Women's Test cricket
Women's Test cricket is the longest format of women's cricket and is the female equivalent to men's Test cricket. Matches comprise four-innings and are held over a maximum of four days between two of the leading cricketing nations; the rules governing the format differ little from those for the men's game, with differences being technicalities surrounding umpiring and field size. Far fewer women's Test matches are played each year than women's One Day Internationals, with the international calendar revolving around the shorter format of the game; the first women's Test match was played by England women and Australia women in December 1934, a three-day contest held in Brisbane which England won by nine wickets. Women's Test cricket is subject to the Laws of cricket, with a number of variations and refinements, which are set out in the ICC's "Women's Test match playing conditions" document. For the most part, these playing conditions are similar to those set out for men's Test cricket. Matches are played across up to four innings.
Test cricket can have three results: a draw, or one team wins. The primary, most noticeable, difference from the men's game is that women's Test matches are played over four days, rather than five. However, the players are expected to fit more overs in per hour in the women's game than the men's: 17 as opposed to 15, so a full day's play in a women's Test match should include 100 overs, rather than 90; the cricket field has smaller dimensions. As well as playing on a smaller field, the women use a smaller and lighter ball than their male counterparts; the Umpire Decision Review System is not available in women's Test matches, though umpires are permitted to ask the third umpire to check television replays in certain cases. In all, ten national women's teams have competed in Test cricket; the England team's tour of Australia and New Zealand in the 1934–35 season established the first three sides, it is those three teams that have competed in Test cricket most frequently. South Africa were the next side to play the format, contesting their first match in 1960.
However, due in part to their exclusion from international sport due to the nation's apartheid policy, they have only played in eleven Test matches, less than both India and the West Indies. Four sides — Pakistan, the Netherlands and Sri Lanka — have all competed in fewer than five Test matches; as of April 2019, there had only been one Women's Test match in the last three years, only two teams other than England and Australia had played in a Women's Test in the previous ten years. Australia's captain, Meg Lanning, expressed. Due to the infrequent playing of women's Test cricket outside of Australia and New Zealand, cumulative records, such as the most runs during a career, are dominated by players from those three nations. England's Jan Brittin has scored the most runs during her career, totalling 1,935 during her 27 matches, 18 of the top twenty players come from either Australia, England or New Zealand; the Australian batsman Denise Annetts, 15th on that list, has the highest batting average, 81.90, from her ten matches.
Annetts was involved in the largest partnership in women's Test cricket, sharing a stand of 309 runs with Lindsay Reeler in 1987. Seven women have scored double centuries in Test cricket. Mary Duggan, who played for England between 1949 and 1963 is the leading wicket-taker in women's Test cricket, claiming 77 wickets from 17 matches; the next most prolific bowler is Australia's Betty Wilson, who claimed her 68 wickets at the lowest bowling average, 11.80 and the first hat-trick in Women's Test cricket. Both of the players with the best bowling figures, in an innings and in a match, are from the Indian subcontinent. Amongst wicket-keepers, Christina Matthews has taken the most dismissals in her career, accumulating 46 catches and 12 stumpings during her 20 matches for Australia. Lisa Nye holds the record for the most dismissals in a single innings, having been responsible for eight of the ten wickets for England against New Zealand in 1992. Only two players have achieved the all-rounders double of scoring a century and taking ten wickets in the same match.
Wilson's performance was the first time such a feat had been achieved in Men's or Women's Tests and included the first hat-trick in Women's Tests. List of women's Test cricket grounds The Women's Ashes Women's One Day International cricket Women's Twenty20 International
Kumar Sangakkara is a Sri Lankan cricket commentator and former cricketer and captain of the Sri Lankan national team. He is regarded as one of the world's most influential cricketers and one of the greatest batsmen of all-time. Sangakkara has forged many formidable partnerships with long time teammate and friend, Mahela Jayawardene and holds numerous batting records in the modern era across all formats of the game, he scored 28,016 runs in international cricket across all formats in a career. A left-handed top-order batsman, he is a record-breaking wicket-keeper, although he no longer kept wicket at the end of his Test career, he is the second-highest run-scorer in ODI cricket and the sixth-highest run scorer in Test cricket. Sangakkara is described as one of the "prudent of batsmen" in cricket, he dominated the number one spot in the ICC Test batting rankings between 2005 and 2015. Sangakkara was a key member of the team that won the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and was part of the team that made the final of the 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and 2012 ICC World Twenty20.
