Elmhurst is a city in DuPage County and overlapping into Cook County in the U. S. state of Illinois, a western suburb of Chicago. As of the 2017 census, the city has a population of 46,662. Members of the Potawatomi Native American people, who settled along Salt Creek just south of where the city would develop, are the earliest known settlers of the Elmhurst area. Around 1836, European-American immigrants settled on tracts of land along the same creek. At what would become Elmhurst City Centre, a native of Ohio named Gerry Bates established a community on a tract of "treeless land" in 1842; the following year, Hill Cottage Tavern opened where St. Charles Road and Cottage Hill Avenue presently intersect. In 1845, the community was named Cottage Hill when a post office was established. Four years the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was given right-of-way through Cottage Hill giving farmers easier access to Chicago; the community changed its name to Elmhurst in 1869. In 1871, Elmhurst College was organized and has 3,500 undergraduates and about 300 graduate students.
Elmhurst was incorporated as a village in 1882, with a population between 723 and 1,050, legal boundaries of St. Charles Road to North Avenue, one half mile west and one quarter mile east of York Street. Elmhurst Memorial Hospital was founded in 1926 as the first hospital in DuPage County; the Memorial Parade has run every Memorial Day since 1918. The annual Elmhurst St. Patrick's Day Parade continues to be the third largest parade of that sort in the Chicago area, following the more famous parades downtown and on the city's South Side. Since 1964, it has been home to Elmhurst CRC, one of the largest congregations of the Christian Reformed Church in North America; the Keebler Company's corporate headquarters was in Elmhurst until 2001, when the Kellogg Company purchased the company. The city is home to the headquarters of McMaster-Carr Supply Co.. Famous Amos cookies are distributed from Elmhurst. In 2014, Family Circle magazine ranked Elmhurst as one of the "Ten Best U. S. Towns for Families". According to the 2010 census, Elmhurst has a total area of 10.306 square miles, of which 10.25 square miles is land and 0.056 square miles is water.
The town has a tendency to flood, the city has tried preventing or suppressing future floods. As of the 2000 census, there were 42,762 people, 15,627 households, 11,235 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,165.9 people per square mile. There were 16,147 housing units at an average density of 1,573.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.40% White, 0.94% African American, 0.06% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.02% of the population. There were 15,627 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. According to a 2016 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $104,854 Males had a median income of $57,193 versus $37,087 for females; the per capita income for the city was $44,601. About 1.9% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. According to Elmhurst's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: The Theatre Historical Society of America is focused on the preservation of dance and movie theaters and includes a collection of objects from many theaters that are no longer in existence. Among the items on display is a scale model of the 1927 Avalon Theater. Wilder Park Conservatory A 150-foot-deep limestone quarry covering about 59 acres is located half a mile west of downtown along West Avenue and 1st Street.
A tunnel from Salt Creek diverts water into the quarry in case of a flood. The quarry is an important piece of DuPage County's stormwater management system, can hold up to 8,300 acre-feet of stormwater; each spring, the company RGL Marketing for the Arts runs Art in Wilder Park. The event takes place in centrally located Wilder Park, home to the Wilder Mansion, the Elmhurst Public Library, the Wilder Park Conservatory and the Lizzadro Museum of Lapidary Arts; the event "features of a juried show of fine arts and original creations of over 100 artists, including jewelry, ceramics, wood, sculpture and mixed media." The event hosts live music and entertainment and over 40 food vendors. Timeline for Elmhurst's leadership: 1882 - Incorporated as a village in June. 1882 - Henry Glos elected as first village president. 1887 - Peter Wolf elected as village president. 1902 - Edwin Heidemann elected as village president. 1905 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as village president. 1908 - C. J. Albert elected as village president.
