The Florida Legislature is the Legislature of the U. S. State of Florida, it is organized as a bicameral body composed of an upper chamber, the Senate, a lower chamber, the House of Representatives. Article III, Section 1 of the Florida Constitution, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted; the Legislature is composed of 160 State Legislators. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to amend or repeal existing laws; the Legislature meets in the Florida State Capitol building in Tallahassee. Members of the Senate are referred to as Senators and members of the House of Representatives are referred to as Representatives; because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of Congress and the news media, using The Associated Press Stylebook refer to Legislators as State Senators or State Representatives to avoid confusion with their Federal counterparts. The Senate is the upper house of the State Legislature, its members are elected on a partisan basis for four-year terms.
The Senate consists of 40 members elected from single-member election districts. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures through the federal decennial census. Senators' terms begin upon their election; the Senate Chamber is located in the State Capitol building. As of 2018, Republicans hold the majority in the State Senate with 23 seats; the House of Representatives is the lower house of the State Legislature. Its members are elected on a partisan basis for two-year terms; the House of Representatives consists of 120 members who are elected from single-member election districts. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures through the federal decennial census. Representatives' terms begin upon their election; the House of Representatives Chamber is located in the State Capitol building. As of 2018, Republicans hold the majority in the State House of Representatives with 71 seats, Democrats hold 46 seats. There are three vacancies due to resignations.
Article III, of the Florida Constitution, defines the terms for State Legislators. Legislators take office upon election; the Constitution requires State Senators from odd-numbered districts to be elected in the years that end in numbers of which are multiples of four. Senators from even-numbered districts are required to be elected in even-numbered years the numbers of which are not multiples of four. To reflect the results of the U. S. Census and the redrawing of district boundaries, all seats are up for election in redistricting years, with some terms truncated as a result. Thus, senators in even-numbered districts were elected to two-year terms in 2012, senators in odd-numbered districts will be elected to two-year terms in 2022. All terms were truncated again in 2016, with all 40 Senate seats up for election, due to court-ordered redistricting. Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for terms of two years in each even-numbered year. On November 3, 1992 77 percent of Florida voters backed Amendment 9, the Florida Term Limits Amendment, which amended the State Constitution, to enact eight year term limits on federal and state officials.
Under the Amendment, former members can be elected again after a two-year break. In 1995, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not enact congressional term limits, but ruled that the state level term limits remain; each legislator shall be at least twenty-one years of age, an elector and resident of the District from which elected and shall have resided in the state for a period of two years prior to election. Each year during which the Legislature meets constitutes a new Legislative Session. Legislators start Committee activity in September of the year prior to the Regular Legislative Session; because Florida is a part-time legislature, this is necessary to allow legislators time to work their bills through the Committee process, prior to the Regular Legislative Session. The Florida Legislature meets in a 60-day Regular Legislative Session each year. Regular Legislative Sessions in odd-numbered years must begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March. Under the State Constitution, as of 1998, the Legislature can begin even-numbered year Regular Legislative Sessions on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March, or such other date as may be fixed by law.
Prior to 1991, the Regular Legislative Session began in April. Senate Joint Resolution 380 proposed to the voters a Constitutional Amendment that shifted the starting date of Regular Legislative Session from April to February. Subsequently, Senate Joint Resolution 2606 proposed to the voters a Constitutional Amendment shifting the start date to March, where it remains; the reason for the "first Tuesday after the first Monday" requirement stems back to the time when Regular Legislative Session began in April. Regular Legislative Session could start any day from April 2 through April 8, but never on April 1 – April Fool's Day. In recent years, the Legislature has opted to start in January in order to allow lawmakers to be home with their families during school spring breaks, to give more time ahead of the legislative elections in the Fall. On the fourteenth day following each General Election, the Legislature meets for an Organizational Session to organize and select officers. Special Legislative Sessions may be called by the Governor, by a joint proclamation of the Senate President and House Speaker, or by a three-fifths vote of all Legislators.
During any Special Session the Legislature may only address legislative business, within the
Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, the 8th-most densely populated of the U. S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States; the Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, the 58th most populous as of 2018. In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was ranking 26th in the nation; the unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the 8th highest among all states.
The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $344.9 billion as of 2017. This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145.3 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida; the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845, it was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues; the state's economy relies on tourism and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century.
Florida is renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U. S. state of Florida. Florida's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of daily life. Florida is a reflection of multiple inheritance. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, continues to attract celebrities and athletes, it is internationally known for golf, auto racing, water sports. Several beaches in Florida have emerald-colored coastal waters. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States 1,350 miles, not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands; this is the second-highest number of islands of any state of the United States.
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U. S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south; the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, is the only continental state with either a tropical climate or a coral reef; the Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513, he named the region Florida. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and only appeared long after his death. In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land, he described seeing a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet, with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, horses, the Castilian language, more to Florida. Spain established several settlements with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was abandoned by 1561.
