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History of the St. Louis Browns

The St. Louis Browns were a Major League Baseball team that originated in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as the Milwaukee Brewers. Charter member of the American League, the Brewers moved to St. Louis, after the 1901 season, where they played for 52 years as the St. Louis Browns; this article covers the franchise's time in St. Louis. After the 1953 season, the team relocated to Baltimore, where it became the Baltimore Orioles; as of August 2019, there are only 9 living former St. Louis Browns players. In the late 19th century, the team was formed as the Milwaukee Brewers in the Western League. For the 1900 season, the Western League was renamed the "American League", in 1901, it was converted to a major league team under the leadership of Ban Johnson. Johnson intended to move the Milwaukee Brewers to St. Louis, a larger market for Major League Baseball; when he could not find a suitable owner, he operated the team in Milwaukee for a lame-duck season in 1901. In 1902, he found a suitable St. Louis-based owner in carriage maker Robert Hedges.

The team moved to St. Louis and changed their name to the "Browns." This referred to the original name of the 1880s club that by 1900 was known as the St. Louis Cardinals. Hedges built a new park, known as Sportsman's Park, on the site of the old Browns' former venue. In their first St. Louis season, the Browns finished second. Although the Browns had only four winning seasons from 1902 to 1922, they were popular at the gate during their first two decades in St. Louis, they trounced the Cardinals in attendance. Pitcher Barney Pelty was a workhorse for the Browns, a member of their starting rotation from 1904, when he pitched 31 complete games and 301 innings, through 1911. In 1909, the Browns rebuilt Sportsman's Park as the third concrete-and-steel park in the major leagues. During this time, the Browns were best known for their role in the race for the 1910 American League batting title. Ty Cobb took off the last game of the season, believing that his slight lead over Nap Lajoie, of the Cleveland Naps, would hold up unless Lajoie had a near-perfect day at the plate.

However, the Browns players decided to help Lajoie win the title over the unpopular Cobb. Browns' manager Jack O'Connor went along with the plan, since the game would have no bearing on the pennant race. O'Connor ordered rookie third baseman Red Corriden to play on the outfield grass; this all but conceded. Lajoie made it to first easily. On his last at-bat, Lajoie reached base on an error – giving him a hitless at-bat. O'Connor and coach Harry Howell tried to bribe the official scorer, a woman, to change the call to a hit – offering to buy her a new wardrobe. Cobb won the batting title by just a few thousandths of a point over Lajoie, but it was reported that one game may have been counted twice in the statistics, there were rumors about the attempted bribery, causing a scandal about the rankings. After news broke of the scandal, a writer for the St. Louis Post claimed: "All St. Louis is up in arms over the deplorable spectacle, conceived in stupidity and executed in jealousy." The resulting outcry triggered an investigation by American League president Ban Johnson.

At his insistence, Hedges fired Howell. In 1916, Hedges sold the Browns to Philip DeCatesby Ball, who owned the St. Louis Terriers in the by-then-defunct Federal League. Under Ball's early tenure, the club had its first sustained period of success on the field. Ball spent to put a winner of the field. But, analysts think Ball made a series of blunders that would doom the franchise. Shortly after buying the team, he fired general manager Branch Rickey, promptly hired by the Cardinals. Four years Ball allowed the Cardinals to move out of dilapidated Robison Field and share Sportsman's Park with the Browns. Rickey and Cardinals owner Sam Breadon used the proceeds from the Robison Field sale to build baseball's first modern farm system; this effort produced several star players who brought the Cardinals more drawing power than the Browns. The 1922 Browns excited their owner by beating the Yankees to a pennant; the club was boasting the best players in franchise history, including future Hall of Famer George Sisler and an outfield trio of Ken Williams, Baby Doll Jacobson, Jack Tobin, who batted.300 or better from 1919 to 1923 and in 1925.

In 1922, Williams became the first player in Major League history to hit 30 home runs and steal 30 bases in a season, something that would not be done again in the Majors until 1956. Ball confidently predicted that there would be a World Series in Sportsman's Park by 1926. In anticipation, he increased the capacity of his ballpark from 18,000 to 30,000. There was a World Series in Sportsman's Park in 1926 – but it was the Cardinals who took part, upsetting the Yankees. St. Louis had been considered a "Browns town" until then. Meanwhile, the Browns fell into the cellar, they had only two winning records from 1927 to 1943, including a 43-111 mark in 1939, still the worst in franchise history. Ball died in 1933, his estate ran the team for three years until Rickey helped broker a sale to investment banker Donald Lee Barnes. His son-in-law, Bill DeWitt, was the team's general manager. To help finance the purchase, Barnes sold 20,000 shares of stock to the public at $5 a share, an unusual practice for a sports franchise.

