Highbridge, Bronx

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Highbridge
Neighborhood of the Bronx
Looking north from 161st Street pedestrian overpass at Major Deegan Expressway
Looking north from 161st Street pedestrian overpass at Major Deegan Expressway
Highbridge is located in Bronx
Highbridge
Highbridge
Location in New York City
Highbridge is located in New York
Highbridge
Highbridge
Highbridge (New York)
Highbridge is located in the US
Highbridge
Highbridge
Highbridge (the US)
Coordinates: 40°50′14″N 73°55′45″W / 40.8372222°N 73.9291667°W / 40.8372222; -73.9291667Coordinates: 40°50′14″N 73°55′45″W / 40.8372222°N 73.9291667°W / 40.8372222; -73.9291667
Country  United States
State  New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community District The Bronx 4[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.57 km2 (0.605 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 37,727
 • Density 24,000/km2 (62,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income $27,041
ZIP codes 10452
Area code 718, 347, 929, and 917
Website www.highbridge.nyc

Highbridge is a residential neighborhood geographically located in the central-west section of the Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, Jerome Avenue to the east, East 161st Street to the south, and the Harlem River to the west. Ogden Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Highbridge. ZIP codes include 10452.

History[edit]

The High Bridge, part of the old Croton Aqueduct

At the time of European settlement, the southern Bronx was inhabited by the Siwanoy, a tribe of the Wappinger Confederacy. They called the hill that is now Highbridge "Nuasin," or "the land between," for its location between the Harlem River and an estuary that formerly flowed in the area of modern-day Jerome Avenue.[4]

The neighborhood takes its name from the High Bridge built in 1848 by Irish immigrants[5] to carry Croton Aqueduct water across the Harlem River.

In the mid-late 19th century, the area was developed as a suburban retreat for the elite, who built large homes overlooking the Harlem River. The names of these families and their estates are still reflected in the names of Highbridge's north-south avenues: Ogden Avenue and Boscobel Place for William B. Ogden,[4] Merriam Avenue for Francis W. Merriam,[4] Anderson Avenue and Woodycrest Avenue for the Anderson family, and Shakespeare Avenue for the Shakespeare Garden on the Marcher family estate.[6] Around the turn of the 20th Century, many of these estates were subdivided for urban development, however a few older houses still remain.[4]

In the early 20th Century, the neighborhood was served by the Anderson–Jerome Avenues station, which connected the New York City Subway's Ninth Avenue elevated Line with the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4 train).

In the late 1960s, the residents of Highbridge were predominantly of Irish, Italian and Eastern European Jewish descent. They have since been replaced by large numbers of Hispanics and African Americans.[7] As of 2017, the neighborhood is undergoing gentrification.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Highbridge was 37,727, an increase of 3,883 (11.5%) from the 33,844 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 373.14 acres (151.00 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 101.1 inhabitants per acre (64,700/sq mi; 25,000/km2).[3]

In 2010, the racial makeup of the neighborhood was 32.9% (12,397) African American, 1.2% (462) White, 0.2% (69) Native American, 0.5% (176) Asian, 0.0% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (103) from other races, and 0.7% (253) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.3% (24,265) of the population.[9]

Prior to the 1960s, Highbridge was a predominately Irish American neighborhood.[7] Today the vast majority of residents in the area are of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American descent. Almost 40% of families live below the federal poverty line.[10] Highbridge has recently undergone rapid gentrification. In 2017, rents in Highbridge rose 22%, more than any other neighborhood in New York City.[8]

Land use and terrain[edit]

Highbridge is dominated by townhouses and 5 and 6-story apartment buildings, including numerous Art Deco landmarks built by the developer Bernard J. Noonan and the architects Horace Ginsberg and Marvin Fine.[11] Many older detached mansions still remain on Woodycrest Avenue and Ogden Avenue. The total land area is roughly one square mile. The terrain is elevated and very hilly. Stair streets connect areas located at different elevations.

Landmarks[edit]

Parks[edit]

Community gardens[edit]

The neighborhood has dozens of community gardens occupying lots that were left vacant between the 1970s and 1990s, including:

Public housing[edit]

There are three NYCHA developments located in Highbridge:[23]

  • Highbridge Gardens; six, 13-story buildings.[24]
  • Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue); three, 5 and 6-story rehabilitated tenement buildings.[25]

Politics[edit]

Highbridge is part of New York's 15th congressional district, the United States' smallest congressional district by area as well as one of the most Democratic-leaning districts in the nation. The district is represented by Democrat José E. Serrano.[26][27]

Highbridge is part of New York State Senate District 29, represented by José M. Serrano. Highbridge is divided between two districts of the New York State Assembly. The 77th District is represented by Latoya Joyner. The 84th District is represented by Carmen E. Arroyo.

