American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva
Glenn Davis (halfback)
Glenn Woodward Davis was a professional American football player for the Los Angeles Rams. He is best known for his college football career for the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1943 to 1946, where he was known as "Mr. Outside." He was named a consensus All-American three times, in 1946 won the Heisman Trophy and was named Sporting News Player of the Year and Associated Press Athlete of the Year. Davis was raised in Southern California, the son of a bank manager. Glenn and his twin brother Ralph played high school football at Bonita High School in La Verne, California. In 1942, Davis led the Bearcats to an 11–0 record and the school's first-ever football championship, earning the Southern Section Player of the Year award. In 1989, Bonita High's stadium was dedicated in his name; the brothers were close and had planned to attend USC in Los Angeles, but when their U. S. Representative agreed to sponsor them with appointments to West Point, they decided to go there. At West Point, under coach Earl Blaik, Davis played fullback in his freshman season.
Blaik moved him to halfback for his three varsity seasons, while Doc Blanchard took over at fullback. With Davis and Blanchard, Army went 27–0–1 in 1944, 1945, 1946. Davis was nicknamed "Mr. Outside", while Blanchard was "Mr. Inside". Davis averaged 8.3 yards per carry over his career and 11.5 yards per carry in 1945. Davis led the nation in 1944 with 120 points, he scored 59 touchdowns, in his career. His single-season mark of 20 touchdowns stood as a record for 10 years. Blanchard and he set a then-record 97 career touchdowns by two teammates. In 2007, Davis was ranked #13 on ESPN's list of Top 25 Players in College Football History. For all three varsity years at West Point, Davis was a "consensus" All-America player. In 1944, he won the Maxwell Award and the Walter Camp Trophy, was runner-up for the Heisman Trophy. In 1945, he was again runner-up for the Heisman. In 1946, he was named the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year. In 1961, Davis was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
Davis starred in baseball and track at West Point. Davis graduated from West Point in June 1947 and entered the U. S. Army as a second lieutenant, he was offered a contract and $75,000 signing bonus by the Brooklyn Dodgers, but declined, as he was required to serve in the Army and would be a old rookie after that. In spite of Davis' service obligation, the Detroit Lions of the National Football League selected Davis with the second overall pick of the 1947 NFL Draft, held in December 1946. In September 1947, the Los Angeles Rams acquired the rights to Davis from the Lions, he applied to resign his commission in December, but was refused by the Secretary of the Army Kenneth Royall. Davis was denied extended furloughs or other accommodations that might allow him to play football while serving in the Army. There was public feeling that after the expense of his West Point education, he should not just go off to play football. Davis did earn $25,000 each by appearing in the low-budget movie Spirit of West Point.
Davis tore a ligament in his right knee during filming. Davis served three years in the Army. While on leave in 1948, he played in a preseason game, he reported for duty in Korea. Davis' service obligation ended in 1950, he joined the Rams for their 1950 season. Despite his knee injury, Davis was an effective player, was named to the 1950 Pro Bowl, but in 1951, he injured his knee again, he was out for the 1952 season. In September 1953, the Rams released him. Davis returned to California a few years later, he became special events director for the Los Angeles Times and directing the newspaper's charity fundraising events. He held this job until his retirement in 1987; the Times gives the annual Glenn Davis Award in his honor. Davis was married three times. In 1948, he dated actress Elizabeth Taylor. From 1951 to 1952 he was married to film actress Terry Moore. In 1953, Davis married Ellen Slack, they had Ralph. In 1996, Davis married Yvonne Ameche, widow of NFL star and fellow Heisman Trophy Winner Alan Ameche.