1910 - Adopted city form of government. 1910 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as first city mayor. 1912 - F. W. M. Hammerschmidt elected as mayor. 1919 - Otto Balgemann elected as mayor. 1931 - Edward Blatter
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Brookfield is a village in Cook County, United States, located 13 miles west of downtown Chicago. Its population was 18,978 at the 2010 census; the city is home to the Brookfield Zoo. Brookfield is located at 41°49′22″N 87°50′51″W. According to the 2010 census, Brookfield has a total area of 3.067 square miles, of which 3.06 square miles is land and 0.007 square miles is water. Most of Brookfield rises. Along Salt Creek is a steep ravine, home to many oak savannas; these oak savannas are the primary ecosystem of Brookfield, sprawl out from large, forested areas into small pockets in the village. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,085 people, 7,536 households, 5,034 families residing in the village; the population density was 6,252.4 people per square mile. There were 7,753 housing units at an average density of 2,539.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 93.53% White, 0.89% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, 1.31% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.05% of the population. The top five ancestries reported in Brookfield as of the 2000 census were German, Polish and Czech. There were 7,536 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $71,000, the median income for a family was $64,075. Males had a median income of $45,293 versus $33,136 for females.
The per capita income for the village was $24,307. About 2.3% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Nearly all of Brookfield is in Illinois' 3rd congressional district. Before 1803, the area now called Brookfield was covered by prairie grasses and farms. Large portions of the area were inhabited by the Native Americans who long ago developed agriculture and corn cultivation, built villages and burial mounds, invented the bow and arrow, made beautiful pottery. Settlement of the village dates to 1889 when Samuel Eberly Gross, a Chicago lawyer turned real estate investor, began selling building lots plotted from farms and woodlands he had acquired along both sides of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad line, which provided passenger and freight service between Chicago and Aurora, Illinois. "Grossdale", as his development was called, offered suburban living at prices affordable to working-class families.
The first two buildings Gross erected were a train station south of the tracks at what is now Prairie Avenue, a pavilion across the tracks. The original train station was moved across the tracks and a few hundred feet east in 1981, is now the home of the village's historical society and museum, as well as listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the pavilion housed the first post office, general store, Gross' real estate office, meeting rooms, a dance hall. Gross offered free train outings from Chicago to Grossdale where the prospects were met at the station by a band and treated to a picnic lunch complete with a sales pitch from Gross. In addition to parcels of land, he had a number of house designs to offer at "cheap" prices. Gross added the subdivisions of Hollywood and West Grossdale, each with its own train station. Residents voted to incorporate as the village of Grossdale in 1893; the name was changed in 1905 after residents became displeased with Gross, whose personal life and fortune had floundered.
A contest to choose a new name yielded "Brookfield" in respect for Salt Creek, which runs through the area. Gross has a school named after him called S. E. Gross. In 1920, the old Plank Toll Road, now called Ogden Avenue, was paved, providing easy automobile access to and from Chicago; the Chicago Zoological Park called the Brookfield Zoo, opened in 1934. The zoo is located on land given to the Forest Preserve District by Edith Rockefeller McCormick in 1919. Throughout the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, newspapers published in Brookfield included The Suburban Magnet and Brookfield Star; the largest and most successful newspaper printed in Brookfield was the Brookfield Enterprise, started in 1932 by Porter Reubendall and owned and expanded in the 1950s by Elmer C. Johnson ceasing publication in 1985. Brookfield-LaGrange Elementary School District 95 is the primary elementary school district for Brookfield residents, is made up of one elementary and one junior high school. Other Brookfield students may attend schools in Riverside School District 96, LaGrange Elementary School District 102, or Lyons School District 103.
District 95, 96 teens attend Riverside Brookfield High School in District 208, while students from SD 102 & *SD 103 attend Lyons Township High School, District 204, which h
Des Plaines, Illinois
Des Plaines is a city in Cook County, United States. Its population was 58,364 at the 2010 census; the city is located just north of O'Hare International Airport. It is situated on and is named after the Des Plaines River, which runs through the city just east of its downtown area. Potawatomi and Ojibwe Native American tribes inhabited the Des Plaines River Valley prior to Europeans' arrival; when French explorers and missionaries arrived in the 1600s in what was the Illinois Country of New France, they named the waterway La Rivière des Plaines as they felt that trees on the river resembled the European plane trees. The first white settlers came from the eastern United States in 1833, after the Treaty of Chicago, followed by many German immigrants during the 1840s and'50s. In the 1850s, the land in this area was purchased by the Illinois and Wisconsin Land Company along a railroad line planned between Chicago and Janesville, Wisconsin. In 1852, the developers built a steam-powered mill next to the river to cut local trees into railroad ties.
