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Herbert Rose Barraud

Herbert Rose Barraud was a noted portrait photographer who had studios in London and Liverpool. He produced cabinet photographs of many famous Victorian statesmen and members of the aristocracy, many of which were published in his two-volume work and Women of the Day, 1888-89. Most of Barraud's images were Woodburytypes a newly developed process which lent itself admirably to portraiture, being able to render middle tones accurately. Between 1873 and 1880 he had Barraud & Jerrard, with George Milner Gibson Jerrard. Barraud's studios were at 96 Gloucester Place, Portman Square in 1883, at 263 Oxford Street between 1883 and 1891, at 73 Piccadilly from 1893 to 1896, at 126 Piccadilly in 1897. Another studio was located at Liverpool. Herbert's brother was Francis James Barraud, an artist celebrated for having created "His Master's Voice", a painting used in advertising by the early HMV gramophone records, his father was the painter Henry Barraud. Media related to Herbert Rose Barraud at Wikimedia Commons Woodburytypes - Alan F. Elliott National Portrait Gallery Argentic Photo

A Yank in the R.A.F.

A Yank in the R. A. F. is a 1941 American black-and-white war film directed by Henry King and starring Tyrone Power and Betty Grable. It is considered a typical early-World War II production. Titled The Eagle Squadron, it is based on a story by "Melville Crossman", the pen name for 20th Century Fox studio chief Darryl F. Zanuck, it follows an American pilot who joins the Royal Air Force, during a period when the United States was still neutral. In 1940, American-built North American Harvard training aircraft are flown to the border with Canada, where they are towed across the frontier for use by Britain. Cocky American pilot Tim Baker decides to fly across the border to Trenton and winds up in trouble with the military authorities, unconvincingly claiming he was looking for Trenton, New Jersey. Baker ferries a Lockheed Hudson bomber to Britain. In London, he runs into his on-again off-again girlfriend Carol Brown, who works in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force by day and stars in a nightclub by night.

She is none too pleased to see him, calling him a "worm" for his womanizing ways and long absence, but he is confident she still harbors strong feelings for him. He decides to enlist in the Royal Air Force. Meanwhile, Brown attracts the appreciative attention of two RAF officers, Wing Commander John Morley and Flying Officer Roger Pillby. Morley persists despite being told at the outset that there is another man. Pillby is unable to persuade either Morley to introduce him. After completing training, Baker is disappointed to be assigned to Morley's bomber squadron, rather than one equipped with fighters, he becomes further disgruntled when his first mission is to "bomb" Berlin with propaganda leaflets as Morley's co-pilot during the Phoney War. Pillby pilots another bomber in the raid; when Baker is late for their date, Brown accepts Morley's invitation to spend a weekend at his country estate. There, Morley asks her to marry him; when she tells Baker about it, he offers to in an insultingly casual way.

She tells him. Back at the base, the two rivals learn of each other's involvement with the same woman. Before they can do anything about it, the Germans invade the Netherlands and Belgium, they are given an urgent mission to bomb Dortmund, this time with real ordnance. During the nighttime raid, their bomber is hit, disabling one of their two engines. Pillby is shot down in flames and perishes. Morley orders but Baker disobeys and lands the aircraft on a Dutch beach. Spotting a line of advancing German soldiers, they hide in a nearby building, only to be taken prisoner by a German officer there. A crewman sacrifices himself, enabling the other two to escape by motorboat. Baker wakes up in the victim of exposure. Once discharged, he goes to see Brown, pretending to have a broken arm, but shows himself to be a liar once more. Nonetheless, he forces it onto her finger. After receiving a telephone call from Morley breaking their date, Brown informs Baker that all leaves have been canceled. Reserves are called up to make up fighter pilot losses, Baker is reassigned to a Spitfire for the Battle of Dunkirk.

