Joseph Ignatius Judge was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball who played most of his career for the Washington Senators. He set American League records for career games, assists, total chances, double plays and fielding percentage at first base, led the AL in fielding average five times a record, he batted over.300 nine times, hit.385 in the 1924 World Series as the Senators won their only championship. At the end of his career he ranked tenth in AL history in hits and doubles, seventh in games played, eighth in triples and at bats, ninth in walks. Judge, who batted and threw left-handed, was born in Brooklyn, New York City, grew up on New York's Upper East Side near 66th Street and 1st Avenue on what is now the site of Rockefeller University, he was noticed as a 12-year-old shortstop by a local postman, Bud Hannah, who bought him a first baseman's glove so that he could play at a more natural position. After playing semipro ball in the New York area and having a tryout with the New York Giants in 1911, he signed with the Boston Red Sox in 1914.
He hit over.300 as a minor leaguer before his contract was sold to the Senators in 1915, broke into the major leagues with 12 games late that season. Right fielder Sam Rice, who would be his teammate for the next 18 years, made his debut a month earlier. In the early years of his career, Judge was slowed by the dead ball, by playing his home games in Griffith Stadium, which defied power hitting. In 12 of his 18 seasons with the Senators, fewer home runs were hit there than in any other AL park. Judge hit 2 home runs in 1917, but, half of the entire team's total of 4. Judge ended 1917 with the seventh highest slugging average in the AL at.417, despite having only 2 homers and 15 doubles. In 1918, he had one of the Senators' five total home runs. In 1919 he set a club record with 81 walks, topping the 1911 total of 74 shared by Clyde Milan and Doc Gessler. On July 1, 1920, Judge preserved the only no-hitter of Walter Johnson's career by snaring Harry Hooper's line drive down the first base line, tossing the ball to Johnson for the final out of the 1-0 victory over the Red Sox.
He ended the season with a career-high.333 batting average, would hit over.300 every year through 1930 except 1922 and 1926. In 1922 he tied Ed Delahanty's 1902 club record of 10 home runs. Judge passed Howard Shanks to take over the team's career home run record with 27. In addition, Judge collected 15 triples again along with 32 doubles, finished eighth in the MVP voting, his 131 double plays that year broke Earl Sheely's AL record of 121 and came within one of George Kelly's major league mark, both set in 1921. The Senators had traditionally struggled, finishing higher than fourth place only four times in their first two decades, but now entered the strongest period in their history. Second baseman Bucky Harris had joined the starting lineup in 1920, shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh had been acquired in 1922, with rookie third baseman Ossie Bluege arriving the same year. In 1922 Washington set a major league team record of 161 double plays, breaking the mark of 155 shared by the 1921 Giants and White Sox, in 1923 – the first full season in which all four played together – the Senators shattered their own mark with 182.
In 1923 the Senators became only the fifth team in major league history – and the first since the 1912 Philadelphia Athletics with their "$100,000 infield" – to have all four infielders lead the league in double plays. Judge led the AL in fielding for the first time that year with a.993 average. In 1924 the Senators won their first pennant, edging the three-time defending league champion New York Yankees by two games. Batting fifth in the World Series against the Giants, Judge scored on Peckinpaugh's double with one out in the ninth inning of Game 2 for a 4-3 victory, he got three hits each in the losses in Games 3 and 5. They repeated as league champions in 1925, with Judge again pacing the AL with a.993 fielding average, met the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series. Batting cleanup, Judge hit a home run in the second inning of Game 2 at Forbes Field for a 1-0 lead, though Pittsburgh won 3-2. In Game 3 he doubled to drive in the tying run in the third inning, had a sacrifice fly with the bases loaded in the seventh to again tie the game 3-3.
