Victoria & Abdul
Victoria & Abdul is a 2017 British biographical comedy-drama film directed by Stephen Frears and written by Lee Hall. The film is based on the book of same name by Shrabani Basu, about the real-life relationship between Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and her Indian Muslim servant Abdul Karim, it stars Ali Fazal, Michael Gambon, Eddie Izzard, Tim Pigott-Smith and Adeel Akhtar. The film had its world premiere at the 74th Venice Film Festival, was theatrically released on 15 September 2017 in the United Kingdom, it has grossed over $65 million worldwide. The film was nominated for Best Costume Design and Best Makeup and Hairstyling at the 90th Academy Awards, Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy at the 75th Golden Globe Awards. Abdul Karim, a young prison clerk from Agra, British Raj, is instructed to travel to England for Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee in 1887 to present her with a mohur, a gold coin, minted as a token of appreciation from British-ruled India; the queen, lonely and tired of her fawning courtiers, develops an interest in and a friendship with Abdul.
She gives him a bejeweled locket with her photograph. She promotes him to become her Munshi, she asks him to teach her the Qur ` an. When Victoria discovers he is married, she invites his wife and mother-in-law to join him to England, they arrive wearing black burqas, to the consternation of the household. As Victoria's interest in India grows, she has the Durbar Room built at her Isle of Wight home of Osborne House for state functions, it is elaborately decorated with carvings by Bhai Ram Singh in an intricate style, with a carpet from Agra, formal portraits of renowned Indians, a replica of the Peacock Throne. While Victoria treats Abdul as a son, his preferment is resented by her household and inner circle, including her son Bertie and the prime minister; the household plots hoping that Abdul will be sent home. When Victoria embarrasses herself by recounting to the court the one-sided account of the Indian Mutiny that Abdul had told her, Victoria's faith and trust in him are shaken and she decides he must go home.
But soon after, she asks him to stay. The prime minister is adamant, they research his family background in India and present Victoria with a dossier to show that his family is more ordinary and poor than Abdul has told her. When Victoria insists her doctor examine Abdul to find out why his wife has not become pregnant, he discovers that Abdul has gonorrhea and rushes to tell the queen, expecting her to dismiss him in disgust. However, Victoria admonishes her courtiers for plotting against him, she tells the household. The household decides that if Victoria does not break with Abdul they will all resign, they threaten to certify Victoria as insane. When Victoria is told, she angrily summons the entire household to the Durbar Room and demands that anyone who wants to resign step forward; when none do so, she tells them she has decided not to make Abdul a knight, but to include him in her next honours list as a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. When Victoria falls ill, she urges Abdul to return to India.
She warns him that when she dies, the court will turn on him, but Abdul insists that he will stay with Victoria until the end of her life. In 1901, Victoria dies, her son Bertie, now Edward VII, rejects Abdul, burning all the gifts and papers he has received from the Queen, sending him and his family back to India. Abdul's wife manages to save the locket for him, it is revealed that Abdul lived in India until his death eight years in 1909. The film ends with Abdul kneeling at a large statue of Queen Victoria close to the Taj Mahal, talking to it and kissing its feet in respect. On 17 June 2016, it was reported that Judi Dench would play Queen Victoria in Victoria & Abdul, a film based on the book of the same name by Shrabani Basu. Stephen Frears was set to direct. Dench had portrayed Victoria in the 1997 film Mrs Brown. On 5 August 2016, it was announced that Ali Fazal would play Victoria's confidant Abdul Karim, while the film would be co-produced by Working Title Films and BBC Films, co-financed by BBC and Focus Features.
Focus handles U. S. distribution rights, while Universal Pictures International handles all other countries. The script was written by Lee Hall, the producers are Beeban Kidron, Tracey Seaward, Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, while the other cast includes Eddie Izzard, Michael Gambon, Tim Pigott-Smith, Adeel Akhtar. Principal photography on the film began on 15 September 2016, at Victoria's former royal residence Osborne House on the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. Costumes from the production were on display at Osborne House, from 24 July until 30 September 2017. To capitalise on the renewed interest in Victoria arising from both the film and the concurrent second season of ITV's Victoria television series, the Isle of Wight Tourist Board has created a'Victoria's Island Trail' encouraging tourists to visit the key locations on the island that have connections to the Queen; the production filmed at The Chatham Historic Dockyard, Kent on HMS Gannet and the quayside adjacent to the ship. Victoria & Abdul was released for audiences in the United Kingdom on 15 September 2017.