He won the Man of the Match award in the final of the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, where he helped the team win their first title. He was the youngest person and the first active international player to deliver the MCC Spirit of Cricket Cowdrey Lecture, praised by the cricketing community for its outspoken nature. In terms of a number of innings required, Sangakkara is the fastest batsman to reach 8,000, 9,000, 11,000 and 12,000 runs in Test cricket, he is joint fastest to 10,000. He won the ICC Cricketer of the Year in 2012, Test Cricketer of the Year in 2012, ODI Cricketer of the Year multiple times in 2011 and 2013, he has won the LG People's Choice Award twice, in 2011 and 2012. Sangakkara has featured in the World Test XI and World ODI XI, appearing six times and three times in them, respectively, he was selected as Leading Cricketer in the World in the 2015 edition of Wisden. He was named the Wisden Leading Cricketer in the World in 2011 and 2015, he is one of two players to have won this award twice, along with Indian opener Virender Sehwag, who won the award in 2008 and 2009.
Sangakkara was rated as the Greatest ODI player of all time in a public poll conducted by Cricket Australia in 2016. On 29 January 2015, Sangakkara became Sri Lanka's highest ODI run scorer, surpassing the previous record of 13,430 runs held by Sanath Jayasuriya. In the same match, he broke the record for ODI wicketkeeping dismissals, breaking the previous record of 472 held by Adam Gilchrist. Sangakkara was born to Anuska Surangana and Swarnakumara Sangakkara, an attorney-at-law at Matale, Sri Lanka in 1977, his parents settled in Kandy. Sangakkara received his primary and secondary education at Trinity College, Kandy, an independent elite private boys' school situated in the central highlands of Sri Lanka, he has two sisters: Thushari and Saranga, an elder brother: Vemindra, all who have made national-level achievements during their schooling. Sangakkara began to play a number of sports: badminton, swimming, table tennis and cricket at the junior school, he was able to win national colours activities for tennis at a young age.
The principal of the Trinity College, Leonard de Alwis, advised his mother to encourage Sangakkara to concentrate on cricket. His parents hid Tamil families during the Black July riots in 1983, he represented his school's under-13 cricket XI under coach Upananda Jayasundera. Berty Wijesinghe coached Sangakkara for under-17, under-19 and first XI squads, he was awarded The Trinity Lion, the most prestigious prize awarded to a Trinity sportsman, for his exceptional batting and wicket-keeping skills in the 1996 season, at the age of 19. Sangakkara was selected to represent Sri Lankan A cricket team's tour to South Africa in 1998–99, his knock of an unbeaten 156 against Zimbabwe A team during a one-day match, helped him secure a place in the Sri Lankan national cricket team that year. Sanga was the Senior Prefect of school, he did his Advanced Level examination in the Arts stream in 1996, he was awarded the highest honor of Trinity College, the Ryde Gold Medal, for the best all-round student in his year.
Following his father, a lawyer in Kandy, he entered the Law Faculty of the University of Colombo, but was unable to finish his degree due to his cricketing commitments. Sangakkara played the violin during his school days, he was cited as an inspiration to continue his higher education by Bangladeshi captain Mushfiqur Rahim, upon receiving his master's degree. At the age of 22 Sangakkara made his Test debut on 20 July 2000, keeping wicket in the first fixture of a three-match series against South Africa. Sri Lanka won the match and in his side's only innings Sangakarra batted at the fall of the third wicket and scored 23 runs before he was dismissed leg before wicket by spin bowler Nicky Boje, he made 35 runs in his One-day cricket debut against Pakistan and he received his first man of the match award in the 2nd match of the Singer Triangular Series, 2000, scoring 85 runs against South Africa. He ended the series with 199 runs, at an average of 66.33, securing his place for the upcoming Test series against South Africa.
