A hieroglyph was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system. Logographic scripts that are pictographic in form in a way reminiscent of ancient Egyptian are sometimes called "hieroglyphs". In Neoplatonism during the Renaissance, a "hieroglyph" was an artistic representation of an esoteric idea, which Neoplatonists believed actual Egyptian hieroglyphs to be; the word hieroglyphics refer to a hieroglyphic script. The Egyptians invented the pictorial script; the appearance of these distinctive figures in 3000 BCE marked the beginning of Egyptian civilization. Though based on images, Egyptian script was more than a sophisticated form of picture-writing; each picture/glyph served three functions: to represent the image of a thing or action, to stand for the sound of a syllable, to clarify the precise meaning of adjoining glyphs. Writing hieroglyphs required some artistic skill. Only those privileged with an extensive education were able to write hieroglyphs. Anatolian hieroglyphs Aztec hieroglyphs Chukchi hieroglyphs Cretan hieroglyphs Egyptian hieroglyphs Mayan hieroglyphs Mi'kmaq hieroglyphs Muisca hieroglyphs Ojibwe hieroglyphs Olmec hieroglyphs Chinese charactersOne of the two forms of the Meroitic writing system is described as "Meroitic hieroglyphs" because the characters are similar to and in most cases derived from Egyptian hieroglyphs.

They are used, not as logographs but as an alphasyllabary. List of languages by writing system Monas Hieroglyphica Mother Goose in Hieroglyphics Allen, James P.. Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521774833. OCLC 51226851. Brewer, Douglas J.. Egypt and the Egyptians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521851503. OCLC 433993212. Kamrin, Janice. Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A Practical Guide. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 9780810949614. OCLC 55019226. Robinson, Andrew; the Story of Writing: Alphabets, Hieroglyphs & Pictograms. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-050028660-9. OCLC 172818065

David Laibman

David Laibman is Professor Emeritus of Economics at Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York. He received a Ph. D. in Economics in 1973 at the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research in New York. His dissertation, The Invariance Condition for Value-Price Transformation in a Linear, Non-Decomposable Two-Sector Model, dealt with problems in Marxist value theory. Laibman teaches economic theory, political economy, mathematical economics, at the undergraduate and doctoral levels at CUNY, he is the Editor of Science & Society, a quarterly Marxist journal founded in 1936. Laibman is the author of five books: Value, Technical Change and Crisis: Explorations in Marxist Economic Theory, Capitalist Macrodynamics: A Systematic Introduction, Deep History: A Study in Social Evolution and Human Potential, Political Economy After Economics: Scientific Method and Radical Imagination, Passion and Patience: Society and Revolutionary Vision, he is a fingerstyle guitarist its application to the ragtime music of the early twentieth century.

With Eric Schoenberg, Laibman recorded The New Ragtime Guitar for Folkways Records in 1970. His solo album, Classical Ragtime Guitar, was released by Rounder Records in 1980. Laibman has worked with a variety of artists in the early folk world, using his advanced finger picking technique. One notable album is "Way Out West" by Scottish Folksinger Alex Campbell, in 1963. Of note is the track "Orange Blossom Special" which showcases the talent that Laibman was developing, he issued a DVD, Guitar Artistry of David Laibman Stefan Grossman Guitar Workshop, 2007. David Laibman's official website The New Ragtime Guitar Album Details at Smithsonian Folkways Nigel Gatherer's List Of Alex Campbell Albums

Manjira River

The Manjara spelled Manjira, Manjeera is a tributary of the river Godavari. It passes through the states of Maharashtra and Telangana, it originates in the Balaghat range of hills near Ahmednagar district at an altitude of 823 metres and empties into the Godavari River. It has a total catchment area of 30,844 square kilometres. Tributaries Manjira is the main river which Its origin is near the Gaukhadi Village of Beed district; the river flows from the northern boundaries of the Osmanabad district and cutting across the Latur district goes to Bidar district Karnataka State and Telangana. It flows on the Balaghat plateau along with its tributaries: Terna and Gharni; the other three tributaries of Manjira are Manyad and Lendi which flow on the northern plains. Terna River:This is the main tributary of Manjira which flows on the southern boundary of the Ausa taluka. Manyad: This river takes its origin at Dharmapuri in Beed district and flows through the Ahmadpur taluka into Nanded district. Lendi: The river has its origin in Udgir taluka and flowing through the Ahmadpur taluka joins the Tiru river in Nanded district.

Gharni: The river has its origin near Wadval and flows through Chakur taluka. Tawarja: Tawarja originates near Murud in Latur taluka and joins the Manjara river at Shivani on the Latur-Ausa boundary. Nizam Sagar was constructed across the Manjra River between Achampeta and Banjapalle villages of the Nizamabad district in Telangana, India; the most outstanding feature of the project is the gigantic masonry dam sprawling across the river for 3 kilometers with a motorable road of 14 feet width. The Singur Dam on Manjra River in Medak District is the main drinking water source for the Medak and Nizamabad districts as well as the adjoining twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Manjra river is serving for Bidar city. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries the upper reaches of the Manjira in Maharashtra suffered environmental degradation which increased run-off, as opposed to ground water recharge, increased erosion and silting. Manjira is called Manjara river in Maharashtra