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 66% based on 175 reviews, with an average rating of 6.2/10. The site’s critical consensus reads, "Victoria & Abdul reunites Dame Judi Dench with the role of Queen Victoria —, all this period drama needs to overcome its imbalanced narrative." On
Arthur Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham
Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham, was a British Army officer and courtier. He was Private Secretary to Queen Victoria during the last few years of her reign, to George V during most of his reign, he was the maternal grandfather of Lord Adeane, Private Secretary to Elizabeth II from 1953 to 1972. Bigge was the son of John Frederic Bigge Vicar of Stamfordham and the grandson of Charles William Bigge of Benton House, Little Benton, Newcastle on Tyne and Linden Hall, Northumberland, High Sheriff of Northumberland and a prominent merchant and banker in Newcastle on Tyne, he was educated at Rossall School and the Royal Military Academy and was commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1869. Between 1878 and 1879, Bigge fought in the Anglo-Zulu War, as is known from his mentions in despatches. In 1880, he was warned to Balmoral Castle by Queen Victoria for giving an explanation on the Prince Imperial's death in the Zulu War. Before he was appointed as a Private Secretary, he had served as a groom-in-waiting and assistant private secretary to Queen Victoria.
In 1881, he was appointed equerry-in-ordinary. Bigge was appointed Private Secretary to Queen Victoria in 1895 and served until her death in January 1901. A couple of months he was appointed Private Secretary to her grandson, the Duke of Cornwall and York, he continued to serve as such on the Prince´s accession to the throne as King George V in 1910, serving until his own death in 1931. As Private Secretary to the sovereign he was sworn of the Privy Council in 1910 and elevated to the peerage as Baron Stamfordham, of Stamfordham in the County of Northumberland, in 1911. Bigge seemed to have an influence over King George and was one of those who supported the King's decision to adopt Windsor as the family name because of the keen anti-German feelings, which were arising during the World War I. On 17 July 1917 King George V "issued a proclamation declaring “The Name of Windsor is to be borne by His Royal House and Family and Relinquishing the Use of All German Titles and Dignities.”. He introduced the Duke of York to Lionel Logue.
Bigge married Constance Neville in 1881: they had a son and two daughters. Their son, Captain The Hon. John Neville Bigge, was killed in action near Festubert on 15 May 1915 whilst serving with the 1st Bn. King's Royal Rifle Corps, he is commemorated on Le Touret Memorial. A daughter, the Honourable Victoria Eugenie, married Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane, she was the mother of Michael Adeane, Baron Adeane, Private Secretary to Elizabeth II from 1953 to 1972. Lord Stamfordham died, still in office, at St James's Palace on 31 March 1931, aged 81, when the barony became extinct. Styles 1849–1884: Mr Arthur Bigge 1884–1887: Mr Arthur Bigge 1887–1895: Mr Arthur Bigge 1895–1901: Sir Arthur Bigge 1901–1902: Sir Arthur Bigge 1902–1903: Sir Arthur Bigge 1903–1906: Sir Arthur Bigge 1906–1910: Sir Arthur Bigge 1910–1911: The Rt Hon Sir Arthur Bigge 1911–1916: The Rt Hon The Lord Stamfordham 1916–1931: The Rt Hon The Lord Stamfordham British honours KCB: Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath – 1895 GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order – 2 February 1901 – on the day of the funeral of Queen Victoria KCMG: Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George – 26 November 1901 ISO: Imperial Service Order - 1903.
KCSI: Knight Commander - 1906. PC: Privy Counsellor – 11 June 1910 GCIE: Knight Grand Commander - 1911 GCB: Knight Grand Cross - 1916. Foreign honours Czechoslovakia: Order of the White Lion In the 2003 TV drama The Lost Prince he was portrayed, clean shaven, by actor Bill Nighy. In the fourth series of the BBC period drama Peaky Blinders he was portrayed by noted actor Donald Sumpter
John Crocker Bulteel
John Crocker Bulteel of Fleet, Holbeton, in South Devon, was a Whig MP for South Devon 1832-4 and was Sheriff of Devon in 1841. He bred the finest pack of hounds in England, he was the son and heir of John II Bulteel of Flete in the parish of Holbeton and of Lyneham in the parish of Yealmpton, Devon, by his wife Elizabeth Perring, whose monument survives in the chancel of All Saints Church, daughter of Thomas Perring, a merchant of Modbury in Devon and of London. Thomas's brother was Peter Perring of Membland, a member of the Council at Madras, who made a fortune in the East India Company, purchased Membland from John I Bulteel, father of John II. John II Bulteel was Sheriff of Devon in 1807/8, his earliest recorded ancestor in England was Samuel Bulteel of Tavistock in Devon, a Huguenot refugee from France, whose son was James Bulteel of Tavistock, MP for Tavistock 1703-8 and 1711–15, who married Mary Crocker and heiress of Courtenay Crocker, MP, of Lyneham in the parish of Yealmpton, the last male of the senior branch of the ancient Crocker family.