In Game 7 he drew a bases-loaded walk and scored in a 4-run first inning, but Pittsburgh came back to win 9-7 and take the championship. Despite his small frame for a first baseman – 5 feet 8½ inches and 155 pounds – Judge led the AL in fielding average five times, an AL record for first basemen until Don Mattingly did so six times between 1984 and 1993, he led the AL in 1927, 1929 and 1930, committing only two errors in the latter se
Henry Lee III
Major-General Henry "Light-Horse Harry" Lee III was an early American Patriot and politician. He served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress. Lee's service during the American Revolution as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army earned him the nickname by which he is best known, "Light-Horse Harry", he was the father of commander of the Confederate armies in the American Civil War. Lee was born near Dumfries in the Colony of Virginia, he was the son of Col. Henry Lee II of "Leesylvania" and Lucy Grymes, his father was the first cousin of twelfth President of the Continental Congress. His mother was an aunt of the wife of Jr.. His great-grandmother Mary Bland was a grand-aunt of President Thomas Jefferson. Lee was the grandson of Capt. Henry Lee I, a great-grandson of Richard Bland, a great-great-grandson of William Randolph, he was a descendant of Theodorick Bland of Westover and Governor Richard Bennett. Lee graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1773, began pursuing a legal career.
With the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, he instead became a captain in a Virginia dragoon detachment, attached to the 1st Continental Light Dragoons. In 1778, Lee was promoted to major and given the command of a mixed corps of cavalry and infantry known as Lee's Legion, with which he won a great reputation as a capable leader of light troops. At the time mobile groups of light cavalry provided valuable service not only during major battles, but by conducting reconnaissance and surveillance, engaging the enemy during troop movements, disrupting delivery of supplies, doing raiding and skirmishing, organizing expedition behind enemy lines. In September of the same year, Lee commanded a unit of dragoons which defeated a Hessian regiment at the Battle of Edgar's Lane, it was during his time as commander of the Legion that Lee earned the sobriquet of "Light-Horse Harry" for his horsemanship. On September 22, 1779 the Continental Congress voted to present Lee with a gold medal—a reward given to no other officer below a general's rank—for the Legion's actions during the Battle of Paulus Hook in New Jersey, on August 19 of that year.
Lee was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and was assigned with his Legion to the southern theater of war. Lee's Legion raided the British outpost of Georgetown, South Carolina with General Francis Marion in January 1781 and helped screen the American army in their Race to the Dan River the following month. Lee united with General Francis Marion and General Andrew Pickens in the spring of 1781 to capture numerous British outposts in South Carolina and Georgia including Fort Watson, Fort Motte, Fort Granby, Fort Galphin, Fort Grierson, Fort Cornwallis, Georgia, they conducted a campaign of terror and intimidation against Loyalists in the region, highlighted in Pyle's Massacre. Lee and his legion served at the Battle of Guilford Court House, the Siege of Ninety-Six, the Battle of Eutaw Springs, he was present at Charles Cornwallis's surrender at Yorktown, but left the Army shortly after, claiming fatigue and disappointment with his treatment from fellow officers. In 1794, Lee was summoned by President George Washington to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
Lee commanded. In 1798, in anticipation of a war with France, Henry Lee was appointed a major general in the U. S. Army. In 1808, he was recommissioned by President Thomas Jefferson as major-general when war with Great Britain was imminent, he asked President James Madison for a commission at the onset of the War of 1812 but without success. In 1812 he published his Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States, where he summarized his military experiences during the Revolutionary War. From 1786 to 1788, Lee was a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation, in 1788 at the Virginia convention. From 1789 to 1791, he served in the General Assembly and, from 1791 to 1794, was Governor of Virginia. From 1799 to 1801, he served in the United States House of Representatives of the Congress, he famously eulogized Washington to a crowd of 4,000 at the first President's funeral on December 26, 1799 as "first in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen". Between April 8 and 13, 1782, at Stratford Hall, Lee married his second cousin, Matilda Ludwell Lee, known as "the Divine Matilda".