Socrates Rand bought the mill and converted it into a grist mill, which attracted local farmers. The Illinois and Wisconsin Railroad made its first stop in the area in the fall of 1854. In 1857, the Chicago, St. Paul, Fond du Lac Railroad began running its route, stopping near the mill on the Des Plaines river, where a small business section had grown up; the railroad platted the prospective town of Rand at the site. In 1859, the Chicago and North Western Railway purchased the rail line, giving the train station the name "Des Plaines". In 1869, the Rand subdivision's name was changed to Des Plaines, the village of Des Plaines was incorporated. Des Plaines was elected a village board the following year. Local brick manufacturer Franklin Whitcomb served as the first Village President. In 1925, village residents voted to convert to a city form of government and annexed the village of Riverview to the south. Subsequent annexations included the Orchard Place area in 1956; the city experienced rapid growth after World War II and with the opening of nearby Chicago-O'Hare International Airport.
Des Plaines was the site of Ray Kroc's first McDonald's franchise, which opened in 1955. The restaurant was demolished in 1984, a replica was built on the site as a museum dedicated to McDonald's history. In 2017, McDonald's announced plans to demolish the building due to repeated flooding. In 1979, Des Plaines was the site of the accident of American Airlines Flight 191, in which a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 departing from O'Hare lost an engine and wing material and crashed near a local trailer park just north of Touhy Avenue. All 271 people onboard. Two more, along with three civilians, were injured. In 2008, the Illinois Gaming Board awarded the state's 10th and last casino license to Midwest Gaming and Entertainment LLC to build a 140,000-square-foot casino on 21 acres adjacent to the Tri-State Tollway at the northwest corner of Devon Avenue and Des Plaines River Road. Midwest Gaming received the award despite having the lowest bid because other bidders were found unacceptable by the Board, with one board member finding no bidders acceptable.
The city approved zoning in early 2010, the casino opened in July 2011 as Rivers Casino. Des Plaines is located at 42°2′2″N 87°53′59″W. According to the 2010 census, Des Plaines has a total area of 14.415 square miles, of which 14.28 square miles is land and 0.135 square miles is water. Des Plaines is traversed by two interstate highways – I-90 and I-294. Des Plaines is named for the Des Plaines River; the name is from 18th-century French referencing the American sycamore which resembles the European plane tree. Portions of Des Plaines are underlain by the "Des Plaines Disturbance", an area in which the layers of sedimentary rock are abnormal; this represents an ancient meteorite crater, 75 to 200 feet beneath the town. The bedrock was fractured by the impact, with large blocks of sediment upended; the crater was filled by glacial activity, so that no trace now remains on the surface. Addresses in the city limits of Des Plaines have their own numbering system. Areas in unincorporated Maine Township have Des Plaines postal addresses that follow the Chicago numbering system.