Davis was survived by his wife Yvonne, his son, a stepson, John Slack III. Davis died of prostate cancer at La Quinta, California, at age 80 on March 9, 2005, he is interred in West Point Cemetery. List of NCAA major college football yearly scoring leaders Glenn Davis at the College Football Hall of Fame Glenn Davis at the Heisman Trophy official website Glenn Davis at Find a Grave Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference ·
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Los Angeles Rams
The Los Angeles Rams are a professional American football team based in Los Angeles and compete in the National Football League's NFC West division. The franchise won three NFL championships, is the only one to win championships representing three different cities; the Rams play their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The franchise began in 1936 as the Cleveland Rams in Ohio; the club was owned by Homer Marshman and featured players such as William "Bud" Cooper, Harry "The Horse" Mattos, Stan Pincura, Mike Sebastian. Damon "Buzz" Wetzel joined as general manager; the franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1946 following the 1945 NFL Championship Game victory, making way for Paul Brown's Cleveland Browns of the All-America Football Conference and becoming the only NFL championship team to play the following season in another city. The club played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving into a reconstructed Anaheim Stadium in Orange County, California, in 1980.
The Rams left California and moved to St. Louis, following the 1994 NFL season. Five seasons after relocating, the team won Super Bowl XXXIV in a 23–16 victory over the Tennessee Titans, they appeared in Super Bowl XXXVI, where they lost 20–17 to the New England Patriots. The Rams played in St. Louis until the end of the 2015 NFL season, when they filed notice with the NFL of their intent to relocate back to Los Angeles; the move was agreed at an owners' meeting in January 2016, the Rams returned to the city for the 2016 NFL season. The Rams appeared in Super Bowl LIII where they lost to the New England Patriots 13-3 in a rematch of Super Bowl XXXVI; the Cleveland Rams were founded in 1936 by Ohio attorney Homer Marshman and player-coach Damon Wetzel, a former Ohio State star who played for the Chicago Bears and Pittsburgh Pirates. Wetzel, who served as general manager, selected the "Rams", because his favorite college football team was the Fordham Rams from Fordham University; the team was part of the newly formed American Football League and finished the 1936 regular season in second place with a 5–2–2 record, trailing only the 8–3 record of league champion Boston Shamrocks.
The Rams joined the National Football League on February 12, 1937, were assigned to the Western Division. The Rams would be the fourth in a string of short-lived teams based in Cleveland, following the Cleveland Tigers, Cleveland Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians. From the beginning, they were a team marked by frequent moves, playing in three stadiums over several losing seasons. However, the team featured the Most Valuable Player of rookie halfback Parker Hall. In June 1941, the Rams were bought by Dan Reeves and Fred Levy Jr. Reeves, an heir to his family's grocery-chain business, purchased by Safeway, used some of his inheritance to buy his share of the team. Levy's family owned the Levy Brothers department store chain in Kentucky and he came to own the Riverside International Raceway. Levy owned part of the Rams, with Bob Hope another of the owners, until Reeves bought out his partners in 1962; the franchise suspended operations and sat out the 1943 season because of a shortage of players during World War II and resumed playing in 1944.
The team achieved success in 1945, their last season in Ohio. Adam Walsh took over as head coach that season. Quarterback Bob Waterfield, a rookie from UCLA, passed and place-kicked his way to the league's Most Valuable Player award and helped the Rams achieve a 9–1 record and winning their first NFL Championship, a 15–14 home field victory over the Washington Redskins on December 16; the margin of victory was provided by a safety: Redskins great Sammy Baugh's pass bounced off the goal post backward, through his team's own end zone. The next season, NFL rules were changed to prevent this from again resulting in a score. On January 12, 1946, Reeves was denied a request by the other NFL owners to move the Cleveland Rams to Los Angeles and the then-103,000-seat Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, he threatened to end his relationship with the NFL and get out of the professional football business altogether unless the transfer to Los Angeles was permitted. A settlement was reached and, as a result, Reeves was allowed to move his team to Los Angeles.
The NFL became the first professional coast-to-coast sports entertainment industry. From 1933, when Joe Lillard left the Chicago Cardinals, through 1946, there were no black players in professional American football. After the Rams had received approval to move to Los Angeles, they entered into negotiations to lease the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum; the Rams were advised that a precondition to them getting a lease was that they would have to integrate the team with at least one African-American. Subsequently, the Rams signed Kenny Washington on March 21, 1946; the signing of Washington caused "all hell to break loose" among the owners of the NFL franchises. The Rams added a second black player, Woody Strode, on May 7, 1946, giving them two black players going into the 1946 season; the Rams were the first team in the NFL to play in Los Angeles, but they were not the only professional football team to play its home games in the Coliseum between 1946 and 1949. The upstart All-America Football Conference had the Los Angeles Dons compete there as well.