She was the daughter of Sr. and Elizabeth Steptoe. Matilda had three children before she died in 1790: Philip Ludwell Lee Lucy Grymes Lee Henry Lee IV, was a historian and author who served as a speech writer for both John C. Calhoun and presidential candidate Andrew Jackson helping the latter to write his inaugural address. On June 18, 1793, Lee married the wealthy Anne Hill Carter at Shirley Plantation. Anne was the daughter of Charles Carter, Esq. of Shirley, his wife Ann Butler Moore. They had six children: Algernon Sidney Lee, died at Sully Plantation, buried there in an unmarked grave Charles Carter Lee Anne Kinloch Lee Sydney Smith Lee Robert Edward Lee, the fifth child of Henry and Anne, served as Confederate general-in-chief during the Ame
Edward Frederick Joseph Yost was an American professional baseball player and coach. He played the majority of his Major League Baseball career as a third baseman for the Washington Senators played two seasons each with the Detroit Tigers and the Los Angeles Angels before retiring in 1962. Yost threw right-handed, he was nicknamed the "Walking Man" for the numerous bases on balls he drew, continues to rank 11th all-time among major leaguers in that category, ahead of the likes of Pete Rose, Willie Mays, Stan Musial and Hank Aaron. Yost was considered one of the best lead off third basemen of his era. Yost was born in Brooklyn, New York where he played baseball and basketball at New York University before being signed by the Washington Senators as an amateur free agent in 1944, he made his Major League debut with the Senators at the age of 17 on August 16, 1944, having never played in the minor leagues. Yost spent the 1945 season in the United States Navy before returning to the Senators in 1946.
In 1950, Yost posted career-highs with a. 440 on-base percentage. In 1951 he led the American League with 36 produced a career-high 65 runs batted in, he earned a place as a reserve player for the American League team in the 1952 All-Star Game. Between August 30, 1949 and May 11, 1955, Yost played in 829 consecutive games for the Senators, the ninth longest consecutive game streak in major league history. Yost's home run totals were diminished by having to play his home games in Washington's cavernous Griffith Stadium. Between 1944 and 1953, he hit only 3 home runs at home. On December 6, 1958, after 14 seasons with the Senators, Yost was traded to the Detroit Tigers, allowing the Senators to make room for young prospect Harmon Killebrew. Playing in hitter-friendly Tiger Stadium in 1959, his home run production climbed to a career-high of 21 and, he led the American League with 115 runs scored, 135 base on balls and a.435 on-base percentage. In 1960, he again led the league in base on on-base percentage.
Yost spent two seasons with the Tigers before being selected by the Los Angeles Angels in the 1961 American League expansion draft. While with the Angels during their inaugural season, Yost earned the distinction of being the first Angels player to appear in a major league game, leading off in the team's first game, played at Baltimore on April 11, 1961. In his last plate appearance as a major league player, he received a base on balls. In an 18-year career, Yost played in 2,109 games, accumulating 1,863 hits in 7,346 at bats for a.254 career batting average along with 139 home runs, 683 runs batted in and an on-base percentage of.394. He ended his career with a.957 fielding percentage. Yost led the American League in bases on balls on six different occasions and logged 1,614 over his 18-year career, ranking him 11th on the all-time walks list. In 1956, he had a.412 on-base percentage while posting a.231 batting average, the lowest batting average with a.400 on-base percentage in major league history.
Yost hit 28 home runs to lead off a game, a record which stood until Bobby Bonds broke it in the 1970s. Yost led American League third basemen eight times in putouts, seven times in double plays, three times in assists and twice in fielding percentage, he set American League career records with 2,356 putouts, 3,659 assists, 6,285 total chances. His 2,356 putouts ranks him third all-time among third basemen behind Brooks Robinson and Jimmy Collins. In 1960, he surpassed Pie Traynor's major league record for most games played as a third baseman with 1,865 games. Yost was the first third baseman in history to appear in more than 2,000 games. Baseball historian Bill James ranked Yost 24th all-time among third baseman in his Historical Baseball Abstract. Yost attended New York University during the off-season where he earned a Master's degree in physical education in 1953. Yost followed his long playing career with a 23-season career as a coach. After a brief stint as a playing coach with the 1962 Angels, Yost returned to Washington as the third-base coach of the second Senators franchise, under his old teammate, manager Mickey Vernon.
