Augusta Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U. S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's second-largest city after Atlanta, Augusta is located in the Piedmont section of the state. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Augusta–Richmond County had a 2017 estimated population of 197,166, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Blythe and Hephzibah, it is the 122nd largest city in the United States. The process of consolidation between the City of Augusta and Richmond County began with a 1995 referendum in the two jurisdictions; the merger was completed on July 1, 1996. Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta metropolitan area, situated in both Georgia and South Carolina on both sides of the Savannah River. In 2017 it had an estimated population of 600,151, making it the second-largest metro area in the state, it is the 93rd largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Augusta was established in 1736 and is named for Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the bride of Frederick, Prince of Wales and the mother of the British monarch George III. During the American Civil War, Augusta housed the principal Confederate powder works. Augusta's warm climate made it a major resort town of the Eastern United States in the early and mid-20th century. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring; the Masters brings over 200,000 visitors from across the world to the Augusta National Golf Club. Membership at Augusta National is considered to be the most exclusive in the sport of golf across the world. Augusta lies two hours east of downtown Atlanta by car via I-20; the city is home to Fort Gordon, a major U. S. Army base. In 2016, it was announced that the new National Cyber Security Headquarters would be based in Augusta, bringing as many as 10,000 cyber security specialists to the Fort Gordon area; the area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish and transportation.
The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River, he gave them an order to build a fort at the head of the navigable part of the river. The expedition was led by Noble Jones, who created a settlement as a first line of defense for coastal areas against potential Spanish or French invasion from the interior. Oglethorpe named the town in honor of Princess Augusta, the mother of King George III and the wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Oglethorpe visited Augusta in September 1739 on his return to Savannah from a perilous visit to Coweta Town, near present-day Phenix City, Alabama. There, he had met with a convention of 7,000 Native American warriors and concluded a peace treaty with them in their territories in northern and western Georgia. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795.
Augusta developed as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. Cotton plantations were worked by slave labor, with hundreds of thousands of slaves shipped from the Upper South to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade. Many of the slaves were brought from the Lowcountry, where their Gullah culture had developed on the large Sea Island cotton and rice plantations; the city experienced the Augusta Fire of 1916, which damaged 25 blocks of the town and many buildings of historical significance. As a major city in the area, Augusta was a center of activities after. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations. In 1970 Charles Oatman, a mentally disabled teenager, was killed by his cellmates in an Augusta jail. A protest against his death broke out in a riot involving 500 people, after six black men were killed by police, each found to have been shot in the back.
The noted singer and entertainer James Brown was called in to help quell lingering tensions, which he succeeded in doing. Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles east of Atlanta and 70 miles west of Columbia; the city is located at 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta–Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles, of which 302.1 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Augusta is located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, which creates a number of small falls on the river; the city marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river and the entry to the Georgia Piedmont area. The Clarks Hill Dam is built on the fall line near Augusta. Farther downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power. Farther downstream is the Augusta Diversion Dam, which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.
As with the rest of the state, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate, with short, mild winters hot, humid summers, a wide diurnal temperature variation throughout much of the year, despite its low elevation and moisture. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 45.4 °F in January to 81.6 °F in July.
Jasper County, Georgia
Jasper County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900; the county seat is Monticello. Jasper County is part of the large Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; this area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the European encounter. At the time of European-American settlement, it was inhabited by the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast; the County was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land, part of Baldwin County, Georgia. It became part of the new area of upland settlement through the South known as the Black Belt, a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century had made processing of this type of cotton profitable, it was cultivated throughout the inland areas; as migration continued to the west, the county population rose and fell through the nineteenth century.
Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Jasper County was named Randolph County; because of Randolph's opposition to U. S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812, to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. However, Randolph's reputation was restored, in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County. Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821; the Jasper County, Georgia courthouse, was shown and used for filming the courthouse scenes in the motion picture comedy "My Cousin Vinny", starring Joe Pesci. Although the setting of the movie is in Beechum County, near the end of the movie, Sheriff Farley mentions Jasper County, Georgia by name; the county has a five-member county commission, elected from single-member districts. The commission elects a vice-chairman to aid in conducting business.