Reeves was taking a gamble that Los Angeles was ready for its own professional football team – and there were two in the City of Angels. Reeves was proven to be correct when the Rams played their f
Hawaii Five-O (1968 TV series)
Hawaii Five-O is an American police procedural drama series produced by CBS Productions and Leonard Freeman. Set in Hawaii, the show aired for 12 seasons from 1968 to 1980, continues in reruns. At the airing of its last episode it was the longest-running police drama in American television history. Jack Lord portrayed Detective Captain Steve McGarrett, the head of a special state police task force, based on an actual unit that existed under martial law in the 1940s; the theme music composed by Morton Stevens became popular. Many episodes would end with McGarrett instructing his subordinate to "Book'em, Danno!", sometimes specifying a charge such as "murder one". The CBS television network produced Hawaii Five-O, which aired from September 20, 1968, to April 5, 1980; the program continues to be broadcast in syndication worldwide. Created by Leonard Freeman, Hawaii Five-O was shot on location in Honolulu and throughout the island of Oahu and other Hawaiian islands with occasional filming in locales such as Los Angeles and Hong Kong.
The show centers on a fictional state police force led by former US naval officer Steve McGarrett, a detective captain, appointed by the Governor, Paul Jameson. In the show, McGarrett oversees state police officers – the young Danny Williams, veteran Chin Ho Kelly, streetwise Kono Kalakaua for seasons one through four. Honolulu Police Department Officer Duke Lukela joined the team as a regular, as did Ben Kokua, who replaced Kono beginning with season five. McGarrett's Five-O team is assisted by other officers as needed: Douglas Mossman as Det. Frank Kamana, P. O. Sandi Wells, medical examiner Doc Bergman, forensic specialist Che Fong, a secretary; the first secretary was May Jenny, Malia and Luana. The Five-O team consists of three to five members, is portrayed as occupying a suite of offices in the Iolani Palace. Five-O lacks its own radio network, necessitating frequent requests by McGarrett to the Honolulu Police Department dispatchers. For 12 seasons, McGarrett and his team hounded international secret agents and organized crime syndicates plaguing the Hawaiian Islands.
With the aid of District Attorney and Hawaii's Attorney General John Manicote, McGarrett is successful in sending most of his enemies to prison. One such crime syndicate was led by crime family patriarch Honore Vashon, a character introduced in the fifth season. Other criminals and organized crime bosses on the islands were played by actors such as Ricardo Montalbán, Gavin MacLeod, Ross Martin as Tony Alika. By the 12th and final season, series regular James MacArthur had left the show. Unlike other characters before him, Fong's character, Chin Ho, at Fong's request, was killed off, murdered while working undercover to expose a protection ring in Chinatown in the last episode of season 10. New characters Jim'Kimo' Carew, Lori Wilson, Truck were introduced in season 12 alongside returning regular character Duke Lukela. Most episodes of Hawaii Five-O ended with the arrest of criminals and McGarrett snapping, "Book'em." The offense was added after this phrase, for example, "Book'em, murder one."
In many episodes, this was directed to Danny Williams and became McGarrett's catchphrase: "Book'em, Danno." McGarrett's tousled yet immaculate hairstyle, as well as his proclivity for wearing a dark suit and tie on all possible occasions entered popular culture. While the other members of Five-O "dressed mainland" much of the time, they often wore local styles, such as the ubiquitous Aloha shirt. In many episodes, McGarrett is drawn into the world of international espionage and national intelligence. McGarrett's nemesis is a rogue intelligence officer of the People's Republic of China named Wo Fat; the communist rogue agent was played by veteran actor Khigh Dhiegh. In the show's final episode in 1980, titled "Woe to Wo Fat", McGarrett sees his foe go to jail. Unlike the reboot the show's action and straightforward storytelling left little time for personal stories involving wives or girlfriends, though a two-part story in the first season dealt with the loss of McGarrett's sister's baby. A show would flash back to McGarrett's younger years or to a romantic figure.