When Vernon was replaced by Gil Hodges, Yost served as interim manager, losing his only game as manager on May 22, 1963. Yost continued on Hodges' Washington staff through 1967; when Hodges became manager of the New York Mets in 1968, he took Yost with him to New York. Yost was the Mets' third-base coach from 1968 to 1976, he continued his coaching career with the Boston Red Sox, coaching third in Boston from 1977 to 1984 under skippers Don Zimmer and Ralph Houk. While playing for the Detroit Tigers in 1961–62, Yost married Patricia Healy, who worked for their front office in public relations, they had Felita Yost Carr and Alexis. Patricia died on January 6, 2007. Yost's daughter Felita competed in ice dancing during the 1997 U. S. Figure Skating Championships. Following her active career in ice skating, she is now a coach of figure skating, his grandson Edward played varsity baseball at Huntington Beach High School in California and is a lefthand pitcher. Edward was a member of the 2015 HBHS varsity baseball team which won the California Interscholastic Federation – Southern Section Division 1 Championship on June 6, 2015.
Edward Yost is playing for Pepperdine University as part of the Pepperdine Waves baseball team. Yost died of cardiovascular disease in Weston, Massachusetts on October 16, 2012, aged 86. List of Major League Baseball career runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball annual runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball annual doubles leaders Major League Baseball consecutive games played str
New York Yankees
The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of the Bronx. The Yankees compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division, they are one of two major league clubs based in New York City, the other being the New York Mets of the National League. In the 1901 season, the club began play in the AL as the Baltimore Orioles. Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchased the franchise and moved it to New York City, renaming the club the New York Highlanders; the Highlanders were renamed the Yankees in 1913. The team is owned by Yankee Global Enterprises, an LLC controlled by the family of the late George Steinbrenner, who purchased the team in 1973. Brian Cashman is the team's general manager, Aaron Boone is the team's field manager; the team's home games were played at the original Yankee Stadium from 1923 to 1973 and from 1976 to 2008. In 1974 and 1975, the Yankees shared Shea Stadium with the Mets, in addition to the New York Jets, New York Giants.
In 2009, they moved into a new ballpark of the same name after the previous facility was closed and demolished. The team is perennially among the leaders in MLB attendance; as arguably the most successful sports club in the United States, the Yankees have won 40 AL pennants, 27 World Series championships, all of which are MLB records. The Yankees have won more titles than any other franchise in the four major North American sports leagues. Forty-four Yankees players and eleven Yankees managers have been inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, including Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford. In pursuit of winning championships, the franchise has used a large payroll to attract talent during the Steinbrenner era. According to Forbes, the Yankees are the second highest valued sports franchise in the United States and the fifth in the world, with an estimated value of $4 billion; the Yankees have garnered enormous popularity and a dedicated fanbase, as well as widespread enmity from fans of other MLB teams.
The team's rivalry with the Boston Red Sox is one of the most well-known rivalries in U. S. sports. From 1903-2018, the Yankees overall win-loss record is 10275-7781. In 1900, Ban Johnson, the president of a minor league known as the Western League, changed the Western League name to the American League and asked the National League to classify it as a major league. Johnson held that his league would operate in friendly terms with the National league, but the National league ridiculed the plan. Johnson declared official major league status for his league in 1901. Plans to add a team in New York City were blocked by the NL's New York Giants. A team was instead placed in Baltimore, Maryland in 1901. Between 1901 and 1903, many players and coaches on the Orioles roster jumped to the Giants. In January 1903, a "peace conference" was held between the two leagues to settle disputes and try to coexist. At the conference, Johnson requested that an AL team be put in New York, to play alongside the NL's Giants.
