History of the Minnesota Twins
The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball team based in Minneapolis and play in the Central Division of Major League Baseballs American League. The team is named after the Twin Cities area of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. One of the American Leagues eight charter franchises, the club was founded in Kansas City, Kansas in 1894 as the Kansas City Blues before moving to Washington, D. C. in 1905 the team changed its official name to the Washington Nationals. The name Nationals would appear on the uniforms for only 2 seasons, the media often shortened the nickname to Nats. Many fans and newspapers persisted in using the Senators nickname, over time, Nationals faded as a nickname, and Senators became dominant. Baseball guides would list the clubs nickname as Nationals or Senators, in its 108-year history, the franchise has employed 29 managers and won 3 World Series championships. Seven managers have taken the franchise to the postseason, ron Gardenhire, manager of the Twins from 2002–2014, led them to six playoff appearances, the most in their franchise history.
The Kansas City Blues were a team played in the Western League from 1894 to 1899. That league was reorganized and renamed The American League by Ban Johnson in 1900 and its intention, was to compete with the National League as a Major league, which it began doing so in 1901. The Blues, along with four of the seven other teams, when the American League began its Major League status in 1901, the Blues team had relocated to Washington and officially became the Washington Senators. The name Twins derives from the name of the region. Knowing about the bitter rivalry between Minneapolis and St. Paul, Griffith was determined not to alienate fans in either city by naming the team after one city or the other. Instead, he proposed to name his team the Twin Cities Twins, after a meeting with state officials, a decision unprecedented in American professional baseball was made. The team would be named after its state and became known as the Minnesota Twins on November 26,1960. The NFL expansion Minnesota Vikings had announced their name on September 27,1960 and this was one month before the Senators moved to Minnesota.
Later, the California Angels, Texas Rangers, Florida Marlins, Colorado Rockies, the original Twin Cities Twins TC logo was kept until 1987, when the Twins adopted their current uniforms. By this time, the Twins felt they were established enough that they could place an M on their caps without making St. Paul think it stood for Minneapolis, Paul Saints—shaking hands over the Mississippi River, which runs between the two cities. The Twins have returned to the classic TC logo on all uniforms for the 2014 season, the Twins were eagerly greeted in Minnesota when they arrived in 1961
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests. The Halls motto is Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations, the word Cooperstown is often used as shorthand for the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. The Hall of Fame was established in 1939 by Stephen Carlton Clark, Clark had sought to bring tourists to a city hurt by the Great Depression, which reduced the local tourist trade, and Prohibition, which devastated the local hops industry. A new building was constructed, and the Hall of Fame was dedicated on June 12,1939, the erroneous claim that U. S. Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown was instrumental in the early marketing of the Hall. An expanded library and research facility opened in 1994, dale Petroskey became the organizations president in 1999. In 2002, the Hall launched Baseball As America, an exhibit that toured ten American museums over six years.
The Hall of Fame has since sponsored educational programming on the Internet to bring the Hall of Fame to schoolchildren who might not visit, the Hall and Museum completed a series of renovations in spring 2005. The Hall of Fame presents an annual exhibit at FanFest at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, Jeff Idelson replaced Petroskey as president on April 16,2008. In 2012, Congress passed and President Barack Obama signed a law ordering the United States Mint to produce and sell commemorative, non-circulating coins to benefit the private, non-profit Hall. The bill, House Bill H. R.2527, was introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Rep. Richard Hanna, a Republican from New York, the coins, which depict baseball gloves and balls, are the first concave designs produced by the Mint. The mintage included 50,000 gold coins,400,000 silver coins, the Mint released them on March 27,2014, and the gold and silver editions quickly sold out. The Hall receives money from surcharges included in the sale price,114 members of the Hall of Fame have been inducted posthumously, including four who died after their selection was announced.