Devon Avenue in Des Plaines is 3200 South. Golf Road runs through a large unincorporated area as 9600 North with a Des Plaines mailing address but is 0 North/South when entering the Des Plaines city limits; as sections become incorporated, they take on the city numbering system. For instance in 2003, land at 9661 West Golf Road, Des Plaines, became 2323 East Golf Road, Des Plaines, when it was formally incorporated into the city limits; the largest unincorporated areas are in the O'Hare area and east of the Tri-State Tollway. As of the census of 2000, there were 58,720 people, 22,362 households, 15,071 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,071.2 people per square mile. There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 1,584.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84.44% White, 7.65% Asian / Asian American, 0.26% Native American, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.64% from other races, 1.97% from two or more races. 14.01% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Biggest ancestries: German, Irish, English, Swedish. T
Park Ridge, Illinois
Park Ridge is a city in Cook County, United States, a Chicago suburb. The population was 37,494 at the 2017 census, it is located 15 miles northwest of downtown Chicago. It is close to O'Hare International Airport, major expressways, rail transportation, it is a part of the Chicago metropolitan area, bordering three northwestern neighborhoods of Chicago's Far North Side As its name suggests, Park Ridge lies on a ridge. The soil is abundant with clay deposits, which made it a brick-making center for the developing city of Chicago. Park Ridge was called Pennyville to honor George Penny, the businessman who owned the local brickyard along with Robert Meacham, it was named Brickton. The Des Plaines River divides Park Ridge from neighboring Des Plaines, west of Park Ridge. Chicago is south and east of Park Ridge, Niles and unincorporated Maine Township are to its north; the area of Park Ridge was inhabited by the Potawatomie until they were removed in 1833. The area was a convenient portage between the Des Plaines and Chicago rivers for the French explorers and in the early 1830s, the first settlers arrived from New England and New York.
In 1854 George Penny established a brickworks in the area. In 1910 Park Ridge had a population of 2,009. In 1930 the population was 10,417. In 1950 the population was 16,602. In 1960 the population was 32,625. There were 31 people classed other than black or white. By 1970, the population had risen to 42,466. In 2016, former First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton campaigned as the Democratic candidate for President of the United States, she was a graduate of the first class of Park Ridge's Maine Township High School South. According to the 2010 census, Park Ridge has a total area of 7.134 square miles, of which 7.09 square miles is land and 0.044 square miles is water. Park Ridge falls under the USDA 5b Plant Hardiness zone; as of the census of 2000, there were 37,775 people, 14,219 households, 10,465 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,374.6 people per square mile. There were 14,646 housing units at an average density of 2,083.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.4% White, 0.2% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.66% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.90% of the population. There were 14,219 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.4% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13. The median cost of a house is $420,000; the City's population consists of 24.5% persons under the age of 18, 5.5% aged 18 to 24, 24.5% aged 25 to 44, 25.8% aged 45 to 64, 19.6% age 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $91,674, the median income for a family was $110,842. Males had a median income of $61,959 versus $39,794 for females; the per capita income for the city was $36,646.
About 1.7% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. Park Ridge is served by the Park Ridge-Niles School District 64, which has its headquarters in the Raymond E. Hendee Educational Service Center in Park Ridge. Area middle schools include Lincoln Middle Emerson Middle School in Niles. At one point there were nine public K–6 elementary schools: Oakton, Edison, Carpenter, Franklin and Washington. Only the latter five remain today, all are in Park Ridge. Jefferson School is part of the district and houses the special needs preschool for children ages 3 and 4, the extended day kindergarten program, the after school program for grades K–6. St. Paul of the Cross and Mary Seat of Wisdom are the two Catholic elementary schools. St. Andrews is a Lutheran elementary school; the town is served by Maine Township High School District 207, which includes Maine South High School, Maine East High School. Students who live in northern Park Ridge have the option of attending either Maine East or Maine South.
Maine West High School is located to the west in Des Plaines. Maine North High School was a school in unincorporated Maine Township and part of Maine Township High School District 207, it closed in 1981. District 207 shares student-run radio and television stations operating with the call letters WMTH-FM. Actor Harrison Ford, known for playing the lead role in the Indiana Jones movies, went to Maine East, has been credited as being the radio station's first sports announcer. Since 2007, WMTH Radio can be heard live on any of the district high school homepages. Hillary Clinton graduated from local high school Maine South in 1965; the town is a part of the Oakton Community College district. Park Ridge is home to the Park Ridge Falcons, the 2002 Pop Warner Football Tomlin Division Pee Wee National Champions. Park Ridge is home to three American Youth Football National Champions and one American Youth Cheerleading National Champion; the Maine South Hawks football team were state champions in 1995, 2000, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2016.
