Leiden University College The Hague
Leiden University College The Hague offers BA & BSc programmes in Liberal Arts & Sciences, which provide both broad, general education and in-depth specialization. Interdisciplinary teachings and the use of real world cases are important characteristics of the curriculum. Students learn to understand relationships between fields of knowledge, to approach complex issues from multiple and different perspectives. Throughout the curriculum students are challenged to further develop their academic and cross-cultural communication skills. Leiden University College The Hague has been established in partnership and with substantial support from the municipality of The Hague and is one of the pillars of the Faculty Governance and Global Affairs of Leiden University at Campus The Hague. LUC started with its first cohort of 110 students in September 2010 at temporary academic and residential facilities, increasing its population with 110 students per year in 2011 and 2012. In August 2013 LUC moved to its permanent location at Anna van Buerenplein in the centre of The Hague, where the academic and residential aspects are combined, 200 students per year can be accepted.
As of 2018, around 1000 potential students applied but limited placements remain. Students are selected based on their letter of motivation, curriculum vitae, letter of recommendation. LUC... is a residential college, located in The Hague, the ‘International City of Peace & Justice’. Offers a three-year BA & BSc programmes to a select group of qualified and motivated students. Has a focus on Peace & Justice, Diversity and Sustainability as profiling elements in the curriculum. Aims high at academic excellence and sophisticated intellectual skills, such as scientific reasoning, research skills, presentation skills. Raises awareness of global citizenship, providing tools for international and cross-cultural communication. Integrates the best traditions of the Liberal Arts & Sciences: a broad, interdisciplinary approach to education, intensive small group tutoring, in an international setting. Is a joint initiative of Leiden University and the City of The Hague; the study programmes take three years of two semesters each.
Each of the six semesters consists of two blocks. Students must complete 180 ECTS in various categories to graduate The Liberal Arts & Sciences approach to learning is aimed at training students to deal with the complexity and continuous change of present-day society. Students gain broad knowledge of the wider world, but study one area of interest more deeply. Liberal Arts & Sciences education trains academic and citizenship skills. Within the framework provided by the institution, the students have the responsibility to compose their own individual programme; the programmes at LUC The Hague involve the following elements: General Education This part of the curriculum is compulsory for all students and starts in the first semester. It consists of four courses on Global Challenges: Peace and Justice, Sustainability and Diversity; these courses not only introduce the four main themes of the programme in an interdisciplinary way, they train students in academic skills. General Education includes courses on the history of philosophy, academic writing and maths.
Since the academic year 2018-2019, History of Science stopped being a mandatory GE course. Academic Skills. All students learn to present and write in sophisticated academic English, they work on their quantitative and qualitative research skills and their mathematical skills are trained. In the second year two more research methodology courses are taken as part of the major. Global Citizenship Students at LUC study topics and problems related to a globalizing world; the Global Citizenship component of the programme challenges them to reflect and act upon their own position and background in this world. Global Citizenship equals 10 EC, which can be filled by taking a language course, doing a community project, or participating in a field course to East Africa. Electives Electives are courses that students can choose themselves: they can decide to take more courses in the field of their major, go on exchange, do a minor or spend more time on learning a new language. Majors LUC majors all have their own perspectives on Global Challenges and offer a framework within which students attain a degree of depth in disciplines while integrating knowledge from sophisticated interdisciplinary standpoints.
The majors are: Human Diversity International Justice World Politics Earth and Sustainability Global Public Health Governance and Development Minors Social and Business Entrepreneurship Gender Studies Journalism Languages Philosophy Psychology An essential component of the Liberal Arts & Sciences philosophy is its residential life. The international composition of LUC immerses students in a multi-cultural community, with all the pleasures and challenges that come with it; the educational and housing facilities enable students to co-operate with other students, meet outside the classroom, organise their own social and cultural activities. These activities are organised through LUC's own student association, Fortuna. College in the Heart of the City LUC is part of the Faculty Governance and Global Affairs, a growing faculty, based at Campus The Hague; the college building is located next to The Hague's main public transport hub Den Haag Centraal, with the National Library of the Netherlands as one of its neighbors.
