1982 FIFA World Cup
The 1982 FIFA World Cup was the 12th FIFA World Cup, played in Spain between 13 June and 11 July 1982. The tournament was won by Italy, who defeated West Germany 3–1 in the final match, held in the Spanish capital of Madrid, it was Italy's third World Cup win, but their first since 1938. The defending champions, were eliminated in the second group round. Algeria, Honduras and New Zealand made their first appearances in the finals; the tournament featured the first penalty shoot-out in World Cup competition. This was the last World Cup to feature two round of group stages, it was the third time that all four semifinalists were European. In the first round of Group 3, Hungary defeated El Salvador 10–1, equalling the largest margin of victory recorded in the finals. Spain was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Hosting rights for the 1974 and 1978 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed.
For the first time, the World Cup finals expanded from 16 to 24 teams. This allowed more teams to participate from Africa and Asia. Teams absent from the finals were 1974 and 1978 runners-up Netherlands and the three times 1970s participants Sweden. Northern Ireland qualified for the first time since 1958. Belgium, Czechoslovakia, El Salvador and the Soviet Union were back in the Finals after a 12-year absence. England had its first successful World Cup qualifying campaign in 20 years – the English team had qualified automatically as hosts in 1966 and as defending champions in 1970 had missed the 1974 and 1978 tournaments. Yugoslavia and Chile were back after having missed the 1978 tournament. Algeria, Honduras and New Zealand all participated in the World Cup for the first time; as of 2018, this was the last time that El Salvador and Kuwait qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time that Mexico and South Korea failed to qualify. There was some consideration given as to whether England, Northern Ireland, Scotland should withdraw from the tournament because of the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
A directive issued by the British sports minister Neil Macfarlane in April, at the start of the conflict, suggested that there should be no contact between British representative teams and Argentina. This directive was not rescinded following the end of hostilities. Macfarlane reported to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher that some players and officials were uneasy about participating because of the casualties suffered by British forces. FIFA advised the British Government that there was no prospect that Argentina would be asked to withdraw, it became apparent that no other countries would withdraw from the tournament. It was decided to allow the British national teams to participate so that Argentina could not use their absence for propaganda purposes, reversing the intended effect of applying political pressure onto Argentina; the following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament. The first round was a round-robin group stage containing six groups of four teams each. Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw, with goal difference used to separate teams equal on points.
The top two teams in each group advanced. In the second round, the twelve remaining teams were split into four groups of three teams each, with the winner of each group progressing to the knockout semi-final stage; the composition of the groups in the second round was predetermined before the start of the tournament. In the aggregate, Groups A and B were to include one team from each of Groups 1 through 6, Groups C and D included the remaining six teams; the winners of Groups 1 and 3 were in Group A whilst the runners-up were in Group C. The winners of Groups 2 and 4 were in Group B whilst the runners-up were in Group D; the winner of Group 5 was in Group D whilst the runner-up was in Group B. The winner of Group 6 was in Group C whilst the runner-up was in Group A. Thus, Group A mirrored Group C, Group B mirrored Group D with the winners and runners-up from the first round being placed into opposite groups in the second round; the second-round groups that mirrored each other faced off against each other in the semifinals.