Before reaching his first Test century, he was twice dismissed in the 90s, once against each of South Africa and England. In August 2001, India toured Sri Lanka for three Tests and in the opening match Sangakkara scored his first century, his innings of 105 not out at number three helped set up a ten-wicket victory for Sri Lanka. That year Sangakkara scored his sec
Sir Ian Terence Botham, OBE is a British cricket commentator and former cricketer. Regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders in cricket history, Botham represented England in both Test and One-Day International cricket, he played most of his first-class cricket for Somerset, for Worcestershire and Queensland. He was an aggressive right-handed batsman and, as a right arm fast-medium bowler, was noted for his swing bowling, he fielded close to the wicket, predominantly in the slips. In Test cricket, Botham scored 14 centuries with a highest score of 208, from 1986 to 1988, he held the world record for the most Test wickets until overtaken by fellow all-rounder Sir Richard Hadlee, he took five wickets in 10 wickets in a match four times. In 1980, he became the second player in Test history to complete the "match double" of scoring 100 runs and taking 10 wickets in the same match. Botham has at times been involved in controversy including a publicised court case involving rival all-rounder Imran Khan and an ongoing dispute with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
These incidents, allied to his on-field success, have attracted media attention from the tabloid press. Botham has made effective use of the fame given to him by the publicity because he is concerned about leukaemia in children and has undertaken several long distance walks to raise money for research into the disease; these efforts have been successful and have realised millions of pounds for Bloodwise, of which he became president. In recognition of his services to charity, he was awarded a knighthood in the 2007 New Years Honours List. On 8 August 2009, he was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. Botham has a wide range of sporting interests outside cricket, he had to choose between cricket and football as a career. He chose cricket but so, he did play professional football for a few seasons and made eleven appearances in the Football League for Scunthorpe United, he is a keen golfer and his other pastimes include angling and shooting. Ian Botham was born in Cheshire, to Herbert Leslie Botham and Violet Marie, née Collett.
His father had been in the Fleet Air Arm for twenty years spanning the Second World War. The family moved to Yeovil before Botham's third birthday after his father got a job as a test engineer at Westland Helicopters. Both his parents played cricket: his father for Westland Sports Club while his mother captained a nursing services team at Sherborne. Botham developed an eagerness for the game before he had started school: he would climb through the fence of the Yeovil Boys' Grammar School to watch the pupils play cricket. At the age of around four, he came home with a cricket ball and asked his mother "Do you know how to hold a ball when you're going to bowl a daisy-cutter?" He subsequently went away to practise bowling it. Botham attended Milford Junior School in the town and it was there that his "love affair" with sport began, he played both football for the school's teams at the age of nine. Playing against the older boys forced Botham to learn to hit the ball hard, improve to their standard.
At the same age he went to matches with his father, who played for Westland Sports Club, if one of the teams was short, he would try to get a match. His father recalled that though he never got to bowl, got to bat, he received praise for the standard of his fielding, he joined the Boys' Brigade. By the time he was nine, he had begun to "haunt" local recreation grounds with his kit always ready, looking to play for any team, short of players. By the age of twelve he was playing occasional matches for Yeovil Cricket Club's second team. Botham went on to Bucklers Mead Comprehensive School in Yeovil, where he continued to do well in sport and played for the school's cricket and football teams, he became captain of their under-16 cricket team. His performances for the school drew the attention of Somerset County Cricket Club's youth coach Bill Andrews. Still thirteen, he scored 80 runs on debut for Somerset's under-15s side against Wiltshire, but the team captain Phil Slocombe did not call on him to bowl as he considered him to be a specialist batsman.
