Smokey Bear is an American advertising icon created by the U. S. Forest Service with artist Albert Staehle in collaboration with writer and art critic Harold Rosenberg. In the longest-running public service advertising campaign in United States history, the Ad Council, the United States Forest Service, the National Association of State Foresters employ Smokey Bear to educate the public about the dangers of unplanned human-caused wildfires. A campaign featuring Smokey and the slogan "Smokey Says – Care Will Prevent 9 out of 10 Forest Fires" began in 1944, his slogan, "Remember... Only YOU Can Prevent Forest Fires" was created in 1947 and was associated with Smokey Bear for more than five decades. In April 2001, the message was updated to "Only You Can Prevent Wildfires." in response to a massive outbreak of wildfires in natural areas other than forests, to clarify that Smokey is promoting the prevention of unplanned outdoor fire versus prescribed fires. According to the Ad Council, 80% of outdoor recreationists identified Smokey Bear's image and 8 in 10 recognized the campaign PSAs.
In 1952, the songwriters Steve Nelson and Jack Rollins had a successful song named "Smokey the Bear", performed by Eddy Arnold. The pair said. During the 1950s, that variant of the name became widespread both in popular speech and in print, including at least one standard encyclopedia, though Smokey Bear's name never changed. A 1955 book in the Little Golden Books series was called Smokey the Bear and he calls himself by this name in the book, it depicted him as an orphaned cub rescued in the aftermath of a forest fire, which loosely follows Smokey Bear's true story. From the beginning, his name was intentionally spelled differently from the adjective "smoky". Smokey Bear's name and image are protected by U. S. federal law, the Smokey Bear Act of 1952. Although the U. S. Forest Service fought wildfires long before World War II, the war brought a new importance and urgency to the effort. At the time, most able-bodied men were serving in the armed forces and none could be spared to fight forest fires.
The Forest Service began using colorful posters to educate Americans about the dangers of forest fires in the hope that local communities, with the most accurate information, could prevent them from starting in the first place. On August 13, 1942, Disney's fifth full-length animated motion picture Bambi premiered in New York City. Soon after, Walt Disney allowed his characters to appear in fire prevention public service campaigns. However, Bambi was only loaned to the government for a year, so a new symbol was needed. After much discussion, a bear was chosen, his name was inspired by "Smokey" Joe Martin, a New York City Fire Department hero who suffered burns and blindness during a bold 1922 rescue. Smokey's debut poster was released on August 9, 1944, considered the character's birthday. Overseen by the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention Campaign, the first poster was illustrated by Albert Staehle. In it Smokey was depicted pouring a bucket of water on a campfire; the message underneath reads, "Smokey says – Care will prevent 9 out of 10 forest fires!"
Knickerbocker Bears gained the license to produce Smokey Bear dolls in 1944. In 1949, Forest Service worker Rudy Wendelin became the full-time campaign artist and he was considered Smokey Bear's "manager" until Wendelin retired in 1973. In addition, during World War II, the Empire of Japan considered wildfires as a possible weapon. During the spring of 1942, Japanese submarines surfaced near the coast of Santa Barbara and fired shells that exploded on an oil field close to the Los Padres National Forest. U. S. planners hoped that if Americans knew how wildfires would harm the war effort, they would work with the Forest Service to eliminate the threat. The Japanese military renewed their wildfire strategy late in the war: from November 1944 to April 1945, launching some 9,000 fire balloons into the jet stream, with an estimated 11% reaching the U. S. In the end the balloon bombs caused a total of six fatalities: five school children and their teacher, Elsie Mitchell, who were killed by one of the bombs near Bly, Oregon, on May 5, 1945.
A memorial was erected at. In 1947, the slogan associated with Smokey Bear for more than five decades was coined: "Remember... only YOU can prevent forest fires." In 2001, it was amended to replace "forest fires" with "wildfires", as a reminder that other areas are in danger of burning. The living symbol of Smokey Bear was a five-pound, three month old American black bear cub, found in the spring of 1950 after the Capitan Gap fire, a wildfire that burned in the Capitan Mountains of New Mexico. Smokey had climbed a tree to escape the blaze. Local crews who had come from New Mexico and Texas to fight the blaze removed the cub from the tree. At first he was called Hotfoot Teddy, but he was renamed Smokey, after the icon. New Mexico Department of Game and Fish Ranger Ray Bell heard about the cub and took him to Santa Fe, where he, his wife Ruth, their children Don and Judy cared for the little bear with the help of local veterinarian Dr Edwin J. Smith; the story was picked up by the national news services and Smokey became a celebrity.
