Dubuque is the county seat of Dubuque County, United States, located along the Mississippi River. In 2017, the population of Dubuque was 57,637; this city lies at the junction of Iowa and Wisconsin, a region locally known as the Tri-State Area. It serves as the main commercial, industrial and cultural center for the area. Geographically, it is part of the Driftless Area, a portion of North America that escaped all three phases of the Wisconsinian Glaciation, it is one of the few cities in Iowa with bluffs, a tourist destination featuring the city's unique architecture and river location. It is home to five institutions of higher education, learning. Dubuque has long been a center of manufacturing, but the economy grew and diversified to other areas in the first years of the 21st century. By 2005, the city led the state and the Midwest in job growth, ranking as the 22nd fastest-growing economy in the US. Alongside industry, the city has large health care, tourism and financial service sectors. Spain gained control of the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi River following the 1763 defeat of the French in the Seven Years' War.
The first permanent settler in what is now Dubuque was Quebecois pioneer Julien Dubuque, who arrived in 1785. In 1788, he received permission from the Spanish government and the local Meskwaki American Indians to mine the area's rich lead deposits. Control of Louisiana and Dubuque's mines shifted back to France in 1800 to the United States in 1803, following the Louisiana Purchase. Dubuque died in 1810; the Meskwaki continued to mine with full support of the U. S. Government until 1830, when the Meskwaki were illegally pushed out of the mine region by American prospectors; the current City of Dubuque was named after Julien Dubuque, settled at the southern end of a large flat plain adjacent to the Mississippi River. The city was chartered in 1833, located in unorganized territory of the United States; the region was designated as the Iowa Territory in 1838, was included in the newly created State of Iowa in 1846. After the lead resources were exhausted, the city became home to numerous industries.
Dubuque became a center for the timber industry because of its proximity to forests in Minnesota and Wisconsin, was dominated by various millworking businesses. Important were boat building and the railroad industry. In 1874, the Diamond Jo Line moved its company headquarters to Dubuque. Diamond Jo Line established a shipyard at Eagle Point in 1878. Just two years the company was the largest employer in Dubuque, putting 78 people to work, 75 of whom worked at the shipyard earning their collective $800–$1,000 per week in wages. Between 1860 and 1880, Dubuque was one of the 100 largest urban areas in the United States. Iowa's first church was built by Catholics in 1833. Since Iowans have followed a variety of religious traditions. Beginning in the mid-19th century and into the early 20th century, thousands of poor German and Irish Catholic immigrants came to the city to work in the manufacturing centers; the city's large Roman Catholic congregations led to its designation as the seat of the newly established Archdiocese of Dubuque.
Numerous convents and other religious institutions were built. The ethnic German and Irish descendants maintain a strong Catholic presence in the city. Nicholas E. Gonner, a Catholic immigrant from Pfaffenthal in Luxembourg, founded the Catholic Publishing Company of Dubuque, Iowa, his son Nicholas E. Gonner Jr. took over in 1892, editing two German language weeklies, an English language weekly, the Daily Tribune, the only Catholic daily newspaper published in the United States. Early in the 20th century, Dubuque was one of several sites of a brass era automobile company, Adams-Farwell. Subsequently, Dubuque grew and industrial activity remained its economic mainstay until the 1980s. During that time, a series of changes in manufacturing and the onset of the "Farm Crisis" led to a large decline in the sector and the city's economy as a whole. In the 1990s the economy diversified shifting away from heavy industry. Tourism, high technology, publishing are now among the largest and fastest-growing businesses.
Dubuque attracts well over 1,500,000 tourists annually, the number continues to increase. The city has encouraged development of the America's River Project's tourist attractions in the Port of Dubuque, the expansion of the city's colleges, the continued growth of shopping centers, such as Asbury Plaza. Dubuque has received a number of awards and recognition for its redevelopment this century. 2001-1st recipient of the Vision Iowa Grant, awarded $40 million to revitalize the Port of Dubuque. 2006-Urban Pioneer Award by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, in recognition of Dubuque's 20-year commitment to the revitalization of the city's center. 2006- Audrey Nealson Community Development Achievement Award, given by the National Community Development Association. The award recognized exemplary uses of Community Development Block Grant funds that best addressed the needs of low-income families and neighborhoods. 2006-Money Magazine identified Dubuque as having the shortest commute time, 11.8 minutes, of all U.