Thus, the Group A winner played the Group C winner, the Group B winner player the Group D winner. This meant that if two teams which played in the same first-round group both emerged from the second round, they would meet for the second time of the tournament in a semifinal match, it guaranteed that the final match would feature two teams that had not played each other in the tournament. As it turned out and Poland who were both in Group 1 in the first round, each won their second-round groups and played each other in a semifinal match. In Group 1, newcomers Cameroon held both Poland and Italy to draws, were denied a place in the next round on the basis of having scored fewer goals than Italy. Poland and Italy qualified over Peru. Italian journalists and tifosi criticised their team for their uninspired performances that managed three draws. Group 2 saw one of the great World Cup upsets on the first day with the 2–1 victory of Algeria over reig
Michael Konsel is a retired Austrian football goalkeeper. Konsel started his professional career with First Vienna and moved to local rivals Rapid Wien in 1985, he played a part in the successful Rapid team in the 1980s, claiming the League crown twice and most prominently losing the UEFA Cup Winners Cup Final in 1985 against Everton. He captained the side in his last two seasons. In 1996, he played in the UEFA Cup Winners Cup Final for a second time, this time against Paris St Germain in Brussels, which Rapid lost again. In 1997, at 35 years of age, Konsel moved abroad to join Italian side A. S. Roma in Serie A under manager Zdeněk Zeman, where he was voted the best goalkeeper and best foreign footballer of the season in his first year with the club. After an injury-hit second year in Rome he finished his career at Venezia. In 1996, he was chosen Austrian Footballer of the Year, he was voted in Rapid's Team of the Century in 1999, as well as in the A. S. Roma All Star Team of all-time in 1998, he made his debut for Austria in an October 1985 friendly match against Yugoslavia and was a participant at the 1990 and 1998 FIFA World Cup.
He earned 43 caps, no goals scored. His international farewell match was an August 1998 friendly against France, in which game he was substituted by his eternal rival for Austria's first goalkeeper jersey, Franz Wohlfahrt. Considered to be one of the greatest Austrian goalkeepers of all time, as well as one of the best Serie A goalkeepers of his generation and one of Roma's best goalkeepers, Konsel was a consistent and efficient goalkeeper, who stood out for his shot-stopping ability and longevity throughout his career. Nicknamed the panther, he possessed good reflexes and, having played both as midfielder and defender in his youth, was known for his ability with the ball at his feet, as well as his speed and adeptness when coming off his line to collect crosses or when rushing out to anticipate opponents, functioned as a sweeper-keeper throughout his career, in particular in teams which relied on a high defensive line, the offside-trap, zonal marking systems. Konsel participated in the third season of the Austrian television dance competition Dancing Stars in 2007, coming in seventh place.
Rapid WienAustrian Football Bundesliga: 1986–87, 1987–88, 1995–96 Austrian Cup: 1984–85, 1986–87, 1994–95 Austrian Supercup: 1986, 1987, 1988 Best Young Player of the Austrian Football Bundesliga: 1985 Austrian Footballer of the Year: 1987, 1995, 1996 Austrian Football Bundesliga Best Goalkeeper of the Year: 1987–88, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97 Rapid Wien's Team of the Century: 1999 A. S. Roma All-time All-Star Team: 1998 Official web site – Konsel Rapid stats – Rapid Archive Michael Konsel at National-Football-Teams.com
Franz Wohlfahrt (footballer)
Franz Bernhard Wohlfahrt is a retired Austrian footballer, who played as a goalkeeper. Wohlfahrt started his career at hometown outfit SV Sankt Veit, turned professional at FK Austria Wien, where he would spend spent 20 years in two spells, winning six league titles and four domestic cups. In 1996, aged 32, he moved abroad, joining Germany's VfB Stuttgart, being essential as the club reached the final of the 1997–98 Cup Winner's Cup, lost 0–1 to Chelsea FC. Subsequently, he returned to his first club, retiring a few years with amateurs SC Untersiebenbrunn. On 27 September 1989, Wohlfahrt made the sports headlines when he was hit and injured by a bar, thrown by a home supporter at an Ajax–Austria Wien UEFA Cup match. Ajax subsequently was banned from European competition for a year. In 1983, Wohlfahrt was selected by Austria U-20's to play at the 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, he made his debut for the senior side in an August 1987 friendly match against Switzerland, was a participant at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, where he was a reserve behind Michael Konsel.
