The'Alampur Beneshan' mango, sometimes spelled Banishan, is a named mango cultivar that originates from India. In southern India, it is sometimes known as Seeri, it differs from, but is related ancestrally to, the high-volume commercial cultivar Banganapalli. However, this is a prized cultivar; the fruit is medium-sized with thin skin, ranging in color from green to yellow. The flesh of the ripe fruit is fiberless, ranging in color from yellow to golden-yellow to orange-yellow. Many Indian strains stay green on ripening, though a slight yellowing or blush is noted near the stalk; the pores in the skin have a distinct whitish coloration. There is no distinct bouquet from the ripe fruit, but the flesh has a deep tart flavor with slight accents of cinnamon, pepper and other Indian mango cultivars like Alphonso. List of mango cultivars
Bangladesh the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It shares land borders with Myanmar; the country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population; the politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh. Most of Bangladesh is covered by the largest delta on Earth; the country has 8,046 km of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country.
Bangladesh has a coral reef. The longest unbroken natural sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast, it is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal; the Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia; the Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities; as the Mughal Empire's wealthiest province, Bangladesh as part of the Bengal Subah was worth 12% of the world's GDP, larger than the entirety of western Europe. It was a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade.
As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; the region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy; the country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education and corruption. Bangladesh is a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity, it is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, India, Japan and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation.
It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces; the etymology of Bangladesh can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term. The term Bangladesh was written as two words, Bangla Desh, in the past. Starting in the 1950s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan; the term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengali language. The earliest known usage of the term is the Nesari plate in 805 AD; the term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records.
The term gained official status during the Sultanate of Bengal in the 14th century. Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah proclaimed himself as the first "Shah of Bangala" in 1342; the word Bangla became the most common name for the region during the Islamic period. The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century; the origins of the term Bangla are unclear, with theories pointing to a Bronze Age proto-Dravidian tribe, the Austric word "Bonga", the Iron Age Vanga Kingdom. The Indo-Aryan suffix Desh is derived from the Sanskrit word deśha, which means "land" or "country". Hence, the name Bangladesh means "Land of Bengal" or "Country of Bengal". Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20,000 years, remnants of Copper Age settlements date back 4,000 years. Ancient Bengal was settled by Austroasiatics, Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans in consecutive waves of migration. Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region.
By the 11th century people lived in systemically-aligned housing, buried their dead, manufactured copper ornaments and black and red pottery. The Ganges and Meghna rivers were natural arteries for communication and transportation, estuaries on the Bay of Bengal permit
The'Haden' mango is a named mango cultivar that became one of the most cultivated in the world after it was introduced in the early 20th century through south Florida. It would become the parent of many other mango cultivars developed in Florida. In 1902, Captain John J. Haden, a retired U. S. army officer living in Coconut Grove, planted four dozen seedlings of Mulgoba mangoes he had purchased from Professor Elbridge Gale in Mangonia, near Lake Worth Lagoon in the area of present-day West Palm Beach. Haden would die the following year, but his wife Florence cared for the trees at their property in Coconut Grove, which first fruited in 1910. One tree in particular produced superior quality fruit, with good flavor; this cultivar was given the family name. Both historical and pedigree analysis indicates that Haden was the result of a cross between Mulgova and a Turpentine mango. Florence Haden, realizing the potential of the cultivar, reported its success to the Florida State Horticultural Society, sent two specimens of the fruit to the United States Department of Agriculture, another larger mango to Edward Simmonds of the Plant Introduction Station at Miami.
Simmonds was intrigued and took up propagating the Haden in south Florida. Haden became a big commercial success due to its large-scale propagation by nursery-owner George Cellon, would dominate the mango industry in the state for 25 years, as well as being introduced to other locations with great success, such as Honduras and Australia. Haden fell out of favor as a commercial mango due to fungus problems, along with inconsistent production, problems with internal breakdown of the fruit, the availability of new varieties with superior characteristics. Most of the mango varieties subsequently developed in Florida were either direct or indirect descendants of Haden. Named mango varieties that are directly descended from Haden include: Allen-King/Everbearing Anderson Bailey's Marvel Becky Cogshall Cushman Earlygold Edward Fascell Glenn Hatcher Hodson Jacquelin Kent Irwin Lippens Osteen Palmer Parvin Ruby Sensation Southern Blush Spirit of'76 Springfels Tommy Atkins Torbert Valencia Pride Van Dyke Winters Zill Despite falling out of favor as a commercial production mango, Haden remained one of the most propagated mangoes for nursery stock and home growing throughout the decades, continues to be today.
