Moline is a city located in Rock Island County, United States. With a population of 43,977 in 2010, it is the largest city in Rock Island County. Moline is one of the Quad Cities, along with neighboring East Moline and Rock Island in Illinois and the cities of Davenport and Bettendorf in Iowa; the Quad Cities have an estimated population of 381,342. The city is the ninth-most populated city in Illinois outside the Chicago Metropolitan Area; the corporate headquarters of Deere & Company is located in Moline, as was Montgomery Elevator, founded and headquartered in Moline until 1997, when it was acquired by Kone Elevator, which has its U. S. Division headquartered in Moline. Quad City International Airport, Niabi Zoo, Black Hawk College, the Quad Cities campus of Western Illinois University-Quad Cities. Moline is a retail hub for the Illinois Quad Cities, as South Park Mall and numerous big-box shopping plazas are located in the city. In the mid-1990s, the city undertook major efforts to revitalize its central business district, which had declined after suburban growth and retail changes after the 1950s and 1960s.
Today, Moline's downtown again serves as one of the recreational hubs of the Quad Cities. Downtown Moline features hotels such as Radisson and Stoney Creek Inn, commercial areas such as Bass Street Landing and the historic 5th Avenue. Moline acquired its name after it was platted in 1843; the name derives from the French moulin meaning "mill town". The city of Moline is nestled beside and on a broad bluff situated between the banks of the Mississippi River and Rock River in Rock Island County, Illinois; the city's highland areas are cut across by many deep ravines that break up the city into natural neighborhoods. The city is bounded to the west by Rock Island. Moline is located 165 miles west of Chicago and 164 miles northwest of Springfield, Illinois. Moline and its neighboring communities within the Quad Cities form the largest urban area along the Mississippi River between Minneapolis to the north and St. Louis to the south, are located halfway between them; the area is served by four interstate highways: Interstate 74, Interstate 280, Interstate 80, Interstate 88.
The Quad City International Airport, located on the southern fringe of the city to the south of the Rock River, is home to four commercial airlines providing non-stop flights to eight different cities. This airport is the third busiest one in the state of Illinois, following Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and Midway Airport. According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 16.66 square miles, of which 16.43 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles is water. Typical of the northern half of Illinois, Moline experiences a humid continental climate with hot, humid summers and cold, moderately snowy winters; the normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 22.6 °F in January to 75.4 °F in July. Extremes in temperature have ranged from 111 °F, set on July 14, 1936, down to −33 °F, set on January 30, 2019. Temperatures reach 100 °F only several years per decade, −20 °F readings are rarer; the average window for freezing temperatures is October 10 thru April 24, allowing a growing season of 168 days.
Snowfall averages 31.6 inches per season, but has ranged as low as 11.1 in in 1901–02 to 69.7 in in 1974–75. Unlike much of the Midwest, measurable snow has never occurred in May. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures inhabited areas along the river over thousands of years, using it for transportation and fishing. According to the Rock Island County Historical Society, the first more permanently settled inhabitants of the Moline area are thought to be the Sauk and Meskwaki Indians, who founded the village of Saukenuk in 1720 along the Rock River not far from its confluence with the Mississippi; this tribe saw the land between the Mississippi rivers as ideal for farming and fishing. By the early 19th century, this once peaceful area became a site of violent confrontations between European-American settlers, arriving in greater numbers and encroaching on Native American land, the Sauk and Fox tribes. In 1832 Chief Black Hawk declared war on the United States; when the war ended that year, Black Hawk and his people were forced to leave the area and go north, paving the way for more European-American settlers to enter the Mississippi Valley.
In 1837, David B. Sears and a group of associates built a 600-foot stone-and-brush dam across Sylvan Slough, thereby connecting the sou
U.S. Route 6
U. S. Route 6 called the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, honoring the American Civil War veterans association, is a main route of the U. S. Highway system. While it runs east-northeast from Bishop, California to Provincetown, the route has been modified several times; the highway's longest-lasting routing, from 1936 to 1964, had its western terminus at Long Beach, California. During this time, US 6 was the longest highway in the country. In 1964, the state of California renumbered its highways, most of the route within California was transferred to other highways; this dropped the highway's length below that of US 20. US 6 is a diagonal route, whose number is out of sequence with the rest of the U. S. Highway grid in the western US; when it was designated in 1926, US 6 only ran east of Pennsylvania. Subsequent extensions replacing the former U. S. Route 32 and U. S. Route 38, have taken it south of US 30 near Chicago, Illinois, US 40 near Denver, Colorado, US 50 at Ely, US 70 near Los Angeles, due to its north–south alignment in that state.