In total, Wohlfahrt earned 59 caps, his final international being in November 2001, a 2002 World Cup qualification match against Turkey, which Austria lost 0–5. He has the unfortunate distinction of having netted nine goals in a single match, a 9–0 loss to Spain at Valencia's Mestalla Stadium on 27 March 1999. In July 2006, Wohlfahrt began a coaching career, training goalkeepers at SK Schwadorf 1936, VfB Admira Wacker Mödling, the national team. In 2008, he had his first head coach experience, with ASV Baden, he has been goalkeeping coach for Austrian national team. On 9 January 2015, it was announced that Wohlfahrt would become the next Sporting Director of Austria Wien. Austrian League: 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93 Austrian Cup: 1985–86, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1993–94 German Cup: 1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: Runner-up 1997–98 Austria Wien archives Franz Wohlfahrt at National-Football-Teams.com Franz Wohlfahrt at fussballdaten.de
In association football, a playmaker is a player who controls the flow of the team's offensive play, is involved in passing moves which lead to goals, through their vision, ball control and passing ability. In English football, the term overlaps somewhat with an attacking midfielder, but the two types of midfielders are not the same, as playmakers are not constrained to a single position. Several playmakers can operate on the wings, or as a creative, supporting striker. Other players still function as deep-lying playmakers, in a free role, behind the midfield line. Playmakers are not known for their defensive capabilities, why they are supported by a defensive midfielder; as many midfielders and forwards have the aforementioned creative and technical attributes, they tend to be the playmakers of a team. The most complete and versatile playmakers are known as advanced playmakers, or free-role playmakers, as they can operate both in central, attacking midfield positions, as well as in wider positions on the wings.
The attacking playmakers are sometimes called the "number 10" of the team, as they wear the number 10 jersey. The attacking midfield playmaker will sit in a free role between the midfield and the forwards, either in the centre of the pitch or on either flank; these offensive playmakers will make incisive passes to the wingers or forwards, seeing them through on goal or to deliver killer crosses, as well as scoring goals themselves. They are usually quick and technical players with good vision, passing and dribbling ability. In Italian football, as creative, advanced playmakers are known not to be reserved to a single position, they are described as the "fantasista" or "trequartista". In Brazil, the offensive playmaker is known as the "meia atacante", whereas in Argentina, it is known as the "enganche". In the English language, this position is sometimes colloquially referred to as playing "in the hole", as these playmakers link the midfield and attack by operating in the gap between the opposition's midfield and defence.
Diego Maradona, Zico and Francesco Totti are examples of advanced midfield playmakers. Deep-lying playmakers, who wear jersey numbers 8, 6 or 5, operate from a deep position, in or behind the main midfield line in a central or defensive midfield role, where they can use space and time on the ball to dictate the tempo of their team's play and orchestrate the moves of the whole team, not just attacks on goal. Deep-lying playmakers are known for their vision and passing. Many are known for their ability to switch the play or provide long passes that pick out players making attacking runs, as well as their striking ability from distance. Although several deep-lying playmakers are not known for their tackling, work-rate, or defensive skills, it has become more common for a box-to-box midfielder with good passing, technique and ball-winning ability, such as Yaya Touré, to play in this role, since it is in a similar position to that of a defensive midfielder, the role allows them to break down plays and subsequently create scoring opportunities themselves after winning back possession.
In Italy, the deep-lying playmaker is known as a "regista", whereas in Brazil, it is known as a "meia-armador". Xavi, Andrea Pirlo, Luka Modrić, Michael Carrick, Paul Scholes, Pep Guardiola are some examples of deep-lying playmakers. Playmakers are not constrained to a single position; some playmakers can function in a more central midfield role, or alternate between playing in more offensive creative roles and participating in the build-up plays and controlling the team's tempo in a deeper midfield position, such as Zinedine Zidane, Nécib, or Juan Román Riquelme. Creativity, vision, tactical awareness and good passing ability are the true requirements of a good playmaker. With the increasing physical and athletic demands of modern football, it has become common for midfield playmakers, in particular those who are known for their dynamism, ability to read the game, work-rate off the ball, to play in deeper roles and be given more defensive responsibilities, in addition to their creative duties: midfielders such as Bastian Schweinsteiger, Toni Kroos, Paul Pogba play in the centre of the pitch and occupy multiple roles, functioning both as box-to-box midfielders and creators dropping back and helping to press opponents and win back possession, subsequently either carrying the ball forward, or dictating play and starting an attack with their vision and passing.