The facilities include space for teaching and cultu
Leiden Bio Science Park
The Leiden Bio Science park is the largest life sciences cluster in the Netherlands and ranks in the top five of the most successful science parks in Europe. It is part of Leiden and Oegstgeest and focuses on companies and Universities in the Biotechnology sector; the park comprises 110 hectares with over knowledge-based institutions. The park is located in Leiden and lies between Wassenaarseweg on the north and the Plesmanlaan on the south; the park focuses on the use of biotechnology for medical and biopharmaceutical applications. The LBSP was founded in 1984 in the Leeuwenhoek area west of Leiden Central Station, between the Faculty of Science of the Leiden University and the former Academic Medical Hospital, known as the LUMC; the municipality decided that this area should be focused on biotechnology. In 2005 the foundation Leiden Life meets Science was founded by the Leiden University, the municipality, the LUMC, TNO, Chamber of Commerce, the province South Holland, University of Applied Sciences, the ROC Leiden, with the purpose of growth the park in size and quality.
Centre of Human Drug Research Corpus museum Leiden Academic Centre for Drug Research Leiden instrumentmakers School Leiden University Leiden University Medical Center Naturalis Biodiversity Center Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research University of Applied Sciences Leiden Abbott Laboratories Airbus Defence and Space Netherlands Amarna Therapeutics Andromed Apotex Netherlands Astellas Pharma BAC BaseClear Batavia Bioservices BIOCULT BioFocus Bioke ChiralVision Crucell Derphartox Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Dutch Space EJR-Quartz Enzyscreen Eurofins MicroSafe Labs Eurofins PROXY Laboratories FlexGen Galapagos Genomics Genencor HAL Allergy Janssen Biologics Life Sciences Health Mentor OCS Biometric Support Pharming Group Pluriomics Promega Benelux ProQR Prosensa ProteoNic Sanquin ServiceXS to-BBB TXT INSIGHT TI Pharma Verilabs Xendo ZF-Pharma Leiden Bio Science Park - official website
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The range has many including the highest, Mount Everest; the Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 m in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia is 6,961 m tall. Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate, the Himalayan mountain range runs west-northwest to east-southeast in an arc 2,400 km long, its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river. Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the great bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River; the Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Hindu Kush ranges. To the north, the chain is separated from the Tibetan Plateau by a 50–60 km wide tectonic valley called the Indus-Tsangpo Suture. Towards the south the arc of the Himalaya is ringed by the low Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The range varies in width from 350 km in the west to 150 km in the east. The Himalayas are distinct from the other great ranges of central Asia, although sometimes the term'Himalaya' is loosely used to include the Karakoram and some of the other ranges; the Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people, are spread across five countries: Nepal, Bhutan and Pakistan. Some of the world's major rivers – the Indus, the Ganges and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra – rise in the Himalayas, their combined drainage basin is home to 600 million people; the Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the region, helping to keep the monsoon rains on the Indian plain and limiting rainfall on the Tibetan plateau. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of the Indian subcontinent; the name of the range derives from himá and ā-laya. They are now known as the "Himalaya Mountains" shortened to the "Himalayas", they were described in the singular as the Himalaya. This was previously transcribed Himmaleh, as in Emily Dickinson's poetry and Henry David Thoreau's essays.
The mountains are known as the Himālaya in Nepali and Hindi, the Himalaya or'The Land of Snow' in Tibetan, the Hamaleh Mountain Range in Urdu and the Ximalaya Mountain Range in Chinese. In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the 8,000 m peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepal, separated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge; the gorge splits the Himalayas into Western and Eastern sections both ecologically and orographically – the pass at the head of the Kali Gandaki, the Kora La is the lowest point on the ridgeline between Everest and K2. To the east of Annapurna are the 8,000 m peaks of Manaslu and across the border in Tibet, Shishapangma. To the south of these lies Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal and the largest city in the Himalayas. East of the Kathmandu Valley lies valley of the Bhote/Sun Kosi river which rises in Tibet and provides the main overland route between Nepal and China – the Araniko Highway/China National Highway 318. Further east is the Mahalangur Himal with four of the world's six highest mountains, including the highest: Cho Oyu, Everest and Makalu.