US 6 does not serve a major transcontinental corridor, unlike other highways. George R. Stewart, author of U. S. 40: Cross Section of the United States of America considered US 6, but realized that "Route 6 runs uncertainly from nowhere to nowhere, scarcely to be followed from one end to the other, except by some devoted eccentric". In the famous "beat" novel On the Road by Jack Kerouac, protagonist Sal Paradise considers hitchhiking on US 6 to Nevada, but is told by a driver that "there's no traffic passes through 6" and that he'd be better off going via Pittsburgh; the modern US 6 in California is a short, two-lane, north–south surface highway from Bishop to the Nevada state line. Prior to a 1964 highway renumbering project, US 6 extended to Long Beach along what is now US 395, California 14, Interstate 5, Interstate 110/California 110, California 1. Despite the renumbering having removed all freeway portions, it is still part of the California Freeway and Expressway System. US 6's former routing included a short segment of the famous Arroyo Seco Parkway.
US 6 begins at US 395 in Bishop and heads north between farms and ranches in the Chalfant Valley at the base of the 14,000-foot western escarpment of the White Mountains. After about 30 miles Benton is reached, which has a gas station. California 120 begins here, heading west past Mono Lake through Lee Vining, over Tioga Pass, through Yosemite National Park to the San Joaquin Valley. US 6 continues north to the Nevada state line. From the California border, US 6 heads northeast through the semidesert Queen Valley with Boundary Peak, Nevada's highest summit, Montgomery Peak in California on the right; these twin peaks are the northmost high summits of the White Mountains, both over 13,000 ft. The highway climbs into the Pinyon-Juniper zone and crosses Montgomery Pass 7,167 ft. From the pass, US 6 descends into barren shadscale desert, passing Columbus Salt Marsh on the left merging with US 95 from Coaldale Junction to Tonopah. Nevada Test and Training Range begins about 15 mi southeast of Tonopah.
Just east of Tonopah, US 6 continues east across a series of desert mountain ranges and valleys, including the Monitor Range. At Warm Springs, State Route 375 known as the "Extraterrestrial Highway", departs to the southeast and US 6 assumes a northeasterly alignment across the Reveille, Pancake and White Pine Ranges. Rainfall increases eastward, so valleys become less barren and peaks over 11,500 ft add scenic interest. Ely is the largest city on Route 6 in Nevada. US 50 joins Route 6 at Ely. East of Ely, Routes 6/50 cross the Schell Creek Range, known for verdant forests and meadows, for a large deer and elk population; the highway descends to Spring Valley crosses the Snake Range at Sacramento Pass, north of Nevada's second-highest mountain, Wheeler Peak, where a branch road accesses Great Basin National Park. Beyond the pass, US 6 passes just north of Baker, a Mormon farming community, reaches the Utah state line. US 6 enters and leaves Utah concurrent with US 50. However, the two routes are different through the state.
US 50 is the shorter route. US 6 is the former route of US 50. US 6 forms an arch-shaped route with Spanish Fork at the apex. US 6 is now concurrent with Interstate 70 for a significant portion of its length from the Utah state line to Denver. Within the city limits, US 6 follows Denver's 6th Avenue; the highway travels north and it follows Interstate 76 for most of its length east of Denver. It is unsigned; the highest altitude along US 6 is 11,990 feet at Loveland Pass, where it crosses the Continental Divide. It continues down Clear Creek Valley until it reaches I-70, where it is overlapped until I-70 leaves Clear Creek Valley. US 6 continues into Denver, where it turns into a freeway with six lanes. East of Denver, it continues east while joined with I-76 until it reaches Sterling, where it diverges from the interstate; the last town in Colorado that it passes is Holyoke. From the Colorado state line, US 6 starts going southeast; the first town it goes into is Imperial. US 6 conjoins with US 34 near Culbertson.
US 6 moves to the northeast, through Hastings. At Hastings, US 34 moves north. US 6 parallels Interstate 80 north of Milford. At Lincoln, US 6 becomes West "O" Street Cornhusker Highway and moves north of I-80 outside of the city, paralleling I-80 to Gretna. There US 6 moves due north an
Henry is a city in Marshall County, United States. The population was 2,464 at the 2010 census, it is part of Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area. Henry is named after General James D. Henry, was surveyed in 1834; the topography of the land on the west side of the Illinois River, with steep banks rising well above river level, assured early settlers that their homes would not flood. Its slogan, "Best Town in Illinois by a Dam Site," is derived from the city's distinction of having the first lock and dam built on the Illinois River, it was completed in 1870 at a cost of $400,000. The retreat house of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria, Illinois is located here. Henry is located at 41°6′47″N 89°21′37″W. According to the 2010 census, Henry has a total area of 1.392 square miles, of which 1.32 square miles is land and 0.072 square miles is water. Henry lies on a segment of a river terrace, about 14.5 kilometers long just over 6.5 kilometers wide. This fluvial terrace is underlain by stratified; these sands and gravels contain occasional beds of silt and clay and unconformably overlies older sand and gravel deposits, glacial till, or bedrock.