S cities. 2007, 2008 and 2010-ranked among the "100 Best Communities for Young People" by the America's Promise Youth Foundation. April 2007- ranked 15th in the "Best Small Places For Business and Careers'" by Forbes magazine, climbing 60 spots from 2006. June 2007-All-America City Award, one of 10 cities recognized nationally. June 2008-Named the "Most Livable" Small Ci
Everett is the county seat of and the largest city in Snohomish County, United States. It is located 25 miles north of Seattle and is one of the main cities in the metropolitan area and Puget Sound region. Everett is the seventh-largest city in Washington state and had a total population of 103,019 at the 2010 census; the city is located at the mouth of the Snohomish River along Port Gardner Bay, an inlet of Possession Sound. American settlement on the Everett peninsula began in the 1860s, with several sawmills built to serve the area's growing timber industry. Everett was platted by a group of investors seeking to build an industrial city and named for the son of co-founder Charles L. Colby; the city was incorporated in 1893, shortly after the arrival of the Great Northern Railway, prospered as a major industrial center. Everett's economy transitioned away from lumber and towards aviation after World War II, with the construction of Boeing's aircraft assembly plant at Paine Field in 1967. Boeing remains the city's largest employer, alongside the U.
S. Navy, which has operated Naval Station Everett since 1992. Everett received an All-America City Award in 2002. Everett remains a major employment center for Snohomish County, but has become a bedroom community for Seattle in recent decades, it is connected to Seattle by Interstate 5 and various public transit services at Everett Station, including the Sounder commuter train and commuter buses. The Port Gardner peninsula was inhabited by local Coast Salish tribes, including the Snohomish, who maintained a winter village at Hibulb at the mouth of the Snohomish River; the area was explored by the Vancouver Expedition of 1792, which landed on a beach on the modern Everett waterfront on June 4 and claimed the land for England. The Snohomish and other tribes signed the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, relocating to the nearby Tulalip Indian Reservation and relinquishing its lands to the territorial government, opening the region to American settlement; the first permanent American settler to arrive on the peninsula was Dennis Brigham, a carpenter from Worcester, who claimed a 160-acre homestead on Port Gardner Bay in 1861 and built a cabin for himself.
He was joined by several other families on their own homesteads, which included the establishment of a general store and a sawmill that went out of business. Over the next several years a handful of settlers moved to the area, but it wasn't until 1890 that plans for platting a town were conceived. On July 17, 1890, The steamship Queen of the Pacific left Tacoma for an Alaskan cruise with Henry Hewitt, Jr. and Charles L. Colby aboard. During this "Fateful voyage" initial plans for an industrial city on the peninsula along the banks of the Snohomish river were formulated. On August 22, 1890, The Rucker Brothers filed their plat at Port Gardner, a 50-acre townsite on the bayfront side of what is now the city of Everett; this plat was withdrawn to accommodate the plans of the Hewitt-Colby group. On September 1, 1890, Henry Hewitt filed a bond on the Davis tract at the north end of what was to become the Everett town site, beginning the process of acquisition that would become the Everett Land Company along with Charles L. Colby and Colgate Hoyt.
In October 1890, the Hewitt-Colby syndicate decided to name their industrial city after Everett Colby, the fifteen-year-old son of investor Charles L. Colby, who had displayed a prodigious appetite at dinner. Everett Colby in turn was named for orator Edward Everett. On November 19, 1890, the Articles of Incorporation for the Everett Land Company were filed, with Henry Hewitt Jr. as president. On November 26, 1890, the Rucker Brothers transferred 434.15 acres of property on the Everett peninsula to Hewitt. Three days "The Remarkable Document" was drafted, setting the terms by which the Rucker Brothers would donate half their remaining holdings to Hewitt in exchange for promises of specific development; the Company bought much of the Ruckers' land. Everett was incorporated on May 4, 1893, the year the Great Northern Railway came to the town. Both Hewitt and the Ruckers had speculated that James J. Hill would make the town the terminus of his railroad; however Hill continued the railroad along the shore of Puget Sound to Seattle.
