Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbanes metropolitan area has a population of 2.35 million, the Brisbane central business district stands on the original European settlement and is situated inside a bend of the Brisbane River, about 15 kilometres from its mouth at Moreton Bay. The demonym of Brisbane is Brisbanite, one of the oldest cities in Australia, Brisbane was founded upon the ancient homelands of the indigenous Turrbal and Jagera peoples. A penal settlement was founded in 1824 at Redcliffe,28 kilometres north of the business district. The city was marred by the Australian frontier wars between 1843 and 1855, and development was set back by the Great Fire of Brisbane. Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a colony from New South Wales in 1859. During World War II, Brisbane played a role in the Allied campaign. Today, Brisbane is well known for its distinct Queenslander architecture which forms much of the built heritage.
It receives attention for its damaging flood events, most notably in 1974 and 2011. Several large cultural and sporting events have held at Brisbane, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games, World Expo 88, the final Goodwill Games in 2001. Prior to white settlement, the Brisbane area was inhabited by the Turrbal and they knew the area that is now the central business district as Mian-jin, meaning place shaped as a spike. The Moreton Bay area was explored by Matthew Flinders. On 17 July 1799, Flinders landed at what is now known as Woody Point, in 1823 Governor of New South Wales Sir Thomas Brisbane instructed that a new northern penal settlement be developed, and an exploration party led by John Oxley further explored Moreton Bay. Oxley discovered and explored the Brisbane River as far as Goodna,20 kilometres upstream from the Brisbane central business district, Oxley recommended Red Cliff Point for the new colony, reporting that ships could land at any tide and easily get close to the shore.
The party settled in Redcliffe on 13 September 1824, under the command of Lieutenant Henry Miller with 14 soldiers and 29 convicts. However, this settlement was abandoned after a year and the colony was moved to a site on the Brisbane River now known as North Quay,28 km south, chief Justice Forbes gave the new settlement the name of Edenglassie before it was named Brisbane. Non-convict European settlement of the Brisbane region commenced in 1838, German missionaries settled at Zions Hill, Nundah as early as 1837, five years before Brisbane was officially declared a free settlement. The band consisted of ministers Christopher Eipper and Carl Wilhelm Schmidt and lay missionaries Haussmann, Johann Gottried Wagner, Hartenstein, Franz, Rode and they were allocated 260 hectares and set about establishing the mission, which became known as the German Station
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania. The name Melbourne refers to an urban agglomeration spanning 9,900 km2, the metropolis is located on the large natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon mountain ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of 4,641,636 as of 2016, and its inhabitants are called Melburnians. Founded by free settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemens Land on 30 August 1835, in what was the colony of New South Wales, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837. It was named Melbourne by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke, in honour of the British Prime Minister of the day, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. It was officially declared a city by Queen Victoria, to whom Lord Melbourne was close, in 1847, during the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the worlds largest and wealthiest cities.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as the interim seat of government until 1927. It is a financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region. It is recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a centre for street art, music. It was the host city of the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games, the main passenger airport serving the metropolis and the state is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia. The Port of Melbourne is Australias busiest seaport for containerised and general cargo, Melbourne has an extensive transport network. The main metropolitan train terminus is Flinders Street Station, and the regional train. Melbourne is home to Australias most extensive network and has the worlds largest urban tram network. Before the arrival of settlers, humans had occupied the area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years. At the time of European settlement, it was inhabited by under 2000 hunter-gatherers from three indigenous tribes, the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong.
The area was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and it would be 30 years before another settlement was attempted. Batman selected a site on the bank of the Yarra River. Batman returned to Launceston in Tasmania, in early August 1835 a different group of settlers, including John Pascoe Fawkner, left Launceston on the ship Enterprize
Suva is the capital and second largest municipality and largest municipality with city status in Fiji. It is located on the southeast coast of the island of Viti Levu, in the Rewa Province, Suva is Fijis political and administrative capital. It is the largest and most cosmopolitan city in the southern Pacific Ocean and has become an important regional centre, students from the Pacific region and a growing expatriate community make up a significant portion of the citys population. According to the Authority of Local Government Act, Suva is governed, in 1877, it was decided to make Suva the capital of Fiji, as the geography of former main European settlement at Levuka on the island of Ovalau, Lomaiviti province proved too restrictive. The administration of the colony was moved from Levuka to Suva in 1882, at the 2007 census, the city of Suva had a population of 85,691. Including independent suburbs, the population of the Greater Suva urban area was 172,399 at the 2007 census. Suva, along with the towns of Lami, Nasinu.