By 1941, Barnes was convinced he could never make money in St. Lo

Hrizea of Bogd─ânei

Hrizea of Bogdănei rendered as Hrizică, sometimes Hrizea-Vodă, was a Wallachian boyar and rebel leader, who proclaimed himself reigning prince in 1655. After rising to high office under his relative, Prince Matei Basarab, he was reconfirmed by Constantin Șerban, he alternated the offices of Spatharios, in charge of the Wallachian military forces, Paharnic, before being won over by the rebellious Seimeni mercenaries. He issued a claim to the throne in Târgoviște, but controlled only part of the country, had his seat at Gherghița. In summer 1655, his army was defeated, at Șoplea, by a Wallachian loyalists, supported by Transylvanians and Moldavians. Hrizea took refuge in the Ottoman Empire, where he surrendered, was retained with his family as hostage by Transylvanian Prince George II Rákóczi, he escaped his captivity at Feyérvár during the confusion that followed Rákóczi's participation in the Swedish Deluge. Trying to stage his return to Wallachia with a new Seimeni force, he was kidnapped south of Hermannstadt, delivered to Wallachia as a prisoner.

His supporters were met by Preda Brâncoveanu in Gorj County in September 1657, were defeated there following a ruse or a betrayal. The survivors were executed in various ways. Hrizea and his retinue were killed—either hanged or broken on the wheel; the Seimeni continued to be involved in intrigues against Prince Constantin, were pacified by the latter. Some made a brief return to prominence under Mihnea III, part of a warlord alliance gathered around Rákóczi. Hrizea was alive at the time when Wallachia and Moldavia, the two Danubian Principalities, were vassal states of the Ottoman Empire. Born at an unknown date, he was the only known son of Vistier Dumitrașco of Bogdănei, his mother Alexandra was the daughter of the boyar of Bălteni, who served as Vornic. The family took its name from a core estate in Ialomița County, though it owned land in Oltenia, at Verguleasa. Dumitrașco is described by scholar Nicolae Iorga as a "rural boyar", which indicates that he was not one of the major figures in Wallachian politics.

However, as noted by historian N. Stoicescu, his known aristocratic origins contradict claims that Hrizea was an upstart, claims which were first publicized by an anonymous chronicle, Letopisețul Cantacuzinesc. Moreover, Hrizea was cousins with his sister Elena. Iorga describes the future rebel as a staunch opponent of the regime, one whose servants testified against Prince Matei in front of Ottoman Sultan Murad IV; this in fact refers to his maternal grandfather Hrizea, who spent the early 1630s as a refugee in Moldavia reconciling with his lord. Himself a loyalist, Hrizea of Bogdănei is first attested as a second-class Postelnic at Prince Matei's court in May 1642, confirmed as one of the Cluceri in 1643, he was Matei's Great Paharnic from February 23, 1651, to June 11, 1653 inheriting this office from his father-in-law, Drăgușin of the Deleni boyars. Drăgușin's daughter, named in records as Stana, was the mother of Hrizea's three sons—Barbu and Matei—and daughter, Ilina. On their estate at Verguleasa, the family erected a Wallachian Orthodox church, where he is mistakenly recorded as "Rizea".

A new Prince, Constantin Șerban, selected Hrizea as his general commander, or Spatharios, on April 25, 1654. He served in that position to December 29, returning as Great Paharnic from January 8 to May 11, 1655, he was an "intimate friend" of the new ruler, whose ascent came with the persecution of Matei Basarab's loyalists. In 1654, the preceding Spatharios, Diicul Buicescul, was mutilated to prevent his candidacy for the throne. Buicescul ran away from the country, seeking refuge in the Principality of Transylvania; as noted at the time by the chronicler Paul of Aleppo, Wallachia's Spatharios, who may have been either Buicescul or Hrizea, was a central figure at the investiture, receiving the army and people's oath on behalf of the Prince. At this stage, Hrizea became involved in the plot against Prince Constantin, which broke out as a rebellion of the Seimeni mercenaries, traced by historians to February 26 or 27, 1655. According to various records, Constantin had intended to terminate contracts for Serb troops noted for their rebelliousness under Prince Matei.

