A messenger bag is a type of sack made of cloth. It is worn over one shoulder with a strap that goes across the chest resting the bag on the lower back. While messenger bags are sometimes used by couriers, they are now an urban fashion icon; some types of messenger bags are called carryalls. A smaller version is called a sling bag; this design of bag has been used in the transportation of mail and goods by numerous types of messengers, including Pony Express riders, postal workers, messengers on foot, bicycle couriers. Some Royal Mail carriers in the United Kingdom use large messenger bags to deliver mail in lieu of a Postbag. Pre-dating today's messenger bags described herein as for bicycle messengers, fashion brands had been creating "messenger style" bags modeled after military map case bags and document pouches featuring a shoulder strap intended for wear across the chest for over a century. Similar in function to backpacks, messenger bags ensure comfort for people carrying heavy and/or bulky items, while allowing easy access to the contents.
Messenger bags incorporate features that make them suitable for cycling. Such features may include fittings for easy adjustment of the shoulder strap, quick release buckles, an adjustable hinged buckle, the ability to attach accessories, such as lights, phone holsters, or U-locks; the top-opening one-strap design allows messenger bags to be swung around front so that their contents can be accessed without removing the bag. A true messenger bag includes a second, thinner, "stabilizing strap", fastened either around the rider's waist or diagonally across the chest. Without a stabilizing strap, the bag tends to swing around to the rider's front, making pedaling difficult. Messenger bags are used as a fashion accessory. While they may be used by either gender, they are employed by men in a function analogous to a woman's purse to carry items too large for pockets, or a large number of items. Messenger bags have become fashionable among cyclists and commuters. Many college and high-school students and bicycle commuters use them for fashionable and functional purposes.
Many companies design messenger bags for the collegiate market. Compared to a backpack, it is easier to place and remove text-books and supplies from a messenger bag because they can be shifted to the side of the body, providing better accessibility. Messenger bags provide more weather resistance than leather satchel-style school bags. Materials used in messenger bags are more durable and water-resistant than other over-the-shoulder bags. Contemporary bags use thicker gauges of tarp shielding for the inner waterproof lining. Other materials include ballistic nylon, vinyl waterproof tarp lining used to make the bag waterproof; the liner provides the support structure for the bag. Some companies eschew the standard PVC waterproof lining for compounds such as thermoplastic polyurethanes, which are more expensive, more durable, more environmentally friendly, less volatile. Handbag Mail bag Satchel
A hobo is a migrant worker or homeless vagrant one, impoverished. The term originated in the Western—probably Northwestern—United States around 1890. Unlike a "tramp", who works only when forced to, a "bum", who does not work at all, a "hobo" is a traveling worker; the origin of the term is unknown. According to etymologist Anatoly Liberman, the only certain detail about its origin is the word was first noticed in American English circa 1890. Liberman points out that many folk etymologies fail to answer the question: "Why did the word become known in California by the early Nineties?" Author Todd DePastino has suggested it may be derived from the term hoe-boy meaning "farmhand", or a greeting such as Ho, boy! Bill Bryson suggests in Made in America that it could either come from the railroad greeting, "Ho, beau!" or a syllabic abbreviation of "homeward bound". It could come from the words "homeless boy". H. L. Mencken, in his The American Language, wrote: Tramps and hobos are lumped together, but see themselves as differentiated.
A hobo or bo is a migrant laborer. Lower than either is the bum, who neither works nor travels, save when impelled to motion by the police, it is unclear when hobos first appeared on the American railroading scene. With the end of the American Civil War in the 1860s, many discharged veterans returning home began hopping freight trains. Others looking for work on the American frontier followed the railways west aboard freight trains in the late 19th century. In 1906, Professor Layal Shafee, after an exhaustive study, put the number of tramps in the United States at about 500,000, his article "What Tramps Cost Nation" was published by The New York Telegraph in 1911, when he estimated the number had surged to 700,000. The number of hobos increased during the Great Depression era of the 1930s. With no work and no prospects at home, many decided to travel for free by freight train and try their luck elsewhere. Life as a hobo was dangerous. In addition to the problems of being itinerant and far from home and support, plus the hostility of many train crews, they faced the railroads' security staff, nicknamed "bulls", who had a reputation of violence against trespassers.
Moreover, riding on a freight train is dangerous in itself. British poet W. H. Davies, author of The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp, lost a foot when he fell under the wheels when trying to jump aboard a train, it was easy to be trapped between cars, one could freeze to death in bad weather. When freezer cars were loaded at an ice factory, any hobo inside was to be killed. According to Ted Conover in Rolling Nowhere, at some unknown point in time, as many as 20,000 people were living a hobo life in North America. Modern freight trains are much faster and thus harder to ride than in the 1930s, but they can still be boarded in railyards. Many hobo terms have become part of common language, such as "big House", "glad rags", "main drag", others. To cope with the uncertainties of hobo life, hobos developed a system of a visual code. Hobos would write this code with chalk or coal to provide directions and warnings to others in "the brotherhood". A symbol would indicate "turn right here", "beware of hostile railroad police", "dangerous dog", "food available here", so on.