Another possible relative was John Bulteel, MP for Lostwithiel, Cornwall in 1661 and 1669, a friend of Samuel Pepys and secretary to Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, cousin of John Bulteel the writer and translator. James Bulteel inherited the estate of Fleet, one of the finest estates in Devon, under the will of Richard Hele of Flete, no blood relation. James's son was John Bulteel, who in 1757 purchased the estate of Membland, in the parish of Holbeton, he attended Plympton Grammar School in Devon and where a fellow-pupil was Jack Russell the famous hunting parson. Bulteel and Russell fought on one occasion whilst at school, when Bulteel received a black eye from Russell, but in life became firm friends sharing a common passion for hunting, he was MP for South Devon 1832-4 and was Sheriff of Devon in 1841. In about 1835 he remodelled his residence at Fleet House to his own castellated Gothic design. During his father's life he lived as a young man at the family's secondary seat of Lyneham, while his father resided at Fleet.
He was the originator of the Lyneham Pack, afterwards famous under the mastership of Mr. Trelawny, he was Master of the Dartmoor Foxhounds. In 1826 he married Lady Elizabeth Grey, 2nd daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, by whom he had the following children: John Bulteel and heir, who in 1863 sold Fleet to an Australian sheep farmer and moved his residence to Pamflete in the same parish of Holbeton. Fleet was repurchased by his brother-in-law Henry Bingham Mildmay of Shoreham Place in Kent, a partner in Barings Bank married to his sister Georgiana Bulteel and father of Francis Bingham Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete. Mary Elizabeth Bulteel, eldest daughter, a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, who in 1861 married Sir Henry Ponsonby, private secretary and equerry to Queen Victoria and Keeper of the Privy Purse. Georgiana Bulteel, who in 1860 married Henry Bingham Mildmay of Shoreham Place in Kent, a partner in Barings Bank and was mother of Francis Bingham Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete.
She was the heiress of Fleet, from. The 1st Baron's daughter and sole heiress was Hon. Helen Mildmay who had inherited the estate of Mothecombe, in the parish of Holbeton, purchased in 1872 by her grandfather Henry Bingham Mildmay, where she lived with her husband Lt Commander Richard Mildmay-White, who in 1958 adopted the additional surname Mildmay by deed poll. Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel, who in 1861 married Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke of Membland in the parish of Holbeton, senior partner of Barings Bank, which had originated in Exeter, Devon. Membland had been purchased in 1757 by John I Bulteel and was promptly sold by him to Peter Perring of Modbury, who had made a fortune in the East Indies and whose heir was his nephew Sir John Perring, 1st Baronet of Membland, senior partner of Perrings Bank and Lord Mayor of London in 1803, his bank failed in the Panic of 1825. Membland and the manor of Revelstoke were purchased by a member of the Baring family, of whom Edward Baring, husband of Louisa Bulteel, was created in 1885 Baron Revelstoke of Membland.
A six-verse poem on the subject of Bulteel, in the style of Sir Walter Scott's The Young Lochinvar was published in 1828 in the Sporting Magazine, of which the first verse was as follows: Oh the young Squire of Fleet is come into the West From the packs of the Kingdom his drafts are the best Save Jack Square and Dick Ellis attendants he's none He feeds them himself and he hunts them alone If he keeps to his point and he stands on his feet, There'll be never a man like the young Squire of Fleet. The arms of Bulteel of Devon are: Argent, a bend between 14 billets gules with crest: Out of a ducal crown gules a pair of wings a? billetty of the first. However the sculpted arms of Bulteel of Fleete are visible on a mural monument in Holbeton Church, showing A bend between ten billets, 3,2,2,3, with inescutcheon of pretence of Croker; the billets appear as each of irregular shape. According to Thomas Robson the canting arms of Bulteel are: Azure, three bull's heads couped argent, with crest: A bull's head gules between two wings or.
