Ellis County, Texas
Ellis County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 149,610; the county seat is Waxahachie. The county was founded in 1849 and organized the next year, it is named for Richard Ellis, president of the convention that produced the Texas Declaration of Independence. Ellis County is included in TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 952 square miles, of which 935 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water. Interstate 35E Interstate 45 U. S. Route 67 U. S. 77 U. S. 287 State Highway 34 State Highway 342 Dallas County Kaufman County Henderson County Navarro County Hill County Johnson County Tarrant County As of the census of 2000, there were 111,360 people, 37,020 households, 29,653 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile. There were 39,071 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 80.63% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.90% from other races, 1.86% from two or more races.
18.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 37,020 households out of which 42.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31. A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 3.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,350, the median income for a family was $55,358.
Males had a median income of $37,613 versus $26,612 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,212. About 6.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. Ellis is a staunchly Republican county in presidential elections; the last Democratic presidential candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976, since 2000, Republican presidential candidates have won with more than two-thirds of the vote. Ellis County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Television media market in North Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, KDTX-TV. Cedar Hill Ferris Glenn Heights Grand Prairie Mansfield Ovilla Bristol Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde J. D. Grey, pastor of Tabernacle Baptist Church in Ennis, 1931-1934. 47 national/international fights in his professional career. 37 wins, 22 KOs. Won State Heavyweight Title in 1953 - contender for National Heavyweight Title, but lost to Sonny Liston.
Cassius Clay was Fleeman's last professional fight, took place in Miami, FL in 1961. This was Clay's 5th professional fight. Lecil Travis Martin, known more as Boxcar Willie List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Ellis County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Ellis County Ellis County government's website Ellis County Government Official Twitter Ellis County Government Official Facebook Ellis County from the Handbook of Texas Online Memorial and biographical history of Ellis county, Texas... published 1892, hosted by the Portal to Texas History The Texas spirit of'17: a pictorial and biographical record of the gallant and courageous men from Ellis County who served in the Great War, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Texas's 25th congressional district
Texas District 25 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that stretches from Fort Worth to Austin. The current Representative from District 25 is Roger Williams. For the 2004 elections, it had an elongated shape stretching from deep south Texas at the U. S.-Mexico border to Austin as a result of mid-decade 2003 gerrymandering of Texas congressional districts. The district was redrawn again for the 2006 elections as the result of a lawsuit. In July 2011, Texas Governor Rick Perry signed into law a redistricting plan, approved by the Texas legislature in June, which gave the 25th district a different geography for the 2012 elections, including part of Travis County, stretching north as far as southern Tarrant County near Fort Worth; the redistricting split Travis County into five districts, four of which were Republican. As a result, the only realistic place for Representative Lloyd Doggett to run was the new 35th district. For a number of years, there was a consolidated lawsuit against the redistricting.
In March 2017, a panel of federal judges ruled that the new 35th district and two others were illegally drawn with discriminatory intent. However, the district was allowed to stand in the Supreme Court's 2018 Perez ruling. On June 28, 2006, the U. S. Supreme Court declared that the Texas legislature's 2003 redistricting plan violated the Voting Rights Act in the case of District 23; the main basis for the ruling was that the old 23rd was a protected majority-Hispanic district—in other words, if the 23rd was redrawn in a way to put Hispanics in a minority, a new majority-Hispanic district had to be created. Since the 25th was not compact enough to be an acceptable replacement, the 23rd had to be struck down; the size of the 23rd required the redrawing of nearly every district from El Paso to San Antonio. As a result, on August 4, 2006, a three-judge panel announced replacement district boundaries for 2006 election for the 23rd district, as well as for the 15th, 21st, 25th and 28th districts. On election day in November, these five districts held open primaries.