Many people called asking about the cub's recovery. The state game warden wrote to the chief of the Forest Service, offering to present the cub to the agency as long as the cub would be dedicated to a conservation and wildfire prevention publicity program. According to the New Y
University of Königsberg
The University of Königsberg was the university of Königsberg in East Prussia. It was founded in 1544 as the world's second Protestant academy by Duke Albert of Prussia, was known as the Albertina. Following World War II, the city of Königsberg was transferred to the Soviet Union according to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement, renamed Kaliningrad in 1946; the Albertina was closed and the remaining German population expelled. Today, the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University in Kaliningrad claims to maintain the traditions of the Albertina. Albert, former Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and first Duke of Prussia since 1525, had purchased a piece of land behind Königsberg Cathedral on the Kneiphof island of the Pregel River from the Samland chapter, where he had an academic gymnasium erected in 1542, he issued the deed of foundation of the Collegium Albertinum on 20 July 1544, after which the university was inaugurated on 17 August. The newly established Protestant duchy was a fiefdom of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the university served as a Lutheran counterpart to the Catholic Cracow Academy.
Its first rector was son-in-law of Philipp Melanchthon. Lithuanian scholars Stanislovas Rapalionis and Abraomas Kulvietis were among the first professors of university. All professors had to take an oath on the Augsburg Confession. Since the Prussian lands lay beyond the borders of the Holy Roman Empire, both Emperor Charles V and Pope Paul III withheld their approval the Königsberg academy received the royal privilege by King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland on 28 March 1560. From 1618 the Prussian duchy was ruled in personal union by the Margraves of Brandenburg and in 1657 the "Great Elector" Frederick William of Brandenburg acquired full sovereignty over Prussia from Poland by the Treaty of Wehlau; the Albertina was the second oldest university and intellectual centre of Protestant Brandenburg-Prussia. It comprised four colleges: Theology, Medicine and Law also natural sciences. Subsequent rectors included numerous Hohenzollern Prussian royals, who had never been to the university represented by a prorector in charge of academic affairs.
The Prussian lands remained unharmed by the disastrous Thirty Years' War, which gained the Königsberg university an increasing popularity among students. In the 17th century, it was known as a home to Simon Dach, serving as rector in 1656/57, his fellow poets. Tsar Peter I of Russia visited the Albertina in 1697, leading to increased contacts between Prussia and the Russian Empire. Notable Russian students at Königbserg were Kirill Razumovsky president of the Russian Academy of Sciences and General Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich; the university and the city had profound impact on the development of Lithuanian culture. The first book in Lithuanian language was printed here in 1547 and several important Lithuanian writers attended the Albertina; the university was the preferred educational institution of the Baltic German nobility. The 18th century went down in cultural history as the "Königsberg Century" of Enlightenment, a heyday initiated by the Albertina student Johann Christoph Gottsched and continued by the philosopher Johann Georg Hamann and writer Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel the Elder.
Notable alumni were Johann Gottfried Herder, Zacharias Werner, Johann Friedrich Reichardt, E. T. A. Hoffmann, foremost the philosopher Immanuel Kant, rector in 1786 and 1788; these scholars laid the foundations for the Weimar Classicism and German Romanticism movements. The Albertina's magnificent botanical garden was inaugurated in 1811 during the Napoleonic Wars. Two years Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel established his outstanding observatory next door to the garden. Other university professors included such giants of the science world as the philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the biologist Karl Ernst von Baer, the mathematician Carl Gustav Jacobi, the mineralogist Franz Ernst Neumann and the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the university was most famous for its school of Mathematics, founded by Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, continued by his pupils Ludwig Otto Hesse, Friedrich Richelot, Johann G. Rosenhain and Philipp Ludwig von Seidel, it was associated with the names of Hermann Minkowski, Adolf Hurwitz, Ferdinand von Lindemann and David Hilbert, one of the greatest modern mathematicians.