Théobald Chartran was a classical French propaganda painter. As "T", he was one of the artists responsible for occasional caricatures of Vanity Fair magazine, specializing in French and Italian subjects, his work for Vanity Fair included Pope Leo XIII, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Umberto I of Italy, William Henry Waddington, all in 1878, Charles Gounod, Giuseppe Verdi, Ernest Renan, Jules Grévy, Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte, Victor Hugo, Marshal MacMahon, Granier de Cassagnac, Louis Blanc, Alexandre Dumas, all in 1879. President Theodore Roosevelt's official portrait was commissioned to Theobald Chartran in 1902, but when Roosevelt saw the final product he hated it and hid it in the darkest corner of the White House; when family members called it the "Mewing Cat" for making him look so harmless, he had it destroyed and hired John Singer Sargent to paint a more masculine portrait. Among Chartran's work is his portrait of René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec, the inventor of the stethoscope. Place des États-Unis Théobald Chartran exhibition catalogs
Keeper of the Privy Purse
The Keeper of the Privy Purse and Treasurer to the King/Queen is responsible for the financial management of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. He or she is assisted by the Deputy Treasurer to the King/Queen for the management of the Sovereign Grant, he or she is assisted by the Deputy Keeper of the Privy Purse for semi-private concerns, such as racing stables, the Royal Philatelic Collection, Royal Ascot, the Chapel Royal, Page of Honour, Military Knights of Windsor, Royal Maundy, the Royal Victorian Order and favour apartments, the Duchy of Lancaster. These are funded from the Privy Purse, drawn from the Duchy of Lancaster; the Keeper of the Privy Purse meets the Sovereign at least weekly. The current Keeper of the Privy Purse and Treasurer to The Queen is Sir Michael Stevens. At coronations in recent centuries the holders of this office have invariably carried a ceremonial purse, embroidered with the royal coat of arms. Henry Norris by 1526–?1536 Anthony Denny c.1536 Peter Osborne 1551–1552 John Tamworth, 1559-1569 Henry Seckford 1559–1603 Sir Richard Molyneux, 1st Baronet, 1607–?
George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar, c.1610–1611 John Murray, 1st Earl of Annandale 1611–1616 Richard Molyneux, 1st Viscount Molyneux, PC 1616?–1636 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Ancram, PC 1636?–1639 Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, KG, PC Charles Berkeley, 1st Earl of Falmouth, PC 1662–1665 Baptist May 1665–1685 James Graham, 1685–1689 William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, KG, PC 1689–1700 Caspar Frederick Henning, 1700–1702 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough 1702–1711 Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham 1711–1714 Caspar Frederick Henning, 1714–1727 Augustus Schutz, 1727–1757 The Honourable Edward Finch, 1757–1760 John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, KG, PC 1760–1763 William Breton, 1763–1773 James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan, PC 1773–1811 The Right Honourable Colonel Sir John McMahon, 1st Baronet, 1812–1817 Lieutenant-General Benjamin Bloomfield, 1st Baron Bloomfield, GCB GCH PC 1817–1822 The Right Honourable Sir William Knighton, 1st Baronet, GCH 1821–1830 Major-General Sir Henry Wheatley, 1st Baronet, GCH, CB 1830–1846 George Edward Anson 1847–1849 Colonel The Honourable Sir Charles Beaumont Phipps KCB 1849–1866 General The Honourable Sir Charles Grey 1866–1867 Colonel Thomas Myddleton-Biddulph KCB 1866–1878 Major-General Sir Henry Ponsonby GCB 1878–1895 The Right Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Fleetwood Edwards GCVO, KCB, ISO 1895–1901 The Right Honourable General Sir Dighton Probyn, VC, GCB, GCSI, GCVO, ISO 1901–1910 The Right Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Sir William Carington GCVO KCB JP 1910–1914 Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Ponsonby, 1st Baron Sysonby GCB GCVO PC 1914–1935 Colonel Clive Wigram, 1st Baron Wigram GCB GCVO CSI PC 1935–1936 Major Sir Ulick Alexander 1936–1952 Brigadier-General Charles George Vivian Tryon, 2nd Baron Tryon, GCVO, KCB, DSO, DL, OStJ 1952–1971 Major Sir Rennie Maudslay, GCVO KCB MBE 1971–1981 Sir Peter Miles, KCVO 1981–1987 Major Sir Shane Blewitt, GCVO 1988–1996 Sir Michael Peat, GCVO 1996–2002 Sir Alan Reid, GCVO 2002–2017 Sir Michael Stevens KCVO 2018– Treasurer of the Household "The Privy Purse and Treasurer's Office".