The county is protected by a combined Fire Rescue Department providing Fire Services. The department operates out of 7 fire stations with the majority of their manpower being volunteers; the department employs 50 personnel which include full time, part time and volunteer and his headed by a Fire Chief Christopher Finch. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles, of which 368 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. The western portion of Jasper County, west of a line formed by State Route 11 to northwest of Monticello along the eastern border of the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the eastern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. State Route 11 State Route 16 State Route 83 State Route 142 State Route 212 State Route 380 Morgan County - northeast Putnam County - east Jones County - south Monroe County - southwest Butts County - west Newton County - northwest Oconee National Forest Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 11,426 people, 4,175 households, 3,122 families residing in the county.
The population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 4,806 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.95% White, 27.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,175 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,890, the median income for a family was $43,271. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $21,785 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,249. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,900 people, 5,044 households, 3,778 families residing in the county; the population density was 37.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,153 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.8% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 11.9% were American, 6.6% were German.
Of the 5,044 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder wi
Evans County, Georgia
Evans County is a county in the southeastern portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,000; the county seat is Claxton. A bill creating the county was passed in the Georgia General Assembly on August 11, 1914, on November 3, 1914, an amendment was ratified by a vote of the people which formally created the county. Evans County is located in an area known as the Magnolia Midlands within the Historic South region; the current Evans County Courthouse was created in 1923 and, in 1940, the people of Evans County elected their first female sheriff. In the 1950s and 1960s, new growth came to the county with the building of Evans Memorial Hospital and the Claxton-Evans County Airport. In 2010, the population was 11,000; the county sits within Georgia's coastal plain region and has predominantly sedimentary rock and red and yellow clays. The Canoochee River is the major body of water flowing through the county. Manufacturing, educational and social services make up much of Evans County's diverse economy.
Major employers in the county include Camellia Health and Rehabilitation, Claxton Poultry Company, Georgia Department of Corrections, Nesmith Chevrolet Company, Pinewood Christian Academy, Valmont Newmark. The county is ranked 64 out of 71 Tier 1 counties with an 8% sales tax. Businesses in the county are 100% exempt on all classes of certain business inventory from property taxes. On August 11, 1914, the Georgia General Assembly proposed a constitutional amendment to create Evans County from Bulloch and Tattnall counties. Georgia voters ratified the proposed amendment by a vote of 36,689 to 9,789 on November 3, 1914, which marks the official date of Evans County's creation; the county was named in honor of Clement A. Evans. Evans was a state senator from Stewart County, Georgia, a Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army, a Methodist minister, an historian and an author; the push to create Evans County came about for various reasons, most notably the desire to not have to travel so far to the court house.
Moreover, the entrance of the Savannah and Western Railroad into Tattnall County created a desire by landowners to have stations on their property. However, not everyone was for the creation of a new county; some of the arguments against the creation of a new county included: the idea that the difficulties with distance to the courthouse were being overcome. Evans County was approved through the constitutional amendment process because of an earlier amendment from 1904 which limited the number of counties to 145. In order to get around this amendment, a new amendment was passed which allowed for the creation of Evans County; the current Evans County courthouse was completed in 1923. The courthouse is in Claxton and was designed in the neoclassical revival tradition by architect J. J. Baldwin. Prior to the building of the current courthouse, all of the county's business was held in the White Building, a three-story edifice built by Mr. R. King White and bought by Mrs. Ben Daniel. Mrs. Daniel's husband, Dr. Ben Daniel, used the building as his office.
The first female elected sheriff in Evans County, in Georgia, was Mrs. Josie Mae Rogers, appointed after the death of the late sheriff, her father Jesse C. Durrence on June 24, 1940, she was elected sheriff by the people of the county. Not long after, in July 1940, Camp Stewart – which would become Fort Stewart – was created after the United States government bought up several tracts of land in various counties, including Evans County. In all, it is estimated that 1,500 people were displaced by the creation of the camp; the late 1950s and the 1960s were a time of growth in Evans County in regards to health care and transportation. Beginning in 1958, Dr. Curtis Gordon Hames began research on the Evans County Heart Study, funded by the National Institutes of Health. In 1964, the FAA approved a site for the construction of an airport in the county, just three miles northeast of Claxton. On December 7, 1967, after two decades of effort, Evans Memorial Hospital was opened. In November 1975, B. G. Tippins, a teacher at Claxton High School, worked with 15 students to build a Miller Lil' Rascal, a two-seat sporting biplane.
This plane was the only one of its kind built. From 1980 to 1983 several buildings were placed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the courthouse and three homes. On October 16, 2006, the Evans County Sheriff's Department was presented with seven bullet-proof vests by the Georgia Fraternal Order of Police. On June 3, 2008 Evans County commissioners unanimously passed a resolution to mark August 11 as Evans County Day. Since that day there have been annual celebrations of the county's founding including the 2014 centennial celebration. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 187 square miles, of which 183 square miles is land and 4.0 square miles is water. The major body of water is the Canoochee River; the Canoochee is a tributary of the Ogeechee River. There are several ponds in Evans County, they include Cypress Pond.
