Martin Meyerson was a United States city planner and academic leader best known as the President of the University of Pennsylvania between 1970 and 1981. Meyerson was graduated from Columbia University, he obtained his MA in city planning from Harvard University, began working in the Philadelphia City Planning Commission. In 1948, he became an assistant professor at the University of Chicago. In 1952 Meyerson came to University of Pennsylvania as associate professor of city and regional planning. In 1957 he moved to Harvard as a full professor. From 1963 to 1966 he served as dean of the College of Environmental Design at UCB. From 1966 to 1970 Meyerson was professor of public policy and president of the State University of New York at Buffalo. At the University at Buffalo, he broke ground and laid plans for the Amherst Campus, presided over a period when students were active in demonstrating for rights. In 1970, he returned to Penn as its president, he remained at that post until 1981. During his tenure, he consolidated several colleges and programs into the school of arts and sciences and introduced its first affirmative action and equal opportunity programs for minorities and women.
Meyerson retired from the university presidency in January 1981, but remained active at Penn as University Professor of Public Policy Analysis and City and Regional Planning and as chair of the University of Pennsylvania Foundation, the University of Pennsylvania Press, the Institute for Research on Higher Education, the Monell Chemical Senses Center. He co-chaired Penn’s 250th anniversary celebration, he served on the boards of the Mahoney Institute of Neurological Sciences, the Lauder Institute of Management and International Studies, the Institute for Strategic Threat Analysis and Response. He chaired the University’s Fels Center of Government program until February 1996. In 1993 he and his wife were elected as co-presidents of the Friends of the Library, in which capacity they served on the Library’s Board of Overseers. Meyerson headed the selection committee for the Philadelphia Liberty Medal. An expert on urban and industrial development, Meyerson was a United Nations advisor and delegate, as well as a consultant to several West African nations and to the Governor of the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.
He founded London’s Centre for Environmental Studies and Japan’s International Centre for the Study of East Asian Development. He was an advisor to France’s Institut National de la Communication Audiovisuelle, he chaired the International Institute for Education and President of the International Association of Universities. He held leadership positions with many US organizations dedicated to urban affairs, science, foreign policy and the arts, he served on the councils of government agencies. Meyerson was a trustee and senior fellow of the Aspen Institute and held planning positions with the Chicago Housing Authority, Chicago’s Michael Reese Hospital, the Philadelphia City Planning Commission, he was a director of a number of corporations, a member of the Senior Executives Council of the Conference Board, a senior advisor to Arthur D. Little. Meyerson was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Royal Society of Arts in Great Britain, the American Institute of Certified Planners, an academician of the European Academy for Arts and Letters.
He was on the executive committee of the American Philosophical Society and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the National Academy of Education. He was decorated by the governments of France and Japan, he received numerous prizes and held over 20 honorary degrees, including a doctor of laws degree conferred by Penn in 1970. Meyerson's books included: Politics and Public Interest Housing and Cities Face of the Metropolis Boston: The Job Ahead Gladly Learn and Gladly Teach Franklin and His Heirs at the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1976. Meyerson married Margy Ellin in 1946, they had a daughter. He died of prostate cancer in June 2007
Horace Davis was a United States Representative from California. He was the son of Massachusetts Governor John Davis and the younger brother of diplomat John Chandler Bancroft Davis. Davis was born in Massachusetts, he attended the Worcester public schools and Williams College, Massachusetts, graduated from Harvard University in 1849, studied law in the Dane Law School of Harvard University, but did not engage in professional pursuits by reason of failing eyesight. Davis sailed for San Francisco, around Cape Horn in 1852, upon arriving, engaged for a brief time as a gold miner, a lumber supercargo surveyor for a coastal steamer, a purser for the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. In addition he helped. Under his administrative tutelage interest in the library was restored with his creation of a library catalog, he resigned in 1855 and relocated to San Francisco in 1860 at which time he established the successful Golden Gate Flouring Mills and the Sperry Flour Company. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1862.
When the American Civil War broke out, he served in the secretive San Francisco-based Home Guard acting to secure both the loyalty of California to Union President Abraham Lincoln and the election of Leland Stanford as governor of California. He presided over the Produce Exchange of San Francisco from 1867 to 1877 until he was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives of the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses, where on June 8, 1878 he spoke in support of a bill to restrict Chinese immigration, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1880 to the Forty-seventh Congress. After his retirement from the Produce Exchange of San Francisco he presided over both the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce 1883-1884 and the Savings and Loan Society 1885 and served as a member of the Republican National Committee 1880-1888. In February, 1888 he was elected president of the University of California, but resigned in April, 1890, he was named president of the board of trustees of Stanford University by its original founder and served in this capacity from 1885-1916 where he effected its consolidation with the Wilmerding and Lux schools.