The sands and gravels underlying the terrace on which Henry lies were deposited by the Kankakee Torrent about 19,000 BP calibrated years ago. Within the Illinois River valley, these sediments range 3–24 meters thick; these and other Wisconsinan coarse-grained, fluvial sands and gravel within Illinois have been named after Henry, Illinois as and are known as the Henry Formation, a geological formation. The parts of the Henry Formation, which of either fluvial, glaciofluvial origin, are designated as the Mackinaw facies of the Henry Formation; the original exposure from which the Henry Formation was named was a former sand and gravel pit that once was located along Illinois Highway 29, 3.2 kilometers north of Henry As of the census of 2000, there were 2,540 people, 1,014 households, 678 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,821.3 people per square mile. There were 1,085 housing units at an average density of 778.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.68% White, 0.51% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.12% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population. There were 1,014 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,236, the median income for a family was $50,375. Males had a median income of $39,919 versus $18,621 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,473. About 5.7% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
John P. Cromwell, World War II submarine commander who received Medal of Honor posthumously Richard Widmark, Actor City website Henry-Senachwine School District
Geneseo is a city in Henry County, United States. The population was 6,586 at the 2010 census, up from 6,480 in 2000. Geneseo is 20 miles east of the Quad Cities, at the intersection of Interstate 80, U. S. Route 6 and Illinois Route 82. Geneseo is well known for its Victorian-style architecture, quaint downtown, its successful high school football and music programs. Geneseo was founded as a Christian colony in 1836 by seven families of the Congregationalist denomination from Geneseo, New York and Bergen, New York seeking to establish a "church in the wilderness". Roderick R. Stewart, one of the city's founding members, named the town Geneseo after the settlers' town of origin in New York; the name "Geneseo" is a variation of the Iroquois word Genesee, meaning "shining valley" or "beautiful valley". Planning for the colony began as early as 1829. In May 1836 the founding seven families of Geneseo sent an exploratory committee to survey the precise location of their new community in the Old Northwest.
This group, known as the "New York Committee", or "New York Group" was composed of John C. Ward, Cromwell K. Bartlett, Roderick R. Stewart. Advised at a meeting in Chicago by the future Governor of Illinois, Thomas Ford, the small committee rode by wagon and horseback to investigate the 2,000-acre tract; the transaction of the land was completed at a place called Brandenburg's Tavern in what is today Colona Township and purchased at a dollar and a quarter per acre. On September 17, 1836, the settlers embarked on their treacherous journey from Geneseo, New York and Genesee County, New York across Canada, down through Michigan across Indiana and Illinois, their journey was marred with difficulties. Near Ypsilanti, Michigan the seven families split into two with two families, the Messrs. Ward and Manville, remaining behind to rejoin the journey in the spring. Despite the hardships, in the true Puritan fashion, the settlers insisted on resting on the Sabbath, their struggles with nature continued.
The winter was so bad that the families remained in Princeton and what was known as Providence County while their structures were being established. Cromwell K. Bartlett constructed the first structure just south of the town in the winter of 1836, Elisha Cone and J. C. Ward built the first cabin and frame house in town in 1837; the town was split into lots by the trustees: John C. Ward, Cromwell K. Bartlett, R. R. Stewart, they split the land into five blocks east to west and three blocks north to south with locations for a cemetery, a block for the school and church, a public square, the "gospel lot," which, in 1846, became a seminary. Lots would be drawn by chance, assuming that the settlers would build on them, the town established its Christian and education-focused philosophy. A mandatory tithe on all proceeds were set aside to build a religious and educational seminary in the center of town, now the Geneseo City Park; this building known as the Geneseo Manual Labor High School, was renamed the Geneseo Seminary and was borne of the self-denial philosophy of the town's leaders.
