Texas Archive War
The Republic of Texas was formed in 1836. After the war ended in April, Columbia became the capital city. The center of government and the archives were moved to Houston. Under his influence, the Texas Congress authorized the establishment of a city to serve as the seat of government. The new city, was at the edge of the frontier, near several hostile native tribes, proponents of the move predicted that when the rest of the nation was settled, Austin would be the population center. The opposition, led by former president Sam Houston, wanted the government to remain near the current population center, the nations archives were moved to Austin between August 26 and October 14,1839. Lamar and his cabinet arrived on October 17, over the next several years, Comanches staged several raids near Austin. Citizens in the Houston area and the Houston Morning Star editorial board used these as evidence to support their argument that the capital, Sam Houston was elected president again in September 1841. His margin of victory was so large he assumed a mandate to implement his priorities, Congress continued to reject proposals to move the archives.
The following month, Mexican troops under General Rafael Vásquez invaded Texas, by March 5, over 1,000 Mexican soldiers were camped in San Antonio. Several days later, a committee of vigilance in Austin recommended martial law, a small number of people remained. President Houston returned to the city that bore his name, Vásquez retreated after a few days. Sam Houston may not have known of this, on March 10, he ordered George Washington Hockley, Secretary of War, Colonel Henry Jones, the military commander in Austin, convened a group of citizens to discuss Houstons order. Public sentiment was that Austin was safe, and that Houstons departure had created a lack of confidence in the city, on March 16, the committee of vigilance resolved that removing the archives was against the law. They formed a patrol at Bastrop to search every wagon and seize any government records found, Sam Houstons private secretary, W. D. Miller, wrote him that Austin residents would much rather take their rifles to prevent a removal than to fight Mexicans.
To resolve the issue, the president called a session of Congress. Congress took no action to move the capital, General Arián Woll led another Mexican expedition into Texas and temporarily captured San Antonio. Houston convened the Seventh Texas Congress at Washington-on-the-Brazos, on December 9, Senator Greer proposed A Bill to provide for the safety of the National Archives
Keller Williams Realty
Keller Williams Realty is an American international real estate franchise with headquarters in Austin, Texas. Founded in 1983 by Gary Keller and Joe Williams, it grew from an office in Austin to approximately 700 offices. It is the largest real estate franchise by agent count in the World and it is an Inc.5000 company and has been recognized as one of the highest rated real estate companies by numerous publications, including Entrepreneur Magazine and Forbes. Keller Williams Realty was founded in 1983 by Gary Keller and Joe Williams and it started out as a single office based in Austin, selling local residential real estate in the Austin area. After two years in business, Keller Williams became the largest single office real estate firm in Austin with 72 licensed agents. Within a year, the company grew to 130 agents and began to back as the top real estate broker in Austin. In the early 1990s, Keller Williams Realty expanded outside of the state of Texas and it opened an office in Oklahoma in 1993, marking the firms first office to be located outside of its home state.
The Oklahoma office was recognized as the most successful single real estate office in that state. Keller Williams expanded at a rapid rate throughout the United States, in 1997 the company was recognized by being on the Franchise Gold 100 list by Success Magazine. As it moved into the century, Keller Williams became the 6th largest real estate agency in the U. S. An example of its rapid expansion came in the state of Florida where in 2004 it was attributed as the largest real estate office in Polk County with 114 agents. That same year, it was attributed as the fastest growing real estate office in the state with 45 market centers. Keller Williams Realty continued expanding and in 2007, the company launched Luxury Homes by Keller Williams, eligible agents receive training and certification through The Institute of Luxury Home Marketing and are designated as experts for sale of the companys high end properties. In 2008, it launched KW Commercial, a division providing commercial real estate associates with specialized technology, marketing tools, the division is known for allowing agents to keep more commission splits in their favor, retaining at least 60 percent more based on $300,000 gross income.