Some used signs: A cross signifies "angel food", that is, food served to the hobos after a sermon. A triangle with hands signifies. A horizontal zigzag signifies a barking dog. A square missing its top line signifies. A top hat and a triangle signify wealth. A spearhead signifies a warning to defend oneself. A circle with two parallel arrows means get out fast. Two interlocked circles, representing handcuffs, warn. A caduceus symbol signifies. A cross with a smiley face in one of the corners means the doctor at this office will treat hobos free of charge. A cat signifies. A wavy line above an X means a campsite. Three diagonal lines mean. A square with a slanted roof with an X through it means that the house has been "burned" or "tricked" by another hobo and is not a trusting house. Two shovels signify. Another version of the hobo code exists as a display in the Steamtown National Historic Site at Scranton, operated by the National Park Service. There is an exhibit of hobo codes at the National Cryptologic Museum in Annapolis Junction, Maryland.
The Free Art and Technology Lab released a QR Hobo Code, with a QR stenciler, in July 2011. An ethical code was created by Tourist Union #63 during its 1889 National Hobo Convention in St. Louis, Missouri; this code was voted upon as a concrete set of laws to govern the Nationwide Hobo Body. When in town, always respect the local law and officials, try to be a gentleman at all times. Don't take advantage of someone, in a vulnerable situation, locals or other hobos. Always try to find work if temporary, always seek out jobs nobody wants. By doing so you not only help a business along, but ensure employment should you return to that town again; when no employment is available, make your own work by using your added talents at crafts. Do not allow yourself to become a stupid drunk and set a bad example for locals' treatment of other hobos; when jungling in town, respect handouts, do not
Baggage or luggage consists of bags and containers which hold a traveller's articles while the traveler is in transit. The modern traveller can be expected to have packages containing clothing, small possessions, trip necessities, on the return-trip, souvenirs. For some people and the style thereof is representative of the owner's wealth. Baggage, or baggage train, can refer to the train of people and goods, both military and of a personal nature, which followed pre-modern armies on campaign. Luggage has changed over time; the most common types of luggage were chests or trunks made of wood or other heavy materials. These would be shipped by professional movers. Since the Second World War smaller and more lightweight suitcases and bags that can be carried by an individual have become the main form of luggage. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word baggage comes from Old French bagage or from bagues, it may be related to the word bag. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word luggage meant inconveniently heavy baggage and comes from the verb lug and the suffix -age.
Trunk - A wooden box much larger than other kinds of luggage. Trunks come in smaller sizes as in the case of footlockers and larger ones called steamers; these days trunks are more used for storage than transportation. Items large enough to require a trunk are now shipped in transport cases; some of the better known trunk makers are Louis Vuitton, Moynat, M. M. Secor and Leatheroid. Suitcase - A wheeled or non-wheeled luggage, as well as soft or hard side luggage. Garment bag - A style of luggage that folds over on itself to allow long garments such as suits or dresses to be packed flat to avoid creasing. Garment bags come in both wheeled and non-wheeled models, are one of the largest pieces in any set of luggage Tote - A small bag worn on the shoulder Duffle bag - A barrel-shaped bag exclusively soft side, is well suited to casual travel, with little organization inside. Carpet bag - travel luggage traditionally made from carpets. Packing Cubes - Small rectangular bags of different sizes and different colors created to keep the baggage organized and save space Gate Check Bags - Bags specially designed to protect frequent gate checking items, such as strollers and car seats Locks - locks serve multiple purposes.
Since 2003 most locks integrated into luggage use the TSA Lock standard developed by Travel Sentry to allow opening by the US Transportation Security Administration. Expandable Luggage - suitcases that can be unzipped to expand for more packing space. Luggage carriers – light-weight wheeled carts or harnesses on which luggage could be temporarily place or that can be temporarily attached to luggage – date at least to the 1930s, such as in US patent 2,132,316 "Luggage carrier" by Anne W. Newton; these were refined over the following decades, as reflected in patents such as US patent 2,650,105 A "Luggage carriage" and US patent 2,670,969 "Luggage carriage harness, both by Kent R. Costikyan. However, the wheels were external to the suitcases. Patents were published for wheeled luggage – a wheeled trunk in 1887, a wheeled suitcase in 1945 – but these were not commercialized; the first commercially successful rolling suitcases was invented in 1970, when Bernard D. Sadow applied for a patent, granted in 1972 as United States patent 3,653,474 for "Rolling Luggage".
