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Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne called Turenne, was a French Marshal General and the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family. His military exploits over his five-decade career earned him a reputation as one of the greatest generals in modern history. Born to a Huguenot family, Turenne learned his military skills in Dutch service during the Eighty Years' War. After returning to France in 1630, he rose to prominence during the Thirty Years' War by capturing the fortress of Breisach in 1638. Created Marshal of France in 1643, he invaded Bavaria the following year, defeating the Bavarian army in three years of campaigning and forcing the Elector of Bavaria to make peace; the Elector soon broke the treaty and in 1648 Turenne invaded again with Swedish support, subduing the Imperial army at Zusmarshausen and pacifying Bavaria. Turenne supported the Fronde but returned to Royal service in 1651, emerging as France's foremost general by defeating the rebellious army of the Prince of Condé on the outskirts of Paris and re-occupying the city.

His triumphs against Spanish armies at Arras and at Dunkirk led to the overrunning of much of the Spanish Netherlands and brought the war against Spain to a victorious conclusion. Two years Louis XIV appointed him Marshal General of France. A supporter of absolute monarchy, he converted to Catholicism in 1668. During the War of Devolution in 1667 Turenne captured the Spanish Netherlands without resistance. In 1672 the French invaded the Dutch Republic and the Marshal General conquered the country up to Amsterdam. Checked by the Dutch flooding of the land, he invaded the Holy Roman Empire the next year, reaching the Elbe and compelling Brandenburg to abandon the anti-French coalition. Faced with the loss of Alsace to superior Allied forces, he crowned his career with a series of battlefield victories, most notably at Turckheim and a masterful strategic turning movement around the Vosges in mid-winter that drove the Imperials from Alsace, he was killed by an Imperial cannonball at the battle of Salzbach in 1675.

The second son of Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, sovereign Prince of Sedan, by his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, he was born at Sedan. It is said, he received a Huguenot education and the usual training of a young noble of the time, but physical infirmity, an impediment of speech, hampered his progress, though he showed a marked partiality for history and geography, was impressed by the exploits of Alexander the Great and Caesar. At first he was a lazy student. After his father began claiming that his intellectual laziness would be as great a barrier to joining the army as his physical weakness he began to study on his own accord. After his father's death in 1623, he devoted himself to bodily exercises and in a great measure overcame his natural weakness. At the age of fourteen he went to learn war, as he and his mother were devout Calvinists and were suspicious of Cardinal Richelieu, in the camp of his uncle, Maurice of Nassau the Stadtholder of Holland and Prince of Orange He began his military career as a private soldier in Maurice's bodyguard during the Eighty Years' War.

Frederick Henry of Nassau, who succeeded his brother Maurice as Stadtholder and Prince of Orange in 1625, granted Turenne a captaincy in 1626. He drilled his troops, as was the custom in that time, won their respect with his charity and simple lifestyle, his company was alleged to be the best drilled and most disciplined one in the army, he required of his soldiers not only discipline but high moral standards. His kindness made; the young officer took his part in the siege warfare of the period, learning much about fortifications and siege warfare. He won special commendation for his skill at the siege of Bois-le-Duc of 1629 but was reprimanded for recklessness, he learned much about the details of leading an army like posting guards and reconnaissance. In 1630 Turenne left the Netherlands and entered the service of France, motivated both by the prospect of military advancement but because of his mother's desire to display loyalty to the French crown. Cardinal Richelieu made him colonel of an infantry regiment.

He still continued to serve at short intervals with the prince of Orange, who at the time had an alliance with France. He fought against Van Den Berg, he took part in an uneventful campaign under Schomberg in 1630 but first serious service under the French flag occurred at the siege of La Mothe in Lorraine by Marshal de la Force, where his brilliant courage at the assault won him immediate promotion to the rank of maréchal de camp. In 1635 Turenne served under Louis de Nogaret de La Valette on the Rhine; the French and their allies raised the Imperial siege of Mainz, but the French army had to fall back on Metz for want of provisions. In the retreat he measured swords with the famous imperial General Gallas, distinguished himself greatly, he managed to defeat his pursuers in battle but the Imperials were too numerous to be turned around. The reorganised army took the field again in 1636 and captured Saverne, at the storming of which he was wounded. In 1637 he took part including the capture of Landrecies.

In the latter part of 1638, serving under Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, he directed the assault on Breisach, which surrendered on

Ely Eel Day

Ely Eel Day is an annual celebration observed by people from Ely, Cambridgeshire to celebrate the city's namesake — the eel. The celebrations start with a parade which begins from Cross Green outside Ely Cathedral and proceeds through the city to the Jubilee Gardens, passing by the Market Square and along the River Great Ouse at Ely's Waterside; the celebrations following the parade include an eel throwing competition. The competition does not use real eels. Competitors were given socks rolled into some tights with rice in the end to weight it down but now the competition uses specially made toy eels. Other events on Eel Day include an annual competition for Town Criers, it is traditional for any couples marrying that weekend to be named'the King of Eels' and'the Queen of Eels'. Legend goes. Accordingly, the City of Ely will send couples married that weekend a hamper of eels each year on their anniversary; as part of the Eel Parade, the Queen of Eels must march ahead of the various floats and processions on a carriage, wearing a crown of eels.