Highbridge is part of New York City Council District 8. As of 2017, it is represented by Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito. The neighborhood is also part of Bronx Community Board 4.

Services[edit]

The area is patrolled by the 44th Precinct[28] located at 2 East 169th Street. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx.

Education[edit]

PS 11, 1257 Ogden Avenue
Sacred Heart School, 1248 Nelson Avenue

Public[edit]

  • PS 11: High Bridge (Merriam and Ogden Avenues)
  • PS 73: Joseph Dellacava (West 165th Street and Anderson Avenue)
  • PS 114x: Luis Llorens Torres Schools (East 166th Street and Cromwell Avenue)
  • PS 126: Dr. Marjorie Dunbar (West 166th Street and University Avenue)
  • PS 199: William Shakespeare (West 172nd Street and Shakespeare Avenue)
  • PS/IS 128: Rafael Hernandez Dual Language Magnet School (East 167th Street and Gerard Avenue)
  • IS 361: The Highbridge Green School (200 W. 167th Street), a 2014-2015 Chancellor's Showcase School
  • Bronx School for Law Government and Justice

Parochial[edit]

  • Sacred Heart School (168th and Nelson Avenue)[29]

Transportation[edit]

The following New York City Subway stations serve Highbridge:[30]

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Highbridge:[31]

The Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line also serves Highbridge at the Yankees–East 153rd Street station.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved February 25, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Highbridge neighborhood in New York". Retrieved August 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Merriam Playground, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  5. ^ Winant, Edward (1996). The Hydraulics Revolution: Science and Technical Design of Urban Water Supply during the Enlightenment. West Virginia University. 
  6. ^ "Highbridge Heights, Bronx". Retrieved July 9, 2018. 
  7. ^ a b "Bronx Irish Americans: American Irish History in the Bronx". Retrieved December 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Gentrifying Highbridge Faces a Rocky Future". Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  9. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  10. ^ "NYC Population FactFinder". popfactfinder.planning.nyc.gov. Retrieved June 19, 2018. 
  11. ^ a b [1], New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Gray, Christoper (January 8, 1989). "STREETSCAPES: Woodycrest Children's Home; A New Life - and Mission - for a Bronx Residence". New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  13. ^ [2], Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  14. ^ [3], New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
  15. ^ [4], New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Accessed March 8, 2018.
  16. ^ "Questions & Answers regarding EBSCO Publishing's Merger with The H.W. Wilson Company". Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  17. ^ Highbridge Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  18. ^ Macombs Dam Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  19. ^ Mullaly Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  20. ^ Nelson Playground, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed July 9, 2018.
  21. ^ Corporal Fischer Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed July 9, 2018.
  22. ^ Target Bronx Community Garden, New York Restoration Project. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  23. ^ Bronx Development Maps, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  24. ^ Highbridge Gardens, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  25. ^ Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue), New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  26. ^ "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  27. ^ http://cookpolitical.com/house/pvi#The Median & Most Partisan Districts, 1998-2014
  28. ^ "44th Precinct". Retrieved December 5, 2015. 
  29. ^ Sacred Heart School
  30. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018. 
  31. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  32. ^ Hamlett-Concepcion, Brittany. "Celebrities who hail from the 'Boogie Down' Bronx", AM New York, November 9, 2015. Accessed June 12, 2017. "Joy Bryant - The Get Rich or Die Tryin star grew up in the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
  33. ^ Kameir, Rawiya. "Cardi B Did It Her Way; Cardi B engineered Instagram fame into reality TV stardom into a poppin’ rap career. Now she’s learning to juggle everything that comes with it.", The Fader, June / July 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. "Nefi, who is just one of 36 cousins, grew up 'door-by-door' in the same building off 167th Street, in a corner of the Bronx called Highbridge."
  34. ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "For Tracy Morgan, Every Day Is a Show", The New York Times, October 28, 2008. Accessed June 12, 2017. "He was the second of five children, raised in housing projects in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
  35. ^ "William B. Ogden.", Illinois During the Gilded Age. Accessed June 12, 2017. "His business causing him, of late years, to spend much of his time in New York, he purchased a handsome villa, in the spring of 1866, in Westchester County, at Fordham Heights, adjoining the High Bridge."

External links[edit]