It was put to a vote, 15 of the 16 major league owners agreed on it. The Orioles' new owners, Frank J. Farrell and William S. Devery moved the team to New York in 1903; the team's new ballpark, Hilltop Park, was constructed in one of Upper Manhattan's highest points—between 165th and 168th Streets. The team was named the New York Highlanders. Fans believed the name was chosen because of the team's elevated location in Upper Manhattan, or as a nod to team president Joseph Gordon's Scottish-Irish heritage; the team was referred to as the New York Americans. The team was referred to as the "Invaders" in the Evening Journal. New York Press Sports Editor Jim Price coined the unofficial nickname Yankees for the club as early as 1904, because it was easier to fit in headlines; the Highlanders finished second in the AL in 1904, 1906, 1910. In 1904, they lost the deciding game to the Boston Americans, who became the Boston Red Sox; that year, Highlander pitcher Jack Chesbro set the single-season wins record at 41.
At this time there was no formal World Series agreement wherein the AL and NL winners would play each other. The original Polo Grounds burned down in 1911 and the Highlanders shared Hilltop Park with the Giants during a two-month renovation period. From 1913 to 1922, the Highlanders shared the Polo Grounds with the Giants. While playing at the Polo Grounds, the name "Highlanders" fell into disuse among the press. In 1913 the team became known as the New York Yankees. By the middle of the decade, Yankees owners Farrell and Devery had become estranged and in need of money. At the start of 1915, they sold the team to Colonel Jacob Ruppert, a brewer, Captain Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston, a contractor-engineer. All the games of the 1921 and 1922 World Series were played in the Polo Grounds, when the Yankees squared off against their intracity rivals, the Giants. In the years around 1920, the Yankees, the Red Sox, the Chicago White Sox had a détente; the trades between the three ballclubs antagonized Ban Johnson and garnered the teams the nickname "The Insurrectos".
This détente paid off well for the Yankees. Most new players who contributed to the team's success came from the Red Sox, whose owner, Harry Frazee, was trading them for large sums of money to finance his theatrical productions. Pitcher-turned-outfielder Babe Ruth was the most talented of all the acquisition
Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat
Walter Perry Johnson, nicknamed "Barney" and "The Big Train", was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He played his entire 21-year baseball career for the Washington Senators, he served as manager of the Senators from 1929 through 1932 and for the Cleveland Indians from 1933 through 1935. Thought of as one of the greatest pitchers in baseball history, Johnson established several pitching records, some of which remain unbroken nine decades after retiring from baseball, he remains by far the all-time career leader in shutouts with 110, second in wins with 417, fourth in complete games with 531. He held the career record in strikeouts for nearly 56 years, with 3,508, from the end of his career in 1927 until the 1983 season, when three players passed the mark. Johnson was the only player in the 3,000 strikeout club for 51 years when Bob Gibson recorded his 3,000th strikeout on 17 July 1974. Johnson led the league in strikeouts a Major League record 12 times—one more than current strikeout leader Nolan Ryan—including a record eight consecutive seasons.
He is the only pitcher in major league history to record over 400 wins and strikeout over 3,500 batters. In 1936, Johnson was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame as one of its "first five" inaugural members, his gentle nature was legendary, to this day he is held up as an example of good sportsmanship, while his name has become synonymous with friendly competition. Walter Johnson was the second of six children born to Frank Edwin Johnson and Minnie Olive Perry on a rural farm four miles west of Humboldt, Kansas. Although he was sometimes said to be of Swedish ancestry and referred to by sportswriters as "The Big Swede", Johnson's ancestors came from the British Isles. Soon after he reached his fourteenth birthday, his family moved to California's Orange County in 1902; the Johnsons settled in the town of a small oil boomtown located just east of Brea. In his youth, Johnson split his time among playing baseball, working in the nearby oil fields, going horseback riding. Johnson attended Fullerton Union High School where he struck out 27 batters during a 15-inning game against Santa Ana High School.
