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High Sheriff of Northamptonshire

This is a list of the High Sheriffs of Northamptonshire. The High Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown; the High Sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the county but over the centuries most of the responsibilities associated with the post have been transferred elsewhere or are now defunct, so that its functions are now ceremonial. The High Sheriff changes every March. C.1070–c1090 William of Keynes c.1086 Hugh fitzBaldric c1125–1128: Hugh de Warelville 1129: Richard Basset and Aubrey de Vere II 1154: Richard Basset and Aubrey de Vere II 1155–1156: Simon son of Peter 1161–1162: Hugh Gobion 1163: Simon, son of Peter and Hugh Gobion 1164–1168: Simon 1169–1173: Robert, son of Gawini 1174–1176: Hugo de Gundevill 1177–1182: Thomas, son of Bernard 1183: Thomas and Radulph Morin 1184–1186: Geoffrey, son of Peter 1189: Geoffrey, son of Peter 1190–1191: Richard Engaigne 1192–1193: Geoffrey, son of Peter and Robert, son of Radulph 1194: Godfrey and Simon of Pattishall 1195–1203: Simon of Pattishall 2000: Anthony Geoffrey Stoughton-Harris of Old Farm House, Blackmile Lane, Grendon.

2001: Lady Robinson, Cranford Hall, Kettering 2002: Jonathan George Pearson, of Castle Ashby Lodge, Castle Ashby. 2003: John Gerald Nicholson of Benefield House, Lower Benefield, Oundle. 2004: John Frederick Thorpe of The Manor House, Daventry 2005: Charles Hereward Wake 2006: Sir David O'Dowd 2007: Lady Jennifer Harper 2008: Peter Brian Ellwood of Church Stowe 2009: Mrs Susan Deirdre Fenwick of Towcester 2010: David Eric Laing of Brigstock 2011: Penelope J Escombe of Brigstock 2012: John Richard Townsend of Newbottle Manor, Oxfordshire 2013: James Michael Shepherd-Cross of Bengal Manor, Greens Norton, Northamptonshire 2014: Anne Burnett 2015: Ahmed Ibrahim Mukhtar of Barton Seagrave, Kettering 2016: Mrs Caroline Brocklehurst, Towcester 2017: Mr Rupert Fordham, Wappenham 2018: James Michael Ross Saunders Watson of Rockingham Castle 2019: Nicholas Antony Norman Stuart Robertson of Thorpe Malsor, Kettering The history of the worthies of England, Volume 2 By Thomas Fuller

Shirley Temple (drink)

A Shirley Temple is a non-alcoholic mixed drink traditionally made with ginger ale and a splash of grenadine, garnished with a maraschino cherry. Modern Shirley Temple recipes may substitute lemon-lime soda or lemonade and sometimes orange juice in part, or in whole. Shirley Temples are served to children dining with adults in lieu of real cocktails, as are the similar Roy Rogers and Arnold Palmer; the cocktail may have been invented by a bartender at Chasen's, a restaurant in West Hollywood, California, to serve then-child actress Shirley Temple. However, other claims to its origin have been made. Temple herself was not a fan of the drink, as she told Scott Simon in an NPR interview in 1986: "The saccharine sweet, icky drink? Yes, well... those were created in the middle 1930s by the Brown Derby Restaurant in Hollywood and I had nothing to do with it. But, all over the world, I am served that. People think. I hate them. Too sweet!" In 1988 Temple brought a lawsuit to prevent a bottled soda version using her name from happening.