Eel Day is traditionally held on the Saturday, of the May Bank Holiday weekend. Ely Eel Day Procession 2011 photographs Ely Eel Day Procession 2012 photographs Ely Eel Day 2012 photographs

Co-operative Retail Services

Co-operative Retail Services was the second-largest consumer co-operative society in the United Kingdom. In 2000, it was dissolved by its members, merging with the larger Co-operative Wholesale Society, to form the Co-operative Group Ltd. In 1933, CWS formed a retail division tasked with taking over failing retail consumer co-operatives, setting up shop in new areas; this division was demerged to form Co-operative Retail Services during 1957. The demerger was prompted by complications with CWS's democratic governance: it was becoming a larger retailer in its own right but it was a secondary co-operative, owned by other co-operatives, meaning the retail division's customers had little representation on the board; however elections were still held with rival political groups standing, such as the 1960 Committee which attempted to give a more left-wing leadership to the London Region of CRS. CRS expanded and opened up new co-op shops in the "co-op deserts" of the south-east and south-west of England where co-operative activity had been low.

The CRS was charged with rescuing failing societies and from the 1950s it began to an increasing number of loss-making co-ops, to the point where the CRS itself began to become loss-making. At which point the Co-operative Wholesale Society began to become the default rescuer of failing co-ops after it had itself absorbed the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society, which brought the CWS back to operating its own retail division, in 1973. During the mid-1990s, CRS began an ambitious investment programme; the society saw the CWS-led Co-op brand as old and out-dated and began a huge refurbishment programme of its ageing and neglected stores under a new'Co-operative' identity. Slow to adopt the commonplace EPoS systems for its tills, still pricing products individually rather than using barcode scanners, it invested in information technology. In 2000, these changes and improvements were overtaken by events, as CRS was merged back into CWS to form The Co-operative Group. Over the following few years, the re-branding efforts were temporarily reversed as stores and own brand goods were converted into CWS-designed formats – which included the 1992 version of the 1967 CWS four leaf clover "Co-op" logo.

However, in 2007, the movement's re-branding programme reintroduced the name Co-operative to these stores. The largest proportion of the business was devoted to food retailing in over 500 stores; the society had a wide range of stores including superstores, medium-sized supermarkets and small convenience stores. At the end of the 1990s, superstores and supermarkets were branded'Co-operative Pioneer' while most smaller convenience stores would carry the'Co-operative Local' brand. CRS had used a variety of brands, including Leo's, Market Fresh and Stop & Shop. In the 1990s, CRS led a grocery buying group, the Consortium of Independent Co-operatives, independent of the CWS-led Co-operative Retail Trading Group. Several of the larger regional co-operatives of the time were members: Portsea, Scotmid and Yorkshire. In 1998, the CIC supplied £1 billion of goods annually, the CRTG £2.5 billion. The collapse of CIC, in 1998, coincided with the retirement of CRS chief executive Harry Moore, who had opposed proposals to merge CRS with the CWS.

The society operated a number of department stores based in city centres. Most of these stores carried the'Living' brand. Department stores were located in: Bangor, Barnstaple, Bath, Blackwood, Bridgend, Bristol Burnley, Bury St. Edmunds, Cardiff, Colwyn Bay, Doncaster, Hammersmith, Hemel Hempstead, Herne Bay, Leeds, Letchworth, Llanelli, Merthyr Tydfil, Newmarket, Pembroke Dock, Reading, Scunthorpe, St Austell, Stratford, Taunton, Wells, Weston-super-Mare, Worcester, Yeovil. Larger, out-of-town stores carrying a larger range of lines - but no clothing or cosmetics - carried the'Co-operative HomeWorld' brand; these stores were located in: Carn Brea, Coventry, Filton, Hedge End, Talbot Green and Merthyr Tydfil- Leo's Home Centre In April 1999, CRS announced the closure of all its fifty non-food department stores, ten of which being the Homeworld stores were sold to Kingfisher, for conversion into Big W and B&Q stores. In conjunction with Household and Electrical departments, the operation ran its own credit finance facility, rental operation.