He moved to Idaho, where he doubled as a telephone company employee and a pitcher for a Weiser-based team in the Idaho State League. Johnson was spotted by a talent scout and signed a contract with the Washington Senators in July 1907 at the age of nineteen. Johnson was renowned as the premier power pitcher of his era. Ty Cobb recalled his first encounter with the rookie fastballer: On August 2, 1907, I encountered the most threatening sight I saw in the ball field, he was a rookie, we licked our lips as we warmed up for the first game of a doubleheader in Washington. Evidently, manager Pongo Joe Cantillon of the Nats had picked a rube out of the cornfields of the deepest bushes to pitch against us.... He was a tall, shambling galoot of about twenty, with arms so long they hung far out of his sleeves, with a sidearm delivery that looked unimpressive at first glance.... One of the Tigers imitated a cow mooing, we hollered at Cantillon:'Get the pitchfork ready, Joe—your hayseed's on his way back to the barn.'...
The first time I faced him, I watched. And something went past me that made me flinch; the thing just hissed with danger. We couldn't touch him.... Every one of us knew we'd met the most powerful arm turned loose in a ball park. In 1917, a Bridgeport, Connecticut munitions laboratory recorded Johnson's fastball at 134 feet per second, equal to 91 miles per hour, a velocity that may have been unmatched in his day, with the possible exception of Smoky Joe Wood. Johnson, pitched with a sidearm motion, whereas power pitchers are known for pitching with a straight-overhand delivery. Johnson's motion was difficult for right-handed batters to follow, as the ball seemed to be coming from third base, his pitching mechanics were superb, generating powerful rotation of his shoulders with excellent balance. In addition to his fastball, Johnson featured an occasional curveball that he developed around 1913 or 1914, he threw right-handed. The overpowering fastball was the primary reason for Johnson's exceptional statistics his fabled strikeout totals.
Johnson's record total of 3,508 strikeouts stood for more than 55 years until Nolan Ryan, Steve Carlton, Gaylord Perry all surpassed it in that order during the 1983 season. Johnson, as of 2017, ranks ninth on the all-time strikeout list, but his total must be understood in its proper context of an era of much fewer strikeouts. Among his pre-World War II contemporaries, only two men finished within one thousand strikeouts of Johnson: runner-up Cy Young with 2,803 and Tim Keefe at 2,562. Bob Feller, whose war-shortened career began in 1936 ended up with 2,581; as a right-handed pitcher for the Washington Nationals/Senators, Walter Johnson won 417 games, the second most by any pitcher in history. He and Young are the only pitchers to have won 400 games. In a 21-year career, Johnson had twelve 20-win seasons, including ten in a row. Twice, he topped thirty wins. Johnson's record includes the most in baseball history. Johnson had a 38–26 record in games decided by a 1–0 score. Johnson lost 65 games because his teams failed to score a run.
On September 4, 5 and 7, 1908, he shut out the New York Highlanders in three consecutive games. Three tim
Leon Allen "Goose" Goslin was a left fielder in Major League Baseball known for his powerful left-handed swing and dependable clutch hitting. He played 18 seasons with the Washington Senators, St. Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers, from 1921 until 1938, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1968. Born in Salem, New Jersey, Goslin was 16 when he left home to play on a touring semipro circuit of the Eastern seaboard, by 19 had moved into the minor leagues in South Carolina as a pitcher. Goslin was discovered by famed scout Joe Engel. After hearing from Engel, Senators owner Clark Griffith scouted Goslin and attended a Sally League game in which Goslin was playing for Columbia, South Carolina. A fly ball hit Goslin on the head, another missed him. Goslin hit three home runs in the game, Griffith decided to take a chance on him. Goslin's difficulty in judging fly balls contributed to his nickname "Goose." Opposing players said Goslin resembled a bird flapping its wings when he ran after a ball with his arms waving.