The Seimeni were warned of this by their colleagues in the regular infantry, proceeded to seek out boyars whom they viewed as responsible for their plight. Other detailed accounts suggest that Constantin wanted infantry officers on his side, promising them an increased pay, upon which the footmen sided with the Seimeni. Historian A. D. Xenopol favors a different account: Constantin tried but failed to arrest all of the Seimeni at once, as only 200 of some 1,000 obeyed his order to show up in Bucharest; the boyars, Xenopol writes, were identified as being hostile to the Seimeni, having supported the elimination of an expenditure which went to "savage" and "desperate" troops. Chronicler David Herman reports that the Seimeni were never subject to a mass arrest, although their commander, was kidnapped by Constantin's guards; the enraged mercenaries embarked on an "unprecedented bloodletting".

Samantha Logic

Samantha Logic is an American basketball player. She played for the San Antonio Stars of the Women's National Basketball Association, she played college basketball at the University of Iowa. A 5'9" point guard from Racine, Logic played for the Hawkeyes from 2011 to 2015, earning All-American honors in her senior season. Logic was named a third-team All-American by the Associated Press and a first-team All-American by the United States Basketball Writers Association after averaging 13.4 points, 7.0 rebounds and 8.1 assists per game. Logic received the Senior CLASS Award for the 2014–15 season. Source Logic was one of 12 players selected by the WNBA to attend the 2015 draft, she is the first player from the University of Iowa to be invited to attend the event. Logic was chosen by the Atlanta dream as the 10th choice in the 2015 WNBA Draft, she was subsequently traded to the San Antonio Stars for a 2016 second round draft pick. List of NCAA Division I basketball players with 5 or more career triple-doubles Iowa Hawkeyes bio

USS Thomason (DE-203)

USS Thomason was a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy in World War II. She was named in honor of Marine Raider Sergeant Clyde A. Thomason, the first Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor in World War II — posthumously, for heroism during the Makin Island raid. Thomason was laid down on 5 June 1943 at the Charleston Navy Yard. Henriques, USNR, in command; the destroyer escort held shakedown training in the Bermuda area and performed convoy escort duty along the east coast from Newport, R. I. to Panama. She headed for the New Hebrides; the ship called at Galapagos, the Society Islands, Samoa before arriving at Espiritu Santo on 18 April. She joined the U. S. 3d Fleet and, in addition to performing antisubmarine duty in Indispensable Strait which separates Guadalcanal and Malaita Islands, escorted ships to Guadalcanal. On 26 May, the DE arrived at Cape Cretin to join the U. S. 7th Fleet for operations along the coast of New Guinea. On 3 June, the ship arrived there the following week.

On the 13th, her gunners helped. Six days she took Army artillery observers along the coast to Sarmi where she shelled enemy emplacements and an air strip; the ship operated from Wakde until 7 August when she shifted her base of operations to Noemfoor, Schouten Islands. In early September, she returned to Espiritu Santo for an overhaul. On 4 October, DE-203 stood out to sea to rendezvous with two ammunition ships to escort them to the Palaus, she remained at Kossol Passage for a month, serving as harbor entrance control ship before returning to Hollandia. On 6 November, the destroyer got underway for Maffin Bay. Two days Thomason and Neuendorf bombarded Sarmi and targets along the bay. With the aid of Army spotting planes, the two ships set fire to enemy storehouses and several other buildings. Thomason headed for the Philippines on 9 November in the screen of a large convoy of landing craft and supply ships, she sailed the same day with a convoy bound for Hollandia. The destroyer escort conducted intensive antiaircraft and antisubmarine training at Mios Woendi and landing exercises at Aitape with attack transports that were scheduled to participate in the invasion of Lingayen Gulf.

On 28 December 1944, the destroyer escort sortied for Luzon with Task Group 78.1, the San Fabian Attack Force. En route to the Philippines, she was detached to accompany two fuel oil tankers who were scheduled to refuel the escort ships of Task Force 79, en route to Lingayen Gulf. Thomason began antisubmarine patrols in Mangarin Bay, off Mindoro on 7 January 1945. One month she and Neuendorf began antisubmarine patrol duty off the west coast of Luzon. At 22:22 on 7 February, Thomason's SL surface radar made a contact at a range of 14 miles, thought to be a small boat, she challenged the craft with a flashing light. There was no answer, surface radar lost contact. However, sonar soon made an underwater contact; the escort did not fire because she was going too fast. She fired a pattern of hedgehogs. On both runs, a large submerged mass, outlined by phosphorescence, was seen moving through the water at a depth of between 25 and 50 feet. Four to six of the hedgehogs detonated simultaneously, contact with the target was lost.