Macon Macon–Bibb County, is a consolidated city-county located in the state of Georgia, United States. Macon lies near the geographic center of the state 85 miles south of Atlanta, hence the city's nickname "The Heart of Georgia." Located near the fall line of the Ocmulgee River, Macon is the county seat of Bibb County and had a 2017 estimated population of 152,663. Macon is the principal city of the Macon metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 228,914 in 2017. Macon is the largest city in the Macon–Warner Robins Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area with an estimated 420,693 residents in 2017. In a 2012 referendum, voters approved the consolidation of Macon and Bibb County, Macon became Georgia's fourth-largest city; the two governments merged on January 1, 2014. Macon is served by three interstate highways: I-16, I-75, I-475; the city has several institutions of higher education, as well as numerous museums and tourism sites. The area is served by the Herbert Smart Downtown Airport.
The mayor of Macon is Robert Reichert, a former Democratic member of the Georgia House of Representatives. Reichert was elected mayor of the newly consolidated city of Macon–Bibb, he took office on January 1, 2014. Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century, their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom based on the practice of agriculture. The Mississippian culture constructed earthwork mounds for ceremonial and religious purposes; the areas along the rivers in the Southeast had been inhabited by indigenous peoples for 13,000 years before Europeans arrived. Macon developed at the site of Fort Benjamin Hawkins, built in 1809 at the fall line of the Ocmulgee River to protect the community and to establish a trading post with Native Americans; the fort was named in honor of Benjamin Hawkins, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Southeast territory south of the Ohio River for over 20 years. He was married to a Creek woman.
This was the most inland point of navigation on the river from the Low Country. President Thomas Jefferson forced the Creek to cede their lands east of the Ocmulgee River and ordered the fort built. Fort Hawkins guarded the Lower Creek Pathway, an extensive and well-traveled American Indian network improved by the United States as the Federal Road from Washington, D. C. to the ports of Mobile and New Orleans, Louisiana. A gathering point of the Creek and U. S. cultures for trading, it was a center of state militia and federal troops. The fort served as a major military distribution point during the War of 1812 against Great Britain and during the Creek War of 1813. Afterward, the fort was used as a trading post for several years and was garrisoned until 1821, it was decommissioned about 1828 and burned to the ground. A replica of the southeast blockhouse was built in 1938 and still stands today on a hill in east Macon. Part of the fort site is occupied by the Fort Hawkins Grammar School. In the 21st century, archeological excavations have revealed more of the fort's importance, stimulated planning for additional reconstruction of this major historical site.
As many Europeans had begun to move into the area, they renamed Fort Hawkins "Newtown." After the organization of Bibb County in 1822, the city was chartered as the county seat in 1823 and named Macon. This was in honor of the North Carolina statesman Nathaniel Macon, because many of the early residents of Georgia hailed from North Carolina; the city planners envisioned "a city within a park" and created a city of spacious streets and parks. They designated 250 acres for Central City Park, passed ordinances requiring residents to plant shade trees in their front yards; the city thrived due to its location on the Ocmulgee River. Cotton became the mainstay of Macon's early economy, based on the enslaved labor of African Americans. Macon was in the Black Belt of Georgia. Cotton steamboats, stage coaches, in 1843, a railroad increased marketing opportunities and contributed to the economic prosperity to Macon. In 1836, the Georgia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church founded Wesleyan College in Macon.