However, due to considerable debt, the Geneseo Seminary ended up closing in the year 1857 and was folded into the public school system as Geneseo Central School. Further proving their religious and educational convictions, when many of the town's founding families hadn't arrived and while the remainder battled frostbite, the settlers began a temperance society in 1836 with several families in Hanna Township and Cleveland, Illinois. Construction on the original First Congregationalist Church began in 1837 and its first communion was held on April 18, 1838 during a large hail storm that destroyed nearly all windows in the small town, its first regular pastor was Rev. Jairus Wilcox; the Congregationalist Church was so important in Geneseo's early founding that Ms. Ella Hume Taylor wrote on the centennial anniversary of Geneseo's founding in 1936, "The history of Geneseo Colony and of the Congregational Church are so interwoven that, for many, to speak of one, meant the other for their interests were so in common.
The church was a Court of Justice, settling family misunderstandings. At one time in the early days every adult but one, most of the children, were members of this church, for over eighteen years there was no other church affiliation in Geneseo, not until after the railroad went through, bringing in those of other denominations bringing some foreigners of different beliefs." These strong religious beliefs strongly influenced the town's political leanings as well, being strong abolitionists and Republicans. Ella Hume Taylor further wrote that, "scarcely had the colonists erected their cabins before Geneseo became a station of the Underground Railroad for the poor runaway slaves soon learned where friends were. Deacon Cone's cabin...was one place, for it had an attic for a hiding place. There were other places for those helping them had regular stations, at night, or under grain or hay, by daylight some of the young men would get them on to the next station, toward a land of safety.'" It was discovered in 1999 that the structure of the Geneseo Historical Society was, used as a "stop" on the Underground Railroad.
Before the church was constructed, the first school was established when R. R. Stewart's daughter, Miss Susannah Stewart, began teaching classes in a one-room school house in 1837, it was built with puncheon floors, round poles, the old wagon covers they used to make the journey. The Chicago, Rock Island, Pacific Railroad known as the Rock Island Line, was surveyed in 1850 to run from Chicago to Rock Island with a pr
Fulton County, Illinois
Fulton County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,069, its county seat is Lewistown, the largest city is Canton. Fulton County comprises the Canton, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, part of the Peoria-Canton, IL Combined Statistical Area. Jason Strandberg is the Chairman of the Fulton County Board. Mike Hays was the County Administrator; the current Miss Fulton County is Ashley Barclay of Lewistown, IL. Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County, it is named for developer of the first commercially successful steamboat. American poet/writer Edgar Lee Masters lived in Fulton County during the 1890s. Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II; the county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country. Fulton County is home to the Ogden-Fettie Site, a significant site for Havana Hopewell Native culture.
It is the largest collection of Woodland Mounds in Illinois, with 35 Mounds, dating from 400 BCE, arranged in a crescent. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles, of which 866 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −30 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches in January to 4.43 inches in May. Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport, located in Canton; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,069 people, 14,536 households, 9,744 families residing in the county. The population density was 42.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 16,195 housing units at an average density of 18.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 1.6% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.7% were German, 19.1% were American, 14.0% were English, 13.2% were Irish. Of the 14,536 households, 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 41.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,268 and the median income for a family was $50,596. Males had a median income of $41,376 versus $28,596 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,309. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Canton Cuba Farmington Lewistown In its early years, Fulton County favored the Democratic Party, being one of the northernmost Democratic counties and the nearest to Yankee solidly Republican Northern Illinois. It was never won by a Republican until the Democratic Party moved towards the Populist Party’s policies under William Jennings Bryan, a change which resulted in the county voting Republican except in landslide victories between 1896 and 1960. In that period, Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 was the solitary Democratic presidential candidate to gain a majority of the county’s vote. However, the 1964 election saw the county trend Democratic – so much so that Hubert Humphrey gained a narrow plurality in his 1968 election loss. Despite not going Democratic again until 1988, the party would always remain competitive in the county, between 1988 and 2012 every Democratic presidential candidate gained a majority in Fulton County. However, concern over economic decline in the “Rust Belt” saw Donald Trump produce a dramatic swing in the 2016 election, winning Fulton County by fifteen percentage points and gaining the best GOP record in the county since 1980.