Two years Botham had the opportunity to choose between football and cricket: Bert Head, manager of Crystal Palace offered him apprentice forms with the First Division club. He had a contract with Somerset and, after discussing the offer with his father, decided to continue to pursue a cricket career, as he believed he was a better cricketer; when informed that he wanted to be a sportsman, Botham's careers teacher said to him: "Fine, everyone wants to play sport, but what are you going to do?" In 1972, at the age of 16, Botham left school intent on playing cricket for Somerset, who retained his contract but felt he was too young to justify a full professional deal. So, Botham joined the ground staff at Lord's; as a ground boy, he had numerous tasks such as "cleaning the pavilion windows, pushing the roller on matchdays, selling scorecards, pressing electronic buttons on the scoreboards and rushing bowling analyses to the dressing-room". He received coaching and plenty of time in the practice nets, was the first to arrive and the last to leave practice.
Despite his time in the nets, Botham was only considered by Marylebone Cricket Club coach Harry Sharp to have the potential to become a "good, average county cricketer." Botham travelled to play for Somerset under-25s a number of times during the season, but failed to excel i
West Indies cricket team
The West Indies cricket team, traditionally known as the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing the Anglophone Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies. The players on this composite team are selected from a chain of fifteen Caribbean territories, which are parts of several different countries and dependencies; as of 24 June 2018, the West Indian cricket team is ranked ninth in the world in Tests, ninth in ODIs and seventh in T20Is in the official ICC rankings. From the mid-late 1970s to the early 1990s, the West Indies team was the strongest in the world in both Test and One Day International cricket. A number of cricketers who were considered among the best in the world have hailed from the West Indies: Sir Garfield Sobers, Lance Gibbs, George Headley, Brian Lara, Clive Lloyd, Malcolm Marshall, Sir Andy Roberts, Rohan Kanhai, Sir Frank Worrell, Sir Clyde Walcott, Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Curtly Ambrose, Michael Holding, Courtney Walsh, Joel Garner, Sir Viv Richards and Sir Wes Hall have all been inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame.
The West Indies have won the ICC Cricket World Cup twice, the ICC World Twenty20 twice, the ICC Champions Trophy once, the ICC Under 19 Cricket World Cup once, have finished as runners-up in the Cricket World Cup, the Under 19 Cricket World Cup, the ICC Champions Trophy. The West Indies appeared in three consecutive World Cup finals, were the first team to win back-to-back World Cups; the West Indies has hosted the 2007 Cricket World Cup and the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. The current side represents: Sovereign states Antigua and BarbudaL Barbados DominicaW GrenadaW Guyana Jamaica Saint LuciaW Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesW Trinidad and Tobago Parts of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint KittsL NevisL British Overseas Territories AnguillaL MontserratL British Virgin IslandsL Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Sint MaartenL Territory of the United States US Virgin IslandsLLegends L = Participant of the Leeward Islands team and member of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association W = Participant of the Windward Islands team and member of the Windward Islands Cricket Board of ControlNotes Cricket West Indies, the governing body of the team, consists of the six cricket associations of Barbados, Jamaica and Tobago, Leeward Islands and Windward Islands.
The Leeward Islands Cricket Association consists of associations of one sovereign state, the two entities of Saint Kitts and Nevis, three British Overseas Territories and two other dependencies. The Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control consists of associations of four sovereign states. Cayman Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands, other historical parts of the former West Indies Federation and now British Overseas Territories, have their own teams. National teams exist for the various islands, which, as they are all separate countries much keep their local identities and support their local favourites; these national teams take part in the Carib Beer Cup. It is common for other international teams to play the island teams for warm-up games before they take on the combined West Indies team; the population of these countries and dependencies is estimated at around 6 million, more than Scotland and the Republic of Ireland. The member associations of Cricket West Indies are: Barbados Cricket Association Guyana Cricket Board Jamaica Cricket Association Trinidad & Tobago Cricket Board Leeward Islands Cricket Association.
The WICB joined the sport's international ruling body, the Imperial Cricket Conference, in 1926, played their first official international match, granted Test status, in 1928, thus becoming the fourth Test nation. In their early days in the 1930s, the side represented the British colonies that would form the West Indies Federation plus British Guiana; the last series the West Indies played before the outbreak of the Second World War was against England in 1939. There followed a hiatus. Of the West Indies players in that first match after the war only Gerry Gomez, George Headley, Jeffrey Stollmeyer, Foffie Williams had played Test cricket. In 1948, leg spinner Wilfred Ferguson became the first West Indian bowler to take ten wickets in a Test, finishing with 11/229 in a match against England.
