Heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase

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heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase
EC number
CAS number 74506-59-5
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate + 4 isopentenyl diphosphate 4 diphosphate + all-trans-heptaprenyl diphosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate and isopentenyl diphosphate, whereas its two products are diphosphate and all-trans-heptaprenyl diphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring aryl or alkyl groups other than methyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate farnesyltranstransferase (adding 4 isopentenyl units). Other names in common use include all-trans-heptaprenyl-diphosphate synthase, heptaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase, and heptaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase. This enzyme participates in biosynthesis of steroids.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 11 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2E8T, 2E8U, 2E8V, 2E8W, 2E8X, 2E90, 2E91, 2E92, 2E93, 2E94, and 2E95.


  • Takahashi I, Ogura K, Seto S (1980). "Heptaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase from Bacillus subtilis". J. Biol. Chem. 255 (10): 4539–43. PMID 6768722.