The mathematicians Alfred Clebsch and Carl Gottfried Neumann founded the Mathematische Annalen in 1868, which soon became the most influential mathematical journal of the time. Celebrating the university's 300 years jubilee 0n 31 August 1844, King Frederick William IV of Prussia laid the foundation for the new main building of the Albertina, inaugurated in 1862 by Crown Prince Frederick and Prorector Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz; the building on central Paradeplatz was erected in a neo-Renaissance style according to plans designed by Friedrich August Stüler. The facade was adorned by an equestrian figure in relief of Albert of Prussia. Below it were niches containing statues of the Protestant reformers Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon. Inside was a handsome staircase, borne by marble columns; the Senate Hall contained a portrait of Emperor Frederick III by Lauchert and a bust of Immanuel Kant by Hagemann, a student of Schadow. The adjacent hall was adorned with frescoes painted in 1870.
The university library was situated on Mitteltragheim in 1901 and contained over 230,00
United States Forest Service
The United States Forest Service is an agency of the U. S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass 193 million acres. Major divisions of the agency include the National Forest System and Private Forestry, Business Operations, the Research and Development branch. Managing 25% of federal lands, it is the only major national land agency, outside the U. S. Department of the Interior; the concept of the National Forests was born from Theodore Roosevelt’s conservation group and Crockett Club, due to concerns regarding Yellowstone National Park beginning as early as 1875. In 1876, Congress formed the office of Special Agent in the Department of Agriculture to assess the quality and conditions of forests in the United States. Franklin B. Hough was appointed the head of the office. In 1881, the office was expanded into the newly formed Division of Forestry; the Forest Reserve Act of 1891 authorized withdrawing land from the public domain as "forest reserves," managed by the Department of the Interior.
In 1901, the Division of Forestry was renamed the Bureau of Forestry. The Transfer Act of 1905 transferred the management of forest reserves from the General Land Office of the Interior Department to the Bureau of Forestry, henceforth known as the United States Forest Service. Gifford Pinchot was the first United States Chief Forester in the Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. Significant federal legislation affecting the Forest Service includes the Weeks Act of 1911, the Multiple Use – Sustained Yield Act of 1960, P. L. 86-517. L. 88-577. L. 94-588. L. 91-190. L. 95-313. L. 95-307. In February 2009, the Government Accountability Office evaluated whether the Forest Service should be moved from the Department of Agriculture to the Department of the Interior, which includes the National Park Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, managing some 438,000,000 acres of public land; as of 2009, the Forest Service has a total budget authority of $5.5 billion, of which 42% is spent fighting fires.
The Forest Service employs 34,250 employees in 750 locations, including 10,050 firefighters, 737 law enforcement personnel, 500 scientists. The mission of the Forest Service is "To sustain the health and productivity of the Nation's forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present and future generations." Its motto is "Caring for the land and serving people." As the lead federal agency in natural resource conservation, the US Forest Service provides leadership in the protection and use of the nation's forest and aquatic ecosystems. The agency's ecosystem approach to management integrates ecological and social factors to maintain and enhance the quality of the environment to meet current and future needs. Through implementation of land and resource management plans, the agency ensures sustainable ecosystems by restoring and maintaining species diversity and ecological productivity that helps provide recreation, timber, fish, wildlife and aesthetic values for current and future generations of people.
The everyday work of the Forest Service balances resource extraction, resource protection, providing recreation. The work includes managing 193,000,000 acres of national forest and grasslands, including 59,000,000 acres of roadless areas. Further, the Forest Service fought fires on 2,996,000 acres of land in 2007; the Forest Service organization includes ranger districts, national forests, research stations and research work units and the Northeastern Area Office for State and Private Forestry. Each level has responsibility for a variety of functions; the Chief of the Forest Service is a career federal employee. The Chief reports to the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment in the U. S. Department of Agriculture, an appointee of the President confirmed by the Senate; the Chief's staff provides broad policy and direction for the agency, works with the Administration to develop a budget to submit to Congress, provides information to Congress on accomplishments, monitors activities of the agency.
