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High color

High color graphics is a method of storing image information in a computer's memory such that each pixel is represented by two bytes. The color is represented by all 16 bits, but some devices support 15-bit high color. More high color has been used by Microsoft to distinguish display systems that can make use of more than 8-bits per color channel from traditional 8-bit per color channel formats; this is a distinct usage from the 15-bit or 16-bit formats traditionally associated with the phrase high color. In 15-bit high color, one of the bits of the two bytes is ignored or set aside for an alpha channel, the remaining 15 bits are split between the red and blue components of the final color, like this: Each of the RGB components has 5 bits associated, giving 2⁵ = 32 intensities of each component; this allows 32768 possible colors for each pixel. The popular Cirrus Logic graphics chips of the early 1990s made use of the spare high-order bit for their so-called "mixed" video modes: with bit 15 clear, bits 0 through 14 would be treated as an RGB value as described above, while with bit 15 set, bit 0 through 7 would be interpreted as an 8-bit index into a 256-color palette This would have enabled display of high-quality color images side by side with palette-animated screen elements, but in practice, this feature was hardly used by any software.

When all 16 bits are used, one of the components gets an extra bit, allowing 64 levels of intensity for that component, a total of 65536 available colors. This can lead to small discrepancies in encoding, e.g. when one wishes to encode the 24-bit colour RGB with 16 bits. Forty in binary is 00101000; the red and blue channels will take the five most significant bits, will have a value of 00101, or 5 on a scale from 0 to 31. The green channel, with six bits of precision, will have a binary value of 001010, or 10 on a scale from 0 to 63; because of this, the colour RGB will have a slight purple tinge. Note that 40 on a scale from 0 to 255 is 15.7%. Green is chosen for the extra bit in 16 bits because the human eye has its highest sensitivity for green shades. For a demonstration, look at the following picture where dark shades of red and blue are shown using 128 levels of intensities for each component. Readers with normal vision should see the individual shades of green easily, while the shades of red should be difficult to see, the shades of blue are indistinguishable.

More some systems support having the extra bit of colour depth on the red or blue channel in applications where that colour is more prevalent. There is no need for a color look up table when in high color mode, because there are enough available colors per pixel to represent graphics and photos reasonably satisfactorily. However, the lack of precision decreases image fidelity. 24-bit color 30/36/48-bit color Color depth Planar Packed pixel List of monochrome and RGB palettes — 15-bit RGB and 16-bit RGB sections

Arif Yunusov

Arif Yunusov known as Arif Yunus, is an Azerbaijani author and human rights activist. He is the head of the Department of Migration of the Institute of Peace and Democracy. Arif Yunusov along with his wife Leyla are supporters of a peaceful resolution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. On 28 April 2014, Arif Yunusov and his wife Leyla were jailed on charges of extortion and treason for spying for Armenia. After being detained, Arif Yunusov was sentenced to 7 years in jail, their sentences were suspended 15 months and the couple was allowed to leave for the Netherlands. Arif Yunusov was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, on 12 January 1955, to an Azeri father and an Armenian mother, he began his studies at Baku State University and graduated from there in 1981. During his time as a student in Baku State, Arif Yunusov met his future wife Leyla Yunus. Arif Yunusov attained his doctorate in history in 1986. In 1992, working for the Presidential Office of Azerbaijan, he became the Head of Information and Analytical Department and served this position for a year.

He became the executive director of the Azeri Independent Analytical Center. Having served his position at Azeri until September 1994, Yunusov became the Chief of Department of Conflictology and Migration Studies of Institute of Peace and Democracy; the IPD promotes dialogue among intellectuals in both Azerbaijan. Arif Yunusov defends those who suffer from torture and condemns the imprisonment of people for political reasons. Yunusov has published over 30 books and 190 articles related to Azerbaijani history and Armenian-Azerbaijani relations. Arif Yunusov along with his wife Leyla are supporters of a peaceful resolution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, he has taken part in various seminars for such a solution to the conflict. On 28 April 2014, Arif Yunusov and his wife Leyla were detained at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport on their way to Doha, Qatar amid a crackdown on human rights activists and journalists, he and Leyla were jailed. At times, during various trials, Arif Yunusov has lost consciousness due to his health conditions.

He was placed under guard and prohibited from leaving Baku. On 13 August 2015 Arif Yunusov was sentenced to 7 years in jail, his wife, was sentenced to 8.5 years in jail on charges that include fraud and tax evasion. The couple faced treason charges in a separate case, suspended. Western governments and human rights groups expressed concern over their prosecution. Human Rights Watch has denounced their case as a show trial, Amnesty International declared the couple prisoners of conscience; the detention of Arif and Leyla Yunus, as well as Rasul Jafarov, has been regarded as another step in the state crackdown on civil society in Azerbaijan. The actions of the authorities were harshly condemned by many prominent international human rights organizations, among them Amnesty International, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe,United States Mission to the OSCE, Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, Nobel Women's Initiative, Reporters Without Borders, Human Rights Watch and others.

Human Rights Watch called for the suspension of Azerbaijan's membership from an Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative because of "Azerbaijan government’s offensive against human rights defenders and non-governmental organizations". Leyla and Arif Yunus were allowed by Azerbaijani government to travel to the Netherlands for health treatment in April 2016, where they remained to reside in. Arif Yunusov is married to Leyla Yunus, they have one daughter named Dinara

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is a branch of the Government of India, which administers Department of youth affairs and Department of Sports in India. Kiren Rijiju is the current Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, in the capacity of Minister of State; the ministry gives the annual National Sports awards in various categories, including the Arjuna Award and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awards. The Ministry was set up as the Department of Sports at the time of organisation of 1982 Asian Games New Delhi, its name was changed to the Department of Youth Affairs & Sports during celebration of the International Youth Year, 1985. It became a separate Ministry on 27 May 2000. Subsequently, In 2008, the Ministry has been bifurcated into Department of Youth Affairs and Department of Sports under two separate Secretaries. Unlike the sports department, many of the functions of the department are related to other ministries, like Ministry of Education, Employment & Training and Family Welfare thus it functions as a facilitator for youth building.

It gives Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award and Indira Gandhi NSS Award. The United Nations defines "Youth" as 15–24 years and in the Commonwealth, it is 15–29 years. In order to use a definition more in line with these international standards, the Draft NYP 2012 changes the definition from 13–35 years to 16–30 years; the draft NYP 2012 plans to divide the age bracket of 16–30 years into three groups. Nehru Yuva Kendra Sanghatan Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram: Merge of schemes National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development: introduced 2008-09 National Service Scheme National Youth Corps International Youth Exchange Program National Youth Festival Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme: a pilot project in 2010–11 to provide funding for infrastructure and improvements Panchayat Yuva Krida Aur Khel Abhiyan Promotion of Scouting & Guiding: The national headquarters of The Bharat Scouts and Guides is recognised by the Government of India as the apex body in the field of Scouting and Guiding in India.

Youth Hostels The department gives away the National sports awards, including Special Awards to Medal Winners in International Sports Events, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy, Dhyanchand Award for Lifetime achievement in Sports and Games, Arjuna Award, Dronacharya Award, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award and Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar.. They helped in bringing the FIFA U-17 World cup to India. A huge part of it was played by the advisors to the Sports Ministry - Arjun Dewan. Sports Authority of India National Anti Doping Agency Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education National Dope Testing Laboratory Ministry of Sports Official website