According to Jonathan Wilson, Luka Modrić is another example of a midfielder who occupies multiple roles on the pitch. He continued to play in a deeper midfield role in Real Madrid's 4–2–3–1 system. However, Wilson has noted that, although Modrić plays as a holding midfielder, he is "neither destructive or creative", but a "carrier", "capable of making late runs or carrying the ball
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
Andreas Herzog known as Andy Herzog or Andi Herzog, is an Austrian former footballer and the current head coach of Israel national football team. Born in Vienna, Herzog started his career at local giants Rapid Vienna, but was sent out on loan to city rivals First Vienna during 1987–88; that move proved to be successful and he was soon recalled to Rapid to start the 1988–89 season. He made his name at Rapid in the next years to secure a move to Bundesliga side Werder Bremen where he would spend eight years, divided in two periods by a season at Bayern Munich where he won the UEFA Cup, beating Girondins de Bordeaux in a two-legged final. After returning to Rapid in 2002, he decided to end his career with Major League Soccer franchise Los Angeles Galaxy in 2004. Under head coach, Sigi Schmid, Herzog played well but following a mid-season coaching change, he saw his playing time decrease and at the end of the season, Herzog announced his retirement from football on 10 November 2004. A stylish attacking midfielder, Herzog was well known for his ability to score stunning free-kicks.
He captained the Rapid Wien side and was chosen in Rapid's Team of the Century in 1999. Herzog made his debut for Austria in an April 1988 friendly match against Greece and was a participant at the 1990 and 1998 World Cups, scoring one goal in the latter tournament, a spot kick against Italy, he earned scoring 26 goals, making him Austria's most capped player of all-time. Herzog surpassed striker Anton Polster in May 2002, his last international was an April 2003 friendly match against Scotland. On 23 January 2015, Herzog was named coach of USA's under 23s. On 1 August 2018, Herzog was announced as coach of Israel's national team, a move, divisive due to his last minute strike to deny them a play off place in their World Cup 2002 qualifier. Famous midfielder Eyal Berkovic said of the appointment, "Whoever made this decision needs urgent psychiatric attention, I can't think of any other explanation for the appointment. It's a huge disgrace." Scores and results list Austria's goal tally first. Rapid WienAustrian Football Bundesliga: 1986–87, 1987–88Werder BremenBundesliga: 1992–93 DFB-Pokal: 1993–94, 1998–99Bayern MunichUEFA Cup: 1995–96IndividualAustrian Footballer of the Year: 1992 kicker Bundesliga Team of the Season: 1994–95 As of 24 March 2019 Player profile and stats – Rapid Archive Andi Herzog at fussballdaten.de Andi Herzog at WorldFootball.net Andi Herzog at National-Football-Teams.com
Austria national football team
The Austria national football team is the association football team that represents Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association. Austria has qualified for seven FIFA World Cups, most in 1998; the country played in the UEFA European Championship for the first time in 2008, when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland, most qualified in 2016. The Austrian Football Association was founded on 18 March 1904 in the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the team enjoyed success in the 1930s under coach Hugo Meisl, becoming a dominant side in Europe and earning the nickname "Wunderteam". The team's star was Matthias Sindelar. On 16 May 1931, they were the first continental European side. In the 1934 FIFA World Cup, Austria finished fourth after losing 1–0 to Italy in the semi-finals and 3–2 to Germany in the third place play-off, they were runners-up in the 1936 Olympics, again losing to Italy 2–1, despite having been beaten in the quarter-finals by Peru, following the Peruvians' withdrawal.
