Victor Lonzo Fleming was an American film director and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director. Fleming has those same two films listed in the top 10 of the American Film Institute's 2007 AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list. Victor Fleming was born at the Banbury Ranch near what is now La Cañada Flintridge, the son of Eva and William Richard Lonzo Fleming, he served in the photographic section during World War I, acted as chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson in Versailles, France. He showed a mechanical aptitude early in life, he soon rose to the rank of cinematographer, working with both Dwan and D. W. Griffith, directed his first film in 1919. Many of his silent films were action movies starring Douglas Fairbanks, or Westerns; because of his robust attitude and love of outdoor sports, he became known as a "man's director". Under his direction, Vivien Leigh won the Best Actress Oscar, Hattie McDaniel won for Best Supporting Actress, Olivia De Havilland was nominated.
In 1932, Fleming directed some of the studio's most prestigious films. Red Dust and Reckless showcasing Jean Harlow, while Treasure Island and Captains Courageous brought a touch of literary distinction to boy's-own adventure stories, his two most famous films came in 1939, when The Wizard of Oz was followed by Gone With the Wind. Fleming's version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, with Spencer Tracy, was rated below Rouben Mamoulian's 1931 pre-code version, which had starred Fredric March. Fleming's 1942 film version of John Steinbeck's Tortilla Flat starred Tracy, John Garfield, Hedy Lamarr, Frank Morgan. Other films that Fleming made with Tracy include Captains Courageous, A Guy Named Joe, Test Pilot, he directed Clark Gable in a total of five films – Red Dust, The White Sister, Test Pilot, Gone with the Wind, Adventure. He owned the Moraga Estate in Bel Air, Los Angeles, California a horse ranch. Frequent guests to his estate included Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, Spencer Tracy, he died while en route to a hospital in Cottonwood, Arizona after suffering a heart attack on January 6, 1949.
His death occurred shortly after completing Joan of Arc with Ingrid Bergman, one of the few films that he did not make for MGM. Despite mixed reviews, Fleming's film version of the life of Joan received seven Academy Award nominations, winning two, it was reported in James Curtis' book Spencer Tracy: A Biography that Anne Revere once said Fleming was "violently pro-Nazi" and opposed to the United States entering World War II. According to the Fleming biography Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master, by author Michael Sragow, Fleming had once mocked the UK at the outset of World War II by taking a bet as to how long the country could withstand an attack by Germany; the accuracy of Revere's characterization of Fleming has been disputed, however. According to Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master, Revere had made her comment because she felt she had been cast in the film The Yearling over Flora Robson because Robson was British. However, at the time of the casting, Fleming was working on the film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, which featured a British producer and a cast composed of British or British Commonwealth actors.
Furthermore, Revere did not know Fleming beyond their professional relationship. Victor Fleming on IMDb Victor Fleming at AllMovie Victor Fleming at the TCM Movie Database The Real Rhett Butler – David Denby on Victor Fleming
Lillian Langdon was an American film actress of the silent era. She appeared in 86 films between 1912 and 1928, she died in Santa Monica, aged 82. Lillian Langdon on IMDb
Joseph Henabery Omaha, was a US film actor, screenplay writer, director. Henabery's acting career began in The Joke on Yellentown. Henabery appeared in the D. W. Griffith silent film Birth of a Nation as Abraham Lincoln. From 1914 to 1917 he appeared in seventeen films. Henabery worked as a second-unit director on Griffith's Intolerance, supervised the filming of at least one extended sequence that appeared in the film. Throughout the rest of his career, he worked as a director. From the mid-1920s, after professional disagreements with both Louis B. Mayer at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Adolph Zukor at Paramount Pictures, Henabery found employment as a director for smaller Hollywood studios, his career as a director of feature films ended by the late 1930s. Although Henabery's impersonation of Lincoln was a masterpiece of facial makeup, the 6'1" Henabery was three inches shorter than the 6'4" Lincoln. Kevin Brownlow's book The Parade's Gone By contains a photo of Henabery in costume and makeup as Lincoln, seated in a chair with planks placed on the floor under Henabery's feet so that his knees are raised several inches.
Henabery died on February 1976, aged 88, in Los Angeles, California. Joseph Henabery on IMDb
Karla Schramm, was an American film actress. A lifelong resident of Los Angeles, she was the second actress to play Jane Porter, mate of Tarzan, in motion pictures, she first appeared in the 1920 production The Revenge of Tarzan opposite Gene Pollar as Tarzan. That year she played the same role in the movie serial The Son of Tarzan, this time opposite P. Dempsey Tabler as the Apeman, she and 1940s actress Brenda Joyce were the only women to play Jane opposite two different Tarzans. His Majesty, the American The Revenge of Tarzan - Jane Porter The Son of Tarzan - Jane Porter Karla Schramm on IMDb Karla Schramm at Find a Grave
Lewis Montagna, better known as Bull Montana, was an Italian-American professional wrestler and actor. Montagna was born on May 16, 1887 in Voghera and came to the United States as a child, he became a professional wrestler under the name of Bull Montana. He gravitated to films in 1917, appearing first in several of the vehicles of his close pal Douglas Fairbanks. In 1919 he appeared as a gruesome villain in Maurice Tourneur's masterpiece Victory alongside Lon Chaney. Numbered among his many friends was Abe "The Newsboy" Hollandersky, boxer and movie extra, who claimed Montagna offered to help him finance his 1930 autobiography. In the early 1920s Montana, as he was known wrestled with his friend Jack Dempsey prior to some of Dempsey's larger fights to help entertain the press and spectators. Montagna was cast as a thug, henchman or something not quite sympathetic, sometimes not quite human. Tempering his on-screen brutishness with humor, Montana starred in his own series of two-reel comedies in the early 1920s, spoofing everyone from Robin Hood to the Corsican Brothers.
