Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
UNESCO World Heritage site
Petersburg-square.jpg
Location Saint Petersburg, Russia
Criteria Cultural: (i), (ii), (iv), (vi)
Reference 540bis
Inscription 1990 (14th Session)
Extensions 2013
Area 3,934.1 ha (15.190 sq mi)
Coordinates 59°57′0″N 30°19′6″E / 59.95000°N 30.31833°E / 59.95000; 30.31833Coordinates: 59°57′0″N 30°19′6″E / 59.95000°N 30.31833°E / 59.95000; 30.31833
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments is located in Europe
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
Location of Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments in Europe
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments is located in Russia
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments (Russia)

Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments is the name used by UNESCO when it collectively designated the historic core of the Russian city of St. Petersburg, as well as buildings and ensembles located in the immediate vicinity as a World Heritage site in 1991.

The site was recognised for its architectural heritage, fusing Baroque, Neoclassical and traditional Russian-Byzantine influences.

Sites[edit]

The site contains the following objects,[1]

  1. Historic Centre of St. Petersburg
  2. Historical Part of the Town of Kronstadt
  3. Fortress of Kronstadt
    • Forts of the Island Kotlin
      • Redoubts Dena (Fort Den)
      • Fort Shanz
      • Fort Catherine
      • Fort Rift
      • Fort Constantin
      • Tolbukhin Signal Tower on Tolbukhin Island
    • Forts of the Gulf of Finland
      • Obrutchev Fort
      • Totleben Fort
      • North Forts Nos. 1-7
      • Paul Fort (Riesbank)
      • Kronshlot Fort
      • Alexander Fort ("Tchumny")
      • Peter Fort
      • South Forts Nos. 1-3
    • Forts of the Coast of the Gulf of Finland
    • Civil Engineering
      • the Barrier of Cribwork
      • the Barrier of Pile
      • the Barrier of Stone
  4. Historical Centre of the Town of Petrokrepost (Shlisselburg)
  5. The Oreshek Fortress on Orekhovy Island at the source of the Neva
  6. Palaces and Park Ensembles of the Town of Pushkin and its Historical Centre
  7. Palaces and Parks of the town of Pavlovsk and its Historical Centre
  8. Pulkovo Observatory
  9. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Village of Ropsha
  10. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Village of Gostilitsy
  11. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Village of Taytsy
  12. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Town of Gatchina and its Historical Centre
  13. Ensemble of the Coastal Monastery of Saint Sergius
  14. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Town of Strelna and its Historical Centre
  15. Palace and Park Ensemble "Mikhailovka"
  16. Palace and Park Ensemble "Znamenka"
  17. Palace and Park Ensemble of the Town of Petrodvorets and its Historical Centre
  18. Palace and Park Ensemble "Sobstvennaya Datcha"
  19. Palace and Park Ensemble "Sergeevka"
  20. Palace and Park Ensembles of the Town of Lomonosov and its Historical Centre
    • Historical Centre of the Town of Lomonosov (Oranienbaum), including the Palace and Park Ensemble of the Upper Park and Lower Garden
    • Mordvinov's Estate
    • Maximov's Datcha
    • Zubov's Estate "Otrada"
    • Ratkov-Rozhnov's Estate "Dubki"
    • S. K. Grieg's Estate "Sans Ennui"
    • Datcha of the Hospital
  21. Scientific Town-Institution of Physiologist I. P. Pavlov
  22. Zinoviev's Estate
  23. Shuvalov's Estate
  24. Viazemsky's Estate
  25. Sestroretsky Razliv
  26. I. Repin Estate "The Penates"
  27. Cemetery of the Village of Komarovo
  28. Lindulovskaya Rotcsha
  29. River Neva with Banks and Embankments
  30. Izhorsky Bench (Glint)
  31. Dudergofs Heights
  32. Koltushi Elevation
  33. Yukkovskaya Elevation
  34. The Roads
  35. The Fairways
    • the Maritime Channel
    • Petrovsky
    • Kronstadsky
    • Zelenogorsky
  36. The Green Belt of Glory
    • the Blockade Ring
    • the Road of Life
    • Oranienbaumsky Spring-Board

References[edit]

  1. ^ Горбатенко, С. Всемирное наследие: Санкт-Петербург и окрестности (in Russian). Ardis. Retrieved 17 March 2013.