He downs two Luftwaffe fighters before being shot down. Carol can not hide her distress. Morley takes her to the docks, where ships returning from the Dunkirk beaches are bringing back survivors; when Baker debarks, Carol rushes to him and shows him she is still wearing his ring. As appearing in screen credits: With principal photography shot from April to July 1941, A Yank in the R. A. F. leaned on the headline news of the Battle of Britain. The film begins with U. S. North American Harvard trainers arriving at the U. S.|Canada border at the Emerson, Manitoba crossing, as a means of complying with provisions of the Neutrality Acts prohibiting aid to combatants. The depiction of R. C. M. P. and R. C. A. F. officials meeting the aircraft as they were towed across the border, is a bit of Hollywood license, but the incident is otherwise accurate, albeit a team of horses rather than motor vehicles, did the towing. The sequence of the Dunkirk evacuation filmed at Point Mugu, involved over 1,000 extras; the entire film was shot on Hollywood sound stages, Twentieth Century-Fox back lots and locations in California.

With complete cooperation from the RAF, as well as extensive use of stock RAF footage, the studio was allowed to film actual aerial battles shot by a camera-equipped aircraft. In the original version of the film, the hero played by Power dies at Dunkirk, but after the RAF expressed concerns that morale would be jeopardized, the scene was re-shot with Baker surviving. Herbert Mason, a recipient of the Military Cross for his gallantry in the Battle of the Somme directed the RAF flying sequences, he was credited as Major Herbert Mason. In order to stage some of the airfield scenes, the prop department turned out a group of accurate replica Spitfire and Messerschmitt fighters to go along with actual Lockheed Hudson bombers built in the nearby Lockheed factory at Burbank, California. All the flying sequences were under the direction of long-time Hollywood pilot, Paul Mantz, who used a team of stunt pilots including Frank Clarke; the screen credits show "Tyrone Power with Betty Grable." The pairing of Twentieth Century-Fox's two leadi

Arabic names of Gregorian months

The Arabic names of the months of the Gregorian calendar are phonetic Arabic pronunciations of the corresponding month names used in European languages. An exception is the Syriac calendar used in Mesopotamia and the Levant, inherited from Classical Arabic and correspond to the same time of year. Though the lunar Hijri calendar and solar Hijri calendar are prominent in the Mideast, the Gregorian calendar is and has been used in nearly all the countries of the Arab world, in many places long before European occupation of some of them. All Arab states use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes; the names of the Gregorian months as used in Egypt and Yemen are regarded as standard across the Arab world, although their Classical Arabic names are used alongside them. In other Arab countries, some modification or actual changes in naming or pronunciation of months are observed; these names are used in Iraq, Jordan and Palestine. They are inherited from Classical Arabic and derived from the Syriac names of the Assyrian calendar.

These names are cognate with some of the names of the Hebrew calendars. Nine of these names were used in the Ottoman Turkish calendar, of which five remain in use in the modern Turkish calendar; the names of the Gregorian months in Egypt and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf are based on the old Latin names. The names of months used in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya were derived from various sources, were assembled after Muammar al-Gaddafi's seizure of power in 1969 and abolished in 2011 after the 17 February Revolution; the decision of changing calendar names was adopted in June 1986. Although the Libyan calendar followed the same sequence of the Gregorian months, it counted the years from the death of the prophet Muhammad; this reckoning was therefore ten years behind the Solar Hijri calendar used in Afghanistan. The names of the Gregorian months in Algeria and Tunisia are based on the French names of the months, reflecting France's long colonisation of these countries; as Morocco was long part of the Roman Empire, the long-standing agricultural Berber calendar of the country preserves the Julian calendar and the names of its months.

There are regional variations of the Berber calendar, since some communities did not recognise the Julian 29 February in century years where the Gregorian calendar had no equivalent date. When Morocco adopted the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes, the names of the months were taken from this local tradition. Gregorian calendar Islamic calendar Solar Hijri calendar Assyrian calendar Hebrew calendar Persian calendar Babylonian calendar Pre-Islamic Arabian calendar Rumi calendar