Although it succeeded in building the city, the Everett Land Company was a failure for its investors. The outside investors withdrew, the Company's holdings were transferred to a new company controlled by Hill; the Ruckers, who helped broker the deal, stayed in Everett and became leading citizens of the young city. Railroads and mines played a part in Everett's future; the mining community of Monte Cristo depended on a railway for supplies. It was hoped that the railroad would bring in traffic. For a while ore was smelted in Everett sawmilling and port activity commenced. A dozen steam riverboats were built in Everett for the Yukon gold rush. Several survivors of the Bellingham riots settled in Everett for two months, until they were beaten and forcefully evicted by a mob on November 5, 1907. Everett was the site of the Everett Massacre of 1916 in which a posse led by local Sheriff Donald McRae shot and killed five Industrial Workers of the World members; the IWW members on the steamer Verona travelled from Seattle to support strikers in Everett and sought to land, but McRae and his posse of deputized civilians blocked the harbor.
Shooting broke out and at least five IWW members were killed, along with two in the posse who were deemed to have been killed by friendly fire. Everett streets are named after each of the three founders. Adjacent streets Colby Avenue and Hoyt Avenue run
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an ore body, vein, reef or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized package, of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, oil shale, limestone, dimension stone, rock salt, potash and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or water. Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Book I, Para. 1Mining operations create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed.
Hence, most of the world's nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact. Work safety has long been a concern as well, modern practices have improved safety in mines. Levels of metals recycling are low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some rare metals may become unavailable for use in a variety of consumer products. Due to the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves. Since the beginning of civilization, people have used stone and metals found close to the Earth's surface; these were used to make early weapons. Flint mines have been found in chalk areas where seams of the stone were followed underground by shafts and galleries; the mines at Grimes Graves and Krzemionki are famous, like most other flint mines, are Neolithic in origin. Other hard rocks mined or collected for axes included the greenstone of the Langdale axe industry based in the English Lake District; the oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the Ngwenya Mine in Swaziland, which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old.
At this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre. Mines of a similar age in Hungary are believed to be sites where Neanderthals may have mined flint for weapons and tools. Ancient Egyptians mined malachite at Maadi. At first, Egyptians used the bright green malachite stones for ornamentations and pottery. Between 2613 and 2494 BC, large building projects required expeditions abroad to the area of Wadi Maghareh in order to secure minerals and other resources not available in Egypt itself. Quarries for turquoise and copper were found at Wadi Hammamat, Tura and various other Nubian sites on the Sinai Peninsula and at Timna. Mining in Egypt occurred in the earliest dynasties; the gold mines of Nubia were among the largest and most extensive of any in Ancient Egypt. These mines are described by the Greek author Diodorus Siculus, who mentions fire-setting as one method used to break down the hard rock holding the gold. One of the complexes is shown in one of the earliest known maps.
The miners crushed the ore and ground it to a fine powder before washing the powder for the gold dust. Mining in Europe has a long history. Examples include the silver mines of Laurium. Although they had over 20,000 slaves working them, their technology was identical to their Bronze Age predecessors. At other mines, such as on the island of Thassos, marble was quarried by the Parians after they arrived in the 7th century BC; the marble was shipped away and was found by archaeologists to have been used in buildings including the tomb of Amphipolis. Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, captured the gold mines of Mount Pangeo in 357 BC to fund his military campaigns, he captured gold mines in Thrace for minting coinage producing 26 tons per year. However, it was the Romans who developed large scale mining methods the use of large volumes of water brought to the minehead by numerous aqueducts; the water was used for a variety of purposes, including removing overburden and rock debris, called hydraulic mining, as well as washing comminuted, or crushed and driving simple machinery.
