The history of Guernsey stretches back to evidence of prehistoric habitation and settlement and encompasses the development of its modern society. Around 6000 B. C. rising sea created the English Channel, neolithic farmers then settled on its coast and built the dolmens and menhirs found on the islands today. The island of Guernsey contains two sculpted menhirs of great archaeological interest, while the known as LAutel du Dehus contains a dolmen deity known as Le Gardien du Tombeau. The Roman occupation of western Europe induced people to flee, including to the Channel Islands where a number of hoards have been found and it later brought trade and Roman settlements. A 3rd century Gallo-Roman ship wreck was found in St Peter Port harbour, trade was by ship down the west coast of Europe, silver from England, Breton pottery, wine amphorae, as discovered in the Kings Road excavation in St Peter Port. The Nunnery in Alderney, was a 5th Century Roman signal station fort, during their migration to Brittany, Britons occupied the Lenur islands including Sarnia or Lisia and Angia. It was formerly thought that the original name was Sarnia. Travelling from the Kingdom of Gwent, Saint Sampson, later the abbot of Dol in Brittany, is credited with the introduction of Christianity to Guernsey, a chapel, dedicated to St Magloire, stood in the Vale. St Magloire was a nephew of St Samson of Dol, and was born about the year 535. The chapel in his name was mentioned in a bull of Pope Adrian IV as being in the patronage of Mont Saint-Michel, in Normandy, all traces of the chapel have gone. While the chapel would probably be of a later date, St Magloire. Somewhere around A. D.968, monks, from the Benedictine monastery of Mont Saint-Michel, the Priory of Mont Saint-Michel was a dependency of the famous Abbey of Mont Saint-Michel. The island of Guernsey and the island in the Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Duchy of Normandy. In the islands, Elizabeth IIs traditional title as head of state is Duke of Normandy, according to tradition, Robert I, Duke of Normandy was journeying to England in 1032, to help Edward the Confessor. He was obliged to take shelter in Guernsey and gave land, now known as the Clos du Valle, furthermore, in 1061, when pirates attacked and pillaged the Island, a complaint was made to Duke William. He sent over Sampson DAnneville, who succeeded, with the aid of the monks, for this service, Sampson D Anneville and the monks were rewarded with a grant of half the Island between them. The portion going to the monastery being known as Le Fief St Michel, marie du Catel, and the Vale. The loss of Normandy by King John in 1204 isolated the Channel Islands from mainland Europe, Fortifications were improved in the Channel Islands, manned by professional soldiers and the Guernsey militia who would help to defend the Island for the next 600 years
The Bailiwick of Guernsey.
La Gran'mère du Chimquière, the Grandmother of Chimquiere, the statue menhir at the gate of Saint Martin's church is an important prehistoric monument