In the episode "Number One with a Bullet, Part 2", McGarrett tells a criminal, "It was a bastard like you who killed my father." His 42-year-old father had been killed by someone who had just held up a supermarket. Because Steve McGarrett is a commander in the Naval Reserve, he sometimes uses their resources to help investigate and solve crimes. Hence the closing credits of some episodes mentioned the Naval Reserve. A 1975 episode involving Danno's aunt, played by MacArthur's mother Helen Hayes, provided a bit of Williams' back story. Sources differ on. Producer Leonard Freeman moved to Hawaii to recuperate after suffering a heart attack. One source states the idea for the show may have come from a conversation Freeman had with Hawaii's then-Governor John A. Burns. Another source instead claims that Freeman wanted to set a show in San Pedro, Los Angeles, California until his friend Richard Boone convinced him to shoot it in Hawaii. A third source claims Freeman discussed the show with Governor Burns only after pitching the idea to CBS.
Before settling on the name "Hawaii Five-O", Freeman considered titling the show "The Man". Freeman offered Richard Boone the part of McGarrett.
College Football Hall of Fame
The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and interactive attraction devoted to college football. The National Football Foundation founded the Hall in 1951 to immortalize the players and coaches of college football. From 1995 to 2012, the Hall was located in Indiana. In August 2014, the Chick-fil-A College Football Hall of Fame opened in downtown Georgia; the facility is a 94,256 square feet attraction located in the heart of Atlanta's sports and tourism district, is adjacent to the Georgia World Congress Center and Centennial Olympic Park. Original plans in 1967 called for the Hall of Fame to be located at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the location of the first contest under rules now considered to be those of modern football, between teams from Rutgers and the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. Rutgers donated land near its football stadium, office space, administrative support. After years of collecting donations for the construction of the building with ground not having been broken and no plans to do so, the New Jersey Attorney General began an investigation of the finances of the Hall of Fame's foundation, the National Football Foundation.
In response, the Foundation moved its operations to New York City, where it continued to collect donations for several years. When the New York Attorney General's office began its own investigation, the foundation moved to Kings Mills, Ohio in suburban Cincinnati, where a building was constructed adjacent to Kings Island in 1978; the Hall opened with good attendance figures early on, but visitation dwindled as time went on, the facility closed in 1992. Nearby Galbreath Field remained open as the home of Moeller High School football until 2003. A new building was opened in South Bend, Indiana, on August 25, 1995. Despite estimates that the South Bend location would attract more than 150,000 visitors a year, the Hall of Fame drew about 115,000 people the first year, about 80,000 annually after that, it closed in 2012. In 2009, the National Football Foundation decided to move the College Football Hall of Fame to Atlanta, Georgia; the possibility of moving the museum has been brought up in other cities, including Dallas, which had the financial backing of billionaire T. Boone Pickens.
However, the National Football Foundation decided on Atlanta for the next site. The new $68.5 million museum opened on August 23, 2014. It is located next to Centennial Olympic Park, near other attractions such as the Georgia Aquarium, the World of Coca-Cola, CNN Center, the National Center for Civil and Human Rights; the Hall of Fame is located near the Georgia Institute of Technology of the ACC and 70 miles from the University of Georgia of the SEC. The new building broke ground on January 28, 2013. Sections of the architecture are reminiscent of a football in shape; the facility is 94,256 square feet and contains 50,000 square feet of exhibit and event space, interactive displays and a 45-yard indoor football field. Atlanta Hall Management operates the College Football Hall of Fame; as of 2018, there are 997 players and 217 coaches enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame, representing 308 schools. Thirteen players, two coaches and one inanimate object are slated for induction in 2019.
