Richie Mensah, better known by his stage name Richie, is an award-winning Ghanaian singer-songwriter and record producer. After producing records for several artists, Richie set up Lynx Entertainment record label and released his debut album All of Me on the label in 2008, he has since gone on to win several awards both as a singer and record producer and is fast establishing himself as one of the biggest names in the Ghanaian music industry. Richie was born in Accra and started performing at the age of six with his brother and sister at local variety shows, he decided to embark on a career in music while studying science at Achimota Senior High School, Accra. Richie graduated from Achimota Senior High School in 2003 and started producing records while studying computer software engineering at NIIT, Accra. Richie became the first artist signed to the record label, he went on to sign ASEM, OJ Blaq, Irene Logan, Zigi and MzVee as well as producing for and collaborating with Tinny, Okyeame Kwame, VIP, Bradez and Jane, Obour and several other big names in the Ghanaian music industry.
He worked on Originality the third album of Nigerian R&B star Faze. The artistes on the record label have had critical and commercial success with songs such as "Frema", "Pigaro", "Runaway", "Wengeze", "No More Kpayor", "You Say Wey Tin" and "One Gal" with the label winning the "record label of the year" award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2009. In 2010, the artistes on the Lynx Entertainment record label Richie, ASEM, OJ Blaq and Zigi collaborated on Africa’s Moment, featured on Hello Afrika, Sony Music’s release in conjunction with the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa; the song was featured in the Vodafone advert that staged the first flashmob in West Africa. Lynx Entertainment released Back 2 Zero in July 2011; the album featured all the artistes on the record label as well as several renowned Ghanaian musicians such as Gyedu Blay-Ambolley, Tinny, V. I. P, Okyeame Kwame, Trigmatic, Sonni Balli, EL, Jael Wiafe, Ayigbe Edem and Iwan. After producing songs for several African artistes, Richie released his debut album All of Me in 2008.
The album featured hit singles "Frema", "When I Get You" and "Dirty Dance". The release of this album established Richie as one of the hottest R&B stars on the Ghanaian music scene and led to award nominations at the 2009 Ghana Music Awards for "Discovery of the Year", "Best Male Vocal", "Hip Hop Song of the Year", "Afro Pop Song of the Year" and "Collaboration of the Year", he won the award for ‘Producer of the Year’ at the ceremony, his record label Lynx Entertainment won "Record Label of the Year" and "Woso", a song by Okyeame Kwame, which he produced and featured on won "Hip Hop Song of the Year" and "Video of the Year". He won "Male Music Star of the Year" award at the 2009 Joy FM’s Nite with the Stars. Richie again won the award for "Producer of the Year" at the 2010 Ghana Music Awards and "Simple", a song he produced for the Ghanaian music duo Bradez, won "Most Popular Song of the Year" at the Ghana Music Awards in 2010 and "West African Song of the Year" at the 2010 Museke Online African Music Awards.
His sophomore album UKNR was released in May 2010 and featured hit singles "Yaaro", "Asa Fofro" featuring SK Blinks, "Ma Nim Ton" featuring Tinny and ‘Intoxicated’ featuring Sway, nominated for "Hip Hop Song of the Year" at the 2011 Ghana Music Awards. In February 2012, Richie released "Changing Faces", the first single from his third album titled Changing Faces. Richie continues to nurture young talent and has established "Lynx School of Arts", a performing arts school in Ghana for talented people looking to enter the entertainment businessIn 2012, he signed an all female group called D3 to his Lynx Entertainment record label; the group, released hit singles such as'Good Girls Gone Bad' and'Gyani Gyani' before splitting at the end of 2013 due to educational commitments of the young group members. The lead singer of the group, MzVee was subsequently signed to the record label as a solo artiste and has gone on to release two albums, Reveelation in 2014 and Verified in 2015, to commercial and critical acclaim.