Adding 1.5 US fluid ounces of vodka or rum produces a "Dirty Shirley". Roy Rogers Arnold Palmer

Gray, Maine

Gray is a town in Cumberland County, United States. The population was 7,761 at the 2010 census, it is Maine metropolitan statistical area. Gray is located at the intersection of state Routes 4, 26, 100, 115, 202 and the Maine Turnpike exit 63 midway between the state's two largest cities and Lewiston; the town includes frontage on Little Sebago Lake, Crystal Lake, Forest Lake. Gray is home to regional headquarters for the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, which maintains a fish hatchery and wildlife park, it is home to the Gray/Portland Weather Forecast Office of the NOAA's National Weather Service, which issues forecasts and weather warnings for New Hampshire and southern Maine. The area was granted on March 1736, by the Massachusetts General Court to a group from Boston. In 1737, the township was laid out and roads cleared, with the first settlers arriving in the spring of 1738, but during the ongoing French and Indian Wars, the settlement was attacked in the spring of 1745 by Indians, who killed cattle and burned the meetinghouse and all dwellings.

Inhabitants fled to other towns. In 1751, the village was resettled, but wiped out again in May 1755. Fort Gray was built in 1755, it featured a blockhouse measuring 50 feet long by 25 feet wide, set within a garrison palisade 100 feet long by 75 feet wide. The town had been without a name until about 1756, when it began to be called, Boston New Boston and New Town. On June 19, 1778, New Boston Plantation would be incorporated as Gray after Thomas Gray, a proprietor. Gray had some quarries. Other industries included a gristmill, 12 sawmills, a tannery and marble works and sleigh manufacturer, shuttle maker. Along Collyer Brook, Samuel Mayall established in 1791 the first successful water-powered woolen mill in North America. British woolen guilds had prohibited the production of goods in the colonies and tried to prevent British technology from being put to use in competition against them. Mayall smuggled out of England plans for machinery hidden in bales of cloth meant for trade with the Indians.

When the guilds learned of his deception, they tried at least twice to kill him. They sent him a hat in which were hidden pins laced with poison, a box with loaded pistols rigged to fire when opened. Suspicious of the packages, Mayall avoided an untimely death, his daughters Mary and Phanela took over the mills when he died in 1831, built the Lower Mill in 1834. The Mayalls retained ownership until about 1879; the business closed in 1902. The ruins of the mill and associated structures are still visible to this day and are open to the public. In the 1970s, Gray was chosen as the site of one of ten Decision Information Distribution System radio stations, designed to alert the public of an enemy attack; the system was never implemented and the station was not built. During the Civil War, a Confederate soldier's body was accidentally shipped to Gray. Instead of sending the body away, the "Ladies of Gray" gave the rebel soldier a proper burial and funded a gravestone marked "Stranger". A statue dedicated to the "Unknown Soldier" was erected in Gray Village Center, every Memorial Day, the Unknown Soldier is respected with a Confederate flag marking the grave.

Today, there are more than 178 Union soldiers—and one Confederate—buried in the Gray Village Cemetery. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.99 square miles, of which, 43.27 square miles of it is land and 2.72 square miles is water. Gray, which includes most of Little Sebago Lake and Crystal Lake, is drained by Collyer Brook. Little Sebago Lake has been experiencing problems with milfoil for years. Gray has five towns surrounding it: Windham to the southwest, Cumberland to the southeast, North Yarmouth to the northeast, New Gloucester to the north-northeast and Raymond to the northwest and west. On a north-up map, Gray is the shape of a crooked square. Gray has long been interconnected with its neighbor to the north, New Gloucester, both sharing similar demographics and economy, they are two of the last rural towns in Southern Maine, with the Portland area to the south and Lewiston–Auburn to the north. Both towns share the same school district, Maine School Administrative District 15.

Being in the vicinity these towns are in, there has been ever-increasing suburban development since the early nineties. Subdivisions and commercial developments have been built at an ever-increasing frequency, leading to the possibility of Gray being swallowed up into the surrounding urban and sub-urban areas in the future; these developments have drawn much protest from residents, many of whom live on the same property as their ancestors many generations ago. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,761 people, 3,156 households, 2,187 families residing in the town; the population density was 179.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,841 housing units at an average density of 88.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.2% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 3,156 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, an