Rentals included fridges. At one point the "Co-op" buried more people than any other funeral director; the society operated ten car dealerships with 835 staff in the Cambridge area under the Herbert Robinson name. Herbert Robinson had been a business of the former Cambridge & District Co-operative Society, that transferred engagements to CRS in 1991. In 2000, these sites were absorbed into CWS's much larger Priory Motor Group, which at the time had 18 dealerships on 12 sites. Priory was broken up and sold by the Co-operative Group in 2005. Co-operative The Co-operative brand The Co-operative Group British co-operative movement

Stephanie Harvey

Stephanie Harvey, better known by her in-game name missharvey, is a Canadian video game developer and professional gamer. She is best known as a Counter-Strike and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive player, having won five world championships, she plays for Counter Logic Gaming Red. Outside professional gaming, Harvey works as a designer at video game developer Ubisoft Montreal, she is known for advocating against gender discrimination in professional gaming, co-founding the online community Missclicks to address the under-representation of women in geek and video game culture. In November 2016, she was listed as one of BBC's 100 Women. In December 2016, she won the third season of Canada's Smartest Person. Harvey began her professional gaming career playing Counter-Strike. In 2005, she joined CheckSix Divas, she moved to SK Ladies, playing with the team for four years and winning two world championships. In 2011 Harvey founded a new Counter-Strike team, UBINITED, sponsored by her employer Ubisoft, which went on to win the ESCW 2011 Women's event.

The following year the team again won that year's ESCW Women's event. In 2015 it signed to Counter Logic Gaming to become CLG. CS Red, won a third ESCW Women's tournament. In 2016 CLG. CS became the first all-female team to move into a gaming house and began to compete in more men's events. Harvey left CLG. CS Red in May 2017 but rejoined the team a year later. Harvey has spoken out against gender discrimination in professional gaming, she has highlighted that less than 5% of professional gamers are women, that there is a significant gender disparity in player's earnings, that women in gaming face routine verbal abuse and sexual harassment: When I started gaming I was a pioneer, which I didn’t know at the time, it was not easy... Over the Internet, people don’t have to deal with the repercussions of insulting someone else, they can’t see a sad face. I had to build a strong shell to be able to succeed. It's still a'boy's club' so as a woman you're automatically judged for being different... The way I get harassed is about what they would do to my body, about why I don't deserve to be there because I use my sexuality - it's all graphic...

Why do I do this if my community hate me? Because I am a feminist, because I believe women have a place in gaming. In 2016, together with female professional gamers Anna Prosser Robinson, Geneviève Forget and Stephanie Powell, Harvey founded Missclicks, an online community and safe space to address these issues by promoting female role models in gaming. After winning Season Three of Canada's Smartest Person in December 2016, Harvey selected Opération Enfant Soleil, a Quebec charity supporting pediatrics in the province, as the recipient of the $20,000 in prize money. Missclicks

Possum Jones

Possum Jones was a NASCAR Grand National driver. From 1952 to 1965, Jones managed to lead 28 out of the 8234 laps; the 29th lap of the 1957 Rebel 300 would become infamous for the nine-car wreck that become a harbinger of doom in the days prior to the "modern" NASCAR Cup Series. Jones would be involved in this wreck. Jones cut his professional racing career "teeth" on racing convertibles in NASCAR, he was one of the original drivers. In 1957, Jones won two convertible races, at Fayetteville; this experiment in "stock car racing" would last throughout the rest of the 1950s and into the year 1962 before the regular stock cars became more cost efficient. It became too expensive to cut the tops off the vehicles; this would add up to 6,950.5 miles raced in total. Total earnings for Possum Jones was $13,680. On average, Jones finished in 20th place. Possum Jones was a NASCAR owner during the 1963 and 1964 seasons, he managed to arrange rides for himself in addition to Jim McGuirk, Joe Weatherly, Joe Penland

Harry Kermode

Harry Kermode was a Canadian basketball player who competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics. Kermode was part of the Canadian basketball team which finished ninth in the Basketball at the 1948 Summer Olympics. At a young age, his interests were found in soccer but, while working towards a Forestry Engineering degree from the University of British Columbia, he spent several years on the school'™s basketball team, a tenure, interrupted by his training in the Canadian Air Force during World War II. In the 1945-1946 season, the team went 28-6 in the regular season, a record that heralds the team as one of the best sports teams in the University’s history 60 years and took the Pacific Northwest Collegiate Conference Championships, with a 9-1 record, their subsequent exhibition tour, which included a victory over the Harlem Globetrotters, helped raise money to construct the UBC War Memorial Gym. It was his participation as a top scorer on the 1947-1948 team, that earned him a spot in the Olympic Games.

On the court, he was characterized as a crowd favourite. After the Olympic Games he began a life-long career in forestry, took up golf and tennis, the latter as both a player and a coach; as part of the 1945-46 UBC Thunderbirds, he was inducted into the British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame in 1984 and as part of the 1947-48 team, he was inducted into the University of British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame in 1996. Kermode had a wife of 54 years when he died. Harry Kermode's obituary