Highway 1, is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in Israel and continuing eastwards to the Jordan Valley. It then turns southeast, continuing past the 70 meter high Hiriya landfill, intersects Highway 4 and Route 412 and passes the Tel Aviv toll express lanes, Israel Railways maintains tracks along the median of the highway along this section. The road then makes an S-curve as it passes Ben Gurion International Airport, continuing south-southeast, the road intersects with Highway 40, the cutoff to Route 443 East and Highway 6 North where it narrows to four lanes and rises to an elevation of 93 meters at Ben Shemen. Passing Ben Shemen, the highway descends slightly as it turns south-by-west, leaving the Highway 6 concurrency, the road again turns south-southeast travelling through the Ayalon Valley where it intersects with Highway 431 just south of Modiin. At this point, Israels longest bridge, part of the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem High Speed Railway, the road crosses the Ayalon Stream and ascends to 250 meters as it briefly crosses the Green Line for 1.5 km and back again at Latrun. The road then travels briefly alongside the Ilan Stream approaching Shaar HaGai at 300 meters above sea level, at the Shaar HaGai Interchange, an Ottoman caravanserai is visible on the south side of the highway. Past Shoresh, the road reaches an elevation of 715 meters along the ridge of the Kisalon Valley at Kiryat Yearim. At this point, the road curves sharply and begins a steep descent offering breathtaking views leading to the dangerous Motza curve at an elevation of 560 meters where it crosses the Sorek Stream. The Yellin House Visitors Center, is concealed among the trees on the side of the curve. Since 2013, the Shaar HaGai to Jerusalem section is being reconstructed and widened. These works also include eliminating the dangerous Motza curve, now within the municipal limits of Jerusalem, the road turns northeast and begins the final ascent to the city. On the northern slopes below Har HaMenuchot the road splits at Shaar Moriah Interchange, since that time, the road as numbered now descends from the interchange into the Valley of Cedars. In the Valley of Cedars, the also known as Jerusalem Road 9. At this point the road crosses the tracks of the Jerusalem Light Rail, passing Shaar Mizrah, the road is called Derech Maale Adumim. The greenery typical of the side of the watershed is replaced by the eastern sides stark mountain-desert shades of beige. The road turns southward and begins descending, passing the Shuafat refugee camp, at this point, a new road alongside and separated from Highway 1 has been built which will become a connecting route between Ramallah and Bethlehem. Passing the At-Tur neighborhood, the highway leaves Jerusalem at the Zeitim Security Checkpoint, after this point, the road is open to green license plates. The road turns east by northeast, continuing its descent passing E1, Mishor Adumim, descending again the road briefly turns due south as it passes Mitzpe Yeriho
Highway 1 near Jerusalem
"Scenic Overlook" at Sea Level
Highway 1 passing under Route 412 at Shapirim Interchange
Highway 1 traffic eastward, approaching the Hemed interchange and Abu Ghosh exit, before the extensive upgrade and reconstruction of the road that began in 2013.