Prek Sbauv

Prek Sbauv is a small fishing village alongside the Sen River in north-eastern Cambodia. Except for being the birthplace of Pol Pot, leader of the Khmer Rouge, Prek Sbauv is like any other fisher village of Cambodia; the village, which has no more than 10 houses, is located in Kampong Thom Province. It is on the central plain of the country; the village is located few meters at the north-east of the Tonlé sap. Prek Sbauv is not far from the Provincial capital of Kampong Thom; when the Phnom Penh–Siem Riep Road gets the Sen River's bridge just at the center of the city, there is a street at left along the eastern side of the river going to the south. After the Catholic Church of the Province there is a tiny village of fishermen, it is about 1 kilometer away from the Phnom Penh–Siem Riep Road at its south


Lohfelden is a municipality in the district of Kassel, in Hesse, Germany. It is situated 6 km southeast of Kassel, it has three parts Crumbach and the former independent Vollmarshausen. Lohfelden / Vollmarshausen borders in the northwest to the independent city of Kassel, in the northeast and east to the municipality Kaufungen, in the south with the municipality Söhrewald, in the west with the municipality Fuldabrück; the monastery of St. Alban in Mainz received rights in Crumbach in the 15th century; the farmers in the three villages were part-time farmers and since the beginning of the 19th century they had workshops in which they produced parts for the new industries of Kassel. The Brothers Grimm visited the three villages in the 1820s, a drawing by Ludwig Emil Grimm from 1821 shows the late summer in Crumbach, another drawing the church of Vollmarshausen. Around 1850 many people were employed in the industries of Kassel, in 1912 the Söhrebahn-rail as a connection to the town was built. A new settlement between the villages Crumbach and Ochsenhausen was planned in 1919 and realized in the late 1930s by the architect Hannsgeorg Oechler.

The architecture combines elements of a garden town with some neoclassic citations. On 1 June 1941, merged the two communities Crumbach and Ochsenhausen to the new community of Lohfelden. In the area of the municipality, at the former airfield Kassel-Waldau stood the aircraft industry Fieseler, known for the construction of the Fieseler Storch; the factory was badly damaged in World War II and never rebuilt, while the village of Vollmarshausen remained undamaged. The complete population was traditionally Protestant; this changed after 1945 with refugees and workers from other parts of Germany and Europe, today there exists a large catholic community. Individual motor car traffic made the Söhrebahn-rail obsolete, the operation ended in 1966; the track was converted into a walking and cycle path. On 1 December 1970 with the local government reform the former independent Vollmarshausen was added; the new Town Hall was built between Vollmarshausen. Kassel tried to incorporate the rich suburb and contacted the ministry of interior of the state of Hesse.

In 1975 the incorporation failed after the resistance of the citizens of Lohfelden, but the community had to cede some boundaries to Kassel. Both cities made a treaty of cooperation they built together industrial areas, for 30 years Lohfelden get the mayority of local taxes. Carriages and Coaches Museum of Hessen Protestant church in Crumbach Protestant church in Ochshausen Protestant church in Vollmarshausen basswood tree at the old square of Vollmarshausen Bronze Age tombs near Vollmarshausen Old mill Obermühle Garden town SiedlungSource: Eco Pfad Kulturgeschichte Lohfelden Lohfelden has two primary schools, five kindergartens, two nurseries and a nursing home; the soccer division of the FSC Lohfelden plays in the Hessenliga. The local stadium is called Nordhessenstadion. In 1971, Lohfelden developed the business park Kassel-Waldau together with Kassel. A second business park with the name Lohfeldener Rüssel followed in 2009 together with Kassel, it is well known for the service area with the same name on the autobahn.

