University of Pittsburgh Press
The University of Pittsburgh Press is a scholarly publishing house and a major American university press, part of the University of Pittsburgh. The university and the press are located in Pennsylvania, in the United States; the Press publishes several series in the humanities and social sciences, including Illuminations—Cultural Formations of the Americas. The Press is known for literary publishing its Pitt Poetry Series, the Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize, the Drue Heinz Literature Prize; the press publishes the winner of the annual Donald Hall Prize, awarded by the Association of Writers & Writing Programs and the winner of the Cave Canem Poetry Prize. One of its perennial bestselling titles is Thomas Bell's historical novel Out of This Furnace, reissued by the press in 1976; the Press was established in September 1936 by University of Pittsburgh Chancellor John Gabbert Bowman. Paul Mellon committed the majority of the necessary startup funding from the A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust.
Other contributors were the Buhl Foundation, the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, the university itself. The first full-time director of the Press was Agnes Lynch Starrett, followed by Frederick A. Hetzel, Cynthia Miller, Peter Kracht. In recent years the Press was housed on the fifth floor of the Eureka Building on Pitt's main campus in the Oakland section of Pittsburgh, but moved into a new the university's Thomas Boulevard Library Resource Facility in the Point Breeze section of Pittsburgh in July 2013; the University of Pittsburgh Press is a Charter Member of the Association of American University Presses. In 2008, the Press began making out-of-print scholarly books available on-line at the University of Pittsburgh Press Digital Editions collection through the University Library System’s D-Scribe Digital Publishing program. By 2010, the University of Pittsburgh Press Digital Editions included more than 750 titles, more than 350 out-of-print titles have been reissued in paperback format as Prologue Editions.
The Press is collaborating with the University Library System on a new online scholarly journals program. Most of the journals are open access and published in electronic format only, while a few titles are available in print editions through the Espresso Book Machine in the University Book Center. In 2010, the Press received major funding from the A. W. Mellon Foundation to develop a history of science list and expand its existing philosophy of science list, working in collaboration with the University's History and Philosophy of Science Department and World History Center; this new program will lead to a 50% increase in the number of new titles published by the Press each year. Alberts, Robert C.. Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh 1787-1987. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7; the Pittsburgh Reader: Seventy-Five Years of Books about Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 2011. University of Pittsburgh Press website. About the University of Pittsburgh Press.
Retrieved January 10, 2006. University of Pittsburgh Press Homepage
John Henry MacCracken
John Henry MacCracken was an American academic administrator who served as president of Westminster College and Lafayette College. When he was chosen as president of Westminster College in 1899, MacCracken was the youngest college president in the United States. MacCracken was the son of Henry MacCracken, a chancellor of New York University, the brother of Henry Noble MacCracken, a president of Vassar College. MacCracken was born in Vermont. MacCracken was born to Henry MacCracken, a chancellor of New York University, the former Catherine Almira Hubbard, he was a descendant of Irish immigrants to Pennsylvania in the mid-18th century. His brother Henry Noble MacCracken became president of Vassar College. John Henry MacCracken attended college preparatory school in New York City; when he was 15, MacCracken enrolled at NYU and he completed an undergraduate degree in 1894, when he was named class valedictorian. He pursued graduate study at NYU and the Union Theological Seminary before earning a Ph.
D. at the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg in Germany. He joined the NYU faculty in 1896 and was promoted to assistant professor before accepting the role of president at Westminster College in 1899. At the time of his election to the presidency at Westminster College, an NYU source said that the appointment would make him the youngest college president in the United States; when MacCracken came to Westminster, his youth raised alarm among some of the supporters of the university, his modest personality and quiet nature did not assuage his doubters. Within a few months, MacCracken secured $20,000 in donations for the university, he was able to increase the variety of academic offerings at the school; when the university's chair of Bible and metaphysics resigned, President MacCracken was named the Sauser Chair of Philosophy and Christian Apologetics. A formal presidential inauguration was held for MacCracken in June 1900. MacCracken left Westminster College in 1903 to return to NYU as a professor of politics.