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording, devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning. One of the meanings is obvious, given the context, whereas the other may require more thought; the innuendo may convey a message that would be awkward, sexually suggestive, or offensive to state directly. A double entendre may exploit puns to convey the second meaning. Double entendres rely on multiple meanings of words, or different interpretations of the same primary meaning, they exploit ambiguity and may be used to introduce it deliberately in a text. Sometimes a homophone can be used as a pun; when three or more meanings have been constructed, this is known as etc.. A person, unfamiliar with the hidden or alternative meaning of a sentence may fail to detect its innuendos, aside from observing that others find it humorous for no apparent reason; because it is not offensive to those who do not recognise it, innuendo is used in sitcoms and other comedy where the audience may enjoy the humour while being oblivious to its secondary meaning.
A triple entendre is a phrase that can be understood in any of three ways, such as in the back cover of the 1981 Rush album Moving Pictures which shows a moving company carrying paintings out of a building while people are shown being moved and a film crew makes a "moving picture" of the whole scene. The expression comes from French double = "double" and entendre = "to hear". However, the English formulation is a corruption of the authentic French expression à double entente. Modern French uses double sens instead. In Homer's The Odyssey, when Odysseus is captured by the Cyclops Polyphemus, he tells the Cyclops that his name is Oudeis; when Odysseus attacks the Cyclops that night and stabs him in the eye, the Cyclops runs out of his cave, yelling to the other cyclopes that "No-one has hurt me!", which leads the other cyclopes to take no action under the assumption that Polyphemus blinded himself by accident, allowing Odysseus and his men to escape. Some of the earliest double entendres are found in the Exeter Book, or Codex exoniensis, at Exeter Cathedral in England.
The book was copied around AD 975. In addition to the various poems and stories found in the book, there are numerous riddles; the Anglo-Saxons did not reveal the answers to the riddles, but they have been answered by scholars over the years. Some riddles were double-entendres, such as Riddle 25 which suggests the answer "a penis" but has the correct answer "an onion". Examples of sexual innuendo and double-entendre occur in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, in which the Wife of Bath's Tale is laden with double entendres; the most famous of these may be her use of the word "queynte" to describe both domestic duties and genitalia. The title of Sir Thomas More's 1516 fictional work Utopia is a double entendre because of the pun between two Greek-derived words that would have identical pronunciation: with his spelling, it means "no place". Sometimes, it is unclear. For example, the character Charley Bates from Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist is referred to as Master Bates; the word "masturbate" was in use when the book was written, Dickens used colourful names related to the natures of the characters.
The title of Damon Knight's story To Serve Man is a double entendre which could mean "to perform a service to humanity" or "to serve a human as food". An alien cookbook with the title To Serve Man is featured in the story which could imply that the aliens eat humans; the story was the basis for an episode of The Twilight Zone. At the end of the episode the line "It's a cookbook!" Reveals the truth. Shakespeare used double entendres in his plays. Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night says of Sir Andrew's hair. Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit"; the title of Shakespeare's play Much Ado About Nothing is a pun on the Elizabethan use of "no-thing" as slang for vagina. In the UK, starting in the 19th century, Victorian morality di
Brett Lee is an Australian former international cricketer, who played all three formats of the game. During his international career, Lee was recognised as the fastest bowler in the world and his fastest delivery was clocked at 161.8. And he is considered. Lee bowled faster than 150 kilometres per hour during his career, his fastest delivery in test cricket was recorded at 165.3 kph/102.7mph against South Africa, although, certainly a mistake by the Radar gun. His quickest delivery in one day international cricket was 161.8 km/h against New Zealand. In each of his first two years, Lee conceded fewer than 20 runs for every wicket taken, but recorded figures in the low 30s, he was an athletic fielder and useful lower-order batsman, with a batting average exceeding 20 in Test cricket. Lee finished his Test career with 310 wickets, his One Day International career with 380 wickets. Lee played for the Australian team, he played his first Test in 1999 and retired from international cricket on 12 July 2012.
