Hoàng Xuân Lãm

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Hoàng Xuân Lãm
Hoang Xuan Lam and Donn J. Robertson, Vietnam, April 14, 1971.jpg
LTG Hoang Xuan Lam, CG of MR1 and LTG Donn J. Robertson, CG of III MAF bid each other farewell as LTG Robertson prepares to transfer III MAF to Okinawa from Vietnam, April 14, 1971.
Born(1928-10-10)October 10, 1928
Huế, Annam
Died(2017-10-10)October 10, 2017
Davis, California
Military career
Years of service1950 – April 30, 1975 (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
RankB ARVN-OF-8.svg Lieutenant General (Trung Tướng)
Commands heldI Corps
Battles/warsEaster Offensive, Tet Offensive, Route 9-Khe Sanh Campaign
AwardsNational Order of Vietnam;

Hoàng Xuân Lãm (10 October 1928, Huế–2 May 2017, Davis, California) was a general in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).[1]

In late 1965 while Lãm was serving as commander of the 2nd Division COMUSMACV General William Westmoreland and his Chief of Staff of Operations General William E. DePuy blamed the Division's temerity on its "less aggressive" commander, who had been either unwilling or unable to get the Division moving during the year.[2]:113-4

He was given responsibility for the I Corps Tactical Zone in 1967. During the Battle of Khe Sanh the 1,500 civilians, 400 of which were ethnic Bru, of the area were looking for refuge. Lãm authorized the evacuation of the 1,100 Vietnamese, but the Bru were told to stay, Hoang Xuan Lam insisting that, 'there was no place for minority refugees.'

Lãm coordinated the Operation Lam Son 719 which aimed at striking the Ho Chi Minh Trail in southeastern Laos during 1971.

Due to his political connections with President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, he was still serving as I Corps commander when the North Vietnamese launched the Easter Offensive in 1972. Lãm was recalled to Saigon on 2 May 1972 by Thiệu, who relieved him of his command, due to complaints regarding Lãm's fitness and competency as a general. Lãm was named to head an anti-corruption campaign at the Ministry of Defense.[citation needed]

Lãm's replacement as I Corps commander, Lieutenant General Ngô Quang Trưởng, said “I had served in I Corps under General Lãm and the disaster that occurred there was no surprise to me. Neither General Lãm nor his staff were competent to maneuver and support large forces in heavy combat.”[3]:50


  1. ^ "Trung Tướng Hoàng Xuân Lãm, tư lệnh Hành Quân Lam Sơn 719, qua đời". Nguoi Viet Online (in Vietnamese). 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  2. ^ Clarke, Jeffrey (1998). The U.S. Army in Vietnam Advice and Support: The Final Years, 1965-1973 (PDF). U.S. Army Center of Military History. ISBN 978-1518612619. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Ngo, Quang Truong (1980). The Easter offensive of 1972 (PDF). U.S. Army Center of Military History. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.


  • Andrade, Dale. Trial by Fire: The 1972 Easter Offensive, America's Last Vietnam Battle. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1993.
  • Fulgham, David, Terrence Maitland, et al., South Vietnam on Trial: Mid-1970 to 1972. Boston: Boston publishing Company, 1984.
  • Gregg Jones 'Last Stand at Khe Sanh' P69