He appeared in two Buster Keaton films including a role as a professional wrestler in the film Palooka from Paducah. He continued playing movie bits into the 1940s, notably as one of Buster Crabbe's antagonists in the 1936 series Flash Gordon. Like many mashed-face musclemen of the movies, Bull Montana is reputed to have been as gentle as a lamb in real life, he died on January 1950 in Los Angeles, California. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery. Bull Montana on IMDb Bull Montana at Virtual History
Douglas Fairbanks was an American actor, screenwriter and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films including The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies. Fairbanks was a founding member of United Artists, he was a founding member of The Motion Picture Academy and hosted the 1st Academy Awards in 1929. With his marriage to Mary Pickford in 1920, the couple became Hollywood royalty and Fairbanks was referred to as "The King of Hollywood", a nickname passed on to actor Clark Gable. Though considered as one of the biggest stars in Hollywood during the 1910s and 1920s, Fairbanks' career declined with the advent of the "talkies", his final film was The Private Life of Don Juan. Fairbanks was born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman in Denver, the son of Hezekiah Charles Ullman and Ella Adelaide, he had two half-brothers, John Fairbanks, Jr. and Norris Wilcox, a full brother, Robert Payne Ullman. His father was born in Berrysburg and raised in Williamsport.
He was the fourth child in a Jewish family consisting of four daughters. Charles's parents, Lazarus Ullman and Lydia Abrahams, had immigrated to the U. S. in 1830 from Baden, Germany. When he was 17, Charles started a small publishing business in Philadelphia. Two years he left for New York to study law. Charles met Ella Adelaide Marsh after she married his friend and client John Fairbanks, a wealthy New Orleans sugar mill and plantation owner; the couple had a son and shortly thereafter John Senior died of tuberculosis. Ella, born into a wealthy southern Roman Catholic family, was overprotected and knew little of her husband's business, she was swindled out of her fortune by her husband's partners. The efforts of Charles Ullman, acting on her behalf, failed to regain any of the family fortune for her. Distraught and lonely, she met and married a courtly Georgian, Edward Wilcox, who turned out to be an alcoholic. After they had a son, she divorced Wilcox with Charles acting as her own lawyer in the suit.
The pretty southern belle soon became romantically involved with Charles and agreed to move to Denver with him to pursue mining investments. They arrived in Denver in 1881 with John, they were married and in 1882 had a child, Robert and a second son, Douglas, a year later. Charles purchased several mining interests in the Rocky Mountains, he re-established his law practice. Charles Ullman, after hearing of his wife's philandering, abandoned the family when Douglas was five years old. Douglas and his older brother Robert were brought up by their mother, who gave them the family name Fairbanks, after her first husband. Douglas Fairbanks began acting at an early age, in amateur theatre on the Denver stage, performing in summer stock at the Elitch Gardens Theatre, other productions sponsored by Margaret Fealy, who ran an acting school for young people in Denver, he attended Denver East High School, was expelled for cutting the wires on the school piano. He left school in the spring of 1899, at the age of 15.
He variously claimed to have attended Colorado School of Mines and Harvard University, but neither claim is true. He went with the acting troupe of Frederick Warde, beginning a cross country tour in September 1899, he toured with Warde for two seasons, functioning in dual roles, both as actor and as the assistant stage manager in his second year with the group. After two years he moved to New York, where he found his first Broadway role in Her Lord and Master, which premiered in February 1902, he worked as a clerk in a Wall Street office between acting jobs. His Broadway appearances included the popular A Gentleman from Mississippi in 1908–09. On July 11, 1907, Fairbanks married Anna Beth Sully, the daughter of wealthy industrialist Daniel J. Sully, in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, they had one son, Douglas Fairbanks Jr. a noted actor. In 1915, the family moved to Los Angeles. After moving to Los Angeles, Fairbanks signed a contract with Triangle Pictures in 1915 and began working under the supervision of D.