This urban complex is as the Suva–Nausori corridor. The original intention was to develop a cotton farming industry, but the land, the transfer was made official in 1882. Colonel F. E. Pratt of the Royal Engineers was appointed Surveyor-General in 1875 and designed the new capital, assisted by W. Stephens, following the promulgation of the Municipal Constitution Ordinance of 1909, Suva acquired municipal status in 1910. The town initially comprised one square mile, these boundaries remained intact until 1952 when the Muanikau and Samabula wards were annexed, in October that year, Suva was proclaimed a city – Fijis first. Tamavua was subsequently annexed, the most recent extension of the city boundaries has been to incorporate the Cunningham area to the north of the city. Urban sprawl has resulted in a number of suburbs that remain outside of the city limits, together with the city itself, the city hosted the 2003 South Pacific Games, being the third time in the events 40-year history that they had been held in Suva.
Suva is the capital of Fiji and is a city built on a peninsula reaching out into the sea. It has a mix of buildings and traditional colonial architecture. The city is perched on a peninsula between Laucala Bay and Suva Harbour in the southeast corner of Viti Levu. The mountains north and west catch the southeast trade winds, producing moist conditions year round, Suva is the commercial and political centre of Fiji, though not necessarily the cultural centre, and the largest urban area in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand. It is Fijis main port city, although Suva is on a peninsula, and almost surrounded by sea, the nearest beach is 40 kilometres away at Pacific Harbour and the nearby coast is lined by mangroves
Canberra is the capital city of Australia. With a population of 381,488, it is Australias largest inland city, the city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory,280 km south-west of Sydney, and 660 km north-east of Melbourne. A resident of Canberra is known as a Canberran, the site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nations capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australias two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being a planned city outside of any state, similar to Washington, D. C. in the United States. Following an international contest for the design, a blueprint by American architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected. The Griffins plan featured geometric motifs such as circles and triangles, the citys design was influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title of the bush capital. Although the Australian Capital Territory is now self-governing, the Commonwealth Government retains some influence through the National Capital Authority, the Australian Armys officer corps is trained at the Royal Military College and the Australian Defence Force Academy is located in the capital.
The ACT is independent of any state to prevent any one state from gaining an advantage by hosting the seat of Commonwealth power, the ACT has voting representation in the Commonwealth Parliament, and has its own independent Legislative Assembly and government, similar to the states. Compared to the averages, the unemployment rate is lower. Property prices are high, in part due to comparatively restrictive development regulations. An 1830s map of the region by Major Mitchell indeed does mark the Sullivans Creek floodplain between two mountains as Nganbra. Nganbra or Nganbira could readily have been anglicised to the name Canberry, survey plans of the district dated 1837 refer to the area as the Canberry Plain. Although popularly pronounced /ˈkænbərə/ or /ˈkænbɛrə/, the pronunciation at its official naming in 1913 was /ˈkæn. brə/. Before white settlement, the area in which Canberra would eventually be constructed was seasonally inhabited by Indigenous Australians, archaeological evidence of settlement in the region includes inhabited rock shelters, rock paintings and engravings, burial places and quarry sites, and stone tools and arrangements.