The Romans used hydraulic mining methods on a large scale to prospect for the veins of ore a now-obsolete form of mining known as hushing. They built numerous aqueducts to supply water to the minehead. There, the water stored in large tanks; when a full tank was opened, the flood of water sluiced away the overburden to expose the bedrock underneath and any gold veins. The rock was worked upon by fire-setting to heat the rock, which would be quenched with a stream of water; the resulting thermal shock cracked the rock, enabling it to be removed by further streams of water from the overhead tanks. The Roman miners used similar methods to work cassiterite deposits in Cornwall and lead ore in the Pennines; the methods had been developed by the Romans in Spain in 25 AD to exploit large alluvial gold deposits, the largest site being at Las Medulas, where seven long aqueducts tapped local rivers and sluiced the deposits. Spain was one of the most important mining regions, but all regions of the Roman Empire were exploited.
In Great Britain the natives had mined minerals for millennia, but after the Roman conquest, the scale of the operations increased as the Romans needed Britannia's resources gold, silver
Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 71,148 at the 2010 census, it is the fourth largest city in the state. Pawtucket borders Providence, Central Falls, North Providence and East Providence in Rhode Island and Seekonk and Attleboro in the state of Massachusetts; the name "Pawtucket" comes from the Algonquian word for "river fall." The Pawtucket region was said to have been one of the most populous places in New England prior to the arrival of European settlers. Native Americans would gather here to take advantage of the salmon and smaller fish which gathered at the falls; the first European settler here was Joseph Jenks, who came to the region from Massachusetts. He purchased about 60 acres near Pawtucket Falls in 1671, he forge. These, along with the entire town, were destroyed during King Philip's War. Other settlers followed Jenks, by 1775 the area was home to manufacturers of muskets, linseed oil and ship building. Around this time Oziel Wilkinson and his family set up an iron forge making anchors, screws, farm implements, cannons.
Pawtucket was an early and important center of cotton textiles during the American Industrial Revolution. Slater Mill, built in 1793 by Samuel Slater on the Blackstone River falls in downtown Pawtucket, was the first mechanized cotton-spinning mill in America. Slater Mill is known for developing a commercially successful production process not reliant on earlier horse-drawn processes developed in America. Slater operated machines for producing yarn. Other manufacturers continued, transforming Pawtucket into a center for textiles, iron working, other products. By the 1920s, Pawtucket was a prosperous mill town; the city had over a half-dozen movie theaters, two dozen hotels, an impressive collection of fine commercial and residential architecture. The most impressive public building in Pawtucket was the Leroy Theatre, an ornate movie palace, called "Pawtucket's Million Dollar Theater". Many wealthy mill owners such as Darius Goff built their mansions in the area; the textile business in New England declined during the Great Depression with many manufacturers closing or moving their facilities South where operations and labor were cheaper.
In the 20th Century, Pawtucket began to lose some of its architectural heritage to the wrecking ball, including the Leroy Theatre. But unlike numerous older mill towns in the region, Pawtucket retained much of its industrial base. Today, goods produced in the city include lace, non-woven and elastic woven materials, silverware and textiles. Hasbro, one of the world's largest manufacturers of toys and games, is headquartered in Pawtucket; the land west of the Blackstone River was part of nearby North Providence. East of the Blackstone River was settled as part of the Massachusetts town of Rehoboth; the first Pawtucket to be incorporated was in 1828 when Rehoboth gave up their land and Pawtucket became a new town in Massachusetts. In 1862 the eastern portion was absorbed into Rhode Island. On March 1, 1862 after a nearly 225 year border dispute between Rhode Island and Plymouth/Massachusetts, the areas of Pawtucket and East Providence was shifted into Rhode Island; the border hasn't been moved in over 150 years.
In 1874, the land west of the river was taken from North Providence and added to the town of Pawtucket, but acted as two different towns. In 1886, West and East Pawtucket were merged and the city was incorporated. Pawtucket is located at 41°52′32″N 71°22′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles, of which, 8.7 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. Pawtucket lies within three drainage basins; these include the Moshassuck River and the Ten Mile River. As of the census of 2010, there were 71,141 people, 32,055 households, 18,508 families residing in the city. Pawtucket was the fourth most populous of towns; the population density was 8,351.2 people per square mile. There were 32,055 housing units at an average density of 3,642.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 50.4% Non-Hispanic white, 18.9% Non-Hispanic African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.6% Non-Hispanic Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, mixed race 3.9%, 4.7% other.