It allowed profit sharing similar to residential agents, as of 2012, the division boasted of more than 1,000 brokers nationally. By the end of the decade in 2010, Keller Williams had 77,672 real estate agents in the United States and it surpassed Century 21 as the second largest real estate agency in the U. S. two years after taking over the third spot from RE/MAX International. Between 2005 and 2011, the company saw a 40 percent increase in the number of offices in North America, Keller Williams Realty went international in 2012, launching Keller Williams Worldwide as a subdivision to manage its international franchising. It awarded its first overseas franchise in Vietnam in 2012, the same year, franchising of the company was made available in Indonesia and Southern Africa, and in 2013 expanded to Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom
Travis County, Texas
Travis County is a county located in south central Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,024,266 and it is the fifth-most populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Austin, the capital of Texas, the county was established in 1840 and is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo. Travis County is part of the Austin-Round Rock Metropolitan Statistical Area and it is located along the Balcones Fault, the boundary between the Edwards Plateau to the west and the Blackland Prairie to the east. Evidence of habitation of the Balcones Escarpment region of Texas can be traced to at least 11,000 years ago, two of the oldest Paleolithic archeological sites in Texas, the Levi Rock Shelter and Smith Rock Shelter, are located in southwest and southeast Travis County, respectively. Several hundred years before the arrival of European settlers, the area was inhabited by a variety of nomadic Native American tribes and these indigenous peoples fished and hunted along the creeks, including present-day Barton Springs, which proved to be a reliable campsite.
At the time of the first permanent settlement of the area, the region was claimed by the Spanish Empire in the 1600s, but at the time no attempt was made to settle the area. In 1691 Domingo Terán de los Ríos made a tour through East Texas that likely took him through Travis Country. The first European settlers in the area were a group of Spanish friars who arrived from East Texas in July 1730. They established three missions, La Purísima Concepción, San Francisco de los Neches and San José de los Nazonis. The friars found conditions undesirable and relocated to the San Antonio River within a year of their arrival, in 1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain, and the new government enacted laws encouraging colonists to settle the Texas frontier by granting them land and reduced taxation. Over the next decade, thousands of immigrants moved into Texas, in particular, American empresario Stephen F. Austin established one of his colonies near what is now Bastrop. Josiah and Mathias Wilbarger, Reuben Hornsby, Jacob M.
Harrell, in 1836 Texas declared and won its independence from Mexico, forming a new Republic of Texas. After Texas Vice President Mirabeau B, lamar visited central Texas during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republics capital be relocated to a site on the north bank of the Colorado River. In 1839 the site was chosen as the republics new capital and given the name Waterloo, Texas. A new county was established the following year, of which Austin would be the seat. In 1861 Travis County was one of the few Texas counties to vote against secession from the Union, since the majority of the state did favor secession, Travis County became a part of the Confederacy for the duration of the Civil War. After the Confederacys defeat, Texas was fully readmitted to the Union in 1870, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,023 square miles, of which 990 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water
Austin Police Department
Austin Police Department is the principal law enforcement agency serving Austin, United States. As of Fiscal Year 2010, the agency had an budget of more than $402 million and employed around 2,646 personell. Brian Manley was named interim chief effective December 1,2016, city of Austin – Austin Police Department, Administration
The Driskill, a Romanesque-style building completed in 1886, is the oldest operating hotel in Austin, United States, and one of the best-known hotels in Texas generally. The Driskill was conceived and built by Col. Jesse Driskill, the Driskill is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The hotel was completed at a cost of $400,000 and its four stories occupied almost half a block, with three arched entryways on the south and north sides. Carved limestone busts of Driskill and his two sons and Tobe, crowned the hotel on each of these sides, six million bricks went into the structure, along with limestone features. The hotels 60 rooms included 12 corner rooms with attached baths, other embellishments included an electric bell system, marble bureaus and washstands, steam heating, and gas lighting. The gas pipes throughout the building particularly led Driskill to make the hotel as fireproof as possible, the steam boilers and laundry facilities were relegated to the back side of the hotel to prevent their odors from permeating the hotel.
The building was built with a special ladies entrance that allowed guests to proceed directly to their rooms. Jesse Driskill, a cattle baron, had moved to Texas from Missouri in 1849. Flush with cash from his service to the Confederate Army, to which he supplied beef throughout the Civil War, he decided to diversify by constructing a hotel in Austin. In 1884, Driskill purchased land at the corner of 6th and Brazos for $7,500 and he hired the architectural firm of Jasper N. Preston & Son to design the structure. The hotel enjoyed a grand opening on December 20,1886, on January 1,1887, Governor Sul Ross held his inaugural ball in its ballroom, beginning a tradition for every Texas governor since. Driskill unfortunately did not have the clientele to match the splendor of his four-star hotel. At a time when other hotels were 50 cents to one dollar per night, Driskill charged $2.50 to $5.00, an exorbitant sum at what was still relatively a Wild West town. According to legend, he finally lost the hotel in a game of poker in 1888 to his brother-in-law, Jim Doc Day, Driskill died of a stroke in 1890.