However, according to an investigation, the surprise victory by Peru was deliberately annulled by Adolf Hitler to favour the Austrians. The team qualified for the 1938 World Cup finals, but Austria was annexed to Germany in the Anschluss on 12 March of that year. On 28 March, FIFA was notified that the OFB had been abolished, resulting in the nation's withdrawal from the World Cup. Instead, the German team would represent the former Austrian territory. Theoretically, a united team could have been an stronger force than each of the separate ones, but German coach Sepp Herberger had little time and few matches to prepare and merge the different styles of play and attitude; the former Austrian professionals outplayed the rather athletic yet amateur players of the "Old Empire" in a "reunification" derby, supposed to finish as a draw, yet in the waning minutes, the Austrians scored twice, with Matthias Sindelar demonstratively missing the German goal, subsequently declining to be capped for Germany.
In a rematch, the Germans took revenge, winning 9–1. In early April, Herberger inquired whether two separate teams could enter anyway, but "Reichssportführer" Hans von Tschammer und Osten made clear that he expected to see a 5:6 or 6:5 ratio of players from the two hitherto teams; as a result, five players from Austria Wien, Rapid Wien and Vienna Wien were part of the team that only managed a 1–1 draw in Round 1 against Switzerland, which required a rematch. With Rapid Wien's forward Pesser having been sent off, not satisfied with two others, Herberger had to alter the line-up on six positions to fulfill the 6:5 quota again; the all-German team led the Swiss 2–0 after 15 minutes, but lost 4–2 in Paris in front of a rather anti-German French and Swiss crowd, as few German supporters were able to travel to France due to German restrictions on foreign currency exchange. After World War II, Austria was again separated from Germany. Austria's best result came in 1954 with a team starring midfielder Ernst Ocwirk.
They lost in the semi-finals 6–1 to eventual champions Germany, but finished third after beating defending champions Uruguay 3–1. Over the years, a strong yet lopsided rivalry with Germany developed. At the 1958 World Cup in Sweden, the Austrian team was a disappointment. Defeats to the eventual champions Brazil, the emerging Soviet Union and a draw against a weakened England prevented the team from reaching the next round. Still holding to the great popularity in the country, under new coach Decker they again made an international sensation in the era. In front of a record crowd of over 90,000 spectators, made possible by the expansion of Prater Stadium, the team could beat the Soviet Union 3–1 and Spain 3–0. However, due to lack of money, Austria decided not to participate at the 1962 World Cup in Chile, the team fell apart; the abrupt end of Austria's success in the post-war period led to the clear 0–6 loss against Czechoslovakia in 1962, from which many players and Karl Decker did not recover.
After the end of Decker era, the team was unable for a long time to connect to the old successes. Due to the great popularity of the Austrian team, on 20 October 1965, Austria succeeded as the third team of the continent to defeat England at home. Two goals in a 3–2 victory were achieved by Toni Fritsch, nicknamed "Wembley Toni". However, in the same year, Austria failed for the first time to qualify for the World Cup in the 1966 edition, ending third against a still-strong Hungary and East Germany. In the summer of 1968, Leopold Šťastný, the successful Slovak coach of Wacker Innsbruck, took over the national team. Despite failing to qualify for the 1970 World Cup, the new coach emphasized developing new players rather than relying on the old guard. Supported by a large football euphoria, Austria came close to qualifying for the 1974 World Cup in Germany; the qualifying round was tied for first place between Austria and Sweden, despite tiebreakers based on points and goal difference, therefore a playoff was needed for qualifying, held in Gelsenkirchen.
In order to have enough time to prepare, the championship round was suspended and the stadium in Gelsenkirchen was prepared five days before the playoff. On snow-covered ground, Austria lost 1–2, but with numerous missed chances such as hitting the crossbar. Anchored by Herbert Prohaska and striker Hans Krankl, backed up by Bruno Pezzey, Austria reached the World Cup in 1978 and 1982 and both times reached the s