There were 32,055 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,124, the median income for a family was $40,578. Males had a median income of $31,129 versus $23,391 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,008. About 14.9% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2000 census, 20.6 % of Pawtucket residents are French-Canadian. Like nearby cities Providence, R. I. Fall River, Mass. and New Bedford, Mass. Pawtucket hosts a significant pop
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Participants in the movement criticize alcohol intoxication or promote complete abstinence, with leaders emphasizing alcohol's negative effects on health and family life; the movement promotes alcohol education as well as demands new laws against the selling of alcohols, or those regulating the availability of alcohol, or those prohibiting it. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the temperance movement became prominent in many countries English-speaking and Scandinavian ones, it led to Prohibition in the United States from 1920 to 1933. In the late-seventeenth century, alcohol was a vital part of colonial life as a beverage and commodity for men and children. Drinking was accepted and integrated into society. Despite that, drunkenness was common and not seen as a social problem; the attitudes towards alcohol began to change in the late eighteenth century. One of the reasons for the shifting attitudes was the necessity for sober laborers to operate heavy machinery, developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
Anthony Benezet suggested abstinence from alcohol in 1775. As early as the 1790s, physician Benjamin Rush researched the danger that drinking alcohol could lead to disease that leads to a lack of self-control and he cited abstinence as the only treatment option. Rush condemned the use of distilled spirits; as well as addiction, Rush noticed the correlation that drunkenness had with disease, death and crime. According to, “Pompili, Maurizio et al,” there is increasing evidence that, aside from the volume of alcohol consumed, the pattern of the drinking is relevant for health outcomes. Overall, there is a causal relationship between alcohol consumption and more than 60 types of diseases and injuries. Alcohol is estimated to cause about 20–30% of cases of esophageal cancer, liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, homicide and motor vehicle accidents. After the American Revolution, Rush called upon ministers of various churches to act in preaching the messages of temperance. However, abstinence messages were ignored by Americans until the 1820s.
In the eighteenth century, there was a "Gin Craze" in the Kingdom of Great Britain. The bourgeoisie became critical of the widespread drunkenness among the lower classes. Motivated by the bourgeoisie's desire for order, amplified by the population growth in the cities, the drinking of gin became the subject of critical national debate. In the early nineteenth-century United States, alcohol was still regarded as a necessary part of the American diet for both practical and social reasons. On one hand, water supplies were polluted, milk was not always available, coffee and tea was expensive. On the other hand, social construct of the time made. Drunkenness was not a problem, because people would only drink small amounts of alcohol throughout the day, but at the turn of the nineteenth-century and subsequent intoxication became an issue that led to the disintegration of the family. Early temperance societies associated with churches were located in upstate New York and New England, but only lasted a few years.
These early temperance societies called for moderate drinking, but had little influence outside of their geographical areas. In 1743, John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Churches, proclaimed "that buying and drinking of liquor, unless necessary, were evils to be avoided". In 1810, Calvinist ministers met with a seminary in Massachusetts to write articles about abstinence from alcohol to use in preaching to their congregations; the Massachusetts Society for the Suppression of Intemperance was formed in 1813. The organization only accepted men of high social standing and encouraged moderation in alcohol consumption, its peak of influence was in 1818, but the MSSI ended in 1820 and made no significant mark on the future of the temperance movement. Other small temperance societies appear in the 1810s, but had little impact outside their immediate regions and they disbanded soon after, their methods had little effect in implementing temperance, drinking increased until after 1830. The temperance movement began at a national level in the 1820s, having been popularized by evangelical temperance reformers and among the middle classes.