Of the 35 Negro league members,29 were inducted posthumously, the Hall of Fame includes one female member, Effa Manley. The newest inductees, enshrined on July 24,2016, are players Mike Piazza, the incoming class of 2017, to be formally enshrined on July 30, consists of executives John Schuerholz and Bud Selig and players Jeff Bagwell, Tim Raines, and Iván Rodríguez. In addition to honoring Hall of Fame inductees, the National Baseball Hall of Fame has presented 40 men with the Ford C, while Frick and Spink Award honorees are not members of the Hall of Fame, they are recognized in an exhibit in the Hall of Fames library. ONeil Award honorees are not Hall of Fame members, but are listed alongside a permanent statue of the namesake and first recipient, Buck ONeil. From a final ballot typically including 25–40 candidates, each writer may vote for up to 10 players, until the late 1950s, any player named on 75% or more of all ballots cast is elected. A player who is named on fewer than 5% of ballots is dropped from future elections, players receiving 5% or more of the votes but fewer than 75% are reconsidered annually until a maximum of ten years of eligibility
The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball franchise based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are the oldest continuous, one-name, one-city franchise in all of professional American sports, the Phillies compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division. Since 2004, the home has been Citizens Bank Park. The Phillies have won two World Series championships and seven National League pennants, the first of which came in 1915, the franchise has experienced long periods of struggle. The 77 season drought is the fourth longest World Series drought in Major League Baseball history, the longevity of the franchise and its history of adversity have earned it the dubious distinction of having lost the most games of any team in the history of American professional sports. Despite the teams lack of success historically, they are one of the more successful franchises since the start of the Divisional Era in Major League Baseball. The Phillies have won their division 11 times, which ranks 6th among all teams and 4th in the National League, the franchise was founded in Philadelphia in 1883, replacing the team from Worcester, Massachusetts in the National League.
The teams spring training facilities are located in Clearwater and its Double-A affiliate is the Reading Fightin Phils, which plays in Reading and its Triple-A affiliate is the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, which plays in Allentown, Pennsylvania. After being founded in 1883 as the Quakers, the changed its name to the Philadelphias. This was soon shortened to Phillies, Quakers continued to be used interchangeably with Phillies from 1883 until 1890, when the team officially became known as the Phillies. Player defections to the newly formed American League, especially to the cross-town Philadelphia Athletics, poor fiscal management after their appearance in the 1915 World Series, doomed the Phillies to sink back into relative obscurity, from 1918 to 1948 they only had one winning season. Though Chuck Klein won the Most Valuable Player Award in 1932 and the National League Triple Crown in 1933, after lumber baron William B. Cox purchased the team in 1943, the Phillies rose out of the standings cellar for the first time in five years.
As a result, the fan base and attendance at home games increased, but it soon became clear that not all was right in Coxs front office. Eventually Cox revealed that he had been betting on the Phillies, the new owner, Bob Carpenter, Jr. scion of the Delaware-based DuPont family, tried to polish the teams image by unofficially changing its name to the Bluejays. However, the new moniker did not take, and it was dropped by 1949. This led to the advent of the Whiz Kids, led by a lineup of players developed by the Phillies farm system that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburn. In contrast, the Philadelphia Athletics finished last in 1950 and long-time manager Connie Mack retired, the team struggled on for four more years with only one winning season before abandoning Philadelphia under the Johnson brothers, who bought out Mack. They began play in Kansas City in 1955, as part of the deal selling that team to the Johnson brothers, the Phillies bought Shibe Park, where both teams had played since 1938
2002 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2002 throughout the world. Regular Season Champions World Series Champion – Anaheim Angels Postseason – October 1 to October 27 Click on any series score to link to that series page, higher seed has home field advantage during Division Series and League Championship Series. The American League Champion has home field advantage during World Series as a result of the alternating years rule. Louis Cardinals Woman Executive of the Year, Brenda Yoder, Greenville Braves, January 8 – Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. Smith, named on 91.7 percent of the ballots, is the 37th player to be elected in his first year, february 11 – Major league owners approve the sales of the Florida Marlins and Montreal Expos. February 12 – Mets assistant general manager Omar Minaya becomes the first Hispanic GM by accepting the position with the Montreal Expos, frank Robinson is announced as the manager of the team, which will be run by Major League Baseball for the 2002 season.
February 27 – The sale of the Boston Red Sox to a group headed by John Henry becomes official, march 1 – The Red Sox fire GM Dan Duquette and hire Mike Port on an interim basis. March 11 – The Red Sox hire Grady Little as their new manager, march 22 – The Chicago Cubs send Jose Cueto, Ryan Jorgensen, Julián Tavárez & Dontrelle Willis to the Florida Marlins for Antonio Alfonseca and Matt Clement. The last team to start the year with consecutive shutouts was the 1994 San Francisco Giants, Curt Schilling is the winner today, following Randy Johnsons 2–0 two–hitter yesterday over the Padres. April 3 The Giants defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 12–0, as Barry Bonds hits a pair of runs for the second day in a row. He becomes only the player in history to begin a season with a pair of 2–HR games. At home, the Oakland Athletics lose to the Texas Rangers 9–6, the loss snaps the As string of 20 straight wins at home stretching back to August 24. The As move past the 1974–75 Cincinnati Reds for most consecutive wins over two seasons, the Reds mark was 17.