In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine was established under the leadership of admiral and
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Brooksville is a city in and the county seat of Hernando County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 7,719, up from 7,264 at the 2000 census, it is part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Brooksville took on its present name in 1856, to honor and show support for Preston Brooks, a Democratic congressman from South Carolina who only shortly before had caned and injured Massachusetts Senator and abolitionist Charles Sumner. Brooksville is home to historic buildings and residences, including the home of former Florida Governor William Sherman Jennings and football player Jerome Brown. Brooksville is located in east-central Hernando County, 45 miles north of Tampa and 51 miles southwest of Ocala; the geographic center of Florida is 12 miles north-northwest of Brooksville. According to the United States Census Bureau, Brooksville has a total area of 10.9 square miles, of which 10.8 square miles are land and 0.12 square miles, or 0.90%, are water.
Brooksville was once a major citrus production area and was known as the "Home of the Tangerine". As of Census 2010, there were 7,719 people, 3,504 households, 1,927 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,469.5 people per square mile. There were 3,504 occupied housing units at an average density of 793.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.7% White, 19.1% African American, 1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 2.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander composed 0.2% of the population. There were 3,220 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.1% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the city, 22.1% of people were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 29.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,489, the median income for a family was $31,060. Males had a median income of $29,837 versus $21,804 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,265. About 16.8% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over. The city hosted an annual Blueberry Festival in downtown Brooksville until 2017 with music performances that have included Easton Corbin; the Festival has moved to Plant City since. The city has historic homes along brick streets. There is a Native American outpost in a log cabin, the Brooksville Railroad Depot Museum, The Hernando Heritage Museum, located in the May-Stringer House.
The Historic Brooksville Walking/Driving Tour features many historic homes. The first annual GET HEALTHY Brooksville Cycling Classic was held in 2010 and attracted cyclists from all over the state; the Brooksville Business Alliance has sponsored the annual Brooksville Founders Week Celebration since 2006. There is a monthly live music performance, antique car show, other events. Fort DeSoto, established about 1840 to give protection to settlers from Native Americans, was located at the northeastern edge of present-day Brooksville on Croom Road about one-half mile east of U. S. Highway 41; the fort was a trading post and a regular stop on the Concord stagecoach line which ran from Palatka to Tampa. The fort was built on top of a heavy bed of limestone, a fact which they were unaware of at the time, this made it exceedingly difficult to obtain water, thus causing the location to be abandoned as a community site; as a result, in the early 1840s the population shifted about 3 miles to the south, where a settlement first formed by the Hope and Saxon families became known as "Pierceville".
About this time, another community about 2 miles northwest of Pierceville, named "Melendez", was formed. On September 12, 1842, Seminole Indians attacked the McDaniel party near the community of Chocachatti, south of Brooksville, killing Charlotte Crum. In 1850 a post office was established at Melendez. In 1854 it was replaced by a post office at Pierceville. Both towns were situated in the area. In 1856 the county seat of Hernando County became the newly named town of Brooksville; the name was chosen to honor Preston Brooks, a congressman who had caned abolitionist Senator Charles Sumner nearly to death in 1856 on the floor of the Senate after Sumner gave an anti-slavery speech and disparaged Brooks' uncle, Senator Andrew Butler. The Pierceville post office was renamed "Brooksville" in 1871. Brooksville was settled by four families: the Howell family; the city was incorporated on October 13, 1880. A study of lynchings recorded in Hernando County in the late 19th and early 20th centuries revealed it had one of the highest per capita rates of violence against blacks in the United States.
In Brooksville, the county seat, several African-Americans were killed in the 1920s. Arthur St. Clair, a community leader, was murdered in 1877 after he presided over an interracial marr
Bayport is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Hernando County, United States. The population was 43 at the 2010 census. Bayport is located in western Hernando County along the Gulf of Mexico at 28°32′54″N 82°38′43″W. Cortez Boulevard, the main road to the community, leads east 5 miles to U. S. Route 19 at Weeki Wachee. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.66 square miles, of which 0.58 square miles are land and 0.1 square miles, or 10.77%, are water. As of the census of 2000, there were 36 people, 16 households, 10 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 54.3 people per square mile. There were 39 housing units at an average density of 58.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 100% White | There were 16 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.60. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 44.4% from 45 to 64, 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,250, the median income for a family was $31,750. Males had a median income of $0 versus $16,250 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $11,396. There were no families and 25.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64. The village of Bayport, located at the mouth of the Weeki Wachee River, sprang up in the early 1850s as a supply and cotton port. During the Civil War, Union naval squadrons blockaded Florida's coasts to prevent goods and supplies from passing into and out of the state. By 1863 the East Gulf Blockade Squadron had closed the larger ports along the Gulf Coast.