There was a concentration on advice against hard spirits rather than on abstinence from all alcohol and on moral reform rather than legal measures against alcohol. An early temperance movement began during the American Revolution in Connecticut and New York state, with farmers forming associations to ban whiskey distilling; the movement spread to eight states, advocating temperance rather than abstinence and taking positions on religious issues such as observance of the Sabbath. After the American Revolution there was a new emphasis on good citizenship for the new republic. With the Evangelical Protestant religious revival of the 1820s and'30s, called the Second Great Awakening, social movements began aiming for a perfect society; this included temperance. The Awakening brought with it an optimism about moral reform, achieved through volunteer organizations. Although the temperance movement was nonsectarian in principle, the movement consisted of church-goers; the temperance movement promoted temperance and emphasized th
Rockville is a census-designated place and a village of the town of Vernon in Tolland County, United States. The population was 7,474 at the 2010 census. Incorporated as a city in 1889, it has been consolidated with the town of Vernon since 1965. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.8 square miles, of which 1.7 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. In 1726, Samuel Grant traded his farm in Bolton for 500 acres in the northern part of Bolton; this included the area, now known as "Rockville" and for about the next century it was a nameless village. A prominent feature of the area is the Shenipsit Lake, or "The Snip" as it is affectionately called by the residents; the Snip feeds the Hockanum River. The river was used by the farmers for a grist mill, a saw mill, an oil mill and a distillery starting circa 1740. In 1821, Colonel Francis McLean built the first textile mill in what is now Rockville in partnership with George and Allyn Kellogg and Ralph Talcott, next to a spot known as "the Rock" with capital of $16,000.
Francis McLean had partnered with some others in the Warburton Mill in Talcottville. "The Rock" was a natural dam of solid stone. In what is now the center of Rockville, he dammed up the Hockanum River and built a water powered mill known as the "Rock Mill", also known as the McLean Woolen Factory. By 1823 his mill was in full operation; the new mill was 80 by 30 feet, its product was blue and blue-mix satinet. In 1826 power looms were introduced; the mill attracted people to this area and by 1836 the population grew to 440 consisting of 61 families including 89 children under the age of 10. Mail service was brought once a day by stagecoach from Vernon Center, the post office and place for voting for the town. In 1837, according to old records, "an amateurish notice was posted on the Rock Mill announcing a public meeting in the lecture room of the village to decide in a democratic way the most suitable name for the vicinity". In order to have their own post office the town needed a permanent name.
The following were some of the recommendations for naming the town. Frankfort - in honor of Francis Mclean builder of the "Rock Mill" Vernon Falls Grantville - in honor of Samuel Grant the first settler Hillborough - because the terrain is so hillySimon Chapman, who ran a boarding house for mill workers, submitted the name "Rockville" as common expression understood by the surrounding areas was "Going to the Rock". Thus, Rockvillle became the official name, it was not until 1842, that Rockville acquired its own post office. Most of Rockville has been designated as part of the Rockville Historic District; the district is bounded by Shenipsit Street, Davis Avenue, West Street and South Street was added in 1984 to the National Register of Historical Places. The district includes one other structure, it includes examples of Greek Revival, Late Victorian, Classical Revival architecture. The historic district includes one other structure over 550 acres; the Kellogg House had been used by the State Department of Children and Families to house troubled youth under a contract with Community Solutions, Inc.
This arrangement ended on May 2, 2006 after a long history of documented mismanagement by both agencies. The facility is now used for adult transitional housing. Elm Street, Park Street, one block of Prospect Street surround a small town park named Talcott Park; the houses represent a variety of Victorian architectural styles ranging from early nineteenth century Greek Revival through the Gothic Revival and Italianate styles down to the Victorian eclecticism of the 1880s and 1890s. The mill owners built their houses in the downtown area; the surviving buildings grouped around Central Park are a continuing reminder of the wealth brought by the woolen industry and the town's aspirations to be a leading city in the state during the 19th century. On or about November 1, 2007, the light fixtures that sat beside the library steps were stolen. Both fixtures were made of copper shaped into globes, they were installed as part of the original construction. Buildings of architectural or historic interest in Rockville include: St. Bernard Church Memorial Building housing the New England Civil War Museum and the Grand Army of the Republic Hall as well as the town offices for Vernon.