The patent application cited the increase in air travel, "baggage handling become the single biggest difficulty encountered by an air passenger", as background of the invention. Sadow's four-wheeled suitcases, pulled using a loose strap, were surpassed in popularity by suitcases that feature two wheels and are pulled in an upright position using a long handle; these were invented in 1987 by US pilot Robert Plath, sold to crew members. Plath commercialized them, after travelers became interested after seeing them in use by crew members, founded the Travelpro company, which marketing the suitcases under the trademark "Rollaboard"; the terms rollaboard and roll-aboard are used generically, however. While designed for carry-on use, as implied by the analogous name, similar designs are used for checked baggage. More four-wheeled luggage with casters has become popular, notably since their use by Samsonite in the 2004 version of their signature Silhouette line; these are otherwise similar in design to two-wheel roll-aboards, with a vertical orientation and a retracting handle, but are designed to be pushed beside or in front of the traveler, rather than pulled behind them.
These are referred to as "spinner" luggage, since they can spin about their vertical axis. Sadow attributes the late invention of luggage on wheels to a "macho thing" where "men would not accept suitcases with wheels". Others attribute the late invention to "the abundance of luggage porters with carts in the 1960s, the ease of curbside drop-offs at much smaller airports and the heavy iron casters available." Some vehicles have an area for luggage to be held, called the automobile "trunk" in the United States. Items stored in the hold are known as hold luggage. A typical example would be a suitcase. If travelling by coach passengers will be expected to place their own luggage in the hold, before boarding. Aeroplanes in contrast are loaded by professional baggage handlers. Passengers are allowed to carry a limited number of smaller bags with them in the vehicle, these
Bayong refers to bags originating from the Philippines made by weaving dried leaves. The leaves used for making the bayong vary but the traditional bayong is made from buri leaves in the Visayas and pandan leaves in Luzon. Abaca, karagumoy, sabutan and tikog are among other organic materials used in making the bayong — all of which are derived from plants native to the Philippines. Plastic strips are used as synthetic substitute for leaves; the use of Bayong is common among Filipinos going to wet markets in rural areas or provinces. The bayong is being promoted as an environmentally-friendly alternative to plastic shopping bags
A briefcase is a narrow hard-sided box-shaped bag or case used for carrying papers and equipped with a handle. Lawyers use briefcases to carry briefs to present to a court, hence the name. Businesspeople and other professionals use briefcases to carry papers, in more recent times, electronic devices such as laptop computers and tablets. Briefcases are descendants of the limp satchel used in the fourteenth century for carrying money and valuables, it was called a "budget", derived from the Latin word "bulga" or Irish word "bolg", both meaning leather bag, the source of the financial term "budget". Godillot of Paris was the first to use a hinged iron frame on a carpet bag in 1826. There followed the Gladstone bag and the Rosebery, an oval-top bag; these became the modern metal-framed briefcase. The first of what is known as the modern rectangular briefcase is said to have been invented in the late 1850s. In 2014 the global business bag market was $9.4 billion. A portfolio is a handleless case for carrying under the arm.
A folio case is a portfolio with a retractable handle. An attaché case is a box-style case made of leather, scrunched over a hinged frame that opens into two compartments, it was traditionally carried by an attaché, a diplomatic officer attached to an embassy or consulate assigned to serve in a particular capacity. In recent years, leather pouches with a zipper sealed compartment have been referred to as attachés or poche document holders. Backpack Messenger bag Suitcase Tablet case Nuclear briefcase Red box Media related to Briefcases at Wikimedia Commons
A satchel is a bag with a strap. The strap is worn so that it diagonally crosses the body, with the bag hanging on the opposite hip, rather than hanging directly down from the shoulder, they are traditionally used for carrying books. The back of a satchel extends to form a flap that folds over to cover the top and fastens in the front. Unlike a briefcase, a satchel is soft-sided; the satchel has been a typical accessory of English students for centuries, as attested in Shakespeare's famous monologue, "All the world's a stage." The traditional Oxford and Cambridge style satchel features a simple pouch with a front flap. Variations include designs with a single or double pocket on the front and sometimes a handle on the top of the bag; the classic school bag satchel had two straps, so that it could be worn like a backpack, with the design having the straps coming in a V from the centre of the back of the bag, rather than separate straps on each side. This style is sometimes called a satchel backpack.