Wesleyan was the first college in the United States chartered to grant degrees to women. In 1855, a referendum was held to determine a capital city for Georgia. Macon came in last with 3,802 votes. During the American Civil War, Macon served as the official arsenal of the Confederacy. Camp Oglethorpe, in Macon, enlisted men, it held officers only, up to 2,300 at one time. The camp was evacuated in 1864. Macon City Hall, which served as the temporary state capitol in 1864, was converted to a hospital for wounded Confederate soldiers; the Union General William Tecumseh Sherman spared Macon on his march to the sea. His troops had sacked the nearby state capital of Milledgeville, Maconites prepared for an attack. Sherman, passed by without entering Macon; the Macon Telegraph wrote that, of the 23 companies which the city had furnished the Confederacy, only enough men survived and were fit for duty to fill five companies by the end of the war. The human toll was high; the city was taken by Union forces during
Lincoln County, Georgia
Lincoln County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,996; the county seat is Lincolnton. The county was created on February 20, 1796. Lincoln County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Savannah River forming its northeastern border. Located above the fall line, it is part of the Central Savannah River Area and a member of the CSRA Regional Development Center. On February 20, 1796 Lincoln County was established as the twenty-fourth county in the state of Georgia. Before its territory was part of Wilkes County, now on its western side; the new county was named after General Benjamin Lincoln, a Revolutionary War hero notable for receiving Gen. Cornwallis's Sword of Surrender at Yorktown, Virginia. In 1809 he retired from the military. On January 22, 1852 the legislature changed the location of the line between Wilkes County and Lincoln County. There is no record as to. From before the American Revolutionary War until the 1950s, Lincoln County was a farming and agricultural area.
The development and creation of Clarke Hill Dam created a large reservoir that covered portions of Lincoln and nearby counties. Developers have created many residential subdivisions in areas near the lake. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 257 square miles, of which 210 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water; the bulk of Lincoln County, from just south of Lincolnton heading north, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with the exception of a tiny sliver of the northernmost section of the county, located in the Broad River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The southern portion of the county is located in the Little River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin. U. S. Route 378 State Route 43 State Route 43 Connector State Route 44 State Route 47 State Route 79 State Route 220 Elbert County, Georgia - north McCormick County, South Carolina - northeast Columbia County, Georgia - south McDuffie County, Georgia - southwest Wilkes County, Georgia - west As of the census of 2000, there were 8,348 people, 3,251 households, 2,379 families residing in the county.
The population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 4,514 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.25% White, 34.37% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,251 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,952, the median income for a family was $36,657. Males had a median income of $27,165 versus $21,338 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,351. About 12.40% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,996 people, 3,281 households, 2,252 families residing in the county; the population density was 38.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,786 housing units at an average density of 22.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.7% white, 32.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.8% were American, 8.4% were English, 6.3% were German.
Of the 3,281 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 45.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,399 and the median income for a family was $43,872. Males had a median income of $38,200 versus $24,577 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 23.2% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.2% of those under age 18 and 28.5% of those age 65 or over. Since the creation of Clarks Hill Lake, recreation has contributed to Lincoln County's growth, it is a main destination for tourists, providing fishing and other water sport opportunities for visitors and nearby residents. Toward the eastern part of Lincoln County, just before the South Carolina line, is Elijah Clarke State Park.
This park is 447 acres. In May of every year, Elijah Clarke holds a bluegrass festival which has become a major attraction in the last 20 years. Several well-known bluegrass musicians play at this event each year, including Lincoln County natives, The Lewis Family. Held annually at Elijah Clarke is an Arts and C
Wayne County, Georgia
Wayne County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 30,099; the county seat is Jesup. Wayne County comprises Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area. At the time of European contact, the area of what would become Wayne County was settled by the Guale people. Being close to the coast and bordered by the Altamaha River, Wayne County's history includes occupation by Spanish missionaries at the time of the settlement of Saint Augustine as well as short-lived French occupation; the flags of France, Spain and the Confederate States of America all flew over Wayne. Seventy years after General James Oglethorpe settled the colony of Georgia and 27 years after that colony became one of the 13 original states, Wayne County came into being; the county was named for Mad Anthony Wayne. When he surprised the British garrison at Stony Point on July 15, 1779, he acquired the nickname "Mad" Anthony. From one siege to another, he was a vital member of General George Washington's staff serving well under General Nathanael Greene and coming to Georgia in 1781 in his service during the American Revolution.
It was created by an Act of the Legislature in 1803 after the Wilkinson Treaty was signed with the Creek Indians on January 16, 1802, which ceded part of the Tallassee Country and part of the lands within the forks of the Oconee and Ocmulgee Rivers to the United States. As laid out, the new county – the 28th Georgia county – was a long narrow strip of land 100 miles in length but with varying measures of width along the way, it was six miles as it stood just south of the Altamaha River, eight miles wide near the Satilla and five miles wide at a location about 27 miles south of the Altamaha. All counties organized prior to 1802 were headright counties – no surveys were made of those counties, it was found that under the headright system more land was given away than existed and this was the case for Wayne County. Although created in 1803, no valid lottery was done for the county until the Land Lottery Act of 1805; the 1805 Act divided the half million acres of Wayne County, formed the Tallassee Strip, set the stage for the land lottery that would result in more formal settlement of the area.