W. Griffith, his first film was titled The Lamb, in which he debuted the athletic abilities that would gain him wide attention among theatre audiences. His athleticism was not appreciated by Griffith, he was brought to the attention of Anita Loos and John Emerson, who wrote and directed many of his early romantic comedies. In 1916, Fairbanks established his own company, the Douglas Fairbanks Film Corporation, would soon get a job at Paramount. Fairbanks met actress Mary Pickford at a party in 1916, the couple soon began an affair. In 1917, they joined Fairbanks' friend Charlie Chaplin selling war bonds by train across the United States. Pickford and Chaplin were the two highest paid film stars in Hollywood at that time. To curtail these stars' astronomical salaries, the large studios attempted to monopolize distributors and exhibitors. By 1918, Fairbanks was Hollywood's most popular actor, within three years of his arrival, Fairbanks' popularity and business acumen raised him to the third-highest paid.
In 1917, Fairbanks capitalized on his rising popularity by publishing a self-help book and Live which extolled the power of positive thinking and self-confidence in raising one's health and social prospects. To avoid being controlled by the studios and to protect their independence, Fair
William Henry Pratt, better known by his stage name Boris Karloff, was an English actor, known for his roles in horror films. He portrayed Frankenstein's monster in Bride of Frankenstein and Son of Frankenstein, he appeared as Imhotep in The Mummy. In non-horror roles, he is best known to modern audiences for narrating and as the voice of Grinch in the animated television special of Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas!. For his contribution to film and television, Boris Karloff was awarded two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Boris Karloff was born William Henry Pratt on 23 November 1887, at 36 Forest Hill Road, Surrey, but Pratt stated that he was born in nearby Dulwich, his parents were Jr. and Eliza Sarah Millard. His brother, Sir John Thomas Pratt, was a British diplomat. Edward John Pratt, Jr. was an Anglo-Indian, from a British father and Indian mother, while Karloff's mother had some Indian ancestry, thus Karloff had a dark complexion that stood out in British society at the time.
His mother's maternal aunt was Anna Leonowens, whose tales about life in the royal court of Siam were the basis of the musical The King and I. Pratt was bow-legged, had a lisp, stuttered as a young boy, he conquered his stutter, but not his lisp, noticeable throughout his career in the film industry. Pratt spent his childhood years in the County of Middlesex, he was the youngest of nine children, following his mother's death was brought up by his elder siblings. He received his early education at Enfield Grammar School, at the private schools of Uppingham School and Merchant Taylors' School. After this, he attended King's College London where he took studies aimed at a career with the British Government's Consular Service. However, in 1909, he left university without graduating and drifted, departing England for Canada, where he worked as a farm labourer and did various odd itinerant jobs until happening upon acting. Pratt began appearing in theatrical performances in Canada, during this period he chose Boris Karloff as his stage name.
Some have theorised that he took the stage name from a mad scientist character in the novel The Drums of Jeopardy called "Boris Karlov". However, the novel was not published until 1920, at least eight years after Karloff had been using the name on stage and in silent films, opening the possibility that the Karlov character might have been named after Karloff after the novel's author noticed it in a cast listing and liked the sound of it rather than being a coincidence. Warner Oland played "Boris Karlov" in a film version in 1931. Another possible influence was thought to be a character in the Edgar Rice Burroughs fantasy novel H. R. H; the Rider which features a "Prince Boris of Karlova", but as the novel was not published until 1915, the influence may be backward, that Burroughs saw Karloff in a play and adapted the name for the character. Karloff always claimed he chose the first name "Boris" because it sounded foreign and exotic, that "Karloff" was a family name. However, his daughter Sara Karloff publicly denied any knowledge of Slavic forebears, "Karloff" or otherwise.
One reason for the name change was to prevent embarrassment to his family. Whether or not his brothers considered young William the "black sheep of the family" for having become an actor, Karloff worried they felt that way, he did not reunite with his family until he returned to Britain to make The Ghoul worried that his siblings would disapprove of his new, macabre claim to world fame. Instead, his brothers jostled for position around him and posed for publicity photographs. After the photo was taken, Karloff's brothers started asking about getting a copy of their own; the story of the photo became one of Karloff's favorites. Karloff joined the Jeanne Russell Company in 1911 and performed in towns like Kamloops and Prince Albert. After the devastating tornado in Regina on 30 June 1912, Karloff and other performers helped with clean-up efforts, he took a job as a railway baggage handler and joined the Harry St. Clair Co. that performed in Minot, North Dakota, for a year in an opera house above a hardware store.
Whilst he was trying to establish his acting career, Karloff had to perform years of manual labour in Canada and the U. S. in order to make ends meet. He was left with back problems from; because of his health, he did not enlist in World War I. During this period, Karloff worked in various theatrical stock companies across the U. S. to hone his acting skills. Some acting companies mentioned were the Harry St. Clair Players and the Billie Bennett Touring Company. By early 1918 he was working with the Maud Amber Players in Vallejo, but because of the Spanish Flu outbreak in the San Francisco area and the fear of infection, the troupe was disbanded, he was able to find work with the Haggerty Repertory for a while. According to Karloff, in his first film he appeared as an extra in a crowd scene for a Frank Borzage picture at Universal for which he received $5. Once Karloff arrived in Hollywood, he made dozens of silent films, but this work was sporadic, he had to take up manual labour such as digging ditches or delivering construction plaster to earn a living.
His first on