According to Park Ri
Elgin is a city in Cook and Kane counties in the northern part of the U. S. state of Illinois. Located 35 mi northwest of Chicago, it lies along the Fox River; as of 2017, the city had an estimated population of 112,456, making it the eighth-largest city in Illinois. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Black Hawk Indian War of 1832 led to the expulsion of the Native Americans who had settlements and burial mounds in the area, set the stage for the founding of Elgin. Thousands of militiamen and soldiers of Gen. Winfield Scott's army marched through the Fox River valley during the war, accounts of the area's fertile soils and flowing springs soon filtered east. In New York, James T. Gifford and his brother Hezekiah Gifford heard tales of this area ripe for settlement, travelled west. Looking for a site on the stagecoach route from Chicago to Galena, they settled on a spot where the Fox River could be bridged. In April 1835, they established the city, naming it after the Scottish tune "Elgin".
Early Elgin achieved fame for the butter and dairy goods it sold to the city of Chicago. Gail Borden established a condensed milk factory here in 1866, the local library was named in his honor; the dairy industry became less important with the arrival of the Elgin Watch Company. The watch factory employed three generations of Elginites from the late 19th to the mid 20th century, when it was the largest producer of fine watches in the United States and the operator of the largest watchmaking complex in the world. Today, the clocks at Chicago's Union Station still bear the Elgin name. Elgin has a long tradition of invention. Elgin is home to the Elgin Academy, the oldest coeducational, non-sectarian college preparatory school west of the Allegheny Mountains. Elgin High School boasts five Navy admirals, a Nobel Prize winner, a Pulitzer Prize winner, a Tony Award winner, two Academy Award–winning producers, Olympic athletes and a General Motors CEO among its alumni. Elgin resident John Murphy invented the motorized streetsweeper in 1914 and formed the Elgin Sweeper Corporation.
Pioneering African-American chemist Lloyd Hall was an Elgin native, as was the legendary marketer and car stereo pioneer Earl "Madman" Muntz and Max Adler, founder of the Adler Planetarium in Chicago, America's first planetarium. Local historian E. C. Alft has written an ongoing newspaper column about Elgin's history. Elgin is located at 42°2′18″N 88°19′22″W. According to the 2010 census, Elgin has a total area of 37.704 square miles, of which 37.16 square miles is land and 0.544 square miles is water. On March 28, 1920, Elgin was struck by several tornadoes along the Fox River that caused significant damage to Chicago and several western suburbs. Four people were killed and several businesses and homes were destroyed, including the Opera House and Grant Theater; as of the census of 2010, there were 108,188 people, 37,848 households. The population density was 2,911.2 people per square mile. There were 37,848 housing units at an average density of 1,306.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 65.9% White, 7.4% African American, 1.40% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 16.3% from other races, 3.6% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.6% of the population. A significant portion of Elgin's Asian population was of Laotian origin. There were 35,094 households out of which 38% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals 65 years and older, 7.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.56. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. 50.2% of the population was female. The median income for a household in the city was $56,337, the median income for a family was $68,740. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $28,488 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,478.
About 6.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. In 2013, Elgin ranked number one in the Chicago metropolitan area in new home starts, while ranking second in new home closings. Elgin's downtown has been the center of city renovations and new developments. New townhouses, condo towers, loft spaces, art galleries have opened in the last decade. In October 2003 the Gail Borden Public Library moved into a new $30 million, 139,980 square foot, 460,000 volume-capacity building. In August 2009 the city opened the first satellite branch; the 10,000 square foot Rakow Branch, situated on Elgin's West Side, was LEED registered, was designed to be expandable up to 30,000 square feet. Elgin opened the 185,000 sq. ft. Centre of Elgin recreation facility across the street from the library. In 2009, Gail Borden was one of five libraries to receive the National Medal for Museum and Library Service issued by the Institute of Museum and Library Service in Washington DC.
