Leopold Hermann Ludwig von Boyen was a Prussian army officer who helped to reform the Prussian Army in the early 19th century. He also served as minister of war of Prussia in the period 1810-1813, born in Kreuzburg in East Prussia, Boyen joined the army in 1784 in Königsberg. In 1788, as a newly minted second lieutenant, he took up a post in the academy in Königsberg. From 1794-96, Boyen took part in the Polish campaign as Adjutant to General von Günther, in 1799, he became a Captain. He served in the war of 1806 on the General Staff of the Duke of Brunswick, after the Treaty of Tilsit he became a Major and a member of Gerhard von Scharnhorsts commission for military re-organisation. By 1810 Boyen had become Director of the Military Cabinet, the events of 1813 saw him recalled to the Prussian service, as a colonel he accompanied the Russian army from its base in Kalisz to Saxony. After the Battle of Lützen he had charge of the border guards, but during the truce King Frederick William III named him Chief of General Staff of the 3rd Army Corps. As such, Boyen participated in the battles and skirmishes of 1813 and 1814, after the first Peace of Paris Boyen took up his appointment as War Minister. He completed the setting up of the Landwehr reserve and in 1818 became a Lieutenant General and he struggled in vain against growing reactionary forces which endangered the broad popular base of the Landwehr, and resigned in 1819. In March 1841 he once took over the War Ministry. He resigned in November 1847, received the rank of Field Marshal, the King named the fortress of Lötzen in East Prussia after him. Boyens son, also named Hermann von Boyen, was General Adjutant to the King and he retired a Governor of Berlin in 1879. Hermann von Boyen was buried at the Invalidenfriedhof Cemetery in Berlin, the former football club Yorck Boyen Insterburg was named in honor of Boyen. Hermann von Boyen wrote, Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Generals v. Scharnhorst Erinnerungen aus dem Leben des Generalleutnants v. Günther, ein Husaren-Tagebuch und Feldzugsbriefe von Gebhardt Leberecht von Blücher etc. Gesammelte Schriften und Briefe / Blücher, Yorck, Gneisenau, zusammengestellt und hrsg. von Edmund Th, kauer Kampagne-Journal der Jahre 1793 und 1794 He also wrote the song Der Preußen Losung. K. A. Varnhagen von Ense, Leben des Fürsten Blücher von Wahlstadt, Berlin, G. Reimer,1826 The life and campaigns of Field-Marshal Prince Blücher of Wahlstatt translated in part from the German of Count Gneisenau. London,1815 Ernest F. Henderson, Blücher and the uprising of Prussia against Napoleon, new York, Putnam,1911 Meinecke, Friedrich, Das Leben des Generalfeldmarschalls Hermann von Boyen This article incorporates material from the 4th edition of Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
Herrman von Boyen
The tomb of Boyen at the Invalidenfriedhof in Berlin.