Artefacts suggests early human activity occurred at some point in the area 21,000 years previously, European exploration and settlement started in the Canberra area as early as the 1820s. There were four expeditions between 1820 and 1824, white settlement of the area probably dates from 1823, when a homestead or station was built on what is now the Acton peninsula by stockmen employed by Joshua John Moore. He formally applied to purchase the site on 16 December 1826, on 30 April 1827, Moore was told by letter that he could retain possession of 1,000 acres at Canberry. The European population in the Canberra area continued to grow throughout the 19th century
Parramatta Stadium was a sports stadium in Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia,23 kilometres west of Sydneys central business district. The stadium was the ground of three western Sydney-based sports teams, Parramatta Eels, Western Sydney Wanderers and Greater Sydney Rams. The site had previously occupied by Cumberland Oval. The stadium hosted other sporting and cultural events since its opening in 1986. Michael Jackson performed there during his Bad World Tour on 20–21 November 1987, in 2015, the NSW Government announced that the stadium would be demolished and rebuilt with a 30,000 capacity. The build cost is expected to be in the $300 million range, the new stadium is expected to take three years to construct. Cumberland Oval was the sporting venue for the Parramatta District from the mid 19th Century until 1982. It was initially a venue for horse-racing and athletics for rugby union from 1879, motor cycle racing on a dirt track started in 1930 midget speedcar racing in 1936. The first stand at Cumberland Oval was built in 1850 and others followed at times up to the final stand was built in 1936.
Players from the cricket club erected a two-rail fence around the oval during the 1860s. The dirt track was originally 18 feet in width until expanded to 30 feet for the speedcars, the boundary fence and track remained in place after all speedway racing ended in 1959. Crashes resulted in three deaths and the curator at the time suffered a broken leg from being hit during a race. Some of the early touring English cricket teams played at Cumberland Oval at a time when Parramatta was way out in the country, the cricket club evolved as Central Cumberland for the initial Sydney Grade Competition in 1893/94. The club now known as the Parramatta District Cricket Club still has Old Kings Oval as its main ground, the Parramatta Rugby Union club now plays at Granville Rugby Park. Cumberland Oval was originally is use for rugby league by the Parramatta Iona and Endeavours clubs, when the Parramatta District Rugby League Club was admitted into the NSWRL Premiership in 1947 Cumberland Oval became the clubs home ground.
The first match was played against Newtown on 12 April 1947, the largest crowd to watch a rugby league match at Cumberland Oval was 22,470 when the Eels took on the South Sydney Rabbitohs on 26 April 1971. After losing the 1976 Grand Final 13-10 to Manly, and the 1977 Grand Final replay 22-0 to St George,1981 was the first premiership success for the Eels, for a while some junior rugby league matches were played on the unfenced oval before the site was eventually redeveloped. In November 1984 the construction company Civil & Civic won the contract to design, in November 1985 the stadium was complete, with a rectangular playing area several meters below the Cumberland Oval surface
Melbourne Rectangular Stadium
The Melbourne Rectangular Stadium, commercially known as AAMI Park, is an outdoor sports stadium on the site of Edwin Flack Field in the Sports and Entertainment Precinct in the Melbourne City Centre. The stadiums major tenants are NRL team Melbourne Storm, the Super Rugby team Melbourne Rebels, AAMI Park became Melbournes first large purpose-built rectangular stadium when completed in 2010. Referred to as Melbourne Rectangular Stadium during its construction, the ground was officially named AAMI Park on 16 March 2010, when the project to build the new stadium was approved, the largest stadiums in use were the MCG and Docklands Stadium. These were venues of oval configuration and best suited to Australian rules football or cricket, the previous largest rectangular stadium in the city, Olympic Park, was a repurposed track and field venue. The stadium was one of five venues for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup, hosting the opening match, AAMI Park hosted rugby league Four Nations matches in 2010 and 2014, and will be used for the 2017 Rugby League World Cup.