The Khumbu region, popular for trekking, is found here on the south-western approaches to Everest. The Arun river drains the northern slopes of these mountains, before turning south and flowing through the range to the east of Makalu. In the far east of Nepal, the Himalayas rise to the Kanchenjunga massif on the border with India, the third highest mountain in the world, the most easterly 8,000 m summit and the highest point of India; the eastern side of Kanchenjunga is in the Indian state of Sikkim. An independent Kingdom, it lies on the main route from India to Lhasa, which passes over the Nathu La pass into Tibet. East of Sikkim lies the ancient Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan; the highest mountain in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum, a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The Himalayas here are becoming rugged with forested steep valleys; the Himalayas continue, turning northeast, through the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, before reaching their easterly conclusion in the peak of Namche Barwa, situated in Tibet inside the great bend of the Yarlang Tsangpo river.
On the other side of the Tsangpo, to the east, are the Kangri Garpo mountains. The high mountains to the north of the Tsangpo including Gyala Peri, are sometimes included in the Himalayas. Going west from Dhaulagiri, Western Nepal is somewhat remote and lacks major high mountains, but is home to Rara Lake, the largest lake in Nepal; the Karnali River cuts through the center of the region. Further west, the border with India follows the Sarda River and provides a trade route into China, where on the Tibetan plateau lies the high peak of Gurla Mandhata. Just across Lake Manasarovar from this lies the sacred Mount Kailash, which stands close to the source of the four main rivers of Himalayas and is revered in Hinduism, Sufism and Bonpo. In the newly created Indian state of Uttarkhand, the Himalayas rise again as the Garhwal Himalayas with the high peaks of Nanda Devi and Kamet; the state is an important pilgrimage destination, with
Leiden Observatory is an astronomical observatory in the city of Leiden, the Netherlands. It was established by Leiden University in 1633, to house the quadrant of Rudolph Snellius, making it the oldest operating university observatory in the world, with the only older still existing observatory being the Vatican Observatory; the observatory was located on the university building in the centre of Leiden before a new observatory building and dome were constructed in the university's botanical garden in 1860. It remained there until 1974; some notable astronomers have worked or directed the observatory including Willem de Sitter, Ejnar Hertzsprung, Jan Oort. Leiden University established the observatory in 1633; the observatory was one of the first purpose-built observatories in Europe. Though Golius used the observatory no publications came from its use by him, it is not known whether Golius had any instrumentation other than Snellius' quadrant at the observatory. In 1682 Burchardus de Volder became professor of mathematics at the university and thus took over responsibility for the observatory.
During his tenure, the observatory was enlarged, including a second turret to house a brass sextant which he purchased, the rebuilding of the old turret. Both turrets had rotating roofs. Upon retiring in 1705, de Volder handed over a catalogue of instruments which showed that the observatory owned two other quadrants, a 12-inch telescope, two objectives, several smaller telescopes. For the next two years, Lotharius Zumbach de Coesfeld ran the observatory until his appointment as professor of mathematics in Kassel in 1708. Between and 1717 the observatory went without a director until Willem's Gravesande was appointed director. During his time at the observatory,'s Gravesande purchase a number of new instruments including new telescopes and tools, before his death in 1742.'s Gravesande's successor was Johan Lulofs who used the observatory to observe Halley's comet in 1759 and solar transits of Mercury in 1743 and 1753 and Venus in 1761. In November 1768 when Lulofs died, Dionysius van de Wijnpersse took over responsibility for the observatory until Pieter Nieuwland became its director in 1793 for a year until he died in 1794.
