The Highland Light Infantry was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881. Its exact status was ambiguous, although the regiment insisted on being classified as a non-kilted Highland regiment it recruited mainly from Glasgow in Lowland Scotland, the battalion was stationed in England from 1883, but moved to India the following year. In February 1900 it departed from Colombo to return home and it then moved to Mesopotamia in December 1915 and saw action at the Siege of Kut in Spring 1916 and the Battle of Sharqat in October 1918. The 2nd Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 5th Brigade in the 2nd Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front, the 1/9th Battalion landed in France as part of the 5th Brigade in the 2nd Division in November 1914 for service on the Western Front. The 10th and 11th Battalions landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 28th Brigade in the 9th Division in May 1915 for service on the Western Front. The 12th Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 46th Brigade in the 15th Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front, the 14th Battalion landed in France as part of the 120th Brigade in the 40th Division in June 1916 for service on the Western Front. The 15th Battalion, the 16th Battalion and the 17th Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 97th Brigade in the 32nd Division in November 1915 for service on the Western Front, relief attempts failed, but the men of the Frankfurt trench refused to surrender. After refusing to surrender, the Germans stormed the trench and found only 15 wounded men alive, general Sir Hubert Gough praised their stand under Army Order 193. Members of the 17th Battalion were painted by the war artist Frederick Farrell in Flanders in 1917, the 18th Battalion landed in France as part of the 106th Brigade in the 35th Division in February 1916 for service on the Western Front. In 1923, the title was expanded to the Highland Light Infantry. David Niven was commissioned into the regiment in 1930 and served with the 2nd Battalion, the 2nd Battalion moved to Egypt early in the war and saw action at the Battle of Keren in March 1941. It then transferred to the Western Desert and saw combat at the Battle of Knightsbridge in June 1942 and the Battle of Fuka in July 1942. It took part in the Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 and, after a period in Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece, the Highland Light Infantry was amalgamated with the Royal Scots Fusiliers in 1959 to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers. The regular 1st battalions of the two Regiments combined at Redford Barracks, Edinburgh to form the 1st Battalion of the new regiment, the HLI was the only regular Highland regiment to wear trews for full dress, until 1947 when kilts were authorised. An earlier exception was the Glasgow Highlanders who wore kilts and were a battalion within the HLI. The HLIs full dress in 1914 was a one, comprising a dark green shako with diced border and green cords, scarlet doublet with buff facings. Officers wore plaids of the tartan, while in drill order all ranks wore white shell jackets with trews. Second World War, Odon, Scheldt, Walcheren Causeway, Rhine, Reichswald, North-West Europe 1940, 44-45, Keren Cauldron, Landing in Sicily, Greece 1944–45 1901–, John Hamilton Elphinstone Dalrymple, CB 1881–1901, Gen. Walter Douglas Phillips Patton-Bethune 1901–1903, Lt-Gen
Cap Badge of the Highland Light Infantry
Troops of the Highland Light Infantry resting by the roadside on the way up to attack, 24 September 1917.
Gravestones of HLI soldiers who died in the First World War in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery in Gaza City
Churchill tanks of 6th Guards Tank Brigade and troops of the 10th Highland Light Infantry, 15th (Scottish) Division, during the assault on Tilburg, Holland, 28 October 1944