Small rivers, such as the Weeki Wachee, became important trade routes. Shipping at Bayport attracted the attention of the Union Blockade Squadron which intercepted eleven blockade runners near there between 1862 and 1865. Various skirmishes took place at Bayport between Union troops and the Confederate Home Guard during the course of the war; the Confederate cannon battery site can still be seen on the wooded point just north of the Bayport fishing pier at the mouth of the Weeki Wachee River. After the war Bayport became Hernando County's major outlet for lumber and agricultural products, continued to serve as its transportation center until railroad service came to Brooksville in 1885. Since that time, Bayport has served as a retreat for area fishermen, many families from nearby Brooksville have weekend homes and fishing camps in the area. Redfish and snook exist in abundance in Bayport's waters. Tarpon and cobia are seasonal visitors. However, the treacherous, rocky seafloor and shallow marsh creeks can be dangerous for the uninformed angler or pleasure boater.
In the spring of 2008, Hernando County and the Southwest Florida Water Management District rebuilt Bayport's marina and park area
Spring Hill, Florida
Spring Hill is a census-designated place in Hernando County, United States. The population was 98,621 at the 2010 census, up from 69,078 at the 2000 census; the American Community Survey estimated the population in 2016 to be 111,189. Spring Hill belongs to Florida's Nature Coast region and is in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater metro area, it is east of Hernando Beach, southwest of Brooksville, north of Tampa. Spring Hill first appeared on Hernando County maps as early as 1856 along what is today Fort Dade Avenue just north of the community of Wiscon; the modern Spring Hill was founded in 1967 as a planned community, developed by the Deltona Corporation and the Mackle Brothers. The developers wanted to call the community Spring Lake and used that as the working name through the development process, they were forced to use a different name due to the name Spring Lake being in use locally and chose Spring Hill. The plans for the community are identical to the community of Deltona; the Mackle Brothers sold many of the properties and land in the area through intense advertising.
It has since become a sprawling semi-city in its own right. The main entrance to the original development is marked by the Spring Hill waterfall on Spring Hill Drive and U. S. Route 19. Spring Hill's proximity to Tampa, 40 miles to the south, the completion of the Suncoast Parkway in 2001 have made the community accessible to the Tampa-St. Petersburg area. Spring Hill is located in southwestern Hernando County at 28°28′44″N 82°32′52″W, it is bordered to the west by Timber Pines. To the south it is bordered by Shady Hills and Heritage Pines in Pasco County. According to the United States Census Bureau, Spring Hill has a total area of 62.2 square miles, of which 59.8 square miles are land and 2.4 square miles, or 3.94%, are water. The U. S. Postal Service recommends that "Spring Hill" be used as the mailing address for ZIP Code 34610 in neighboring Pasco County; the Spring Hill CDP does not extend into Pasco County. As of 2010, there were 44,435 households, with 32.1% being vacant. In 2000, there were 28,274 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.6% were non-families.
21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.74. In 2010, the CDP the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 29.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,861, the median income for a family was $37,608. Males had a median income of $30,076 versus $21,364 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $17,184. About 15.5% of the population was below the poverty line. 30.2% of all households had an income of less than $25,000 and 60.3% of all households had and income of less than $50,000. As of 2000, English spoken as a first language accounted for 88.64% of all residents, while 11.35% spoke other languages as their mother tongue.
The most significant were Spanish speakers who made up 5.96% of the population, while Italian came up as the third most spoken language, which made up 1.51%, German was at fourth, with 1.13% of the population. Spring Hill has several schools, both public and private, which provide primary and secondary education to local children. There are several options for higher education that are accessible from the Spring Hill area. Public schools in Spring Hill are part of the Hernando County School Board school system, which oversees all public schools in Hernando County; the main public schools that serve the Spring Hill area are: High schools Middle schools K-8 schools Elementary schools In addition to the public schools in Spring Hill, there are several private schools: Notre Dame Catholic School Spring Hill Christian Academy Wider Horizons School, a Montessori school and College Preparatory school West Hernando Christian School Spring Hill is home to the 100,000-square-foot Spring Hill Campus of Pasco–Hernando State College.
This was the fourth campus built out of the five now in existence. The Hernando County Public Library system operates several libraries in and around the Spring Hill area, such as the West Hernando Branch Library and the Spring Hill Branch Library, which serves as a replacement of the Little Red Schoolhouse Branch Library; the historic Little Red Schoolhouse Branch Library has since been converted into a bookstore whose proceeds benefit the library system. There are three accredited hospitals in the area, Bayfront Health Spring Hill Hospital, Oak Hill Hospital and the newest, Bayfront Health Brooksville Hospital. With a large senior citizen population, Spring Hill contains many nursing homes and rehabilitation facilities including Spring Hill Health and Rehab, Evergreen Woods Assisted Living Facility and Health South Rehab. Bayfront Health Spring Hill and Oak Hill Hospital offer obstetrical services. Nearby Weeki Wachee Springs is home to the famous live mermaid show and Florida'