Otherwise, a runoff election in December decided the seat. The redrawn 25th was more compact and restricted to Central Texas, comprising more of Travis County, most of Bastrop County, all of Hays, Fayette, Gonzales and Colorado Counties. Incumbent congressman Doggett faced Republican Grant Rostig, independent candidate Brian Parrett, Libertarian Party Barbara Cunningham, won re-election. In the 2008 election Doggett faced Republican George Morovich, a structural engineer from La Grange and Libertarian Jim Stutsman, a retired Army veteran. Doggett won with 65.8% of the vote to Morovich's 30.5% and Stutsman's 3.7%. Doggett won 73.8% of the vote in his Austin-based stronghold of Travis County. Dogget faced Republican and "Tea Party favorite" Donna Campbell, again held his seat, though by a small margin; the new district boundaries were more favorable to Republicans. Julie Oliver ran a strong campaign against incumbent Roger Williams, but fell short. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Limestone County, Texas
Limestone County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,384, its county seat is Groesbeck. The county was created in 1846. Indians friendly to the settlers resided in east Texas before the Kiowa and Comanche intruded upon their territory; these tribes hunted, farmed the land, were adept traders. The Tawakoni branch of Wichita Indians originated north of Texas, but migrated south into east Texas. From 1843 onward, the Tawakoni were part of treaties made by both the Republic of Texas and the United States. Tawakoni were sometimes known as Tehuacana; the Limestone County town of Tehuacana was settled on the former site of a Tehuacana village. The Waco people were a branch of the Wichita Indians. Arguably the most infamous Indian depredation in Texas happened in Limestone County on May 19, 1836 when an odd alliance of Comanche, Kiowa and Wichita approached Fort Parker surreptitiously under a flag of peace; the Indians subsequently attacked the fort, killing or kidnapping all but about 18 settlers who managed to escape to Fort Houston.
Captured in the Fort Parker massacre were Elizabeth Kellogg, Rachel Plummer and her son James Pratt Plummer, John Richard Parker and his sister Cynthia Ann Parker, who became mother of Comanche Chief Quanah Parker. Limestone County was part of the Haden Harrison Edwards and Robertson's Colony empresario grants made by the Coahuila y Texas legislature in 1825. By contracting how many families each grantee could settle, the government sought to have some control over colonization. Baptist spiritual leader Daniel Parker and eight other men organized the Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church in Lamotte, Illinois; the fellowship in its entirety migrated in 1833 to the new frontier of Texas. Among this group of settlers were Silas M. Parker, Moses Herrin, Elisha Anglin, Luther T. M. Plummer, David Faulkenberry, Joshua Hadley, Samuel Frost. Fort Parker, near the Navasota River in what is now central Limestone County, was the earliest actual settlement in the vicinity. Following on the heels of the original settlers, other communities were established.
On April 11, 1846, Limestone County was formed from Robertson County. On August 18, 1846, the county was organized. Springfield became the county seat; the county seat was moved to Groesbeck in 1873 after boundary changes, the Springfield courthouse being burned down. Homesteaders became self-sustaining farmers and ranchers who supplemented the dinner table with wild game. Support businesses were connected to the maintenance of farm equipment and livestock; the population of 1860 was 4,537. Of these, 3,464 were white, 1,072 were slaves, one was a free black female. Limestone County voted 525 -9 in favor of secession from the Union, sent its men to fight for the Confederate States of America. Lochlin Johnson Farrar raised the first Confederate company from the county. Reconstruction in the county was so contentious, with racial violence and threats against the government, that on October 9, 1871, Texas Governor Edmund J. Davis declared the county under martial law; the Houston and Texas Central Railway laid tracks in 1869, terminating near Kosse, named after the railway's chief engineer Theodore Kosse.
The Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway, laid track in 1903 from Cleburne to Mexia. Several towns were established on these routes; the Thornton Institute was founded in 1877 by Edward Coke Chambers, was chartered in 1881 as the Thornton Male and Female Institute. The school provided a type of dormitory for the students, sent many graduates out to teach in rural Texas. Henry P. Davis acquired the school in 1889, in 1891 the school was given to the Thornton Independent School District. Oil and gas were discovered in Mexia between 1913 and 1920, creating jobs and a population boom - from just 3,482 people to 35,000 in 1922. Martial law had to be declared in Mexia; the population began to decline during the Great Depression. Camp Mexia, a German prisoner of war camp was built during World War II; the Work Projects Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps helped ease the county economy during the Great Depression. The Civilian Conservation Corps built Fort Parker State Recreation Area; the WPA erected a number of buildings in the county.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 933 square miles, of which 905 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 84 State Highway 7 State Highway 14 State Highway 164 State Highway 171 Navarro County Freestone County Leon County Robertson County Falls County McLennan County Hill County As of the census of 2000, there were 22,051 people, 7,906 households, 5,652 families residing in the county; the population density was 24 people per square mile. There were 9,725 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 19.07% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. 12.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,906 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.50% were non-families.
25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.5
Interstate 35E (Texas)
Interstate 35E, an Interstate Highway, is the eastern half of I-35 where it splits to serve the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan area. I-35 splits into two branch routes, I-35E at Hillsboro. I-35E travels northward for 97 miles, it travels through Dallas before rejoining with I-35W to reform I-35 in Denton. This is one of two pairs of suffixed Interstates. Other interstates were given directional suffixes. On every other interstate, the directional suffixes were phased out by giving the route a loop or spur designation, or in some cases were assigned a different route number. In the case of I-35, since both branches return to a unified interstate beyond the twin cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, the AASHTO committees allowed the suffixes to remain. Interstate 35E travels concurrently with U. S. Route 67 from just north of Kiest Boulevard in the Oak Cliff area of Dallas to the I-30 interchange in downtown Dallas. From there, US 67 joins with I-30. On both segments, US 67 is unsigned. From Waco, Texas to El Dorado, Kansas, I-35 runs concurrent with, or lies close to, US 77.
This highway travels parallel to I-35E after splitting off of I-35 north of Hillsboro, running through Italy and Milford. It joins with I-35E for less than 1 mile just south of Waxahachie, before splitting back off to run through Waxahachie, it rejoins the interstate just north of a junction with State Highway 342 in Red Oak. US 77 stays with the interstate through Dallas and up to the southeastern section of Denton, it breaks off, rejoining I-35 north of the city. Except for the spur sections and the portion from I-635 to the split in Denton, US 77 is unsigned. From the Dallas–Ellis County line to downtown Dallas, I-35E is called South R. L. Thornton Freeway and varies from eight to ten lanes plus HOV; the section from I-20 to Downtown Dallas will be undergoing a major reconstruction by 2015 to 12 lanes. Reconstruction of I-35E and the downtown Mixmaster interchange with I-30 is planned as part of the Horseshoe project, derived from the larger Pegasus Project. From this point, I-35E is named the Stemmons Freeway to Lewisville.
This section will undergo reconstruction in three phases. The first, a widening of I-35E from I-635 to Denton, will start in late 2011 to over 16 lanes; the second, the LBJ Project, will include elevated toll I-35E lanes by 2016. Last is the major reconstruction of Stemmons Freeway from downtown Dallas to I-635 to over 20 lanes by 2020. Interstate 35E replaced most of US 77 between Denton. US 77 is unsigned along the route, with the exception of the highway that runs through Waxahachie–Red Oak and Denton. I-35E was completed in the early 60s; when first designated, I-35W & I-35E were the only "suffixed" highways in Texas. Subsequently, I-69W, I-69E, I-69C have been designated. Interstate 635, while technically a loop of I-35, only intersects I-35E and neither I-35 nor I-35W. Dallas portal Texas portal U. S. Roads portal Interstate Guide: I-35E & I-35W I-35E south of downtown Dallas -- from dfwfreeways.info I-35E north of downtown Dallas -- from dfwfreeways.info
Johnson County, Texas
Johnson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 150,934, its county seat is Cleburne. Johnson County is named for Middleton Johnson, a Texas Ranger and politician. Johnson County is included in TX Metropolitan Statistical Area; the first settler of Johnson County was Henry Briden. His log cabin still exists, it can be seen along State Highway 174 in Rio Vista, Texas; the first county seat was Wardville, located under the waters of the present Lake Pat Cleburne. In 1856 Buchanan became the county seat. Johnson County was divided in the western half becoming Hood County. Camp Henderson became the new county seat and was renamed Cleburne in honor of Confederate General Patrick Cleburne. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 734 square miles, of which 725 square miles is land and 9.8 square miles is water. Interstate 35W U. S. Highway 67 U. S. Highway 287 U. S. Highway 377 State Highway 81 State Highway 171 State Highway 174 As of the census of 2000, there were 126,811 people, 43,636 households, 34,428 families residing in the county.