Monarchy Today. Archived from the original on 16 April 2008. "Keeper of the Privy Purse 1660–1837". Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11, Court Officers, 1660-1837. London: University of London. 2006 – via British History Online. "The Civil List". BBC News Online
John Ponsonby (British Army officer)
Major-General Sir John Ponsonby KCB CMG DSO was a British Army officer who commanded 5th Division during World War I. Born the son of Sir Henry Ponsonby and educated at Eton College, Ponsonby was commissioned into the Coldstream Guards in 1888, he served in Uganda in 1898 and was seconded for service in the Second Boer War in South Africa in February 1902. He fought in World War I as Commander of the 2nd Guards Brigade from 1915 and as General Officer Commanding 40th Division from 1917, leading his Division at the Battle of Cambrai. In July 1918 he went on to become General Officer Commanding 5th Division remaining in that role until the end of the War. After the War he became General Officer Commanding the Madras District of India, he retired in 1928. He lived at Haile Hall near Beckermet in Cumbria. In 1935 he married Mary Robley.
Geoffrey Palmer (actor)
Geoffrey Dyson Palmer, is an English actor known for his roles in British television sitcoms playing Jimmy Anderson in The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin, Ben Parkinson in Butterflies and Lionel Hardcastle in As Time Goes By. His film appearances include A Fish Called Wanda, The Madness of King George, Mrs. Brown, Tomorrow Never Dies. Palmer's early television appearances included a variety of roles in Granada Television's The Army Game, two episodes of The Baron and as a property agent in Cathy Come Home. Getting a major break in John Osborne's West of Suez at the Royal Court with Ralph Richardson, he acted in major productions at the Royal Court and for the National Theatre Company and was directed by Laurence Olivier in J. B. Priestley's Eden End. Palmer found the play so boring, that it put him off a stage career for good. Two sitcom roles brought him attention in the 1970s: the hapless brother-in-law of Reggie Perrin in The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin, the phlegmatic Ben Parkinson in Carla Lane's Butterflies.
He continued to appear in productions written by Perrin creator David Nobbs, the last being the radio comedy The Maltby Collection. He starred opposite Judi Dench for over a decade in the BBC situation comedy As Time Goes By. During this time he appeared with Dench in other productions, including the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, in which he portrayed Admiral Roebuck, Mrs. Brown, playing Sir Henry Ponsonby to Dench's Queen Victoria, he played Doctor Price in the Fawlty Towers episode "The Kipper and the Corpse", determined to get breakfast amidst the confusion caused by the death of a guest and Basil's inept way of handling the emergency. His distinctive voice has given him a career in advertising in such commercials as the'Slam in the Lamb' ads for the Meat & Livestock Commission, he narrated the audiobook version of Dickens' A Christmas Carol, released in 2005 as a podcast by Penguin Books. He narrates Little England. In the 2006 DVD series The Compleat Angler, Palmer partners Rae Borras in a series of episodes based on Izaak Walton's 1653 The Compleat Angler.
In 2007, he recorded The Diary of a Nobody by George Grossmith and Weedon Grossmith as an online audiobook. In December 2007, Palmer appeared in the role of the Captain in "Voyage of the Damned", the Christmas special episode of the BBC science-fiction series Doctor Who. In March 2009, he joined in a sketch with the two double acts "Armstrong and Miller" and "Mitchell and Webb" for Comic Relief. In 2011, he played the reactionary father-in-law of the eponymous clergyman of Rev. in its Christmas episode. Palmer attended Highgate School, he is the son of Norah Gwendolen and Frederick Charles Palmer, a chartered surveyor. He has a daughter, a son, Charles, a television director, married to actress Claire Skinner. In the New Year's Honours List published 31 December 2004 he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to drama. Kafka's Dick by Alan Bennett at the Royal Court Theatre Eden End by J. B. Priestley at the Royal National Theatre At Home With The Snails Les Miserables as Inspector Javert The Man Who Was Thursday High Table, Lower Orders The Maltby Collection A Murder of Quality North by Northamptonshire Two Pipe Problems: The Case of the Missing Meerschaum as Mortimer Tregennis Geoffrey Palmer on IMDb Geoffrey Palmer at the BFI's Screenonline Selected performances in Theatre Archive University of Bristol