There are five deputy chiefs for the following areas: National Forest System and Private Forestry and Development, Business Operations, Finance. The Forest Service Research and Development deputy area includes five research stations, the Forest Products Laboratory, the International Institute of Tropical Forestry, in Puerto Rico. Station directors, like regional foresters, report to the Chief. Research stations include Northern, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Southwest, Rocky Mountain, Southern. There are 92 research work units located at 67 sites throughout the United States. There are 80 Experimental Forests and Ranges that have been established progressively since 1908; the system provides places for long-term science and management studies in major vegetation types of the 195 million acres of public land administered by the Forest Service. Individual sites range from 47 to 22,500 ha in size. Operations of Experimental Forests and Ranges are directed by local research teams for the individual sites, by Research Stations for the regions in which they are located, at the level of the Forest Service.
Major themes in
Thomas L. Tidwell was the 17th Chief of the United States Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture, was appointed on July 17, 2009, succeeding Gail Kimbell, he was succeeded by Tony Tooke, sworn in September 1, 2017. Tom Tidwell grew up in Boise and graduated from Washington State University. Tidwell began his Forest Service career on the Boise National Forest in fire, has since worked on eight different national forests, in three regions, he has worked at all levels of the agency in a variety of positions, including District Ranger, Forest Supervisor, Legislative Affairs Specialist in the Washington Office, where he worked on the planning rule, the 2001 roadless rule and the Secure Rural Schools County Payments Act. Tom served as the Deputy Regional Forester for the Pacific Southwest Region with primary responsibility for fire and aviation management, engineering and private forestry and tribal relations. Tidwell served as Forest Supervisor during the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.
On June 17, 2009, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that Tidwell would serve as the new Chief for the United States Forest Service. "Tom Tidwell's 32 years of experience in our forests and impressive track record of collaboration and problem-solving will help us tackle the great challenges ahead," said Vilsack. Tom is married to Kim, they have one daughter, MacKenzie. Thomas Tidwell biographical profile
The Wilderness Act of 1964 was written by Howard Zahniser of The Wilderness Society. It created the legal definition of wilderness in the United States, protected 9.1 million acres of federal land. The result of a long effort to protect federal wilderness and to create a formal mechanism for designating wilderness, the Wilderness Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 3, 1964 after over sixty drafts and eight years of work; the Wilderness Act is well known for its succinct and poetic definition of wilderness: "A wilderness, in contrast with those areas where man and his own works dominate the landscape, is hereby recognized as an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." - Howard Zahniser When Congress passed and President Lyndon Johnson signed the Wilderness Act on September 3, 1964, it created the National Wilderness Preservation System. The initial statutory wilderness areas, designated in the Act, comprised 9.1 million acres of national forest wilderness areas in the United States of America protected by administrative orders.
The current amount of areas designated by the NWPS as wilderness totals 757 areas encompassing 109.5 million acres of federally owned land in 44 states and Puerto Rico. Today, the Wilderness System comprises over 109 million acres involving federal lands administered by four agencies: Wilderness Act land is chosen from existing federal land and by determining which areas are considered to have the following criteria: Minimal human imprint Opportunities for unconfined recreation At least five thousand acres Educational, scientific, or historical valueAdditionally, areas considered as wilderness should have no enterprises within them or any motorized travel; when Congress designates each wilderness area, it includes a specific boundary line in statutory law. Once a wilderness area has been added to the system, its protection and boundary can be altered only by Congress; the basics of the program set out in the Wilderness Act are straightforward: The lands protected as wilderness are areas of our public lands.
Wilderness designation is a protective overlay Congress applies to selected portions of national forests, wildlife refuges, other public lands. Within wilderness areas, the Wilderness Act strives to restrain human influences so that ecosystems can change over time in their own way, free, as much as possible, from human manipulation. In these areas, as the Wilderness Act puts it, "the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man,"untrammeled meaning the forces of nature operate unrestrained and unaltered. Wilderness areas serve multiple uses but the law limits uses to those consistent with the Wilderness Act mandate that each wilderness area be administered to preserve the "wilderness character of the area." For example, these areas protect watersheds and clean-water supplies vital to downstream municipalities and agriculture, as well as habitats supporting diverse wildlife, including endangered species, but logging and oil and gas drilling are prohibited. Along with many other uses for the American people, wilderness areas are popular for diverse kinds of outdoor recreation but without motorized or mechanical vehicles or equipment except where permitted.