Old Rockville High School and East School Ellington Ave. Francis T. Maxwell House known as Maxwell Court Rockville National Bank Union Congregational Church Citizen's Block Rockville Methodist Episcopal Church Memorial Building Fitch Block George Maxwell Memorial Library Kellogg House Turn Halle Erhardt Linck's Hall 70 Village Street George Sykes House Hockanum Mill Saxony Mill Springville Mill Florence Mill Henry Huhnken's Saloon New England Yard Castle Sunset The Tower on Fox Hill Baptist Church, since destroyed to make room for a bigger parking lot for Rockville General Hospital. Maple Street School As of the census of 2010, there were 7,474 people, 3,292 households, 1,681 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 4,419.9 people per square mile. There were 3,682 housing units at an average density of 1,947.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 76.0% White, 11.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, 4.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.2% of the population. There were 3,292 households out of which 26.8% had children under the
San Jose, California
San Jose the City of San José, is an economic and political center of Silicon Valley, the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,035,317, it is the third-most populous city in California and the tenth-most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 square miles. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California and one of the most affluent counties in the United States. San Jose is the most populous city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively. San Jose is a global city, notable as a center of innovation, for its affluence, Mediterranean climate, high cost of living. San Jose's location within the booming high tech industry, as a cultural and economic center has earned the city the nickname "Capital of Silicon Valley".
San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world, has the third highest GDP per capita in the world, according to the Brookings Institution. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the most millionaires and the most billionaires in the United States per capita. With a median home price of $1,085,000, San Jose has the most expensive housing market in the country and the fifth most expensive housing market in the world, according to the 2017 Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Samsung, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Western Digital maintain their headquarters in San Jose, in the center of Silicon Valley. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Tamien nation of the Ohlone peoples of California. San Jose was founded on November 29, 1777, as the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first city founded in the Californias, it became a part of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence.
Following the American Conquest of California during the Mexican–American War, the territory was ceded to the United States in 1848. After California achieved statehood two years San Jose became the state's first capital. Following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 1960s; the rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U. S. Census indicated that San Jose had surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California. By the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries, making it California's fastest-growing economy; the Santa Clara Valley has been home to the Tamyen group of the Ohlone people since around 4,000 BCE. The Tamyen spoke Tamyen language of the Ohlone language family.
With the Spanish colonization of California, the majority of the Tamyen came to inhabit Mission Santa Clara de Asís and Mission San José. California was claimed as part of the Spanish Empire in 1542, when explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo charted the Californian coast. During this time and Baja California were administered together as Province of the California. For nearly 200 years, the Californias were sparsely populated and ignored by the government of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico City. Only in 1769 was Northern California surveyed by Spanish authorities, with the Portolá Expedition. In 1776, the Californias were included as part of the Captaincy General of the Provincias Internas, a large administrative division created by José de Gálvez, Spanish Minister of the Indies, in order to provide greater autonomy for the Spanish Empire's populated and ungoverned borderlands; that year, King Carlos III of Spain approved an expedition by Juan Bautista de Anza to survey the San Francisco Bay Area, in order to choose the sites for two future settlements and their accompanying mission.
First he chose the site for a military settlement in San Francisco, for the Royal Presidio of San Francisco, Mission San Francisco de Asís. On his way back to Mexico from San Francisco, de Anza chose the sites in Santa Clara Valley for a civilian settlement, San Jose, on the eastern bank of the Guadalupe River, a mission on its western bank, Mission Santa Clara de Asís. San Jose was founded as California's first civilian settlement on November 29, 1777, as the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe by José Joaquín Moraga, under orders of Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, Viceroy of New Spain. San Jose served as a strategic settlement along El Camino Real, connecting the military fortifications at the Monterey Presidio and the San Francisco Presidio, as well as the California mission network. In 1791, due to the severe flooding which characterized the pueblo, San Jose's settlement was moved a mile south, centered on the Pueblo Plaza. In 1800, due to the growing population in the northern part of the Californias, Diego de Borica, Governor of the Californias split the province into two parts: Alta California, which would become a U.
S. state, Baja California, which would become two Mexican states. San Jose became part of the First M