 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Salukis, led by fourth year head coach Barry Hinson, played their home games at the SIU Arena and were members of the Missouri Valley Conference, they finished the season 11 -- 7 in Missouri Valley play to finish in a tie for fourth place. They lost in the quarterfinals of the Missouri Valley Tournament to Northern Iowa. Despite having 22 wins, citing financial concerns and player fatigue, they chose not to participate in a postseason tournament; the Salukis finished the 2015–16 season 12–21, 4–14 in MVC play to finish in ninth place. They advanced to the quarterfinals of the Missouri Valley Tournament where they lost to Northern Iowa
For other Sportsmen named William Williams see William Williams For other Sportsmen named Billy Williams see Billy WilliamsWilliam Henry "Buller" Williams was a Welsh international rugby union forward who played club rugby for Pontymister RFC. In 1900, Williams became a Triple Crown winning player when he represented Wales in all three of the games during the Home Nations Championship. "Buller" Williams played club rugby for Pontmister, one of the few second-tier clubs from the Monmouthshire area to have provided international players to the Welsh squad. Williams was the second player from Pontymister to represent Wales, following Joseph Booth who earned a single cap in 1898. Williams was first chosen for the Welsh squad as part of 1900 Home Nations Championship, playing in the opening game against England. Williams, along with Bob Thomas, were the two new caps brought into the forward positions for the game. Wales won the game 13-3, Williams was reselected for the second game of the tournament, over Scotland.
Wales beat Scotland, scoring four tries in the process, with Williams among the scorers, his first international points. The final game, away to Ireland, decided the Championship, Wales took the Triple Crown with the only points coming from Swansea's George Davies. Williams played just one more international game for Wales, the opener of the 1901 Championship, again against England; the game ended in another confident win for Wales, with Williams again on the score sheet with another try. The next match. Wales England 1900, 1901 Scotland 1900 Ireland 1900 Godwin, Terry; the International Rugby Championship 1883-1983. Grafton Street, London: Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218060-X. Griffiths, John; the Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7. Smith, David. Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3