Hexafluoro-2-propanol

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1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol
1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol
Hexafluoroisopropanol 3D.png
Names
IUPAC name
1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-2-propanol
Other names
Hexafluoroisopropanol,
Hexafluoroisopropyl alcohol,
HFIP
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.011.873
RTECS number UB6450000
Properties
C3H2F6O
Molar mass 168.04 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 1.596 g/mL
Melting point −3.3 °C (26.1 °F; 269.8 K)
Boiling point 58.2 °C (136.8 °F; 331.3 K)
Miscible
Vapor pressure 16 kPa at 20 °C
Viscosity 1.65 cP at 20 °C
Hazards
Main hazards Corrosive (C)
Safety data sheet External MSDS
R-phrases (outdated) R20/22, R34, R41
S-phrases (outdated) S26, S36/37/39, S45
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g., chlorine gasReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
3
0
Flash point > 100 °C (212 °F; 373 K)
Related compounds
Hexafluoroacetone;
Isopropyl alcohol, 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Hexafluoroisopropanol, commonly abbreviated HFIP, is the organic compound with the formula (CF3)2CHOH. This fluorinated alcohol finds use as solvent and synthetic intermediate. It appears as a colorless, volatile liquid that is characterized by a strong, pungent odor. As a solvent hexafluoro-2-propanol is polar and exhibits strong hydrogen bonding properties enabling it to dissolve substances that serve as hydrogen-bond acceptors, such as amides and ethers. Hexafluoro-2-propanol is transparent to UV light with high density, low viscosity and low refractive index.

Production and uses[edit]

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is prepared from hexafluoropropylene via hexafluoroacetone, which is then hydrogenated.[1]

(CF3)2CO + H2 → (CF3)2CHOH

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is a speciality solvent for some polar polymers and organic synthesis.[2][3] It is especially effective for solubilizing a wide range of polymers, including those that are not soluble in the most common organic solvents, such as: polyamides, polyacrylonitriles, polyacetals, polyesters (e.g. polyglycolide), and polyketones. It has also found use in biochemistry to solubilize peptides and to monomerize β-sheet protein aggregates. Because of its acidity (pKa = 9.3), it can be used as acid in volatile buffers for ion pair HPLC - mass spectrometry of nucleic acids.[4]

Medicine[edit]

It is both the precursor and the chief metabolite of the inhalation anesthetic sevoflurane.

Safety[edit]

Hexafluoro-2-propanol is a volatile, corrosive liquid that can cause severe burns and respiratory problems.[5]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Günter Siegemund, Werner Schwertfeger, Andrew Feiring, Bruce Smart, Fred Behr, Herward Vogel, Blaine McKusick “Fluorine Compounds, Organic” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 2007. doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_349
  2. ^ Bégué, J.-P.; Bonnet-Delpon, D.; Crousse, B. (2004). "Fluorinated Alcohols: A New Medium for Selective and Clean Reaction". Synlett (1): 18–29. doi:10.1055/s-2003-44973. 
  3. ^ Shuklov, Ivan A.; Dubrovina, Natalia V.; Börner, Armin (2007). "Fluorinated Alcohols as Solvents, Cosolvents and Additives in Homogeneous Catalysis". Synthesis: 2925–2943. doi:10.1055/s-2007-983902. 
  4. ^ Apffel, A.; Chakel, J.A.; Fischer, S.; Lichtenwalter, K.; Hancock, W.S. (1997). "Analysis of oligonucleotides by HPLC-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry". Anal. Chem. 69: 1320–1325. doi:10.1021/ac960916h. 
  5. ^ "HFIP MSDS". Fisher Scientific. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]