It is December 7, 1805, that the county chose to observe as the creation date. The area was not a popular one for lottery draws as the straws were drawn sight unseen and the winner was as to draw swampland as he was prime agricultural lots; the county was slow in developing and those in the area were in no hurry to be concerned with matters governmental. On December 8, 1806, the Georgia General Assembly created appointed five commissioners to establish a permanent site for a county seat and called for county court to be held at the home of one those commissioners, Francis Smallwood, until a permanent site could be established. In December 1808, the General Assembly called for a new set of commissioners to select a county seat, as the site picked by the previous set had picked a site near the upper corner of the county and was not centrally located. Court was to be held at the house of a Captain William Clements. In December 1823, the General Assembly appointed another board of commissioners to establish a county seat.
The first post office in Wayne County was established at Tuckersville, sometimes seen as Tuckerville, on January 29, 1814. Tuckersville acted as the county seat. John Tucker was the first postmaster and his service was followed by William A. Knight and Robert Stafford, Jr. before the mail service was discontinued in 1827. Tuckersville disappears from most maps by 1850, its exact location remains a mystery although it is known it was 9 miles north of Waynesville on the Post Road near the ford of Buffalo Swamp. The intersection of Mount Pleasant Road and 10 Mile Road is a possible location, it was not until December 1829. Wayne County's first official county seat was Waynesville, Georgia considered to be a central location in the long and narrow county for settlers to travel for court and other primary government functions. Waynesville was the site of Wayne County's first school, called Mineral Springs Academy, it was named for the famous mineral springs which were a short distance east of the residential section of the town.
In December 1832, a petition of voters from Wayne County caused the General Assembly to call for the election of another board of commissioners to establish a centrally located county seat. In the early 1840s, Waynesville was still being used as the county seat. In December 1847, the General Assembly called for another set of commissioners to select a county seat near the home of William Flowers near the ford of the Buffalo Swamp; the law called for county court to be held at the courthouse in existence near the residence of James Rawlinson. In January 1856, the General Assembly called for a vote to be held in Wayne County about the removal of the county seat and to where it should be removed. Although there is some doubt about whom the City of Jesup is named for, there is no doubt it became Jesup on October 24, 1870. At the time Jesup was part of Appling County. Ambling along as Station Number 6 on the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad, the town grew into a city due to the efforts of its first mayor, Willis Clary.
Clary had first moved to Wayne County in 1868 and was elected mayor shortly after moving into the town at a meeting held December 3, 1870. Clary is credited with convincing the Macon and Brunswick Railroad to locate its tracks so that they crossed the Atlantic and Gulf rails at Jesup. On
Laurens County, Georgia
Laurens County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,434; the county seat is Dublin. The county was founded on December 10, 1807, named after Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens, an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War. Laurens County is part of Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area. Laurens County was formed on December 1807, from portions of Wilkinson and Washington counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 818 square miles, of which 807 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water, it is the third-largest county in fourth-largest by total area. The majority of Laurens County is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the southwestern corner of the county, defined by a line that runs west from Chester through Rentz to U. S. Route 441, southeast toward Glenwood, is located in the Little Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.
A small and narrow sliver of the eastern edge of the county, from east of Lovett to northeast of Rockledge, is located in the Ohoopee River sub-basin of the larger Altamaha River basin. As of the census of 2000, there were 44,874 people, 17,083 households, 12,180 families residing in the county; the population density was 55 people per square mile. There were 19,687 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.44% White, 34.53% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 17,083 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,010, the median income for a family was $38,586. Males had a median income of $29,412 versus $21,711 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,763. About 14.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 18.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 48,434 people, 18,641 households, 13,060 families residing in the county; the population density was 60.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 21,368 housing units at an average density of 26.5 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 60.6% white, 35.8% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.9% were American, 7.0% were English, 6.0% were Irish. Of the 18,641 households, 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,280 and the median income for a family was $46,466. Males had a median income of $37,236 versus $27,406 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,387. About 16.8% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over.
Eugenia Tucker Fitzgerald, founder of the first woman's secret society established at a girls' college was born here. Karl Slover, one of the oldest living Munchkins from Wizard of Oz. Demaryius Thomas, wide receiver for the Denver Broncos Dublin Dudley East Dublin Allentown Cadwell Dexter Montrose Rentz Cedar Grove Garretta Lovett NamelessCondor, Georgia Brewton, Georgia National Register of Historic Places listings in Laurens County, Georgia