The use of school bag satchels is common in the United Kingdom, Western Europe and Japan. In Japan the term for a school bag satchel is randoseru; the Unicode for the school satchel Emoji is U+1F392. Much of the popularity of the satchel as a fashion accessory in the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Canada since 2008 is driven by the Cambridge Satchel Company, whose product was on a Guardian gift guide in 2009, was described as a cross-body bag in a 2010 article. Briefcase Messenger bag Backpack Handbag Carriel, a leather satchel used in Colombia Loculus, a satchel carried by Roman legionairies Mail satchel Magic satchel
Reusable shopping bag
A reusable shopping bag, sometimes called bag-for-life in the UK, is a type of shopping bag which can be reused many times. It is an alternative to single-use plastic bags, it is a tote bag made from fabric such as canvas, natural fibres such as Jute, woven synthetic fibers, or a thick plastic, more durable than disposable plastic bags, allowing multiple use. Reusable shopping bags are a kind of carrier bag, which are available for sale in supermarkets and apparel shops. In a 2011 study of U. S. retail chains, 23% of reusable bags were found to have levels of lead that were higher than the 100 ppm standard considered safe for product packaging, though did not present a risk of contaminating food, resulting in some chains changing suppliers. Reusable bags require more energy to produce than common plastic shopping bags. One reusable bag requires the same amount of energy as an estimated 28 traditional plastic shopping bags or eight paper bags. "If used once per week, four or five reusable bags will replace 520 plastic bags a year", according to Nick Sterling, research director at Natural Capitalism Solutions.
A study commissioned by the United Kingdom Environment Agency in 2005 found that the average cotton bag is used only 51 times before being thrown away. In some cases, reusable bags need to be used over 100 times before they are better for the environment than single-use plastic bags. First introduced in the US in 1977, plastic shopping bags for bagging groceries at stores flourished in the 1980s and 1990s, replacing paper bags. In 1990s, governments in some countries started to impose taxes on distribution of disposable plastic bags or to regulate the use of them; some supermarkets have encouraged shoppers to stop using disposable plastic bags, by for example offering inexpensive reusable shopping bags or providing information on plastic bags' environmental damage. The physical shape of reusable shopping bags is different than was typical before the prevalence of plastic bags; the apparel industry promotes reusable shopping bags as sustainable fashion. Many supermarkets encourage the use of reusable shopping bags to increase sales and profit margins.
Most non woven bags cost $0.10-0.25 to produce but are sold for $0.99-$3.00. As stores receive diminishing returns due to saturated markets, there are concerns that prices will drop and they will become the new single-use bag; some major supermarket chains have calico bags available for sale. They are sold with announcement of environmental issues in many cases; the ones sold in supermarkets have designs related to nature, such as prints of trees or that of the earth, in order to emphasize environmental issues. One startup company out of Duluth, embroiders their bags with their local Aerial Lift Bridge on it; some supermarkets have rewards programs for customers. When the customers collect a certain amount of points, they can get discount coupons or gifts, which motivate customers to reduce plastic bag use; some retailers such as Whole Foods Market and Target offer a cash discount for bringing in reusable bags. Since 1999, 6.25 billion reusable bags were imported into the United States for resale and give-aways under Harmonized Tariff Code 4202923031 as reported by the United States International Trade Commission.
Most U. S. grocery store customers do not bring their own bags, many reusable bags go unused by customers, according to a 2008 article in the Wall Street Journal. In 2009, Walmart Stores proposed turning three California stores into reusable bag only stores. Concurrently, Walmart was prepared to introduce a $0.15 reusable bag. On 23 October 2009, Walmart abandoned plans to remove carrier bags and introduced the new lower-cost bags. In contrast to previous bags sold at $0.99 and $0.50, these lower cost bags may reduce price incentive to reuse these heavier-duty bags. Reusable shopping bags are offered in most British supermarkets; these are sold for a nominal sum 10 pence, are replaced for free. The bags are more durable than standard bags, meaning; the main purpose of this is to ensure that packaging waste legislation was met and to encourage the bags to be recycled, unlike with 5p carrier bags there is a financial incentive to bring the bags back for recycling, lessening the environmental impact.
In contrast to most spartan carrier bags, bags for life tend to be colourful and sometimes show some aspect of the supermarket's advertising. Some supermarkets maintain the same design for years at a time, whereas some, like Waitrose, rotate the designs to tie in with either the season or the most recent advertising campaign. Waitrose was the first British Supermarket to launch Bag For Life in association with British Polythene Industries, it was the brainchild of Gini Ekstein, from British Polythene industries. Gini Ekstein with Paul Oustedal and Nick Jones, of Waitrose, launched Bag For Life in 1998, it was the first closed-loop recycling initiative. The initial marketing messages designed by Gini Ekstein, British Polythene Industries and Beth Chiles, of Message Marketing, are still in use today; as of April 2008, Marks and Spencer are giving their "bags for life" free to every customer, as their normal plastic bags will have to be paid for from May 6. This will be a small sum of 5 pence a carrier.
The bags are given to the customer every time they shop, so they will have plenty when the switchover in May comes live. On, Sainsbury's and other supermarkets introduced the bag for life; as of 2016, the UK Government introduced a tax on all carrier bags, whic