The fictional town of Lanford, Illinois in the sitcom Roseanne is set in Fulton County. Though Fulton County is near Peoria in real life, Lanford on the show is described as a suburb of Chicago near Elgin and Aurora. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Illinois Specific GeneralUS Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles US Board on Geographic Names US National Atlas Illinois State Archives Illinois Saving Graves: Fulton Co
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
The Quad Cities is a region of five cities in the U. S. states of Iowa and Illinois: Davenport and Bettendorf in southeastern Iowa, Rock Island and East Moline in northwestern Illinois. These cities are the center of the Quad Cities metropolitan area, which as of 2013 had a population estimate of 383,781 and a CSA population of 474,937, making it the 90th largest CSA in the nation. Before European settlers came to inhabit the Quad Cities, the confluence of rivers had attracted many varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who used the waterways and riverbanks for their settlements for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, it was a home and principal trading place of the Sauk and Fox tribes of Native Americans. Saukenuk was the principal village of the Sauk tribe and birthplace of its 19th-century war chief, Black Hawk. In 1832, Sauk chief Keokuk and General Winfield Scott signed a treaty in Davenport after the US defeated the Sauk and their allies in the Black Hawk War; the treaty resulted in the Native Americans ceding six million acres of land to the United States in exchange for a much smaller reservation elsewhere.
Black Hawk State Historic Site in Rock Island preserves part of historic Saukenuk and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The history of urban settlements in the Quad Cities was stimulated by riverboat traffic. For 14 miles between LeClaire and Rock Island, the Mississippi River flowed across a series of finger-like rock projections protruding from either bank; these rapids were difficult for steamboats to traverse. As demand for river-based transportation increased along the upper Mississippi, the navigability of the river throughout the "Rock Island Rapids" became a greater concern. Over time, a minor industry grew up in the area to meet the steamboats' needs. Boat crews needed rest areas to stop before encountering the rapids, places to hire expert pilots such as Phillip Suiter, the first licensed pilot on the upper Mississippi River, to guide the boat through the rocky waters, or, when the water was low, places where goods could be removed and transported by wagon on land past the rapids.
Today, the rocks are submerged six feet underwater by a lake formed by dams. As the Industrial Revolution developed in the United States, many enterprising industrialists looked to the Mississippi River as a promising source of water power; the combination of energy and easy access to river transportation attracted entrepreneurs and industrialists to the Quad Cities for development. In 1848, John Deere moved his plough business to Moline, his business was incorporated as Deere & Company in 1868. Deere & Company is the largest employer today in the Quad Cities; the first railroad bridge built across the Mississippi River connected Davenport and Rock Island in 1856. It was built by the Rock Island Railroad Company, replaced the slow seasonal ferry service and winter ice bridges as the primary modes of transportation across the river. Steamboaters saw the nationwide railroads as a threat to their business. On May 6, 1856, just weeks after completion of the bridge, an angry steamboater crashed the Effie Afton into it.
John Hurd, the owner of the Effie Afton, filed a lawsuit against the Rock Island Railroad Company. The Rock Island Railroad Company selected Abraham Lincoln as their trial lawyer and won after he took the case to the US Supreme Court. Phillip Suiter was one of his expert witnesses, it was a pivotal trial in Lincoln's career. After the Civil War, the region began to gain a common identity; the river towns that were thoughtfully planned and competently led flourished, while other settlements get-rich-quick schemes for speculators, failed to pan out. By World War I, the towns of Davenport, Rock Island, Moline had begun to style themselves as the "Tri-Cities," a cluster of three more-or-less equally-sized river communities growing around the small bend of the Mississippi River where it flows west, but with the growth of Rock Island County, during the 1930s the term "Quad Cities" came into vogue, as East Moline was given "equal status." Despite the fact that the region had earned the name "Quad Cities," the National Basketball Association had a franchise in Moline, from 1946 to 1951 called the "Tri-Cities Blackhawks."
With the opening of an Alcoa plant east of Davenport in 1948, the town of Bettendorf underwent so much growth that many people in the community discussed the adoption of the name "Quint Cities", But by this time, the name "Quad Cities" had become known well beyond the area, "Quint Cities" never caught on, despite the efforts of WOC-TV and others. When Bettendorf passed East Moline in size, there was some debate about whether Bettendorf had "displaced" East Moline. Instead, local officials, such as the Chamber of Commerce, have chosen an inclusive approach, maintaining the name "Quad Cities" yet including all five cities. Beginning in the late 1970s, economic conditions caused major industrial restructuring, which disrupted the basis of the region's economy; the major companies, agricultural manufacturers, ceased or scaled back operations in the Quad Cities. Factories which closed included International Harvester in Case IH in Bettendorf. Moline-based John Deere cut its labor headcount by one half.
In the 1980s, Caterpillar Inc. closed its factories at Mount Joy and Bettendorf. Since the 1990s, the Quad Cities governments, non-profits and residents have worked hard to redevelop the region, they have achieved national attention for their accomplishments. Examples of revitalization and rebirth include: Davenport's River Renaissance (a downtown revitalization project that includes a river music history ce