He subsequently declined to renew his contract with his home state side New South Wales, but continued to play Twenty20 matches for several seasons after, notably in the Indian Premier League and Big Bash League. In January 2015, Lee announced his retirement from all forms of the game, effective at the end of the 2014–15 Big Bash League season, he is a film actor and a Fox Sports commentator. Lee started playing in the junior teams of his local side, Oak Flats Rats, worked his way up the ranks. At 16 he began playing first grade cricket for Campbelltown, where he managed to claim the wickets of a few New South Wales cricketers, Mosman, where at one point, he shared the new ball with Shoaib Akhtar and played alongside England batsman Andrew Strauss. Lee was called up to the Australian Under 19 teams. In March 1994, he was forced out of the Australian under-19 team to tour India due to stress fractures in his lower back and it forced him to remodel his bowling action to minimise the impact on his back.
He was awarded a scholarship to attend the AIS Australian Cricket Academy in the 1995–96 season. His contemporaries included fellow internationals Mike Hussey. Prior to making his first-class debut, Lee played for Mosman in the final of the 1996–97 Sydney Grade Cricket competition. Lee was first named in the New South Wales Blues squad as the twelfth man for the 14–16 November match against Queensland in the 1997–98 Sheffield Shield; the following week, he made his first-class debut for the Blues against Western Australia and took 3 wickets at 114, including that of the captain Tom Moody. It would be his only appearance in the Sheffield Shield for the rest of the season, he ended a memorable month by taking a 5-wicket haul in the Sydney grade Limited-Overs Cup final against Bankstown on 30 November. During the 1998–99 season Lee was a more regular presence in the latter stages of the Sheffield Shield, he took 14 wickets, including a 5-wicket haul against Tasmania in the second innings. He started the 1999–2000 season by claiming 8 wickets in his first two matches.
Such performances impressed his New South Wales teammate Steve Waugh, Australia captain, culminated in his Test debut in December 1999. He finished the season as the Blues' second-highest wicket taker in the Pura Cup with 24 wickets in 5 matches. After a successful Test series against India, Lee returned to domestic cricket and was named in the 2008 Pura Cup final, he hit his career best batting score, 97 against Victoria in the Blues' second innings and scored a record 176-run partnership with Beau Casson. In Victoria's second innings, he took 4–72, dismissing the last four tailenders, as the Blues won the final. In 2009 he battled back from injury and was a key player in New South Wales' success during the Champions League Twenty20. During the final he was named Man of the Match, he won the Man of the Series award. Following his retirement from Test cricket, Lee stopped playing first-class cricket to concentrate on the limited-overs formats, he was the Blues' highest wicket-taker in the 2010–11 Ryobi One-Day Cup with 15 wickets and had the second best economy rate of the top five wicket-takers despite missing the latter stages of the campaign due to international duty.
In June 2012 he declined to renew his contract with the Blues, ending his 15-year association with his domestic team. He retired from Big Bash League after playing the final match for the Sydney Sixers on 28 January 2015. In his last over, he took two wickets off successive deliveries, his hat-trick ball did not result in a run out in what was to be the final ball of the match, which Sydney Sixers lost by a run. One month after making his first class debut, Lee was chosen to represent the Australian A team on a tour of South Africa, he claimed two wickets but in that match stress fractures in his back from the previous injury re-opened and Lee was in a back brace for over three months. By the late 1990s there were calls for Lee to be included in the national squad. Captain Steve Waugh, who played with him for New South Wales, was impressed by Lee's debut and pushed for his inclusion into the national team, he was chosen in the final 14 for the Test series against Pakistan in 1999 but failed to make the starting 11.