Olympic Park Stadium, Melbournes main venue for soccer, rugby league and rugby union, could hold 18,500 people and it had been the home ground of the Melbourne Storm since they entered the National Rugby League in 1998. The A-Leagues Melbourne Victory FC used Olympic Park Stadium from 2005 to 2007 when they switched permanently to Docklands Stadium. In 2004, as part of Melbournes bid for a Super Rugby team, but in late 2004, the bid lost out to the Western Australian consortium, which would become the Western Force. The stadiums planned capacity was increased to 30,000, with capable of expansion to a capacity of 50,000 if needed. The stadium began construction in late 2007, on 23 November 2009 it was announced that the stadiums first match would be the 2010 ANZAC Test between the Australian and New Zealand rugby league teams on 7 May 2010. The stadium was referred to as Melbourne Rectangular Stadium, Swan Street Stadium or the Bubble Dome during its early construction, the stadiums commercial name was announced as AAMI Park on 16 March 2010 in an eight-year deal.
The stadium held its first event, rugby leagues 2010 ANZAC Test, the opening ceremony featured the NRLs all-time highest point-scorer, Hazem El Masri, who had retired the previous season, kicking a goal. The first points scored on the ground were from a Jamie Lyon penalty kick in the 32nd minute, Australia defeated New Zealand 12–8 in front of a sell-out crowd. Two days the first National Rugby League match was played at the stadium when the Brisbane Broncos defeated the Melbourne Storm in front of a crowd of 20,042, on 5 August 2010 the stadium played host to its first A-League match. It was another first, as the newly formed Melbourne Heart FC played their first game in front of 11,050 fans against the Central Coast Mariners, the Heart lost 1–0, and Alex Wilkinson had the honour of scoring the first goal. The first Melbourne Victory match was played at AAMI Park v Perth Glory on 14 August 2010 in front of 21,193 fans, the Melbourne Rebels played their first Super Rugby match at AAMI Park on 18 February 2011.
The Melbourne Rising played their first National Rugby Championship match on 24 August 2014, the Rising played a semi-final at the stadium on 25 October 2014, but lost by 29–45 to the Perth Spirit. A surprise guest - Eddie Vedder joined Bruce on stage opening the show with a cover of AC/DCs Highway To Hell Bruces own Darkness on the Edge of Town
Subiaco Oval is a football stadium located in Subiaco, a suburb of Perth, Western Australia. The ground is used for occasional West Australian Football League matches. The stadium has hosted Perth Glory games, including two National Soccer League grand finals, international matches, rugby union games and rock concerts. It was the ground for the Western Force between 2006 and 2009. The ground was first built in 1908, at which point it was known as Mueller Park, in 1969 a three-tier stand was constructed at the western end of the stadium, and in 1981 a two-tier stand on the members wing was completed. A further redevelopment came in 1995 with the opening of the new two-tier ANZ Stand opposite the members wing, in 1997, light towers were installed at the ground. The last redevelopment, which converted the stadium into a venue, was completed in 1999 at a cost of A$35 million. The three-tier stand is named the Orr-Simons-Hill stand, in honour of three leading figures in the history of WAFL. This was proudly and prominently displayed on the western face of the stand right up until the early 1990s.
Subiaco Ovals capacity is 43,523 fully seated, the ground is floodlit by four lighting towers. Sparingly, since 2000 the ground has sometimes referred to as The House of Pain. In October 2010, Perth-based stockbroker Patersons Securities bought the rights. The Western Australian Football Commission accepted it and said it would put back into all levels of football. In February 2015, it was announced that real estate company the Domain Group will take over naming rights from Patersons Securities, the deal will last for three years, the period of time before the new Perth Stadium is scheduled to open its doors in 2018. Subiaco Oval has been the venue of music concerts. It is often chosen for concerts because there are no other venues of comparable capacity in Perth. The oval is served by Subiaco and West Leederville train stations, special bus routes are run for football matches and other special events. In 2007, tickets to AFL games included free travel on buses and this increased the proportion of football fans using public transport from 23. 4% to 32.