The population density was 174 people per square mile. There were 46,269 housing units at an average density of 63 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.01% White, 2.50% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 4.52% from other races, 1.63% from two or more races. 12.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 43,636 households out of which 39.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.10% were non-families. 17.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.20. As of the 2010 census, there were about 3.6 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,621, the median income for a family was $49,963. Males had a median income of $36,718 versus $25,149 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,400. About 6.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.60% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over. Southwestern Adventist University, a private liberal arts university in Keene, is the only four-year institution of higher learning in Johnson County. Southwestern is affiliated with the Seventh-day Adventist Church and has existed since 1893. Hill College a college in Hillsboro, a town in neighboring Hill County provides tertiary education, with a campus in Cleburne since 1971. Johnson County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Television media market in North Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, KDTX-TV.
KCLE is the local radio station. The local newspapers are the Cleburne Times-Review, Burleson Star, Joshua Star, Johnson County Observer. County Website for the area is http://www.johnsoncountytx.org. County phone number is 817-202-4000. Burleson Cresson Crowley Mansfield Cross Timber Venus Lillian Egan Johnson County Courthouse List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Johnson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Johnson County DeWayne Burns, state representative from Johnson and Bosque counties, effective 2015 Media related to Johnson County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Official Johnson County, Texas website Johnson County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
Texas State Highway 31
State Highway 31, or SH 31, runs from U. S. Highway 84 northeast of Waco via Corsicana, Tyler, Kilgore to U. S. Highway 80 in Longview. SH 31 was a route proposed on October 9, 1917 to run from Waco northeast via Corsicana and Athens to Tyler, which remains the western portion of its current route to this day. On November 27, 1922, the route had been extended northeast to Gladewater, replacing part of SH 15 so that SH 15 had only one route west of Gladewater. On October 26, 1932, SH 31 Spur was designated through Malakoff. On September 26, 1939, the section from Tyler to Gladewater was reassigned to U. S. Highway 271, with SH 31 now being extended east to Kilgore over former SH 176. SH 31 Spur was renumbered as Spur 63. On June 30, 1971, SH 31 extended north to I-20 concurrent with US 259; when U. S. Highway 259 was rerouted on July 25, 1985, SH 31 was extended northeast into Longview
Central Texas is a region in the U. S. state of Texas surrounding Austin and bordered by Brady to Brenham to Seguin to Waco. Central Texas contains the Texas Hill Country and corresponds to a physiographic section designation within the Edwards Plateau, in a geographic context. Central Texas includes the Austin–Round Rock, Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, Bryan–College Station, Waco metropolitan areas; the Austin–Round Rock and Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood areas are among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the state. Some of the largest cities in the region are Austin, College Station, Round Rock, Waco; the United States Army's Fort Hood, a large military installation, is located in this region. The counties that are always included in the Central Texas region are: Counties that are sometimes included in the Central Texas region are: List of geographical regions in Texas Texas Hill Country Edwards Plateau Llano Estacado Barkley, Mary Starr. A History of Central Texas. Austin, Texas: Austin Printing.
Fredericksburg, Texas Chamber of Commerce "Celebrate Diversity in Central Texas." Austin American-Statesman