By the time the Test series against India came around, he was twelfth man. However, he duly made his Test debut for Australia in December 1999 against the touring Indians, becoming Australia's 383rd Test cricketer. Bowling first change, Lee took a wicket in his first over in Test cricket when he bowled Sadagoppan Ramesh with his fourth delivery, he als
Sir Curtly Elconn Lynwall Ambrose, KCN is a former cricketer from Antigua who played 98 Test matches for the West Indies. A fast bowler, he took 405 Test wickets at an average of 20.99 and topped the ICC Player Rankings for much of his career to be rated the best bowler in the world. His great height—he is 6 feet 7 inches tall—allowed him to make the ball bounce unusually high after he delivered it. A man of few words during his career, he was notoriously reluctant to speak to journalists, he was chosen as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1992. Born in Swetes, Ambrose came to cricket at a late age, having preferred basketball in his youth, but made an impression as a fast bowler. Progressing through regional and national teams, he was first chosen for the West Indies in 1988, he was immediately successful and remained in the team until his retirement in 2000. On many occasions, his bowling was responsible for the West Indies winning matches which seemed lost in association with Courtney Walsh.
Against Australia in 1993, he took seven wickets while conceding a single run. Ambrose's bowling method conceding few runs, he was successful against leading batsmen. From 1995, Ambrose was affected by injury, several times critics claimed that he was no longer effective. However, he continued to take wickets up until his retirement, although he was sometimes less effective in the early matches of a series. In his final years, the West Indies team was in decline and relied on Ambrose and Walsh. Following his retirement, Ambrose has pursued a career in music as the bass guitarist in a reggae band. Ambrose was born in Antigua on 21 September 1963, the fourth of seven children, his father was a carpenter from the village. The family had no background in cricket, but his mother was a fan, Ambrose played in his youth as a batsman. At school, he performed well academically in mathematics and French, became an apprentice carpenter upon leaving at the age of 17, he considered emigrating to America. At the time, his favourite sport was basketball, although he umpired cricket matches.
Ambrose was not tall until he reached his late teens, when he grew several inches to reach a height of 6 feet 7 inches. Around this time, his mother encouraged him to become more involved in cricket. Success as a fast bowler in a softball cricket match persuaded Ambrose to play in some club matches at the age of 20, he attracted the attention of coaches and progressed to the St John's cricket team. Selected in the Leeward Islands competition, he took seven for 67 for Antigua against St Kitts, he made his first-class debut for the Leeward Islands in 1985–86 and took four wickets in the game, but failed to retain his place the following year. A Viv Richards scholarship provided funding for him to play club cricket in England for Chester Boughton Hall Cricket Club in the rated Liverpool Competition during 1986 where he took 84 wickets at an average of 9.80. The following year, he returned to England to play for Heywood Cricket Club in the Central Lancashire League, for whom he took 115 wickets in the season.
Upon his return to Antigua, Ambrose practised intensely, regained his place in the Leeward Islands team and, in the absence of leading bowlers Winston Benjamin and Eldine Baptiste with the West Indies team, became the main attacking bowler in the side. He was no-balled for throwing in the first match, which Wisden Cricketers' Almanack attributed to confusion caused by his attribute of flicking his wrist prior to releasing the ball to impart extra pace, there were no subsequent doubts about the legality of his bowling action. Retaining his place when the international bowlers returned, he took 35 wickets—including 12 in a match against Guyana, of which nine were bowled—in five matches in the competition. Wisden's report on the West Indian season said his performance was "dominant", although few had heard of him previously. Identifying his yorker as his most effective delivery, it noted that he "never lost his pace, his accuracy, or his thirst for wickets"; when Pakistan toured the West Indies in 1988, Ambrose played in the One Day International series, taking the place of the retired Joel Garner.
He made his debut during the first match, on 12 March 1988 in Kingston, taking wickets with his third and ninth deliveries. In the second match, he followed with another two wickets in the third. West Indies won those first three matches to take the series, Ambrose did not play in the fourth or fifth game. In the Test series which followed, Ambrose was less effective. In the first Test, he took two for 121. Wisden noted that he improved in the subsequent matches, he finished the series with seven wickets at an average of over 50 runs per wicket. That year, Ambrose was chosen to tour England. After appearing in early tour games, he was chosen for the first two ODIs, ta