A heavy oil slick, 250 yards in diameter, rose to the surface. The two ships patrolled until late in the morning, in an expanding search pattern, but never regained contact with the Japanese submarine. RO-55 had been sunk in over 800 fathoms of water. Thomason returned to Mangarin Bay. On the 24th, she rescued four airmen. From March through August, the ship was engaged in antisubmarine patrols and escort duty between various Philippine ports and Hollandia. On 15 August 1945, the Japanese surrendered to the Allies. In September, she escorted two convoys from Luzon to Okinawa. On 4 October, Thomason headed for the United States, she moved to San Diego for inactivation. Thomason was decommissioned on 22 May 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 30 June 1968. On 30 June 1969, she was sold to the National Steel Corp.. Terminal Island, Long Beach, Calif. for scrap. Thomason received three battle stars for World War II service; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

The entry can be found here. Navsource.org: USS Thomason

Denis Price

Major-General, The Reverend Denis Price CB, CBE was Chief of Staff, British Defence Staff in Washington from 1959 to 1962 and was ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States. Denis Walter Price was born in Kandy in Ceylon and educated at Blundell's School in Tiverton, Caius College at Cambridge and the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, he was commissioned into the Royal Engineers on 31 January 1929. Price’s military appointments are as follows: 38th Field Company Training Battalion, Chatham Employed by the Air Ministry in Iraq on survey work Company officer Royal Military College Deputy Acting Quartermaster General, Royal Marine Division GSOI at Combined Operations Headquarters and tour of duty in the United States Head of Combined Operations Staff at the Headquarters, Supreme Allied Command South East Asia Commander, 41 Indian Beach Group Chief Royal Engineer, 5th Indian Division and Force 110 (sent to restore order in the Dutch East Indies. GSOI, Military Intelligence Branch, War Office Brigadier, Far East Land Forces Commander, British Services Security Organisation Chief of Staff, British Defence Staffs in Washington Price was created Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in 1945 and Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath in 1961.

On leaving the army Price moved to United States and after a course of studies was ordained into the Presbyterian Church. His studies were interrupted by the illness from which he died, but in spite of this he served as a Minister at Natural Bridge in Virginia for the two years before his death, his funeral was held at High Bridge Presbyterian Church in Virginia. Price had two sons and two daughters. Obituary of Maj-Gen. D. W. Price, The Times, 23 March 1966

Dain Blanton

Dain Blanton is an American beach volleyball player who won the gold medal in Beach Volleyball in the 2000 Olympic Games, with partner Eric Fonoimoana. He returned to the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece with partner Jeff Nygaard, becoming the first two-time U. S. male Beach Volleyball Olympian. One of the only players in the history of volleyball to win a championship at every level of the game; as a high school senior in 1990, Blanton was named the Orange County Player of the Year, Most Valuable Player of the Pacific Coast League and earned all-American honors at the Junior Olympics. Blanton was an All-State Basketball player who led Laguna Beach to the CIF Finals in 1990, he attended Pepperdine University where he was an All-American and guided The Waves to a National Volleyball Championship in 1992 as a sophomore. He is known for his fast serve holding the AVP record for 11 aces in a single game to 15 in Vail, Colorado in 1997. After winning gold at the 2000 Olympics and Fonoimoana broke their partnership because of rule changes that went into effect in 2001..

Height became a deciding factor because the new rules provided an advantage for a full-time tall blocker at the net. They went separate ways in search of Big Blockers. In the 2004 Olympics and Nygaard were seeded eighth, but failed to advance out of pool play. Dain is the Analyst for Professional Beach Volleyball worldwide covering the FIVB, AVP, NVL (National Volleyball League, the Jose Cuervo Pro Beach Series as well as the Sideline Reporter for the NBA Los Angeles Clippers, his new career in Sports Broadcasting has involved working with ABC, NBC, ESPN, Fox Sports Net and Universal Sports Network. He is covering many sports including NBA, Beach Volleyball, MLB, College Basketball and College Football. Dain does many motivational speaking events each year to inspire and be a role model to many. Dain was the runner-up to Andrew Firestone on the third season of ABC television network reality show The Bachelor. 2000 Olympic Gold Medalist partner:Eric Fonoimoana 2004 Olympian partner:Jeff Nygaard All-American NCAA Collegiate Volleyball 1994 AVP Best Offensive Player 2003 AVP Special Achievement 1997 AVP Team of the Year 2003 Official website Dain Blanton at AVP Dain Blanton at the Beach Volleyball Database Dain Blanton at the International Olympic Committee Dain Blanton at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com