In 2014, Elgin completed the Central Business District Streetscape Improvement Project and the Riverside Drive Promenade. In the 1990s, Elgin became one of the few cities in northern Illinois to host a riverboat casino; the Grand Victoria Casino generated controversy, but went on to be a significant source of income for the city
Rolling Meadows, Illinois
Rolling Meadows is a city in Cook County, United States. The population was 24,099 at the 2010 census. Rolling Meadows is located at 42°4′34″N 88°1′33″W, 24 miles northwest of the Chicago Loop. According to the 2010 census, Rolling Meadows has a total area of 5.635 square miles, of which 5.63 square miles is land and 0.005 square miles is water. In 1836, Orrin Ford became the first landowner in the area, now Rolling Meadows, staking his claim of 160 acres in an area known as Plum Grove. Other farm families followed. By the early 1840s, settlers had built a dam across Salt Creek and had laid claim to the entire Plum Grove area; the community became part of the newly formed Palatine Township in 1850 as German immigrants arrived. In 1862, the Salem Evangelical Church was built, the church's 40-foot-square cemetery still exists at the corner of Kirchoff and Plum Grove roads. In 1927, H. D. "Curly" Brown bought 1,000 acres of land in the area with the intention of building a golf course, along with land adjacent to it for a racetrack.
In the early 1950s, Kimball Hill purchased the land intended for the golf course, began home sales by advertising a floor plan of his basic house in the Chicago Tribune. Although the response was positive, officials in neighboring Arlington Heights protested, hoping to buy the land themselves for estate homes. However, prospective buyers of the Kimball Hill homes persuaded the Cook County Board for zoning changes to allow Hill to proceed. In 1953, the first families moved into the development, which Hill named Rolling Meadows, 700 houses were sold by 1955 to blue-collar workers. Hill donated $200 per home for a school system, built and equipped the first elementary school, he founded the Rolling Meadows Homeowners' Association and donated land for parks, as well as funded the Clearbrook Center, a home for individuals with cognitive disabilities that opened in 1955. Rolling Meadows soon began annexing land for future development; the town boomed during the 1960s as businesses moved into the area.
Crawford's department store opened in 1957 and was the largest in the northwest suburbs, although it closed in 1994. An industrial park opened on North Hicks Road in 1958, Western Electric opened a facility in the 1960s, employing 1,500 workers. Developers saturated the area with apartment buildings, by 1970, multifamily dwellings made up 35 percent of the total structures in Rolling Meadows. Rolling Meadows complexes, suffered from a series of fires in the decade, prompting the city to become more stringent in their building codes, which had allowed for frame multifamily structures. By 2000, the city had begun revamping commercial areas along Kirchoff Road. In the south end of the city on Golf Road, corporations such as 3Com, Helene Curtis, Charles Industries established bases in what has become known as the Golden Corridor; as of the census of 2000, there were 24,607 people, 8,923 households, 6,174 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,510.4 people per square mile. There were 9,151 housing units at an average density of 1,677.6 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 82.33% White, 2.83% African American, 0.27% Native American, 6.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.95% from other races, 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.20% of the population. There were 8,923 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,535, the median income for a family was $68,571.
Males had a median income of $45,101 versus $35,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,178. About 3.5% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over. The Chicago-area office of Huawei is located at 3601 Algonquin Road; the Chicago-area sales office of Asiana Airlines is located at Suite 1010 of Continental Towers # 3. According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Almost all of Rolling Meadows is served by Palatine Community Consolidated School District 15. District 15 schools in Rolling Meadows include Central Road, Kimball Hill, Willow Bend, John G. Conyers Learning Academy, Carl Sandburg Jr. High which take students from Thomas Jefferson in North Hoffman Estates, Central Road, Kimball Hill and Willow Bend, Plum Grove Jr. High. A small portion is served by Arlington Heights School District 25, which includes Westgate Elementary School and South Middle School, where students attend RMHS.
Another smaller portion is served by Schaumburg Consolidated School District 54 and WFHS, a small portion extends into Community Consolidated School District 59. About half of Rolling Meadows is served by Township High School District 214's Rolling Meadows