Hippodamia tredecimpunctata

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Thirteen-spotted lady beetle
Ladybug13.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Coccinellidae
Genus: Hippodamia
Species: H. tredecimpunctata
Binomial name
Hippodamia tredecimpunctata
Linnaeus, 1758

Hippodamia tredecimpunctata, commonly known as the thirteen-spot ladybeetle, is a species of lady beetle.

Description[edit]

Adult H. tredecimpunctata have domed backs, mainly oval, often shiny with short legs and antennae. They have two wing covers. They are usually red to orange in color. This species has thirteen dark or black spots.[1] The larvae are slightly flattened and covered with miniature spines. Very small eggs are laid in groups of 10–50 on the undersides of leaves.

Range[edit]

The species is distributed throughout much the northern hemisphere-Europe, North Africa, European Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, the Russian Far East, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Middle Asia, Western Asia, Afghanistan, Mongolia, China, the Korean Peninsula, Japan, North America.[2][3] In North America, it can be found in Canada and the northern United States. The relative abundance of this species in North America has been associated with the introduction of the non-native coccinellid Coccinella septempunctata.[1]

Habitat[edit]

It is a stenotypic (limited habitat) species most associated with wet meadows, lakesides, flood plains and river deltas, marshes, and in marshes and marshy alder thickets, carr and bodden on Carex, Sparganium, Phragmites, and on Salix[4][5]

Biology[edit]

It feeds on Aphis farinosa and occurs on grasses and sedges associated with Sipha glyceriae and on aphids associated with Gramineae, Umbelliferae, and some other plants[6] It also feeds on Erysiphales on reeds, before the emergence of aphids[7] It has also found on cane, rotten hay, detritus, and under peeled-off bark.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Changes in the status and geographic ranges of Canadian Lady Beetles (Coccinellinae) and the selection of candidates for risk assessment. Part 1. Foundation Report" (PDF). Retrieved January 26, 2016. 
  2. ^ N. B. Nikitsky and А. S. Ukrainsky , 2016 The Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Moscow Province ISSN 0013–8738, Entomological Review, 2016, Vol. 96, No. 6, pp. 710–735 ISSN 0013–8738 online pdf
  3. ^ Fauna Europaea
  4. ^ Koch, K., Die Käfer Mitteleuropas, Ökologie. Vol. 2 (Goecke und Evers Verlag, Krefeld, 1989).
  5. ^ lablokoff-Khnzorian, S. M. 1982. Les Coccinelles Coleopteres- Coccinellidae Tribu Coccinellini des regions Palearctique et Orientale. Boubee. Paris. 568 pp.
  6. ^ Sem’yanov, V.P.,1965 Fauna and Biotopic Distribution of Coccinellids (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Leningrad Province, Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 44 (2), 315–323 (1965).
  7. ^ Savoiskaya, G.I., Coccinellid Larvae (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of the Fauna of the USSR (Nauka, Leningrad Branch, Leningrad, 1983) (Keys to the Fauna of the USSR, Published by the Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, No. 137) [in Russian].