6%, with Dockers fans more likely to do so than Eagles fans
Stade de la Mosson
Stade de la Mosson is a football stadium in Montpellier, France. It is the home of Montpellier HSC and has a capacity of 32,900, formerly a 16, 000-seater stadium, it was entirely rebuilt in 1998 to host 6 games of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. It was used as a venue for group stage matches in the 2007 Rugby World Cup, on Saturday 9 June 2012, the stadium will host rugby league for the first time. This will be the time the fixture has been played in Montpellier with the previous years game being held in the Stade Yves-du-Manoir. The stadium hosted a game in the 2012–13 Heineken Cup between Clermont and Munster on 27 April 2013. In October 2014 the stadium flooded twice as over 12 inches of rain fell in Montpellier, the stadium and pitch were damaged and this resulted in Montpellier relocating for 5 fixtures during the 2014–15 season to the Altrad Stadium, until repairs had been made to the stadium. The relocation lasted for the remainder of 2014, the first fixture on 28 October, the flooding caused Montpellier to cancel their 40-year anniversary celebration.
The stadium was one of the venues for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1998, Stadium Guide Article World Stadium Article World of Stadiums page
Cardiff is the capital and largest city in Wales and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom. The city is the chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media. The unitary authority areas mid-2011 population was estimated to be 346,100, the Cardiff metropolitan area makes up over a third of the total population of Wales, with a mid-2011 population estimate of about 1,100,000 people. Cardiff is a significant tourist centre and the most popular destination in Wales with 18.3 million visitors in 2010. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographics alternative tourist destinations, the city of Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan. Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities, the Cardiff Urban Area covers a slightly larger area outside the county boundary, and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city.
Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955, since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly, sporting venues in the city include the Millennium Stadium, SWALEC Stadium, Cardiff City Stadium, Cardiff International Sports Stadium and Cardiff Arms Park. The city was awarded the title of European City of Sport twice, due to its role in hosting major sporting events, first in 2009. The Millennium Stadium hosted 11 football matches as part of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the opening event. Caerdydd derives from the earlier Welsh form Caerdyf, the change from -dyf to -dydd shows the colloquial alteration of Welsh f and dd, and was perhaps driven by folk etymology. This sound change had probably first occurred in the Middle Ages, Caerdyf has its origins in post-Roman Brythonic words meaning the fort of the Taff. The fort probably refers to that established by the Romans, the anglicised form Cardiff is derived from Caerdyf, with the Welsh f borrowed as ff /f/, as happens in Taff and Llandaff.
As English does not have the vowel the final vowel has been borrowed as /ɪ/, although some sources repeat this theory, it has been rejected on linguistic grounds by modern scholars such as Professor Gwynedd Pierce. A group of five Bronze Age tumuli is at the summit of The Garth, four Iron Age hill fort and enclosure sites have been identified within Cardiffs present-day county boundaries, including Caerau Hillfort, an enclosed area of 5.1 hectares. The fort was one of a series of military outposts associated with Isca Augusta that acted as border defences, the fort may have been abandoned in the early 2nd century as the area had been subdued. However, by this time a settlement, or vicus, was established
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon. The country lies within the temperate zone and has a changeable. Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Llywelyn ap Gruffudds death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of Englands conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism, Welsh national feeling grew over the century, Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962.
Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff and Newport, and in the nearby valleys. Now that the countrys traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales economy depends on the sector and service industries. Wales 2010 gross value added was £45.5 billion, over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the land of song, Rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Celtic Britons in particular, the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales and these words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning fellow-countrymen.
The use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, in particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh. The word came into use as a self-description probably before the 7th century and it is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh, until c.1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales, Welsh
Montpellier is a city in southern France. It is the capital of the Hérault department, Montpellier is the 8th largest city of France, and is the fastest growing city in the country over the past 25 years. Nearly one third of the population are students from three universities and from three higher education institutions that are outside the university framework in the city. Located on the south coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, it is the third-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast after Marseille and Nice. Montpellier is one of the few cities in France without any Roman heritage. In the Early Middle Ages, the episcopal town of Maguelone was the major settlement in the area. Montpellier, first mentioned in a document of 985, was founded under a feudal dynasty, the Guilhem. The two surviving towers of the city walls, the Tour des Pins and the Tour de la Babotte, were built later, william VIII of Montpellier gave freedom for all to teach medicine in Montpellier in 1180. This era marked the point of Montpelliers prominence.