Richie is a mentor on MTN's Hitmaker, Ghana's largest music talent show The show which launched in 2012 is now in its fifth season. In January 2017, Richie was appointed Director of Music and Industry Standards by the Musicians Union of Ghana to work with MUSIGA's newly established Membership and Business Development Office and lead on their industry standardization efforts. All of Me UKNR Official website
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Albert Ayeh-Hanson, known by his stage name Ball J or Ball J Beat, is a Ghanaian rapper, sound engineer, record producer and entrepreneur from Accra. He spent most of his formative years in the U. S State of California. Ball J is the founder of Nu Afrika Records. Ball J was a pioneering member of the Skillions Records when it began on the campus of Presbyterian Boys' Senior High School–Legon, he formed a genre which they called GH Rap. Besides being a rapper, Ball J is one of the best hip hop and azonto sound engineers in Africa with Weiyɛ Ball J Beat as his signature, he was nominated for Best Producer of the year in Ghana Music Awards 2015. He holds a Degree in Business Management from the University of Professional Studies. Ball J is the only Ghanaian record producer on Patoranking's debut studio album "God Over Everything", producing Patoranking. Albert Hanson known in the music industry as Ball J, was born in Adabraka in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, on 8 November 1984, he spent most of his formative years in California–United States.
He gained his basic education at North Ridge Lyceum at Kanda. He went to Presbyterian Boys' Senior High School–Legon for his high school education where he joined a Hip Hop group called'Skillions', of which he was an active member. After High School, he furthered his education to study Software Programming and Computer networking at Atlantis Computers, Asylum Down–Accra, he went to the University of Professional Studies to pursue a Degree in Business Management. Despite his busy schedules on campus, he was still committed'Skillions' being present for shows and meetings. Music was a natural thing for him. Ball J classifies himself as a Hip hop rapper; the rapper's musical lifestyle was influence by several artists such as Jay Z, Mase, The Notorious B. I. G and Eminem. Not only is he known in Ghana as Ball J or Ball J Beat, but some call him Ghana's Jay Z because he sounds like Jay Z when he raps. According to Ball J, he had no choice than to learn beat making since there were no particular institutions in Ghana that focused on Hip hop music production to produce the kind of beats he needed as a Hip hop artist.
After School, Ball J decided to have a full-time career in music production with the aim of making Hip hop byfor himself. Around 2006, Ball J started making beats and demo records in his room with his close friends, he formed Nu Afrika Records. Around 2008, he decided he needed to make masters, he had to rely on books and seek advice from pioneers in music production such as Kwame Twum, a former bass guitarist for the legendary Kojo Antwi. He consulted Hubert, well acclaimed and good in sound mixing and mastering. Ball J trained with a bass guitarists friend, who had a studio in Lapaz–Accra. All this time, he was studying the general understanding of music production such as the dynamics and mastering. While learning the trade, he made his first professional hit "Temperature" which featured some of his friends who were part of the Nu Afrika Records, he had a few challenges becoming a music producer. Some of these challenges were the fact. Hit songs in Ghana are songs you can dance to, so this made it difficult for Hip hop artist such as himself to make a hit song in Ghana.
Without forgetting about hip hop, Ball J started fusing his hip hop style of beatmaking with faster beats, purposely to fulfill the demands of artists coming to his studio. His first significant hit which he produced was Kwawkese's Killa Bewu Last Show in 2010. After that, Ball J produced a lot of songs for both the underground and known artists, but his major milestone was Lapaz Toyota by Guru; the song put Guru on the map in a big way, improved Ball J's music studio business. As the song blew up, all kinds of artists came to Ball J in the hopes of reproducing Lapaz Toyota's success, he started working with artists like Kojo Antwi, Obour, Tic Tac, Kwawkese, Stay Jay, Okra, Nhyiraba Kojo, Obrafour and the list goes on. Since he has been recognized as one of the best music producers in Ghana, with songs like Lapaz Toyota, Let Me Do My Thing, Twaa Me Lala, Non-fa, Masa I Beg and many more as his claim to fame. Ball J was nominated for the Best Producer of the year in the Ghana Music Awards. On 21 December 2012, Ball J released his first Hip hop single "All Eyes On You" from his upcoming album "Home and Away" which received credible response and air play from both Africa and the Western.