For a number of years the curators attempted to find a suitable astronomer to look after the observatory employing Jan Frederik van Beeck Calkoen in 1799, who left in 1805. In 1817 the observatory towers were rebuilt. Frederik Kaiser was appointed lecturer of astronomy and director of the observatory in 1837, again renovated the observatory, providing the towers with rotatable roofs with full shutters, reinforcing the north-western tower. Kaiser acquired a number of new instruments and telescopes with which he made observations including that of comets and binary stars; as a result of the increased interest in astronomy brought about due to Kaiser's popular writings and teachings, a commission was founded in 1853 to fund a new observatory. From 1859 to 1909 the Netherlands civil time was set according to the local civil time at the observatory. By 1860 the new observatory building was completed; the new building was constructed in a quiet side of the city inside the university's botanical gardens.
It consisted of a number of offices, living quarters for astronomers, a number of observing domes containing telescopes. In 1873 two new rooms were added to the building in order to house the tools required to verify nautical instruments. Two of the domes were rebuilt, one in 1875 and the other in 1889. More new buildings were constructed before the end of the 19th century including the Western tower in 1878, one to the East in 1898, another small building to house a gas engine in the same year. In 1896 the observatory purchased their first photographic telescope, with a dome being built to house it between and 1898. In 1923 the observatory formed a research agreement with Union Observatory to allow researchers use of both facilities; the first visitor from Leiden was Ejnar Hertzsprung. In 1954 the telescopes were moved to Hartbeespoort; the collaboration lasted until 1972. The astronomy department moved to the science campus north-west of the city centre in 1974. Although professional astronomical observations are no longer carried out from Leiden itself, the department still calls itself Leiden Observatory.
Einstein's Chair is an astronomical observing chair at the Leiden Observatory. This chair, made in 1861, is the only piece of furniture in the observatory that dates from that time; the chair gets its name from the fact that it was used by Albert Einstein on several occasions during his visits to the observatory. Einstein was a frequent visitor of the building during his professorship at Leiden university due to his good friendship with the director, Willem de Sitter; the chair can be found in the largest dome of the so-called 10-inch dome. The chair is still used by a popular attraction at the observatory. On 21 October 2015, Einstein's Chair got a short segment on the Dutch astronomy program Heel Nederland Kijkt Sterren. During this segment the science populariser Govert Schilling and the science historian David Baneke talked about its origins. Timeline of telescopes and observing technology List of largest optical telesc
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, VLQ 79 called the Leiden Aratea, is an illuminated copy of an astronomical treatise by Germanicus based on the Phaenomena of Aratus. The manuscript was created in the region of Lorraine and has been dated to around 816. There are 99 extant folios measuring 225 by 200 millimetres; the work contains 39 miniatures including some of the first artistic depictions on paper of the Greek constellations. The artist has made no effort to place the stars according to their positions in the sky so the images cannot be considered true star charts; the Leiden Aratea was created for a wealthy patron Louis the Pious or his wife Judith. Two copies were made of the manuscript in northern France around the year 1000. Jacob Susius acquired the manuscript in Ghent in 1573, it was used as a source for his edition of Syntagma Arateorum. It was in the library of Christina of Sweden and was subsequently in the possession of Isaac Vossius, it was acquired by the Leiden University Library along with the rest of Vossius's collection around 1690.
A facsimile was published in 1989. That same year the book was rebound by Lucie Gimbrére. A digital reproduction of this manuscript can be found on Digital Special Collections of University Library Leiden: Constellations and the seasons are depicted in 39 full-page miniatures, all on the verso pages, with corresponding poetical descriptions on the recto. At least five miniatures are lost, including those of the Sun and Moon and the constellations of Centaurus and Virgo; the illustrations are copied from a Late Antique version of Germanicus' treatise. The text is written in the capitalis rustica script used by the Romans for literary manuscripts and kept by the Carolingians for secular works. An exception is folio 93v, the planetarium, where the routes of the planets are inscribed with quotes from Pliny's Natural History in Carolingian minuscule. Walther, Ingo F. and Norbert Wolf. Codices Illustres: The world's most famous illuminated manuscripts, 400 to 1600. Cologne, TASCHEN, 2005. ISBN 3-8228-5852-8 Katzenstein, Ranee.