April 5 – The Giants defeat the Padres 3–1 in 10 innings on Barry Bonds 5th home run of the year, in doing so, Bonds ties the mark for most home runs in the first four games of the season, set by Lou Brock in 1967. April 7 – Arizona defeats the Milwaukee Brewers 2–0, as Curt Schilling strikes out 17 batters in hurling a one–hitter, raul Casanovas 2nd–inning single is the only Milwaukee hit. April 11 – The Baltimore Orioles pound the Tampa Bay Devil Rays 15–6 and they collect a club–high 11 hits in 16 at-bats. April 16 – The Detroit Tigers win for the first time this season, the Tigers had lost their first 11 games for the 5th-worst start by a major league team. April 21 Rafael Furcal hits three triples to tie the major league record as the Atlanta Braves defeat the Florida Marlins 4–2
History of the Philadelphia Athletics
The Oakland Athletics, a current Major League Baseball franchise, originated in Philadelphia. This article details the history of the Philadelphia Athletics, from 1901 to 1954, see also, Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame The Western League had been renamed the American League in 1900 by league president Bancroft Johnson, and declared itself the second major league in 1901. Johnson created new franchises in the east and eliminated some franchises in the West, Philadelphia had a new franchise created to compete with the National Leagues Philadelphia Phillies. Former catcher Connie Mack was recruited to manage the club, Mack in turn persuaded Phillies minority owner Ben Shibe as well as others to invest in the team, which would be called the Philadelphia Athletics. Mack himself bought a 25% interest, while the remaining 25% was sold to Philadelphia sportswriters Sam Jones, the new league recruited many of its players from the existing National League, persuading them to jump to the American League in defiance of their National League contracts.
One of the players who jumped to the new league was second baseman Nap Lajoie and he won the A. L. s first batting title with a.426 batting average, still a league record. The Athletics and the American League received a setback when, on April 21,1902, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court invalidated Lajoies contract with the Athletics and this order, was only enforceable in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Lajoie was sold to Cleveland, but was out of road games in Philadelphia until the National Agreement was signed between the two leagues in 1903. In the early years, the As established themselves as one of the dominant teams in the new league, winning the A. L. pennant six times and they won over 100 games in 1910 and 1911, and 99 games in 1914. The team was known for its $100,000 Infield, consisting of Stuffy McInnis, Eddie Collins, Jack Barry, Rube Waddell was a major pitching star for the As in the early 1900s. According to Lamont Buchanan in The World Series and Highlights of Baseball, Plank holds the franchise record for career victories, with 284.
In 1909, the As moved into the leagues first concrete-and-steel ballpark. This remains the second and last time in history where a new ballpark was built specifically for the As. Later in the decade, Mack bought the 25% of the stock owned by Jones. Shibe ceded Mack full control over the side while retaining control over the business side. In 1914, the Athletics lost the 1914 World Series to the Miracle Braves in a four-game sweep, Mack traded, sold or released most of the teams star players soon after. In his book To Every Thing a Season, Bruce Kuklick points out there were suspicions that the As had thrown the Series, or at least laid down. Mack himself alluded to that years later, but debunked it
Pavek Museum of Broadcasting
The Pavek Museum is a museum in St. Louis Park, United States, which has one of the worlds most significant collections of vintage radio and television equipment. It originated in the collection of Joe Pavek, who began squirreling away unique radios while he was an instructor at Dunwoody Institute in 1946. Students of the day were given old radios to disassemble in order to learn their trade, Paveks collection expanded through the 1970s, when he decided to start looking for someone to take over for him. However, he had trouble finding someone who would take the job and was about to sell off the collection at auction in 1984 when Earl Bakken stepped in. Bakken, the founder of Medtronic and the inventor of the first wearable pacemaker, had spent many years fixing old radios and TVs. The two joined Paul Hedberg of the Minnesota Broadcasters Association in creating an organization that would be the new museums parent. The Pavek Museum finally opened on October 29,1988, a day that was honored with a proclamation by Governor Rudy Perpich as Joe Pavek Day, Joe Pavek died a year in 1989, and Bakken stepped in to lead the organization.