The 29 March 2013, Good Friday, saw the release of another banger, Afrobeat/Azonto tune "Togo Bikini". He Co-Produced Kwasese's new hit single Yakubu. "Weiyɛ Ball J Beat" is his signature phrase, now a household name. On 15 April 2016, Ball J released. On 6 June 2016, Nu Afrika Records released Ball J's first studio album "Big Six"; the album features only three Ghanaian artiste. "Big Six" album is on 37 online digital stores for Digital download and Streaming. Ball J titled it accordingly; the sin
Denning Edem Hotor is a Ghanaian recording artist and entertainer who performs under the name Edem. Edem was born in Dzodze in the Volta Region of Ghana. Of two kids, Edem is Wendy Sefakor Agbeviadey; the young Edem spent most of his youth in Aflao. He completed his Junior High education at the Amazing Love International Schools; as a product of the secondary school system in Ghana, he enrolled in Bishop Herman College for his senior high school education. He lost his mother at age 13, he was left with his dad, a lawyer, his sister. He lost his dad at age 16, his only immediate family at the moment is his sister. He grew up surrounded by music, ranging from hip hop to dancehall and highlife. By age nine, Edem was caught pounding on tables, empty tins and any item that could produce good rhythm, he joined his first music group in junior high. In senior high, he formed, they performed at the school as well as at funfairs elsewhere. They sang and danced. After senior high school, he proceeded with his quest to build a commercial career in music.
He recorded in the underground with artists including Kokromoti, Trigmatic, Vyroz, M. O. B and Osibo. Edem appeared on Voice of America where he talked about his "Nyedzilo" video, which features Mavin Records own Reekado Banks, his videos such as "The One", featuring Sway that talks about Africa's liberation and his award-winning song Koene that were featured on Music Time Africa by Heather Maxwell and Vincent Makori. In 2006 he released his first radio hit single "Witine Woshi", which translates as "we came and they ran", it added to his underground reputation. That year he got together with The Last Two Entertainment Group, headed by the hit maker Hammer of The Last Two; this label is responsible for artists including Obrafour in 1999, Tinny and the madman Kwaw Kesse in 2005. Edem appeared at live shows as the opening act for the John Legend concert at the International Conference Center in Accra in 200. Before his debut album, he collaborated with other acts with Obrafour, he went on a national tour with Obrafour.
After two years in the studio, he came up with his first single "Bougez". It received airplay across the country, his first album featured new as well as established acts such as Tinny, Kwaw Kese, Obour, Asem, K. k. Fosu, Samini, Trigmatic, El and Gemini. Edem appeared on shows such as Stars of the Future Season 3 Finales, Ghana Music Awards and all major university concerts, he has been a part of the University of Ghana’s Commonwealth Hall week, Akuafo Hall week, Evandy Hostel week celebration, Pentagon Hostel week celebration, Miss WA Poly, Miss Ho Poly, KNUST’s Unity Hall week celebration and University Of Cape Coast's Kwame Nkrumah Hall Week 2013. His Debut Album The Volta regime was released in January 2009; this album is a result of two years of recordings in Accra. All the lyrics were written by Edem; the compositions were produced by Hammer of The Last Two. Mass Production was to be a transition from his first; the album, holds a mixture of unique beats produced by various engineers including hammer.
Edem says, "... It is a transition from me being an artiste with a first album and now trying to put music out that will be appealing to everybody that has supported me. Now the album is Mass Production because it is going to be made available and affordable to everybody in a sphere of life in the country." In an interview with Peacefmonline.com, Edem disclosed that his favorite song on the album is "Kate" the only track produced by Hammer of The Last Two. "Anytime I hear that song it reminds me of my beginning", he said. On why he decided to drop Ayigbe from name he said "This has nothing to do with image crisis." "The intention of Volta Regime’ as an album was to make a statement for my region to be respected…this statement was to make everybody know that you can use your dialect and sell anywhere across the world and in doing that I wanted to make sure that the people from my region take pride when they are derogatorily called Ayigbe people or anything." "Two years along the line after executing ‘Volta Regime’, I know a lot of people who take pride in the name now", he explained.