Haden trees are planted in the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami, the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park in Homestead. The original tree still stands in Coconut Grove
The'Brooks' mango is a late-season commercial mango cultivar that originated in south Florida. It is a parent of several varieties from the state; the original tree grew from a seed of the'Sandersha' or'Totapuri' mango, planted on the property of a Mr. Brooks in Miami, Florida in 1910; the Sandersha parentage of Brooks was supported by a 2005 pedigree analysis. The tree first fruited in 1916 and propagation began in 1924. After Haden, it was the second Florida cultivar to be named. Brooks went on to gain some commercial acceptance and is still grown on some commercial scale in Florida and in Africa, it was a parent of several Florida mangoes, including Kent, Sensation and Keitt. Brooks trees are planted in the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami, the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park in Homestead; the fruit lacks a beak. The skins turns a green-yellow color when ripe; the flesh has a mild, sweet flavor.
It contains a monoembryonic seed. In Florida the fruit ripens from August to early October, making it a late-season cultivar there; the trees tend to be of low vigor and do not get much over 20 feet in height and have an open canopy
The'Fascell' mango is a named commercial mango cultivar that originated in south Florida. The original tree was grown from a seed planted by Michael Fascell of Miami, Florida in 1929, was a cross between Haden and Brooks. Fascell's intention was to create a variety to fill the gap between the harvesting seasons of Haden and Brooks; the tree first fruited in 1936. Fascell, a nurseryman and prominent member of the Florida Mango Forum, patented the fruit in 1941, making the Fascell one of the first patented mango varieties in Florida. Beginning in 1942 the tree was sold as nursery stock on a small scale. Though it never became a popular dooryard tree, Fascell is still grown on a small commercial scale in Florida. A Fascell tree is planted in the collection of the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead, Florida The fruit is of oval shape and has no beak, has a laterally compressed appearance, appears heart-shaped, it turns yellow at maturity with a distinctive bright carmine colored blush.
The flesh fiberless, containing a monoembryonic seed. It matures from June to July in Florida.'Fascell' trees are vigorous growers with spreading canopies. List of mango cultivars
The'Dasheri' mango is a mango cultivar which originated in a village near Kakori in Lucknow district in 18th century. It is a sweet and fragrant variety of mango grown in North India and the southern state Andhra Pradesh and Pakistan. Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of the Dasheri mango. In the 18th century, Dasheri first appeared in the gardens of Nawab of Lucknow. Since Dasheri plants have been produced and planted throughout India. People from the village Dasheri near Kakori, Uttar Pradesh have the mother plant; this mother plant belonged to the orchards of Late Mohammad Ansar Zaidi. This mother plant is said to be around 200 years old, it bears fruit every alternate year. Though the fruit is small when compared to its grafted counterparts, its flavor and aroma are unmatched; the plant is being well taken care of by Mr. Zaidi's descendants, it is referred to as "The Mother Dasehri". The Dasheri mango is exported internationally to various countries including Singapore, Hong Kong, The Philippines and other countries in South-East Asia.
Dasheri Mango Dasheri Mango plant propagation Oldest Plant of Dasehri Instagram #dasehri_mango Dasheri Village Dasheri Mango's Mother Plant
The'Alphonso' mango called Hafoos, Hapuz, or Aapoos, is a named mango cultivar that originated in India. Favored for its sweetness and flavor, the Alphonso has been called the king of mangoes; the variety is named after Afonso de Albuquerque, a Portuguese general and military expert who helped establish Portuguese colonies in India. The Portuguese introduced grafting on mango trees to produce extraordinary varieties like Alphonso; the fruit was introduced to the Konkan region in Maharashtra and Goa. The Alphonso is one of the most expensive varieties of mango, is grown in western India; the Alphonso is a seasonal fruit, available mid-April through the end of June. The fruits weigh between 150 and 300 grams, they have a rich, tender texture and delicate, non-fibrous, juicy pulp. The skin of a ripe Alphonso mango turns bright golden-yellow with a tinge of red which spreads across the top of the fruit; the flesh of the fruit is saffron-colored. These characteristics make Alphonso a favored cultivar.
Mango sorbet, ice cream, soufflé, puree are some culinary preparations using Alphonso mangoes. The Alphonso is prized in domestic and international markets for its taste and vibrant color, it is exported to various countries, including Japan and Europe. An import ban imposed in 1989 by the United States on Indian mangoes, including the Alphonso, was lifted only in April 2007. However, the mangoes needed to be treated before entering the country in order to stop the introduction of non-native fruit flies, destructive fungi, other pests that could harm American agriculture; the European Union imposed a ban beginning in April 2014 on import of mangoes after finding "non-European fruit flies" in some consignments, creating a significant threat to UK salad crops. The Indian government had described this decision as arbitrary and businesses claimed they would suffer financial losses due to the ban. In January 2015, the European Commission lifted the ban following significant improvements in the Indian mango export system