In 1990 the collection was expanded with the addition of the collection of John T. Jack Mullin, an Army Signal Corps veteran of World War II who had brought some AEG Magnetophon tape recorders back to the United States from Germany, Mullin used them to record Bing Crosbys radio programs, the first use of magnetic tape in American broadcasting. Over the years, he acquired other recording devices and eventually amassed a world-renowned collection, the museum has offered several educational courses since its founding, both for children and adults. Audio Society of Minnesota Pavek Museum of Broadcasting Retro Thing St. Louis Park Historical Society Radio World Newspaper FedSpending Pavek Museum of Broadcasting
Ford C. Frick Award
Frick Award is presented annually by the National Baseball Hall of Fame in the United States to a broadcaster for major contributions to baseball. Frick, former Commissioner of Major League Baseball, before his career as an executive, Frick was a baseball writer, he gained fame as the ghostwriter for Babe Ruth in the 1920s. The award was created in 1978, and named in tribute to Frick following his death that year, though they are sometimes erroneously referred to as Hall of Famers, honorees are not inducted into the Hall of Fame. Honorees give a speech at the Hall of Fame during induction weekend, starting with the 2008 elections, voting for players on the main Veterans Committee ballot was restricted to Hall of Fame members. Since 2004, fans have allowed to vote for three of the awards ten annual nominees, this voting is currently conducted on the Halls Facebook page. Through 2013, seven candidates were selected by a committee consisting of previous Frick Award winners and broadcast historians and columnists, which determined the final recipient.
Beginning with the 2014 award, the election committee no longer selects any of the finalists. Other changes in the process were announced for the 2014 award. Individuals from this era were first considered for the 2014 award, living Room Era, Mid-1950s to early 1980s, reflecting the rise of television. Individuals from this era were first considered for the 2015 award, broadcasting Dawn Era, Origin of broadcasting to early 1950s. Individuals from this era were first considered for the 2016 award and will next be considered for the 2019 award
Clinton Daniel Gladden III is an American former Major League Baseball player and current radio broadcaster. Known as The Dazzle Man, he attended California State University and he made his debut with the Giants in 1983, and in 1984 he batted.351 with 31 stolen bases as the Giants center fielder. In 1987, Gladden was traded to the Minnesota Twins, in Game 1, he hit the first grand slam in a World Series game in 17 years. He would earn another World Series ring with the Twins in 1991, after the 1991 season, Gladden signed as a free agent with the Detroit Tigers, and played with them until 1993. He spent 1994 in Japan playing for the Yomiuri Giants, winning a Japan Series championship and he spent 1999 as a roving instructor for the San Francisco Giants. Gladden was one of seven Twins to be part of both the 1987 and 1991 World Series teams, the other six were Randy Bush, Greg Gagne, Kirby Puckett, Al Newman, Gene Larkin, and Kent Hrbek. In 2000, Gladden became the commentator on the Twins radio network broadcast, most notably on WCCO-AM through 2006 and on the Twins Radio Network.
He worked alongside Frick award-winning commentator Herb Carneal and the Twins play-by-play man, John Gordon, Carneal died on April 1,2007, Gladden is an avid owner and rider of Harley Davidson motorcycles and sometimes takes time off to ride and attend famous bike rallies. Gladden currently lives with his wife and two daughters in Eden Prairie, gladdens daughter Ashley married the son of his former Twins teammate Gary Gaetti
The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in the U. S. state of Minnesota. It originated as the Minneapolis Tribune in 1867 and the competing Minneapolis Daily Star in 1920, during the 1930s and 1940s Minneapoliss competing newspapers were consolidated, with the Tribune published in the morning and the Star in the evening. They merged in 1982, creating the Star Tribune, after a tumultuous period in which the newspaper was sold and re-sold and filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009, it was purchased by local businessman Glen Taylor in 2014. The Star Tribune serves Minneapolis and is distributed throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, the state of Minnesota and it typically contains a mixture of national and local news, sports and lifestyle content. Journalists from the Star Tribune and its newspapers have won six Peabody Awards. The newspapers headquarters is in downtown Minneapolis, the newspaper went through several different editors and publishers during its first two decades, including John T.