The Leiden Aratea: Ancient Constellations in a Medieval Manuscript. Getty Publications. ISBN 978-0-89236-142-7. de Hamel, Christopher. Meetings with Remarkable Manuscripts. Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0-241-00304-6. Ridpath, Ian. "Illustrating the works of Aratus and Hyginus". Retrieved 2015-11-30. Weitzmann, Kurt, ed. Age of spirituality: late antique and early Christian art, third to seventh century, no. 190, 1979, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, ISBN 9780870991790.
The Bibliotheca Thysiana was erected in 1655 to house the book collection of the lawyer Johannes Thysius. Upon his early death, he left a legacy of 20,000 guilders for the building of a public library with a custodian's dwelling. Designed by the architect Arent van ‘s-Gravensande, the building follows the Dutch Classical style and is regarded as one of the jewels of Dutch 17th-century architecture. Bibliotheca Thysiana is one of the Top 100 Dutch heritage sites, it is distinguished by its balanced proportions and the purity of its Ionic order on top of a high basement. The Bibliotheca Thysiana is the only surviving 17th century example in the Netherlands of a building, designed as a public library, it is quite extraordinary that a complete private 17th century library has been preserved and thus offers a good impression of the book collection of a young, learned bibliophile from the period of late Humanism. The collection contains thousands of pamphlets in all scientific fields; the library has a separate special collection of several hundred books from and about Emanuel Swedenborg.
Adriaan Smout: The Thysius Lute Book / Het Luitboek van Thysius. Facs. ed.. Leiden & Utrecht, 2009. ISBN 9789065520555 Paul Hoftijzer: Bibliotheca Thysiana.'Tot publijcke dienst der studie'. Leiden, 2008 Esther Mourits: Fortune - Du Bartas dans la Bibliotheca Thysiana à Leyde. In: Oeuvres & critiques. 29, no. 2, pag. 78-86 D'avoir une chambre garnie de plus belles editions. Uit de correspondenties van Johannes Thysius.. Leiden, Bibliotheca Thysiana, 2001. Website Bibliotheca Thysiana Inventory of the archives of Bibliotheca Thysiana Article about Bibliotheca Thysiana Collection of the Bibliotheca Thysiana
Campus The Hague
Campus The Hague is an institution for university education and scientific research of Leiden University, located in The Hague. It was founded in 1998 as a partnership between the university and the municipality of The Hague, is based in several buildings in the city; the faculties at Campus The Hague focus on public administration and international law. As of 2018 six of the seven faculties of the university are active in The Hague; the faculty Governance and Global Affairs is located in The Hague. Dean of the Faculty Governance and Global Affairs is prof. Erwin Muller PhD. Campus The Hague of Leiden University offers courses on several areas public administration, international law and government; the most popular is the English-taught bachelor's course International Studies. Campus The Hague offers eight master's courses. In 2016, Leiden University Medical Center founded an additional branch at Campus The Hague, with research, teaching and a training program for GPs. In 2015 Delft University of Technology opened a branch at Campus The Hague, in the Wijnhaven Building, offering a masters degree in Engineering and Policy Analysis, in line with the other programs offered at Campus The Hague.
As part of it's facilities, Leiden University Library opened a library at Campus The Hague. Education is coordinated from the Leiden University College The Hague and the Public Administration Institute; the research branch of Campus The Hague focuses on management, international law and government as well. There are eleven research institutes: Leiden University College The Hague Centre for Professional Learning Grotius Centre for International Law Dual PhD Centre The Hague Centre for Modern Urban Studies Institute of Public Administration Institute of Security and Global Affairs Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism Montesquieu Institute Centre for Innovation Leiden Leadership Centre Leiden Risk & Regulation Lab Official website Official website Leiden University Leiden University