He said the purpose of using Ayigbe has been fulfilled hence his decision to stick to only Edem, still an Ewe name. His videos include "Delaila" ft M. I, "The One remix" ft Sway, "Only in Ghana", "Wicked" and "Bad" ft Coded, Koene, "Over Again remix" and "Not on my level", which featured on BET 106 &Park, ChannelOTV and TraceTv. "Not on My Level? reached 49th position on Reflexfm Urban top100 chart in Netherlands. His next album was Rhymes. Edem won the Best International Act-Africa at 2015 Black Canadian Awards; the ‘Koene’ hit singer beat Mafikizolo, Yemi Alade, Eddy Kenzo, Oritse Femi, Teeyah to win the award. The rapper thanked God and Ghanaians for their support which he said helped him emerge victorious at the event. Edem won 2015 Vodafone Ghana Music Awards Album of the Year Books and Rhymes, Afropop song of the year with "Koene" and Video of the Year with "The One" video featuring SwayUk. Edem topped the 2014 4syte TV Music Video Awards with 3 awards for Best Directed, Best Photography and Most Outstanding Video for "The One" featuring SwayUK directed by Gyo Gyimah.
When the nominations list for the 2010 Ghana Music Awards was released, Edem's maiden album had earned seven nominations. Before he became popular, Edem promised God that should he make it, he would help those in need. In his own
Michael Owusu Addo professionally known as Sarkodie, is a Ghanaian hip hop recording artist and entrepreneur from Tema. He won the Best International Act: Africa category at the 2012 BET Awards, was nominated in the same category at the 2014 BET Awards. In 2015, Sarkodie was ranked the 19th most Influential Ghanaian by e.tv Ghana. He is considered one of the major proponents of dance. Sarkodie is named as one of Africa's greatest hip hop artists. MTV Base ranked him 6th on its list of the Hottest African MC's in 2014. In 2013, Lynx TV ranked him 1st on its list of the "Top 10 Ghanaian Rappers of All Time". In 2015, AfricaRanking.com ranked him 3rd on its list of the "Top 10 African Rappers of 2015". In 2015, The Guardian listed him as one of its top five hip hop acts on the African continent. Sarkodie, the fourth of five children, was raised in Tema, to his mother Maame Aggrey. Sarkodie continued throughout his educational career, he attended Tema Methodist Senior High School. He earned a degree in graphic design from IPMC.
Sarkodie began his instrumental career as an underground rapper. He appeared on Adom FM's popular rap competition Kasahare Level, it was through rap battles that he met his former manager Duncan Williams of Duncwills Entertainment. He met musicians Edem and Castro who introduced him to Hammer of The Last Two, an established record producer. Hammer decided to feature Sarkodie on two songs off the Volta Regime album after being impressed with his rap flows. After this exposure, Sarkodie recorded his debut album Makye, his first single "Baby", featuring Mugeez of the duo R2Bees, became an instant hit and made Sarkodie a household name within the Ghanaian music industry. After battling rappers from the popular rap competition, Kasahare Level, Sarkodie signed a record deal with JM Entertainment, he released his 2009 debut album Makye, with production from Killbeatz and Jayso as well as guest appearances from Kwaw Kese, J-Town and Paedae of R2Bees. The album received positive reviews from fans, it was launched at the Accra Mall.
In 2010, Sarkodie's "Push" and "Baby" songs were ranked ninth and thirteenth on Joy Fm's Top 50 songs of 2009, respectively. In 2011, Sarkodie released "Good Bye", "One Time For Your Mind", "You Go Kill Me", "Living Legend", "Onyame Nhyira" as lead singles off the Rapperholic album. "You Go kill Me", which features EL, was well-received throughout Ghana. Sulley Muntari, Deborah Owusu-Bonsu, X. O Senovoe, DJ Mensah and Funny Face made cameo appearances in the video. In 2012, Sarkodie launched the Rapperholic album, which received positive reviews from music critics; the album features guest appearances from Efya, Mugeez of R2Bees, Jayso, EL and others. Sarkodie went on a nationwide tour to support the album; the Rapperholic album earned Sarkodie his first BET nomination and subsequent win. Sarkodie was featured on the BET Hip Hop Awards cypher alongside Talib Kweli, Jean Grae and Ab-Soul, he was the only African act featured on the cypher. On October 30, 2013, Sarkodie released the official remix for his 2011 hit track "You Go Kill Me", which peaked at number 1 on various charts in Ghana.