He taught one of the earliest courses in city planning in the United States, he served as vice president of the university senate. In 1914, MacCracken was vice president of the trustees of the American Institute of Christian Philosophy, his father was president. In 1915, MacCracken was selected as president of Lafayette College; the school's physical plant increased in value under MacCracken, who served until 1927. During his time as president of Lafayette College, MacCracken was one of the founding advisors during the creation of Alpha Phi Omega, the largest collegiate fraternity in the United States. MacCracken married Edith Constable in 1910. MacCracken's father-in-law, Frederick Augustus Constable, managed Arnold Constable & Company in New York, he was the son of one of the store's original partners. MacCracken's daughter Louise married Robert Olmsted, a trustee of Vassar College and the namesake of the school's biological sciences building, his son Constable was a graduate of Columbia Law School.
Active in the Presbyterian faith, MacCracken spent nearly ten years as president of the Presybterian college board. He represented the church as a delegate at world conferences in Lausanne and Edinburgh. MacCracken died at his Manhattan home on February 1, 1948, he was survived by his wife, daughter and brother
Vassar College is a private, liberal arts college in the town of Poughkeepsie, New York. Founded in 1861 by Matthew Vassar, it was the second degree-granting institution of higher education for women in the United States following Elmira College, it became coeducational in 1969, now has a gender ratio at the national average. The school is one of the historic Seven Sisters, the first elite female colleges in the U. S. and has a historic relationship with Yale University, which suggested a merger with the college before coeducation at both institutions. The college offers B. A. degrees in more than 50 majors and features a flexible curriculum designed to promote a breadth of studies. Student groups at the college include theater and comedy organizations, acappella groups, club sports teams and service groups, a circus troupe. Vassar College's varsity sports teams, known as the Brewers, play in the NCAA's Division III as members of the Liberty League. Vassar tied for the 11th best liberal arts college in the nation in the 2018 annual ranking of U.
S. News & World Report, with admissions described as "most selective". For the freshman class entering fall 2017, the college had an acceptance rate of 22.8%. The total number of students attending the college is around 2,450; the Vassar campus comprises over 1,000 acres and more than 100 buildings, including two National Historic Landmarks and an additional National Historic Place. A designated arboretum, the campus features more than 200 species of trees, a native plant preserve, a 530-acre ecological preserve. Vassar was founded as a women's school under the name Vassar Female College in 1861, its first president was Milo P. Jewett, but after only a year, its founder, Matthew Vassar, had the word Female cut from the name, prompting some residents of the town of Poughkeepsie, New York to quip that its founder believed it might one day admit male students. The college became coeducational in 1969. Vassar was the second of the Seven Sisters colleges, higher education schools that were strictly for women, sister institutions to the Ivy League.
It was chartered by its namesake, brewer Matthew Vassar, in 1861 in the Hudson Valley, about 70 miles north of New York City. The first person appointed to the Vassar faculty was the astronomer Maria Mitchell, in 1865. Vassar adopted coeducation in 1969; however following World War II, Vassar accepted a small number of male students on the G. I. Bill; because Vassar's charter prohibited male matriculants, the graduates were given diplomas via the University of the State of New York. These were reissued under the Vassar title; the formal decision to become co-ed came after its trustees declined an offer to merge with Yale University, its sibling institution, in the wave of mergers between the all-male colleges of the Ivy League and their Seven Sisters counterparts. In its early years, Vassar was associated with the social elite of the Protestant establishment. E. Digby Baltzell writes that "upper-class WASP families educated their children at colleges such as Harvard, Princeton and Vassar." A select and elite few of Vassar's students were allowed entry into the school's secret society Delta Sigma Rho, started in 1922.
Before becoming President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a Trustee. 2,450 students attend Vassar, 98% live on campus. About 60% come from public high schools, 40% come from private schools. Vassar is 56% women and 44% men, at national average for national liberal arts colleges. Students are taught by more than 336 faculty members all holding the doctorate degree or its equivalent; the student-faculty ratio is 8:1, average class size, 17. In recent freshman classes, students of color constituted 32–38% of matriculants. International students from over 60 countries make up 8-10% of the student body. In May 2007, in keeping with its commitment to diverse and equitable education, Vassar returned to a need-blind admissions policy wherein students are admitted by their academic and personal qualities, without regard to financial status. Vassar president Frances D. Fergusson served for two decades, she retired in the spring of 2006, was succeeded by Catharine Bond Hill, former provost at Williams College, who served for 10 years until she departed in 2016.