Scientific research is allowed in wilderness areas as long as it is non-invasive. The Wilderness Act was reinterpreted by the Administration in 1986 to ban bicycles from Wilderness areas, which led to the current vocal opposition from mountain bikers to the opening of new Wilderness areas; the Wilderness Act allows certain uses that existed before the land became wilderness to be grandfathered inot and so they may continue to take place although the area, designated as wilderness would not concede such uses. Mining, water uses, or any other uses that do not impact the majority of the area may remain in some degree; when the Wilderness Act was passed, it ignored lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management because of uncertainty of policy makers surrounding the future of those areas. The uncertainty was clarified in 1976 with the passing of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, which stated that land managed by the Bureau of Land Management would remain federally owned and, between March 1978 and November 1980, would be reviewed to be classified as wilderness.
Some argue that the criteria to determine wilderness are open to interpretation. For example, one criterion for wilderness is that it be roadless, the act does not define the term roadless. Wilderness advocacy groups and some agency bureaucrats have attempted to impose this standard: "the word'roadless' refers to the absence of roads that have been improved and maintained by mechanical means." For more information, see Revised Statute 2477. Another criticism of the Wilderness Act is that it defines wilderness as "where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." Congress considers additional proposals every year, some recommended by federal agencies and many proposed by grassroots conservation and sportsmen's organizations. Congressional bills are pending to designate new wilderness areas in Utah, Washington, Virginia, West Virginia and New Hampshire. Grassroots coalitions are working with local congressional delegations on legislative proposals for additional wilderness areas, including Vermont, southern Arizona, national grasslands in South Dakota, Rocky Mountain peaks of Montana and Wyoming.
The U. S. Forest Service has re
William B. Greeley
William Buckhout Greeley was the third chief of the United States Forest Service, a position he held from 1920 to 1928. Greeley was born September 6, 1879, in Oswego, New York, to parents Frank Norton Greeley, a Congregational clergyman, Anna Cheney Greeley, he graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1901, received a Master of Forestry degree from Yale University in 1904. In 1924 he established the first wilderness area in the United States: Gila Wilderness in Gila National Forest, New Mexico. After finishing at the top of the first Yale forestry graduating class of 1904, Greeley was handpicked by Gifford Pinchot to be the Forest Service's Region 1 forester. In that position, he had responsibility over 41 million acres in 22 National Forests in four western states. One year after the Great Fire of 1910 Greeley received a promotion to a high administration job in Washington. In 1920, he became Chief of the Forest Service; the fire of 1910 convinced him that Satan was at work, elevated firefighting to the raison d'être — the overriding mission — of the Forest Service.
Under Greeley, the Service became the fire engine company, protecting trees so the timber industry could cut them down at government expense. Pinchot was appalled; the timber industry oriented the Forestry Service toward policies favorable to large-scale harvesting via regulatory capture, metaphorically, the timber industry was now the fox in the chicken coop. Pinchot and Theodore Roosevelt had envisioned, at the least, that public timber should be sold only to small, family-run logging outfits, not to big syndicates. Pinchot had always preached of a "working forest" for working people and small-scale logging at the edge, preservation at the core. In 1928 Bill Greeley left the Forest Service for a position in the timber industry, becoming an executive with the West Coast Lumberman's Association; when Pinchot traveled west in 1937, to view those forests with Henry S. Graves, what they saw "tore his heart out." Greeley's legacy, combining modern chain saws and government-built forest roads, had allowed industrial-scale clear-cuts to become the norm in the western national forests of Montana and Oregon.
Entire mountainsides, mountain after mountain, were treeless. "So this is what saving the trees was all about." "Absolute devastation", Pinchot wrote in his diary. "The Forest Service should declare against clear- cutting in Washington and Oregon as a defensive measure", Pinchot wrote. William B. Greeley Works by or about William B. Greeley at Internet Archive
Michael P. Dombeck is an American conservationist, educator and outdoorsman, he served as Acting Director of the Bureau of Land Management from 1994–1997 and was the 14th Chief of the United States Forest Service from 1997 to 2001. Dombeck served as UW System Fellow and Professor of Global conservation at the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point from 2001 to 2010. Born in Stevens Point and raised in Sawyer County, Dombeck worked as a fishing guide for 11 summers in the Hayward area, he attended the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and earned a B. S. in biology and general sciences and an M. S. T. in biology and education degrees. He attended the University of Minnesota, earning an M. S. in Zoology and earned a PhD from Iowa State University in 1984. His research included studies on the movement, behavior and early life ecology of the muskellunge, Wisconsin's state fish, he was Program Chairman of the 1st International Muskellunge Symposium held in 1984 with proceedings published by the American Fisheries Society.