He served as president of the University of California 1887-1890. Married twice and a devout Unitarian, he contributed to Starr King School for the Ministry, he was an active student of history and literature, his most noted work being an essay entitled American Constitutions. He died after an appendicitis operation in San Francisco in 1916 and was buried in Cypress Lawn Cemetery. Davis political family United States Congress. "Horace Davis". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Johnson, Allen. Dictionary of American Biography. Vol. III. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, N. Y. 1959. Horace Davis at Find a Grave
Andover is a town in Essex County, United States. It was settled in 1642 and incorporated in 1646; as of the 2010 census, the population was 33,201. It is part of the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Massachusetts-New Hampshire metropolitan statistical area. Part of the town comprises the census-designated place of Andover, it is twinned with its namesake: Andover, England. In 1642, the Massachusetts General Court set aside a portion of land in what is now Essex County for an inland plantation, including parts of what is now Andover, North Andover and South Lawrence. In order to encourage settlement, early colonists were offered three years' immunity from taxes and services; the first permanent settlement in the Andover area was established in 1642 by John Woodbridge and a group of settlers from Newbury and Ipswich. Shortly after they arrived, they purchased a piece of land from the local Pennacook tribal chief Cutshamache for "six pounds of currency and a coat" and on the condition that Roger, a local Pennacook man, would be allowed to plant his corn and take alewives from a local water source.
Roger's Brook, a small stream which cuts through the eastern part of town, is named in his honor. In May 1646 the settlement was named Andover; this name was chosen in honor of the town of Andover in England, near the original home of some of the first residents. The first recorded town meeting was held in 1656 in the home of settler John Osgood in what is now North Andover; the old burying ground in what is now North Andover marks the center of the early town. Contrary to popular belief, the towns split due to the location of the Old North Church located in what is now North Andover; the villagers from the southwestern part of the town were tired of walking all the way to the extreme north of what was Andover and decided to build their own South Church central to what is now Andover. Early on the general populace was concentrated together around the Old Center for protection from feared Indian attacks, but the Indians were peaceful until the outbreak of King Philip's War. King Philip Six Indian raids occurred with the last in 1698 led by Chief Escumbuit.
During the 1692 Salem witch trials, Andover resident Joseph Ballard asked for help for his wife from several girls in the neighboring Salem Village who were identifying witches there. After visiting Elizabeth Ballard, the girls claimed that several people in Andover had bewitched her: Ann Foster, her daughter Mary Lacey Sr. and her granddaughter Mary Lacey Jr. During the course of the legal proceedings, more than 40 Andover citizens women and their children, were formally accused of having made a covenant with the Devil. Three Andover residents, Martha Carrier, Mary Parker, Samuel Wardwell, were convicted and executed. Five others either pleaded guilty at arraignment or were convicted at trial: Ann Foster, Mary Lacey Sr. and Abigail Faulkner Sr. in 1692 and Wardwell's wife Sarah and Rev. Dane's granddaughter, Elizabeth Johnson Jr. in 1693. Those who were not executed were granted reprieves by Gov. William Phips, but the convictions remained on their records. In 1713, in response to petitions initiated in 1703 by Abigail Faulkner Sr. and Sarah Wardwell, Massachusetts Governor Joseph Dudley reversed the attainder on the names of those who were convicted in the episode.
By 1705, Andover's population had begun to move southward and the idea of a new meeting house in the south end of town was proposed. This was opposed by the people living near the original meeting house in the north, but the dispute was settled in 1709 when the Great and General Court divided Andover into two parishes and South. After the division of the two parishes, South Andover established the South Church and South Parish "Burying-Yard," as it was called, with early Andover settler Robert Russell the first to be interred at age 80 in December 1710, but despite this split, the town remained politically one unit. For many years Andover was geographically one of the largest towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In 1854, a measure was passed to divide the town into two separate political units according to the old parish boundaries; the name Andover was assumed by the West and South parishes, while the name North Andover was given to the North Parish. How those names were decided upon is still debated to this day, from the reasons being money being paid to one town to keep the name, to there being a controversy over a fire truck affecting the name change.