Hill was replaced by Elizabeth Howe Bradley in 2017. Vassar's campus an arboretum, is 1,000 acres and has more than 100 buildings, ranging in style from Collegiate Gothic to International, with several buildings of architectural interest. At the center of campus stands Main Building, one of the best examples of Second Empire architecture in the United States; when it was opened, Main Building was the largest building in the U. S. in terms of floor space. It housed the entire college, including classrooms, museum and dining halls; the building was designed by Smithsonian architect James Renwick Jr. and was completed in 1865. It was preceded on campus by the original observatory. Both buildings are National Historic Landmarks. Rombout House was purchased by the college in 1915 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Many original brick buildings are scattered throughout the campus, but there are several modern and contemporary structures of architectural interest. Ferry House, a student cooperative, was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1951.
Noyes House was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen. A good example of an attempt to use passive solar design can be seen in the Seeley G. Mudd Ch
Samuel Black McCormick was the ninth Chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh. His administration is best known for changing the name of the university and moving and expanding it from Allegheny City to its current location in Oakland. McCormick's administration established Pitt's dental, medical and education schools. McCormick was an alumnus of Jefferson College, he was a lawyer, an ordained Presbyterian minister, president of Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa from 1897 to 1904. His administration of the university was noted for his leadership in resisting pressures to abandon the school's commitment to liberal education in favor of more technical-based training and the move of the university to the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh where it began to build a classically influenced campus designed by Henry Hornbostel. McCormick would lead the university into a new level of national recognition and growth, as well as begin institutional support of athletics. At the University of Pittsburgh, one of the high rise residence halls located on 3990 Fifth Avenue in the Schenley Quadrangle is called "McCormick Hall", named after Samuel McCormick.
This residence hall houses upperclassmen in suites. "Chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh, Samuel Black McCormick, Administrative Files". University of Pittsburgh. January 2010. Files of McCormick at the University of Pittsburgh
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Harry Woodburn Chase
Harry Woodburn Chase was the 12th President of the University of North Carolina, the 7th President of the University of Illinois, the 8th President of New York University. Works by Harry Woodburn Chase at LibriVox
Andrew D. Hamilton
Andrew David Hamilton is a British chemist and academic, the 16th and current President of New York University. From 2009 to 2015, he served as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. Before leading Oxford, he was Provost of Yale University from 2004 to 2008. Andrew Hamilton was a pupil at Guildford, he studied chemistry at the University of Exeter, graduating with a first class Bachelor of Science degree. After studying for a master's degree at the University of British Columbia, he received his PhD degree from St John's College, Cambridge in 1980 with a thesis titled "Models for oxygen-binding hemoproteins" under the supervision of Alan R. Battersby and spent a post-doctoral period at the Université Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg, he received honorary doctorates from the University of Surrey, Tsinghua University, the University of Exeter, among others. In 1981, he was appointed Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University in 1988 as Professor of Chemistry at the University of Pittsburgh.
In 1997 he moved to Yale as Benjamin Silliman Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Molecular biophysics and Biochemistry at Yale University. Hamilton's research has spanned porphyrin, medicinal, bioorganic chemistry and chemical biology, his laboratory is most noted for the design of barbiturate hosts, farnesyl tranferase inhibitors, protein surface binders, helix mimetics. In 2004 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, he served as Provost of Yale University from October 2004 to October 2008 after his predecessor, Susan Hockfield, was appointed the 16th President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He had served as Deputy Provost for Science and Technology for one year under Hockfield, as chairman of the department of chemistry at Yale. On 3 June 2008, Oxford University announced Hamilton's nomination for the post of Vice-Chancellor. On 16 June, it was confirmed that he would succeed John Hood and assume the post for a period of seven years on 1 October 2009, he is an Honorary Fellow of Harris Manchester Kellogg College at Oxford.
On 18 March 2015, New York University announced Hamilton's appointment to begin as the 16th President of the university. His duties began in January 2016. Hamilton lives in Greenwich Village with his wife Jennifer, he has three children. "Profile for Andrew D. Hamilton". Department of Chemistry – Yale University. "Provost of Yale nominated as next Vice-Chancellor". University of Oxford Press Office. 3 June 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008. "Professor Andrew Hamilton confirmed as next Vice-Chancellor". University of Oxford Press Office. 16 June 2008. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2008. Office of the Provost Vice-Chancellor's Office Hamilton Research Group