Gilman, George K. Shaw, Albert Shaw and Alden J. Blethen. In 1878 the Minneapolis Evening Journal began publication, giving the Tribune its first competition, on November 30,1889, the Tribune headquarters in downtown Minneapolis caught fire. Seven people were killed and 30 injured, and the building, in 1891, the Tribune was purchased by Gilbert A. Pierce and William J. Murphy for $450,000. Pierce quickly sold his share to Thomas Lowry and Lowry sold it to Murphy and his business and legal background helped him structure the Tribunes debt and modernize its printing equipment. The newspaper experimented with printing and the use of halftone for photographs. In 1893, Murphy sent the Tribunes first correspondent to Washington, as Minneapolis grew, the newspapers circulation expanded, the Tribune and the Evening Journal were closely competitive, with the smaller Minneapolis Times in third place. In 1905, Murphy bought out the Times and merged it with the Tribune and he died in 1918, endowing a school of journalism at the University of Minnesota.
After a brief period, Murphys son Fred became the Tribunes publisher in 1921. The Daily Star had difficulty attracting advertisers with its political agenda. After its purchase by A. B, frizzell and former New York Times executive John Thompson, the newspaper became the politically-independent Minneapolis Daily Star. In 1935, the Cowles family of Des Moines, Iowa purchased the Star, the family patriarch, Gardner Cowles, Sr. had purchased The Des Moines Register and the Des Moines Tribune during the first decade of the century and managed them successfully. Gardners son, John Cowles, Sr. moved to Minneapolis to manage the Star, under him it had the citys highest circulation, pressuring Minneapoliss other newspapers. In 1939 the Cowles family purchased the Journal, merging the two newspapers into the Star-Journal, Tribune publisher Fred Murphy died in 1940, the following year the Cowles family bought the Tribune and merged it with their company, giving it ownership of the citys major newspapers
Metropolitan Stadium was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, just outside Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Millers minor league team played at Met Stadium from 1956 to 1960. The Minnesota Twins and the Minnesota Vikings played at the Met from 1961 to 1981, the North American Soccer League soccer team Minnesota Kicks played there from 1976 to 1981. The area where the stadium once stood is now the site of the Mall of America, after the rejection of numerous sites, a stadium committee appointed by Moore approved a 160-acre plot of farmland in Bloomington. The stadium would replace Nicollet Park as the home of the American Associations Minneapolis Millers, as the site in Bloomington was approximately equidistant from the downtowns of Minneapolis and St. Paul, it was thought this would be the best location for a prospective Major League team. After a plan by architects Thorshov & Cerny won approval, groundbreaking was scheduled to begin on June 20,1955. The construction was almost delayed, when the owners of the property on which the stadium would be built on began a protest, one of these owners created a barricade of farm equipment along his property line that ran directly through where the stadiums infield would be.
The dispute was settled in time for the groundbreaking to move forward as planned, many spectators and dignitaries attended the groundbreaking, including Minneapolis mayor Eric G. Hoyer and several members of the Minneapolis Millers. On February 7,1956, an accident occurred on the site when a portable heater used to cure concrete exploded in the stadiums basement. The Millers were the top team of Stonehams New York Giants. Under major league rules of the time, the Giants owned the major league rights to the Minneapolis area, negotiations were held with the Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Athletics and Washington Senators. However, the Giants chose to follow the Brooklyn Dodgers to the west coast at the urging of Dodgers owner Walter OMalley, who owned the Millers crosstown rivals, the St. Paul Saints. San Francisco had long been home to the Pacific Coast Leagues San Francisco Seals, as part of the deal, the Millers parent team became the Red Sox, who had no plans to move anywhere.
The latter game brought 15,990 fans to the stadium, including Calvin Griffith, in October 1960, Calvin Griffith announced that his Washington Senators would move to Metropolitan Stadium and became the Minnesota Twins. The Twins played their first home game on April 21,1961 with a loss to the new Washington Senators, the Millers and their perennial crosstown rival St. Paul Saints were promptly folded by Major League Baseball. To ready the stadium for the Twins, a $9 million renovation increased the capacity from about 22,000 to over 30,000 by the completion of the Twins inaugural season. During the Twins first 10 seasons at the Met, they outdrew the average American League team each year, the National Football League was interested in placing a team at the Met. Conversations were had with Violet Bidwill Wolfner, owner of the Chicago Cardinals, the Cardinals moved two of their regular season home games against the Philadelphia Eagles and New York Giants to Bloomington for the 1959 NFL season