The Seventh-day Adventist Church had its roots in the Millerite movement of the 1830s to the 1840s, during the period of the Second Great Awakening, and was officially founded in 1863. Prominent figures in the church included Hiram Edson, James Springer White and his wife Ellen G. White, Joseph Bates. Over the ensuing decades the church expanded from its base in New England to become an international organization. Significant developments such the reviews initiated by evangelicals Donald Barnhouse and Walter Martin, in the 20th century led to its recognition as a Christian denomination, the Second Great Awakening, a revival movement in the United States, took place in the early 19th century. The Second Great Awakening was stimulated by the foundation of the many Bible Societies which sought to address the problem of a lack of affordable Bibles, many religious minority movements formed out of the Congregational, Presbyterian, and the Baptist and Methodist churches. Some of these movements held beliefs that would later be adopted by the Seventh-day Adventists, an interest in prophecy was kindled among some Protestants groups following the arrest of Pope Pius VI in 1798 by the French General Louis Alexandre Berthier. Forerunners of the Adventist movement believed that this event marked the end of the 1260-day prophecy from the Book of Daniel, certain individuals began to look at the 2300 day prophecy found in Daniel 8,14. His publication created a stirring but was condemned by Pope Leo XII in 1824. As a result of a pursuit for religious freedom, many revivalists had set foot in the United States, the Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, in the summer of 1844, some of Millers followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8,14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, by 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the Blessed Hope. This event later known as the Great Disappointment. After the disappointment of October 22 many of Millers followers were left upset, most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect, a few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church, one of the Adventists, Hiram Edson wrote Our fondest hopes and expectations were blasted, and such a spirit of weeping came over us as I never experienced before. It seemed that the loss of all earthly friends could have no comparison. We wept, and wept, till the day dawn, on the morning of October 23, Edson, who lived in Port Gibson, New York was passing through his grain field with a friend. He later recounted his experience, We started, and while passing through a large field I was stopped about midway of the field, Edson shared his experience with many of the local Adventists who were greatly encouraged by his account
A Seventh-day Adventist Church.
1843 prophetic chart illustrating numerous interpretations of prophecy yielding the year 1843