While not a great fielder, Goslin did have a good throwing arm, leading the American League in assists by an outfielder in 1924 and 1925. However, one year during spring training, Goslin wandered to an adjacent field where a track and field team was working out. Goslin tried the shot put, his throwing arm was never the same afterward; the 20-year-old Goslin was called up to the major leagues to play for the Washington Senators for the last two weeks of the 1921 season. He had a promising.351 on-base percentage in 14 games in 1921 and became a starter for the Senators in 1922. Goslin played 93 games in 1922 and became a fixture for the Senators in left field until 1930. Goslin hit.324 in his first full season followed by a. 300 season in 1923 with 99 RBIs. Showing speed on the base paths, Goslin led the American League with 18 triples in 1923. In 1924, Goslin established himself as one of the league's top run producers, as he led the American League with 129 RBIs and finished seventh in batting average.
At age 23, Goslin hit for the cycle and was among the league leaders with 17 triples, 299 total bases and 199 hits. After the Senators had losing records in 1922 and 1923, Goslin helped to spark the team to a 92-win season and their first World Series championship in 1924. With a 36-year-old Walter Johnson contributing 23 wins and the young Goslin knocking in 129 runs, the Senators finished two games ahead of the Yankees and defeated the New York Giants in the 1924 World Series. Goslin hit.344 with seven RBI and a. 656 slugging percentage in that World Series. Goslin set a World Series record in 1924 with six consecutive hits, spread across three games; that record was tied in 1976 by Thurman Munson and broken in 1990 by Billy Hatcher, who had seven consecutive hits in that World Series. Goslin contributed another strong performance to the 1925 Senators, batting.334, with 72 extra base hits and 113 RBI. His 20 triples led the American League. Once again, he batted in far more runs than any other Senators hitter – 26 more than Sam Rice.
The Senators won their second consecutive pennant, finishing 8½ games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. Despite Goslin's three home runs, six RBI and a.692 slugging percentage in the 1925 World Series, the Senators were defeated by a Pittsburgh Pirates team led by Pie Traynor, Kiki Cuyler and Max Carey. The American League MVP award for 1924 and 1925 went to Goslin's teammates Walter Johnson and Roger Peckinpaugh. Goslin continued as one of the American League's best batters with averages of.354 and.334 in 1926 and 1927, but his best season came in 1928. That year, he won the American League batting crown with a career-high.379 batting average. He finished among the league leaders with a.442 on-base percentage, a.614 slugging percentage, 17 home runs and 63 extra base hits. The 1928 batting title was not decided until the last day of the season. Goslin and Heinie Manush of the St. Louis Browns were tied going into the final game, the Senators and Browns played each other in the final game.
Goslin was leading Manush. If Goslin made an out, he would lose the batting crown. In Lawrence Ritter's 1966 oral history, "The Glory of Their Times", Goslin described the events that followed. Manager Bucky Harris left the decision to Goslin on whether to sit. Goslin decided to sit and take the batting crown, but his teammates goaded him that he would appear yellow if he didn't bat. Goslin promptly took two strikes. At that point, Goslin recalled that he unsuccessfully tried to get ejected from the game, as the at bat would disappear. Goslin began berating the home plate umpire about the strike calls, only to have the umpire tell him that he was not going to get ejected, wasn't going to get a walk, so he better step back up and swing. Goslin ended up with. In 1929, Goslin's batting average dropped to.288. Two months into the 1930 season, with Goslin struggling with a.271 batting average, the Senators traded him to the St. Louis Browns for Heinie Manush and Alvin Crowder. Goslin batted.326 with a career-high.652 slugging percentage for the Browns in 1930.
In 101 games for the Browns, Goslin had 30 home runs, 100 RBI, 62 extra base hits. Goslin had another solid year for the Browns in 1931, batting.328 with a career-high 42 doubles, 76 extra base hits and 105 RBI. While Goslin's average slipped to.299 in 1932, he still drove in 104 runs for the Browns. On Opening Day