The National Football Foundation outlines specific criteria that may be used for evaluating a possible candidate for induction into the Hall of Fame. A player must have received major first team All-America recognition. A player becomes eligible for consideration 10 years after his last year of intercollegiate football played. Football achievements are considered first, but the post-football record as a citizen is weighed. Players must have played their last year of intercollegiate football within the last 50 years; the nominee must have ended his professional athletic career prior to the time of the nomination. Coaches must have at least 10 years of head coaching experience, coached 100 games, had at least a.600 winning percentage. The eligibility criteria have changed over time, have led to criticism. Dennis Dodd of CBSSports.com has said, The NFF election process is confusing. Based on current rules, Notre Dame's Joe Montana will never be in the College Football Hall of Fame, he was never an All-American on a team recognized by the NCAA.
If that sounds outrageous, consider that at one time hall of famers had to graduate. Official website
The Hawaiians (film)
The Hawaiians, released in the UK as Master of the Islands, is a 1970 American historical film based on the novel Hawaii by James A. Michener, it was directed by Tom Gries with a screenplay by James R. Webb; the cast included Charlton Heston as Geraldine Chaplin. The performance by Tina Chen led to a Golden Globe nomination as best supporting actress; the film was based on the book's chapters, which covered the arrival of the Chinese and Japanese and the growth of the plantations. The third chapter of the book had been made into the film Hawaii in 1966; the story begins 40 years after the events depicted in the original Hawaii as a new generation of Americans and Asians must deal with a changing island and world. One of them is a sea captain. Whipple "Whip" Hoxworth returns home to Hawaii to find his grandfather has died and left his fortune to Hoxworth's cousin, Micah Hale. Whip, the black sheep of his otherwise conservative and disapproving family, starts a plantation, staffing it with newly arrived Chinese indentured servants Mun Ki, his second wife/concubine Nyuk Tsin.
Mun Ki fathers children with Nyuk Tsin, all the while dreaming of returning to China and his first and "real" wife. Nyuk Tsin has other ideas. For the remainder of the story she is referred to as "Wu Chow's Auntie". Wu Chow is their firstborn son, the nickname serves to support the traditional fiction that Mun Ki's official spouse in China is the "real" mother of his children. Whip steals valuable pineapples from French Guiana in the hope, he gives the forlorn plants to Wu Chow's Auntie, knowing that she has a "green thumb". When she succeeds in nurturing the plants into flourishing, the overjoyed Whip offers to buy her some land as a reward. Over Mun Ki's opposition, she accepts; this is the first step in the rise of both Whip and Wu Chow's Auntie, as well as of the pineapple industry in Hawaii. Meanwhile, Whip marries native Hawaiian and has a son with her. However, because of her inbred royal Hawaiian ancestry, she is mentally fragile, her mind gives way, she can no longer abide to live with Whip.
Their son Noel grows to manhood experiencing an uneasy relationship with his father. When Mun Ki contracts leprosy, Wu Chow's Auntie accompanies him to the leper colony on Molokai. Upon Mun Ki's death years she returns to be reunited and reacquainted with her now-grown and prospering children. A complication arises. Neither parent approves of the marriage; the movie opened to mixed reviews, with many critics feeling it was not as successful as the 1966 movie Hawaii, liked by both moviegoers and critics. It made less money than the original. Writing for The New York Times, Roger Greenspun called it a "movie with reasonable claims to having something for everybody", with "spectacle" that proceeds with "efficient and attractive modesty", he calls Tina Chen "not remarkable" though she has a "role equal to Heston's". Time magazine was less complimentary, saying "the plot is laced with the usual colonial tensions and pretensions: Hoxworth feuds with a polyglut of races while his pineapple princess goes mad.
Every time the pace slackens, someone goes to sea, either to pick up field hands or to transport lepers to Molokai. The incessant ebb and flow is intended as a metaphor for the turbulent tides of Hawaiian life, but the real metaphor here is the pineapple, which in the good old gangster days was a synonym for bomb. Tina Chen received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Bill Thomas was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Costume Design; the Hawaiians was released on a home video format on January 28, 2011 as part of the MGM Limited Edition Collection series. List of American films of 1970 The Hawaiians on IMDb The Hawaiians at the TCM Movie Database The Hawaiians at AllMovie The Hawaiians, video on demand from Hulu