The hotel changed hands several times through the turn of the 20th century, local magnate George Littlefield, responsible for other Austin landmarks such as the Littlefield House, obtained the hotel for $106,000 in 1895, and vowed that it would never close again. Littlefield invested over $60,000 in renovations, including ceiling frescoes and 28 additional lavatories, the original building was expanded in 1930 with a 13-story tower designed by the El Paso architecture firm, Trost & Trost. During the same renovation, each of the original 60 rooms was converted to include a private bathroom, in 1934, future President Lyndon Johnson met his future wife, Claudia Taylor, for their first date at the Driskill dining room. The Johnsons continued a lifelong love of the Driskill, and stayed there dozens of times during the rest of their lives
St. Edward's University
St. Edwards University is a private, not-for-profit, liberal arts Roman Catholic university in the Holy Cross tradition with approximately 5,000 students. Located in Austin, with a network of universities around the world. St. Edwards University was founded by the Reverend Edward Sorin, CSC, Superior General of the Congregation of Holy Cross, who founded the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana. Father Sorin established the institution on farmland south of Austin in 1877 and named it St. Edwards Academy in honor of his saint, Edward the Confessor. It is affiliated with the Congregation of Holy Cross, in 1885, the president, Rev. P. J. Franciscus, strengthened the prestige of the academy by securing a charter, changing its name to St. Edwards College, assembling a faculty and increasing enrollment. Subsequently, St. Edwards began to grow, and the first school newspaper, the organization of baseball and football teams, architect Nicholas J. Clayton of Galveston, Texas was commissioned to design the colleges Main Building.
The structure was built four-stories tall in the Gothic Revival style and was constructed with white limestone. In 1903, a fire destroyed the majority of Main Building, in 1922, Main Building sustained damage from a tornado that caused significant damage all over the campus. Main Building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, in 1925, St. Edwards received its university charter. Most of the personnel at the time were Holy Cross priests, women arrived at St. Edwards in 1966 as students for Maryhill College, a coordinate institution. By 1970, Maryhill was absorbed and St. Edwards became co-educational, by 1971, the university carried bachelors and masters degrees in business administration. Also added were the College Assistance Migrant Program, or CAMP, a professionally oriented Theater Arts curriculum, a degree program for adults called New College. In 1984, Patricia Hayes became the second layperson to lead St. Edwards University, in 1990, enrollment reached 3,000 for the first time.
This decade ushered in an undergraduate curriculum, and capital and technological improvements. In 1999, George E. Martin became the 23rd president of St. Edwards University, St. Edwards endowment, as of 2014, stood at more than $95,000,000. By 2010, significant change was implemented across the campus in support of this vision, the size of the faculty increased. New graduate and undergraduate programs were added. Local and global partnerships were formed to expand opportunities for students, a campus master plan guided the development of $150 million in new and renovated facilities
Austin Community College District
The Austin Community College District has many campuses community college system serving the Austin, Texas metropolitan area and surrounding Central Texas communities. The college maintains numerous campuses and distance learning options to serve about 100,000 students in academic, continuing education, ACC offers associate degree and career/technical certificate programs in about one hundred areas of study. Most courses taken within the district are meant to apply for associate degrees, ACC is the sixth largest community college system in the United States, and the fourth largest college in Texas. In the 1960s Austin residents and leaders discussed the possibility of establishing a community college for their growing city, the question was put to a vote repeatedly, but voters rejected the proposed taxpayer-supported college system in 1963,1965 and 1968. In 1972, however, a proposal that would allow the new college to be operated by Austin Independent School District won a majority of voters support. ACC received its accreditation from SACS in 1978, as the systems student population grew, it quickly came to need more funding than its operation as a branch of AISD could provide.