Lohfelden twinned with, or has sister city relationships with: Berg im Drautal, since 1988 Trutnov, Czech Republic, since 2007 Alcalá la Real, Spain

Grover Norquist

Grover Glenn Norquist is an American political activist and tax reduction advocate, founder and president of Americans for Tax Reform, an organization that opposes all tax increases. A Republican, he is the primary promoter of the "Taxpayer Protection Pledge", a pledge signed by lawmakers who agree to oppose increases in marginal income tax rates for individuals and businesses, as well as net reductions or eliminations of deductions and credits without a matching reduced tax rate. Prior to the November 2012 election, the pledge was signed by 95% of all Republican members of Congress and all but one of the candidates running for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination. Norquist grew up in Massachusetts, he is the son of Carol and Warren Elliott Norquist, is of Swedish ancestry. His brother, David Norquist has served in senior posts in Republican administrations at both the United States Department of Defense and the United States Department of Homeland Security. Norquist became involved with politics at an early age when he volunteered for the 1968 Nixon campaign, assisting with get out the vote efforts.

He graduated from Weston High School and enrolled at Harvard University in 1974, where he earned his A. B. and M. B. A. degrees. At college, Norquist was an editor at the Harvard Crimson and helped to publish the libertarian-leaning Harvard Chronicle, he was a member of the Hasty Pudding Theatricals. Norquist has said: "When I became 21, I decided that nobody learned anything about politics after the age of 21." He attended the Leadership Institute in Arlington, Virginia, an organization that teaches conservative Americans how to influence public policy through activism and leadership. Early in his career, Norquist was executive director of both the National Taxpayers Union and the national College Republicans, holding both positions until 1983, he served as Economist and Chief Speechwriter at the U. S. Chamber of Commerce from 1983 to 1984. Norquist traveled to several war zones to help support anti-Soviet guerrilla armies in the second half of the 1980s, he worked with a support network for Oliver North's efforts with the Nicaraguan Contras and other insurgencies, in addition to promoting U.

S. support for groups including Mozambique's RENAMO and Jonas Savimbi's UNITA in Angola and helping to organize anti-Soviet forces in Laos. In 1985, he went to a conference in South Africa sponsored by South African businesses called the "Youth for Freedom Conference", which sought to bring American and South African conservatives together to end the anti-apartheid movement. Norquist represented the France-Albert Rene government of The Seychelles as a lobbyist from 1995 until 1999. Norquist's efforts were the subject of Tucker Carlson's 1997 article in The New Republic, "What I sold at the revolution." Norquist is best known for founding Americans for Tax Reform in 1985, which he says was done at the request of then-President Ronald Reagan. Referring to Norquist's activities as head of ATR, Steve Kroft, in a 60 Minutes episode that aired on November 20, 2011, claimed that "Norquist has been responsible, more than anyone else, for rewriting the dogma of the Republican Party."The primary policy goal of Americans for Tax Reform is to reduce government revenues as a percentage of the GDP.

ATR states that it "opposes all tax increases as a matter of principle." Americans for Tax Reform has supported Taxpayer Bill of Rights legislation and transparency initiatives, while opposing cap-and-trade legislation and efforts to regulate health care. In 1993, Norquist launched his Wednesday Meeting series at ATR headquarters to help fight President Clinton's healthcare plan; the meeting became one of the most significant institutions in American conservative political organizing. The meetings have been called "a must-attend event for Republican operatives fortunate enough to get an invitation", "the Grand Central station of the conservative movement." Medvetz argues that the meetings have been significant in "establishing relations of... exchange" among conservative subgroups and "sustaining a moral community of conservative activists."As a nonprofit organization, Americans for Tax Reform is not required to disclose the identity of its contributors. Critics, such as Sen. Alan Simpson, have asked Norquist to disclose his contributors.

According to CBS News, "a significant portion appears to come from wealthy individuals and corporate interests." Prior to the November 2012 election, 238 of 242 House Republicans and 41 out of 47 Senate Republicans had signed ATR's "Taxpayer Protection Pledge", in which the pledger promises to "oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business. According to journalist Alex Seitz-Wald, losses in the election by Norquist supporters and the "fiscal cliff" have emboldened and made more vocal critics of Norquist. In November 2011, Senate Majority leader Harry Reid blamed Norquist's influence for the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction's lack of progress, claiming that Congressional Republicans "are being led like puppets by Grover Norquist. They're giving speeches that we should compromise on our deficit, but never do they compromise on Grover Norquist, he is their leader." Si