He married Patricia Rider in 1975 and they have one daughter, Mary. After three years of teaching zoology at the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Dombeck joined the United States Forest Service as a fisheries biologist on the Hiawatha National Forest, he held additional Forest Service assignments throughout the Midwest and California, focused on both aquatic research and fisheries management, after which he was promoted to National Fisheries Program Manager for the USFS where he led the integration of aquatic resources considerations into national forest management and the Rise to the Future Program. He spent a year in 1989 as a LEGIS Fellow working in the U. S. Senate on agriculture and appropriations issues. At the beginning of the George H. W. Bush administration, Dombeck was assigned as Special Assistant to the Director of the Bureau of Land Management and was named Science Advisor. At the beginning of the Clinton Administration, he was assigned Acting Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Lands and Minerals Management.
In 1994 he was appointed Acting Director of the Bureau of Land Management by Secretary of the Interior, Bruce Babbitt. Dombeck held that position until 1997 when Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman named him the 14th Chief of the U. S. Forest Service. Dombeck's time at the BLM was marked by a variety of successes that focused the agency's management on wildlife protection and aquatic resources and InFish. Dombeck worked with Forest Service Chief Jack Ward Thomas to increase the two agencies' cooperation and sustainability and ecosystem based management and watershed restoration; as US Forest Service Chief, Michael Dombeck's overarching principle for the nation's public lands was, still is, that of Gifford Pinchot and Theodore Roosevelt: To provide "the greatest good for the greatest number."His work at the USFS reflected this ideal. In 1997 with the Forest Service Leadership team a four-point agenda was crafted, it became known as The Natural Resources Agenda. Dombeck added emphasis to the importance of clean water as a forest a product and appointed a task force of scientists and economists to the quantity and value of water flowing from the National Forests.
The major achievement under Dombeck’s leadership was the development of the Roadless Rule which protected 58 million acres of the most remote national forest lands. Dombeck laid his proposal for roadless area management in a speech to the 73rd Annual Outdoor Writers’ Association in Greensboro, North Carolina on June 27, 2000. In that speech he proposed 1) vastly prohibiting road building on 58 million acres of roadless area - citing a lack of funds for their maintenance – and, 2) deferring other major decisions regarding roadless areas to local planners and managers, allowing them to determine how best to protect local lands while protecting their social and ecological value; this proposal, Dombeck believed, would lay the groundwork for enhancing and increasing Americans’ experiences in the nation’s forests by protecting million acres of the remaining wildest places which provide the highest quality back country hunting and fishing experiences in the US, as well as protecting watershed health and ecosystem function.as well as improve the quality of watersheds and ecosystems.
Dombeck retired from federal service in 2001 due to the lack of support of roadless area protection by the George W. Bush administration, he was granted the highest award in career federal service, the Presidential Rank-Distinguished Executive Award, in 2001. He was the only person to have led the nation's two largest public land management agencies. After retiring from federal service, Dombeck took a position as Professor of Global Conservation at University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and was named UW System Fellow, where he served from 2001 to 2010, he serves as Executive Director of the David Smith Post Doctoral Fellowship in conservation biology, as a trustee of the Johnson Foundation at Wingspread, Trout Unlimited, the Wisconsin chapter of The Nature Conservancy. Dombeck has authored, co-authored, edited more than 200 popular and scholarly publications, including the books Watershed Restoration: Principles and Practices and From Conquest to Conservation: Our Public Lands Legacy. Dombeck has received the following awards: Ansel Adams Award, 2010 Aldo Leopold Restoration Award, 2009 Fellow, Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, 2008 Honorary Doctorate, Haverford University, 2007 Wisconsin Idea Profes