Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
Lavarack Barracks is a major Australian Army base located in Townsville, Queensland. Lavarack Barracks is home to the Army's 3rd Brigade and 11th Brigade. Elements of the 3rd Brigade based at the Barracks include the Combat Signals Regiment, 3rd Combat Services Support Battalion, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment and the 2nd Cavalry Regiment; the barracks are named after Lieutenant General Sir John Lavarack, an Australian Army officer during both World Wars and Governor of Queensland from 1946 to 1957. Defence force expansion was on the Australian Government’s agenda in late 1964. Conflict in Southeast Asia inspired the Government to review Australia’s defence capabilities and recommend that a new military base be constructed in Australia’s north. Townsville emerged as the favoured location. On 26 November 1964, the Minister for the Army, AJ Forbes, announced to Townsville’s civilian community on live television that construction on a new base among the northern slopes of Mount Stuart would soon begin.
Nearly two years on 29 July 1966 Lavarack Barracks was opened by the late Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt at a ceremony in Townsville. Northern Australia historian Patrick White has suggested that the project to establish a new military base in Townsville resulted from a series of rapid decisions. White has argued that'fortuitous circumstances' contributed to Townsville becoming the location for what has become Australia’s largest army base; these circumstances aligned a strategic military objective with a civilian development agenda. Cold War tensions had escalated by November 1964 as the conflict in Vietnam had become violent; the United States had developed plans to deploy combat forces to Vietnam and had requested Australian support. Australia’s Government scrambled to pull together its military resources and envisaged a long campaign in support of American initiatives to halt the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. To meet the Government's objective, investment in new military infrastructure was necessary.
A new base in Australia’s north had strategic appeal. At the same time, public interest in the development of northern Australia was high. Population growth had been identified as a vital ingredient for development and relocating military personnel and their families to the north was considered a way to stimulate growth; the politics of northern development were a strong influence. Townsville’s sudden emergence was a surprise to the local community and the rapidness of the project resulted in some disputes between various levels of government, the community and the military; the base was opened in 1966 and many of the Australian troops to serve in Vietnam had at some point been based at or transferred through Lavarack Barracks
Annandale is a suburb of the City of Townsville, Australia. Annandale borders the southern side of Ross River, it is thus the most populated in the city. It was the biggest planned housing development in Townsville City. Construction started in the mid-1970s and was completed in early 2005. Annandale is one of Townsville's newest suburbs and is home to some of Townsville's wealthy, who live more toward the riverbank. Before the 2006 Queensland state election, Annandale was part of the Electoral district of Burdekin, but just prior to the 2006 state election, the suburb became part of the Electoral district of Mundingburra. In 2006 there were 1624 registered dogs in Annandale, seven out of every ten homes owned at least one dog, this is the highest density of dogs of Townsville suburbs; some of the Public Facilities in Annandale include: Education William Ross State High School. The State high school opened on 29 January 1991. Annandale State School caters for students from Prep to Year 6; the school opened on 29 January 1998.
Annandale Christian College caters for students from Kindergarten to Year 12. The College opened on 22 January 1982. Southern Cross Catholic College is a primary secondary co-educational college that offers classes for Prep to Year 10. Southern Cross Catholic College opened on 1 January 1998. Townsville Grammar Junior School campus at Annandale caters for students from Pre-Prep to Year 6; the campus opened on 1 January 2002. Shopping Annandale Central Coles Annandale Nail Salon Angelinas cafe Celebrations bottle shop Newsagency Lenards chicken In your home homewares and gift shop Terry White Chemists Brumby's Bakeries LJ Hooker real estate Hungry Jack's KFC Credit Union Annandale Village Parks Marabou Park Weir Park Macarthur Park The Palmetum, Townsville Windsor Park Sporting Murray Sporting Complex Townsville RSL Stadium TDRL Rugby League Fields SeaFM Basketball Stadium Australian Rules Fields Soccer Hockey Velodrome Cricket Softball Military Lavarack Barracks Bridges Richard Bong bridge University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Annandale
Cosgrove is a suburb in the City of Townsville, Australia. Cosgrove is bordered by the North Coast railway line to the north with the Bruce Highway running parallel and south of the railway line; the Bohle River forms the western boundary. The suburb was named after General Sir Peter Cosgrove, the former head of the Australian Defence Force and leader of Queensland Government taskforce for the rebuilding of Innisfail region after cyclone Larry in March 2006; the Reverend Charles Harris Diversionary Centre is located on Abbatoir Road. It is a 50-bed facility to provide a place of safety and monitoring for Indigenous people affected by alcohol as an alternative to being held in the Townsville police watch house
Belgian Gardens, Queensland
Belgian Gardens in an inner city suburb in the City of Townsville, Australia. In the 2011 census, Belgian Gardens had a population of 1,935 people. Belgian Gardens is located 5 kilometres from the central business district in Townsville, it is a suburban area and has restricted zoning laws to reduce the amount of corporate buildings and apartments. It is adjacent to many kilometres of beach front parkland. Before the advent of World War I, the suburb was named German Gardens after a vineyard owned in 1867 by German settler, Heinrich Fredrich Alfred Robinson. However, during the course of the war due to anti-German sentiment, the suburb was renamed to Belgian Gardens. Townsville North State School was opened on 4 July 1887. On 20 June 1930, the school was renamed Belgian Gardens State School. During the influenza epidemic in 1919, schools were closed and Belgian Gardens school was converted into an isolation hospital with the army erecting tents in the grounds. In 1954, 246 students were enrolled.
Belgian Gardens is home to the Belgian Gardens State School. The Belgian Gardens Cemetery was once in the suburb but boundary changes means the cemetery is now in the neighbouring suburb of Rowes Bay. Belgian Gardens has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 13 St James Drive: Bishop's Lodge Australian place names changed from German names University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Belgian Gardens
Mount Louisa, Queensland
Mount Louisa is a residential suburb located on the north and ocean side of Townsville city. It is placed around the foothills of Mount Louisa itself rising from 15 m above sea level to the mountain's peak of 185 m ASL; the older section of Mount Louisa faces the ocean and Magnetic Island, while new developments in the 2000's and 2010s have seen large new housing estates being built on the western and northern aspects of the Mountain. As of 2019 it is a popular fast growing suburb. During World War II as many as 4,000 American personnel worked and lived at Depot #2 at the base of Mount Louisa. Entertainment in the camp was held at Helton Hall, an open aired building named after Master Sergeant Helton, killed in the B-25 crash at Rattlesnake Island; some famous Hollywood stars appeared at Helton Hall including John Wayne, Joe E. Brown, Gary Cooper, Una Merkel and Phyllis Brook. Woody Herman's orchestra appeared at Helton Hall. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Mount Louisa
Mysterton is a suburb of Townsville, Australia. In the 2011 census, Mysterton had a population of 834 people, it is one of the smallest suburbs in Townsville. Mysterton is predominantly residential, is situated between the suburbs of Hermit Park, Mundingburra and Hyde Park. Mysterton was named after the residence of Arminius Danner which during the 1880s was situated in the St Johns Wood Estate subdivision. During another subdivision in the 1920s, it was known as Mysterton Estate. Mysterton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 21 Lawson Street: Rosebank, home of Townsville pioneer, Andrew Ball Media related to Mysterton, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons