Calhoun Falls State Park
Calhoun Falls State Park is a state park located on the shores of Lake Russell near the town of Calhoun Falls in Abbeville County, South Carolina. Activities available at the park include picnicking, hiking, swimming and camping. Amenities include a playground, a boat ramp, picnic shelters, tennis courts, a basketball court and a park store. Fishing rods and reels are available for rental at the park office. A marina offers boat slips available for rental on a yearly basis; the park manages McCalla State Natural Area, a 6,239 acres future backcountry park, located near the town of Lowndesville. It has a 10 mile trail for equestrian use with previous permission from Calhoun Falls State Park. Official website
Paris Mountain State Park
Paris Mountain State Park is located five miles north of Greenville, South Carolina. Activities available in the 1,540-acre park include hiking, biking and picnicking; the 13-acre Lake Placid offers fishing. Canoes and pedal boats are seasonally available for rental. Camping is allowed and campsites range from rustic, back country sites to paved sites with water and electricity hook-ups; the park's Civilian Conservation Corps structures, including the Camp Buckhorn lodge, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. M. Cherokee Indians once dwelled on Paris Mountain, before European men began to colonize North America; the first white man settled in what is now known as Greenville County in 1765. He was an Irishman from Virginia named Richard Pearis, he became close to the Cherokee tribe. The Indians continually gave Pearis land. Richard Pearis is the source of the name "Paris" Mountain. In 1775, a letter from the superintendent of Indian affairs, Jonathan Stuart was written to the Cherokee Indians chastening the Indians for selling their lands to white men.
In one part of the letter, Stuart writes, "You are listening to Richard Pearis, who cheats you of your lands." Some of the land which Richard Pearis possessed contained the mountain known today as Paris Mountain. Therefore, the name "Paris" is a construed form of "Pearis". A legend surrounding the mountain speaks of the first white men to visit the mountain; the chief of the indwelling Cherokee tribe tried to protect the mountain, when he grew old, he passed on the responsibility to his daughter and her husband. The husband sold the mountain. One of the earliest uses of the mountain by the city of Greenville was as a source of water between 1890 and 1916. Numerous lakes and dams in the park were built in 1890 by the Greenville City Water System as part of the reservoir. In 1928 Table Rock Reservoir was put into service, the use of Paris Mountain as a water supply declined; the mountain had other uses. In the 1890s, a popular resort resided on Paris Mountain named Altamont Hotel. However, the resort failed and was sold to N. J. Holmes, who in turn, founded a Bible institute on the site.
The institute was first known as Altamont Bible and Missionary Institute and as Holmes Bible College. The college opened its doors in 1898; the institute was sold to another citizen, the building suffered a fire in 1920. The state park on Paris Mountain was built in the 1930s by the Depression-era Civilian Conservation Corps. Sixteen other parks in the state of South Carolina were created due to the work of the CCC; the land for the park was acquired in 1935 from the city of Greenville. The nearby liberal arts college, Furman University, founded in 1826, is located near the foot of the mountain for which the park is named. Paris Mountain lies in the Piedmont region of the United States; the mountain is a mountain that stands alone in an area. The word "monadnock" comes from Mount Monadnock in New Hampshire; the elevation of Paris Mountain exceeds 2,000 feet. The Piedmont region where Paris Mountain is located is a raised plateau; the Piedmont, which means "foot of the mountain", covers a third of South Carolina and contains several other monadnocks in addition to Paris Mountain.
Plant lifeParis. The majority of the plant life on Paris Mountain is similar to plant life found on mountains farther north. Virginia Pine populates the highest elevations of the mountain. While the plant life resembles that of the mountains to the north, there are exceptions. Holly is evident on many parts of the mountain though the plant is not native to the region. Another plant covering the mountain in the springtime is arbutus. A special type of honeysuckle is found on the mountain; this unusual honeysuckle was first discovered by Governor John Drayton. Rosebay rhododendron grows on banks along the park's rivers. Wild lifeThe animal life on Paris Mountain consists of possums and snakes. Bass and catfish populate the different park lakes. There are over 20 different species of birds inhabiting the mountain. GeologyMica and iron ore deposits have all been found on Paris Mountain. Paris Mountain State Park is a center of activity for the city of Greenville; the park is host to nine trails for hikers and mountain bikers alike.
George Hincapie, a Tour de France participant, lives in Greenville and is known to train in the park. Features to the trails include blazes, foot bridges, trail signs. Paris Mountain State Park has a 40 site family campground with a mix of RV sites. Camp Buckhorn is a group facility located on Buckhorn Lake at the north end of the park and consists of a lodge with a dining/meeting room for 75 people and 10 primitive cabins. Cabins are not rented separately; the 15-acre Lake Placid located in Paris Mountain State Park is the park's main spot for boating and fishing. North Lake known as Reservoir 3, is larger lake located in the park, is closed to boaters and reserved for fishermen; the lake is home to crappie and catfish. The visitor center known as the Park Center, is located next to Lake Placid and has maps and information about facilities. Camp BuckhornCamp Buckhorn was built by the CCC in 1936-1937 as a place for groups, it has a lodge, 10 cabins for overnight guests. And accommodates 40 people.
In 2011, the main lodge underwent renovations funded by Paris Mountain Friends, the state government, local establishments. Paris Mountain Downhill Mountai
Colleton State Park
Colleton State Park is a 35-acre state park located along U. S. Highway 15 between St. George and Walterboro, South Carolina, United States. One of the smallest state parks in the South Carolina, Colleton's main attraction is recreational access to the Edisto River in the form of paddling or fishing. Several campsites for RVs and tents as well as some team-sport recreation facilities are located in the site. For many years, the park was underutilized due in part to an adjacent SCE&G coal-fire power plant, which discouraged many potential visitors from the park; the power plant was closed by SCE&G at the end of 2012. Local officials hope to acquire the site and expand the park. Official state park website
Givhans Ferry State Park
Givhans Ferry State Park is a state park located near the town of Ridgeville in Dorchester County, South Carolina. The property used to create Givhans Ferry State Park was donated by the city of Charleston in 1934 and was one of the original built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in South Carolina, its namesake, Phillip Givhan, was a ferry master on the Edisto River and operated Givhan's Ferry, which allowed access between Augusta and Charleston. A cemetery is located on the grounds of the park; the only remaining tombstone belongs to granddaughter of Phillip Givhan. A series of copper marl limestone bluffs along the Edisto River in the park, formed by prehistoric ocean deposits, are protected as a Heritage Trust Site. Activities available at the park include picnicking, bird watching and camping. A boat drop off area allows small boats access to the Edisto River; the multi-purpose River Bluff Nature Trail is available for biking. Amenities include picnic shelters, volleyball courts and a park store.
Visitors can rent fishing reels from the park office. Historic furnished cabins built by the CCC are available for lodging; the Riverfront Hall is available for rental, with the ability to accommodate up to 100 people. Official Website
Geographic coordinate system
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection; the invention of a geographic coordinate system is credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene, who composed his now-lost Geography at the Library of Alexandria in the 3rd century BC. A century Hipparchus of Nicaea improved on this system by determining latitude from stellar measurements rather than solar altitude and determining longitude by timings of lunar eclipses, rather than dead reckoning. In the 1st or 2nd century, Marinus of Tyre compiled an extensive gazetteer and mathematically-plotted world map using coordinates measured east from a prime meridian at the westernmost known land, designated the Fortunate Isles, off the coast of western Africa around the Canary or Cape Verde Islands, measured north or south of the island of Rhodes off Asia Minor.
Ptolemy credited him with the full adoption of longitude and latitude, rather than measuring latitude in terms of the length of the midsummer day. Ptolemy's 2nd-century Geography used the same prime meridian but measured latitude from the Equator instead. After their work was translated into Arabic in the 9th century, Al-Khwārizmī's Book of the Description of the Earth corrected Marinus' and Ptolemy's errors regarding the length of the Mediterranean Sea, causing medieval Arabic cartography to use a prime meridian around 10° east of Ptolemy's line. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes' recovery of Ptolemy's text a little before 1300. In 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England as the zero-reference line; the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911.
In order to be unambiguous about the direction of "vertical" and the "horizontal" surface above which they are measuring, map-makers choose a reference ellipsoid with a given origin and orientation that best fits their need for the area they are mapping. They choose the most appropriate mapping of the spherical coordinate system onto that ellipsoid, called a terrestrial reference system or geodetic datum. Datums may be global, meaning that they represent the whole Earth, or they may be local, meaning that they represent an ellipsoid best-fit to only a portion of the Earth. Points on the Earth's surface move relative to each other due to continental plate motion and diurnal Earth tidal movement caused by the Moon and the Sun; this daily movement can be as much as a metre. Continental movement can be up to 10 m in a century. A weather system high-pressure area can cause a sinking of 5 mm. Scandinavia is rising by 1 cm a year as a result of the melting of the ice sheets of the last ice age, but neighbouring Scotland is rising by only 0.2 cm.
These changes are insignificant if a local datum is used, but are statistically significant if a global datum is used. Examples of global datums include World Geodetic System, the default datum used for the Global Positioning System, the International Terrestrial Reference Frame, used for estimating continental drift and crustal deformation; the distance to Earth's center can be used both for deep positions and for positions in space. Local datums chosen by a national cartographical organisation include the North American Datum, the European ED50, the British OSGB36. Given a location, the datum provides the latitude ϕ and longitude λ. In the United Kingdom there are three common latitude and height systems in use. WGS 84 differs at Greenwich from the one used on published maps OSGB36 by 112 m; the military system ED50, used by NATO, differs from about 120 m to 180 m. The latitude and longitude on a map made against a local datum may not be the same as one obtained from a GPS receiver. Coordinates from the mapping system can sometimes be changed into another datum using a simple translation.
For example, to convert from ETRF89 to the Irish Grid add 49 metres to the east, subtract 23.4 metres from the north. More one datum is changed into any other datum using a process called Helmert transformations; this involves converting the spherical coordinates into Cartesian coordinates and applying a seven parameter transformation, converting back. In popular GIS software, data projected in latitude/longitude is represented as a Geographic Coordinate System. For example, data in latitude/longitude if the datum is the North American Datum of 1983 is denoted by'GCS North American 1983'; the "latitude" of a point on Earth's surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth. Lines joining points of the same latitude trace circles on the surface of Earth called parallels, as they are parallel to the Equator and to each other; the North Pole is 90° N. The 0° parallel of latitude is designated the Equator, the fun
Goodale State Park
Goodale State Park is a South Carolina state park located just outside Camden, SC. In addition to a 140-acre lake, a Civil War era mill pond, this park has canoe access to Pine Tree Creek. A canoe trail follows this creek for. Admission to the park is free; the land for this park was donated to South Carolina by Kershaw county in 1973. The park is named after a local florist, N. R. Goodale, who helped motivate the creation of the park. Goodale State Park's sciway page Goodale State Park's official page Carolina Now's page on Camden recreation