The remix features Wizkid, Ice Prince, Navio and EL. On December 21, 2013, a concert was put together to launch the Sarkology album, released on January 2, 2014; the launch was held at the Accra Sports Stadium. The album features guest appearances from Fuse ODG, AKA, Tiwa Savage, Banky W, 2 Face Idibia, Joey B and Efya, among others. After releasing the Sarkology album, Sarkodie released the official remix for "Adonai"; the remix became an instant hit across Africa, was featured in BBC's Capital Xtra Top 35 Afrobeats Songs. Sarkodie launched his own record label, Sarkcess Music, in 2014; as part of the launch, he premiered the video for "Adonai" remix and "Special Someone", both of which features Castro and AKA, respectively. Sarkodie released the songs "Megye Wo Girl", "Love Rocks", "Chingum", "Whine Fi Me" under the label. In June 2014, Sarkodie collaborated with Mi Casa, Lola Rae, Diamond Platnumz and Tiwa Savage on a song for DSTV's Africa Rising campaign, designed to inspire Africans to partake in community-based social investment projects.
The music video for the song, released on June 24, 2014, was shot and directed by South African production house Callback Dream. On December 30, 2015, Sarkodie announced the release of his fourth album titled Mary; the album is named after his late grandmother who died in 2012. The live recorded album was released on September 12, 2015. On July 10, 2015, Sarkodie released "Mewu". On September 12, 2015, an autograph session was held at the West Hills Mall, the biggest mall in West Africa. Sarkodie sold nearly 4,000 copies of the album on the first day of its release. On February 27, 2016, Sarkodie spoke to a group of Harvard Business School students. Themed "The Art of the Hustle", his speech was about the challenges associated with being an African musician. Sarkodie performed at the event following his speech. Sarkodie as a rapper is a strong campaigner for growth and development in Ghana with most of his societal engagemants tailored towards the safety and better conditions that can bring out the best out of the Ghanaian youth.
With the sudden demise of a colleague and friend, Ebony on February 8, 2018, when returning from Sunyani after a family visit with two other friends. Obidi, as he is affectionately called has started a crusade to preach against road accident in the country; the multiple award-winning rap artiste in a new song titled “Wake Up Call” tells how he was desolated by the ‘M
Digital audio workstation
A digital audio workstation is an electronic device or application software used for recording and producing audio files. DAWs come in a wide variety of configurations from a single software program on a laptop, to an integrated stand-alone unit, all the way to a complex configuration of numerous components controlled by a central computer. Regardless of configuration, modern DAWs have a central interface that allows the user to alter and mix multiple recordings and tracks into a final produced piece. DAWs are used for the production and recording of music, speech, television, podcasts, sound effects and nearly any other situation where complex recorded audio is needed. Early attempts at digital audio workstations in the 1970s and 1980s faced limitations such as the high price of storage, the vastly slower processing and disk speeds of the time. In 1978, Soundstream built what could be considered the first digital audio workstation using some of the most current computer hardware of the time.
The Digital Editing System, as Soundstream called it, consisted of a DEC PDP-11/60 minicomputer running a custom software package called DAP, a Braegen 14"-platter hard disk drive, a storage oscilloscope to display audio waveforms for editing, a video display terminal for controlling the system. Interface cards that plugged into the PDP-11's Unibus slots provided analog and digital audio input and output for interfacing to Soundstream's digital recorders and conventional analog tape recorders; the DAP software could perform edits to the audio recorded on the system's hard disks and provide effects such as crossfades. By the late 1980s, a number of consumer level computers such as the MSX, Apple Macintosh, Atari ST and Commodore Amiga began to have enough power to handle digital audio editing. Engineers used Macromedia's Soundedit, with Microdeal's Replay Professional and Digidesign's "Sound Tools" and "Sound Designer" to edit audio samples for sampling keyboards like the E-mu Emulator II and the Akai S900.