The initiative was rejected at the polls, but a similar measure was enacted in 1986, separating ACC from AISD and establishing its governing board. The systems service area has grown steadily across its history as surrounding regions have agreed to be annexed into the tax district in return for in-district tuition for their residents, the ACC District now spans all or most of seven counties in Central Texas and parts of four more. In the fall of 1973, the college held its first classes in the former Anderson High School building in east Austin, evening classes were held at several Austin public high schools. The Rio Grande Campus, the second, was opened downtown in 1975 in the building recently vacated by Austin High School. ACCs administrative offices are located in north-central Austin, ACC is governed by a seven-member Board of Trustees whose members are elected by residents of the taxation district. Each member is elected at large and sits for a six-year term, the college system and its degrees are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. ACC has a program which is intended to develop the ability.
In October 2014 the Texas Senate Higher Education Committee discussed the possibility of allowing ACC to offer bachelors degrees, but as of 2015 no such action has been taken
University of Texas at Austin
Founded in 1881 as The University of Texas, its campus is in Austin, Texas—approximately 1 mile from the Texas State Capitol. The institution has the nations seventh-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty, UT Austin was inducted into the American Association of Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South to be elected. It is a center for academic research, with research expenditures exceeding $550 million for the 2014–2015 school year. J. Pickle Research Campus and the McDonald Observatory, among university faculty are recipients of the Nobel Prize, Pulitzer Prize, the Wolf Prize, the Emmy Award, the Turing Award, and the National Medal of Science, as well as many other awards. UT Austin student athletes compete as the Texas Longhorns and are members of the Big 12 Conference and its Longhorn Network is the only sports network featuring the college sports of a single university. The first mention of a university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.
Although Title 6, Article 217 of the Constitution promised to establish education in the arts and sciences. On April 18,1838, An Act to Establish the University of Texas was referred to a committee of the Texas Congress. On January 26,1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land towards the establishment of a publicly funded university, in addition,40 acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated College Hill. In 1845, Texas was annexed into the United States, the states Constitution of 1845 failed to mention higher education. On February 11,1858, the Seventh Texas Legislature approved O. B,102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds toward construction of the states first publicly funded university. The legislature designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the universitys endowment, Texas secession from the Union and the American Civil War delayed repayment of the borrowed monies.
At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texas endowment was just over $16,000 in warrants, the more valuable lands reverted to the fund to support general education in the state. The legislature additionally appropriated $256,272.57 to repay the funds taken from the university in 1860 to pay for frontier defense, the 1883 grant of land increased the land in the Permanent University Fund to almost 2.2 million acres. Under the Act of 1858, the university was entitled to just over 1,000 acres of land for every mile of railroad built in the state. On March 30,1881, the legislature set forth the structure and organization. By popular election on September 6,1881, Austin was chosen as the site, having come in second in the election was designated the location of the medical department. On November 17,1882, on the original College Hill, smite the earth, smite the rocks with the rod of knowledge and fountains of unstinted wealth will gush forth
Austin is the capital of the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. It is the 11th-most populous city in the U. S. and it is the fastest growing large city in the United States and the second most populous capital city after Phoenix, Arizona. As of the U. S. Census Bureaus July 1,2015 estimate and it is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 2,056,405 as of July 1,2016. In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River, in 1839, the site was officially chosen to replace Houston as the new capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name Waterloo. Shortly thereafter, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin, the Father of Texas and the republics first secretary of state. The city subsequently grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin.
After a lull in growth from the Great Depression, Austin resumed its development into a city and, by the 1980s, it emerged as a center for technology. A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin, including Amazon. com, cisco, eBay, Google, IBM, Oracle Corporation, Texas Instruments, 3M, and Whole Foods Market. Dells worldwide headquarters is located in nearby Round Rock, a suburb of Austin, residents of Austin are known as Austinites. They include a mix of government employees, college students, high-tech workers, blue-collar workers. The city adopted Silicon Hills as a nickname in the 1990s due to an influx of technology. In the late 1800s, Austin was known as the City of the Violet Crown because of the glow of light across the hills just after sunset. Even today, many Austin businesses use the term Violet Crown in their name, Austin is known as a clean-air city for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars.
The FBI ranked Austin as the second-safest major city in the U. S. for the year 2012, U. S. News & World Report named Austin the best place to live in the U. S. in 2017. Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of habitation since at least 9200 BC. When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area, the Comanches and Lipan Apaches were known to travel through the area. Spanish colonists, including the Espinosa-Olivares-Aguirre expedition, traveled through the area for centuries, in 1730, three missions from East Texas were combined and reestablished as one mission on the south side of the Colorado River, in what is now Zilker Park, in Austin. The mission was in area for only about seven months