Records show that on the morning of April 19, 1775 350 Andover men marched toward Lexington. Although they did not arrive in time for the battle that day, they did go on to participate in the battle of Bunker Hill two months and fought in subsequent skirmishes with the Redcoats during the war. Among the Andover men who were representatives to the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention of 1779–1780 were Colonel Samuel Osgood, Zebadiah Abbot, John Farnum and Samuel Phillips Jr.. Phillips – who would go on to found Phillips Academy – was appointed by John Adams to help draft the Massachusetts state constitution. During the burning of Charlestown Andover townspeople hiked to the top of Holt Hill to witness it. Holt Hill is the highest point in Essex County at 420 ft and is part of the Charles W. Ward Reservation. In November 1798, David Brown led a group in Dedham, Massachusetts in setting up a liberty pole with the words, "No Stamp Act, No Sedition Act, No Alien Bills, No Land Tax, downfall to the Tyrants of Amer
Benjamin Ide Wheeler
Benjamin Ide Wheeler was a professor of Greek and comparative philology at Cornell University and President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919. Benjamin Ide Wheeler was born in Randolph, Massachusetts, on July 15, 1854, the son of the Rev. Benjamin and Mary Eliza Wheeler, his father was successively a church pastor in New Hampshire. His mother, Mary Eliza Ide, was born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, daughter of Ebenezer Ide of the Ide family which had its origin in South Attleborough Rehoboth, their only son, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, had his education first in the public schools of Haverhill and Saco, Maine. It was at Saco that he first entered a high school in 1866; this high school was the institution, called Thornton Academy, subsequently resumed that name. On moving in 1868 to Franklin, New Hampshire, he entered the Franklin Academy, after six months there, went to the New London Academy, subsequently Colby–Sawyer College. From this school he was duly graduated in the summer of 1871.
In the following autumn he entered Brown University from which he was graduated in 1875. His studies at college followed the usual curriculum without any suggestion of specialization. On the commencement stage he had the honour of the classical oration. During his college course he received the Dunn premium, given for the best work of the year in the department of English, with special reference to writing and speaking, one of the Carpenter prizes given to the two students of the year who in the opinion of the faculty combined in the highest degree the elements of success in life. After graduation, Wheeler taught for four years in the Providence High School. During the first two years, he instructed in mathematics. In 1879, he was appointed Tutor in Brown University to take the place, during a temporary absence of two years, of Professor Poland, Assistant Professor in Greek and Latin. On June 25, 1881, Wheeler married Amey Webb of Rhode Island, she was the daughter of a banker of Providence. Her mother, Amey Gorham Webb, was the daughter of Jabez Gorham founder of Gorham Silver, that became Gorham Silver Manufacturing Company after his son John Gorham took over.
For four years, 1881–85, Wheeler studied in German universities—for a year at Leipzig for two years at Heidelberg, a half year at Jena, a half year at Berlin. In the spring of 1885, he received on examination at Heidelberg the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, summa cum laude, presenting a thesis under Hermann Osthoff entitled Der griechische Nominalaccent, afterwards published at Strassburg as a separate book; the thesis led to what is known as the law of dactylic retraction or "Wheelers Law". Joseph Wright, future Corpus Christi Professor of Comparative Philology at Oxford, completed his PhD the same year as Wheeler and writing his thesis under Osthoff. On returning to America he was for one year Instructor at Harvard, 1885–86 for thirteen years Professor at Cornell University, holding at first the title Acting Professor of Classical Philology, 1886–87 of Professor of Comparative Philology 1887-88, from 1888 to 1899 that of Professor of Greek and Comparative Philology. In 1899, he became President of the University of California.
During the year 1895-96, he was Professor of Greek Literature at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, during the year 1909-10, Roosevelt Professor at the University of Berlin. He was member of the American Oriental Society, the American Philological Association, the Kaiserliches Archaeologisches Institut, he received the degree of Doctor of Laws from nine different universities, Princeton, 1896. During the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire he was a member of Mayor Eugene Schmitz's Committee of Fifty. During World War I his "well-known German sympathies and admiration for the kaiser" brought suspicion upon him and he retired as President of the University of California after the armistice. Wheeler had nominated the kaiser for the Nobel Peace Prize. Under Wheeler the University of California underwent one of its periods of greatest growth, he expanded the powers of the president, gaining the power to appoint all faculty. The University of California, Berkeley named Wheeler Hall in his honor.
The Liberty ship SS Benjamin Ide Wheeler was named in his honor. The Benjamin Ide Wheeler Medal was created in 1929. Founding member of the Commonwealth Club of California in 1903. Since 1929, the award has been given to members of the community of Berkeley for exhibited outstanding contributions. Since 1994, the Berkeley Community Fund has been granting "Berkeley's Most Useful Citizen" award; until 1991, it was bi-annual but changed to annual in 1994. Several notable people have received the award: Wheeler authored Analogy in Language. A commencement address at the University of Michigan titled The old world in the new, an address delivered at the commencement exercises of the University of Michigan, June 30, 1898, was published in the August 1898 issue of The Atlantic and Art in Language was published in the December 1900 iss