Soon, people began to use them for simple two-track audio CD mastering. In 1989, Sonic Solutions released the first professional disk-based nonlinear audio editing system; the Mac IIfx-based Sonic System, based on research done earlier at George Lucas’ Sprocket Systems, featured complete CD premastering, with integrated control of Sony’s industry standard U-matic tape-based digital audio editor. This combination of audio software and hardware was the earliest commercial example of what is now referred to as a Digital Audio Workstation or DAW. In 1994, a company in California named OSC produced a 4-track editing-recorder application called DECK that ran on Digidesign's hardware system, used in the production of The Residents' "Freakshow". Many major recording studios "went digital" after Digidesign introduced its Pro Tools software, modeled after the traditional method and signal flow in most analog recording devices. At this time, most DAWs were Apple Mac based. Around 1992, the first Windows based DAWs started to emerge from companies such as IQS Innovative Quality Software, Soundscape Digital Technology, SADiE, Echo Digital Audio, Spectral Synthesis.
All the systems at this point used dedicated hardware for their audio processing. In 1993, the German company Steinberg released Cubase Audio on Atari Falcon 030; this version brought DSP built-in effects with 8-track audio recording & playback using only native hardware. The first Windows based software-only product, introduced in 1993, was Samplitude. In 1996, Steinberg introduced Cubase VST, which could record and play back up to 32 tracks of digital audio on an Apple Macintosh without need of any external DSP hardware. Cubase not only modelled a tape-like interface for recording and editing, but modelled the entire mixing desk and effects rack common in analog studios; this revolutionised the DAW world, both in features and price tag, was imitated by most other contemporary DAW systems. An integrated DAW consists of a mixing console, control surface, audio converter, data storage in one device. Integrated DAWs were more popular before available personal computers became powerful enough to run DAW software.
As computer power and speed increased and price decreased, the popularity of costly integrated systems with console automation dropped. Systems such as the Orban Audicy became standard production equipment at radio and television stations. DAW can refer to the software itself, but traditionally, a computer-based DAW has four basic components: a computer, either a sound card or audio interface, digital audio editor software, at least one input device for adding or modifying data; this could be as simple as a mouse or as sophisticated as a piano-style MIDI controller keyboard or automated fader board for mixing track volumes. The computer acts as a host for the sound card/audio interface, while the software provides the interface and functionality for audio editing; the sound card/external audio interface converts analog audio signals into digital form, digital back to analog audio when playing it back. The software controls all related hardware components and provides a user interface to allow for recording and playback.
Computer-based DAWs have extensive recording and playback capabilities. For example, musically, t
Osibisa is an Afrobeat band, founded in London in 1969 by four expatriate African and three Caribbean musicians. Their music is a fusion of African, jazz, rock, R&B. Osibisa were the most successful and longest lived of the African-heritage bands in London, alongside such contemporaries as Assagai, Chris McGregor's Brotherhood of Breath, Demon Fuzz, Noir, were responsible for the establishment of world music as a marketable genre. In Ghana in the 1950s, Teddy Osei, Sol Amarfio, Mamon Shareef, Farhan Freere played in a highlife band called The Star Gazers, they left to form The Comets, with Osei's brother Mac Tontoh on trumpet, scored a hit in West Africa with their 1958 song "Pete Pete." In 1962 Osei moved to London to study music on a scholarship from the Ghanaian government. In 1964 he formed Cat's Paw, an early "world music" band that combined highlife and soul. In 1969 he persuaded Amarfio and Tontoh to join him in London, Osibisa was born. Joining them in the first incarnation were Grenadian Spartacus R.