The city became a possession of the Kings of Aragon in 1204 by the marriage of Peter II of Aragon with Marie of Montpellier, who was given the city and its dependencies as part of her dowry. Montpellier gained a charter in 1204 when Peter and Marie confirmed the traditional freedoms. Under the Kings of Aragon, Montpellier became an important city, a major economic centre. It was the second or third most important city of France at that time, with its importance steadily increasing, the city finally gained a bishop, who moved from Maguelone in 1536, and the huge monastery chapel became a cathedral. In 1432, Jacques Cœur established himself in the city and it became an important economic centre, at the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of the inhabitants of Montpellier became Protestants and the city became a stronghold of Protestant resistance to the Catholic French crown. In 1622, King Louis XIII besieged the city surrendered after a two months siege, afterwards building the Citadel of Montpellier to secure it.
Louis XIV made Montpellier capital of Bas Languedoc, and the town started to embellish itself, by building the Promenade du Peyrou, the Esplanade, after the French Revolution, the city became the capital of the much smaller Hérault. During the 19th century the city developed into an industrial centre, in the 1960s, its population grew dramatically after French settlers in Algeria were resettled in the city following Algerias independence from France. In the 1980s and 1990s, the city drew attention with a number of redevelopment projects, such as the Corum
Olympic Park Stadium
Olympic Park Stadium was a multi-purpose outdoor stadium located on Olympic Boulevard in inner Melbourne. The stadium was built as a training venue for the 1956 Olympics, a short distance from the MCG. Over the years it was the home of rugby league side, Melbourne Storm, Olympic Park Stadium was located in Olympic Park, which is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct. Olympic Park Stadium was demolished in 2011, and replaced with an Australian rules football ground and this new ground, Olympic Park Oval, has been used by the Collingwood Football Club for training purposes, it being adjacent to the Westpac Centre. As of the 2016 season, Collingwood are using Olympic Park as one of their grounds for the VFL side of the club. The stadium was one of the largest in Victoria primarily suited to a rectangular configuration, whilst the larger Etihad Stadium and Melbourne Cricket Ground stadiums support rectangular configuration, due to their oval-shaped grounds, viewing conditions are less ideal.
The larger 30, 050-seat rectangular stadium adjacent to Olympic Park Stadium was completed in May 2010, the stadium had lighting suited for night athletics meets as well as a world standard athletics track that was refurbished in 1997, with the stadium last being redeveloped in 1998. The athletics track was refurbished again in 2010 for the national championships, until 2009, the stadium was home of the team, the Melbourne Storm. It served as the home of Melbourne Victory home games for two seasons, Olympic Park had a capacity of 18,500 spectators, with 11,000 seats. Australian athletes competed on the track for over fifty years and the venue hosted twelve National Championships, thirteen world records in athletics had been established at the stadium with Pole vaulter Emma George setting four between 1995 and 1998. Landys actions, in front of a 22,000 strong crowd have been described as the finest sporting moment in the history of sport, landy went on to win the event with many commentators believing that the stop had cost him the world record.
The track was host to the most significant athletics meeting in Australia each year, Olympic Park was the first stadium in Australia to be recognised officially by FIFA as a soccer ground. From the mid-1950s onward the venue was considered to be the home of soccer in Victoria. It regularly hosted important games of the Victorian State League, including Dockerty Cup finals, the stadium held FIFA World Cup qualification matches,1993 FIFA World Youth Championship matches, and group matches of the 1956 Olympics football competition. Australia played 34 internationals at Olympic Park for 11 wins, the last international match played at Olympic Park was a friendly against Paraguay on 15 June 2000, which Australia won 2–1. As well as hosting several National Soccer League Grand Finals, various soccer clubs used the venue as a permanent or temporary home, such as Melbourne Knights, South Melbourne and Heidelberg United. A-League club Melbourne Victory initially played its games at the venue. Game II of the 1990 State of Origin series was the first to be played in Melbourne, capacity for the stadium was upped to 25,800 through the use of temporary seating at each end