The band spent much of the 1970s touring the world, playing to large audiences in Japan, Australia and Africa. During this time Paul Golly and Ghanaians Daku Adams "Potato" and Kiki Gyan were members of the band. In 1980 Osibisa performed at a special Zimbabwean independence celebration, in 1983 were filmed onstage at the Marquee Club in London. Changes in the music industry however meant declining sales for the band, a series of label changes resulted; the band returned to Ghana to set up a recording studio and theatre complex to help younger highlife musicians. In the 1990s their music was anthologised in many CD collections, most of them unauthorised and paying no royalties whatsoever to the band. In 1996 Osei reformed the band, many of their past releases began coming out on CD; the revitalised band remains active, although Osei has cut back his touring schedule due to the effects of a stroke. Osibisa had an energetic performance in India, at the November Fest 2010 on 28 November 2010 at the Corporation Kalaiarangam in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
The name Osibisa was described in lyrics, album notes and interviews as meaning "criss-cross rhythms that explode with happiness" but it comes from "osibisaba" the Fante word for highlife. Their style influenced many of the emerging African musicians of the time and now, as Ace Ghanaian hip-hop music producer Hammer of The Last Two stated that his debut production, Obrafour's Pae Mu Ka album, the highest selling hiplife album to date was inspired by a single song by Osibisa, he had the chance to work with Kiki Gyan a few days before his death. Their first two albums featured artwork by famed progressive-rock artist Roger Dean, depicting flying elephants which became the symbol for the band; the third album, features a cover by Mati Klarwein, famed for his covers for Santana and Miles Davis. Osibirock features "Negro Attacked by a Jaguar" by Henri Rousseau. Playing on the original flying elephants theme, the Ultimate Collection set features elephants with tank turrets for heads. In 2009, their Osee Yee album featured the flying elephants once more, this time painted by Freyja Dean.
Roger Dean's logo for the band continues to be used on every release. One major controversy surrounding the death of legendary keyboardist Kiki Djan, was made public by his daughter Vanessa Sullivan Djan in an interview she granted a local newspaper RazzPaper. In the interview she stated "“They betrayed him! If I’m your friend and I’m into some form of immorality and you watch me go on with it till I crush, a form of betrayal! Kiki wrote many songs when he was part of Osibisa but they never gave him credit for that; that was another betrayal.”. Teddy Osei, who refuted the reports said in an interview with Let’s Talk Entertainment on JoyNews on MultiTV, the group took care of Kiki, who joined the band at age 18, until his death in 2004.” Saxophone: Teddy Osei Trumpet: Mac Tontoh, Colin Graham, Kenny Wellington Flute – Abdul Loughty Lasisi Amao Trombone: Abdul Remiola Percussion, congas: Kofi Ayivor, Nii Tagoe, Darko Adams'Daku' Potato, Dinesh Pandit Drums: Solomon "Sol" Amarfio, KB, Frank Tontoh, Remi Kabaka, Robert Fordjour Keyboards: Robert Bailey, Bessa Simons, Kwame Yeboah, Chris Jerome, Emmanuel Rentzos, Errol Reid, Kiki Gyan, Jean Rousell Guitars: Kari Bannerman, Gregg Kofi Brown, Wendell "Dell" Richardson, Tony Etoria, Paul Golly, Gordon Hunte, Kwame Yeboah, Jake Solo, Robert Abia Moore, Winston Delandro Bass guitar: Spartacus R, Mike Odumosu, Fred Coker, Victor Mensah, Herman Asafo-Agyei, Gregg Kofi Brown, Jean-Karl Dikoto Mandengue, Abia Moore Vocals: Gregg Kofi Brown, Teddy Osei, Emmanuel Rentzos, Wendell Richardson, Pamela Carter, Desiree Heslop The original line-up consisted of Teddy Osei, Mac Tontoh, Sol Amarfio, all three from Ghana, Loughty Lassisi Amao, from Nigeria, Robert Bailey, from Trinidad, Spartacus R, from Grenada, Wendell Richardson.
The first to exit was Spartacus R, replaced numerous time