Netherlands women's national field hockey team
The Netherlands' national women's field hockey team is number one on the FIH world rankings and the reigning world champion. The Netherlands is the most successful team in World Cup history, having won the title a record eight times; the team has won eight Olympic medals. World Cup:1974, 1978, 1983, 1986, 1990, 2006, 2014, 2018 FIH Hockey World League:2012–13, 2016–17 These are the 18 players selected to compete at the 2018 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy, in Changzhou, China, 17-25 November 2018. Caps and goals updated as at 25 November after the match v Australia; these are the 18 players who were selected to compete at the 2018 Women's Hockey World Cup, in London, 21 July-5 August 2018. 1965–1974 – Jo Jurissen 1975–1977 – Riet Küper 1977–1980 – Huib Timmermans 1980–1989 – Gijs van Heumen 1989–1993 – Roelant Oltmans 1993–1994 – Bert Wentink 1994–2000 – Tom van't Hek 2001–2008 – Marc Lammers 2008–2010 – Herman Kruis 2010–2014 – Max Caldas 2014–2015 – Sjoerd Marijne 2015– – Alyson Annan Official website FIH profile
Germany men's national field hockey team
The Germany men's national field hockey team is one of the most successful sides in the world, winning gold at the Summer Olympics four times, the Hockey World Cup twice, the EuroHockey Nations Championship eight times and the Hockey Champions Trophy nine times. The team is coached by former women's coach Markus Weise; the team caused an upset in the 2002 Men's Hockey World Cup when they defeated Australia 2–1 with striker Olivier Domke scoring the winner after Germany came back from being 1–0 down. After this period the Germans went through a transition period, finishing lowly in the 2003 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy and the 2004 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy with several inexperienced players in their squad. Coach Bernhard Peters was looking to nurture the players for the World Cup such as Christopher Zeller, Moritz Fürste and Timo Wess, was successful as the Germans won the 2006 Men's Hockey World Cup in Mönchengladbach, defeating Australia 4–3 in the final. Bernhard Peters left the team in order to pursue a career in football and is now a staff member at TSG 1899 Hoffenheim.
On 6 November 2006 Markus Wiese was appointed as the new head coach. Success at the 2007 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy and a gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics followed this. Germany headed into the 2010 Men's Hockey World Cup with a young and inexperienced squad, but reached the final of the World Cup after strong performances throughout the tournament. In the final, they were defeated 2–1 by Australia. Germany have played in the annual 2011 Hockey Champions Trophy held in New Zealand; the team competed in pool B with Korea and host nation New Zealand. The team finished fifth in the tournament. 1908 – Fifth place 1928 – 1936 – 1956 – 1960 – Seventh place 1964 – Fifth place 1968 – Fourth place 1972 – 1976 – Fifth place 1984 – 1988 – 1992 – 1996 – Fourth place 2000 – Fifth place 2004 – 2008 – 2012 – 2016 – 1971 – Sixth place 1973 – 1975 – 1978 – Fourth place 1982 – 1986 – 1990 – Fourth place 1994 – Fourth place 1998 – 2002 – 2006 – 2010 – 2014 – Sixth place 2018 – Fifth place 2012–13 – Seventh place 2014–15 – Seventh place 2016–17 – Fourth place 1980 – 1981 – 1982 – Fifth place 1983 – 1985 – 1986 – 1987 – 1988 – 1989 – 1990 – 1991 – 1992 – 1993 – 1994 – 1995 – 1996 – 1997 – 1998 – Sixth place 2000 – 2001 – 2002 – 2003 – Sixth place 2004 – Fifth place 2005 – Fourth place 2006 – 2007 – 2008 – Fifth place 2009 – 2010 – Fourth place 2011 – Fifth place 2012 – Sixth place 2014 – 2016 – 1970 – 1974 – 1978 – 1983 – 1987 – 1991 – 1995 – 1999 – 2003 – 2005 – 2007 – 4th place 2009 – 2011 – 2013 – 2015 – 2017 – 4th place The following 18 players were named for the Pro League match against Spain on 15 March 2019.
Head coach: Stefan Kermas Caps updated as of 15 March 2019, after the match against Spain. The following players have been called up for the national team in the last 12 months. Germany women's national field hockey team Official website FIH profile
Amstelveen is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918. It is a suburban part of the metropolitan area of Amsterdam; the municipality of Amstelveen consists of the historical villages of Bovenkerk and Nes aan de Amstel. The name Amstelveen comes from the Amstel, a local river, veen, meaning fen, peat, or moor. KLM has its headquarters in Amstelveen. Nowadays Amstelveen is best known for its Museum of Modern Art. During the French occupation between 1810 and 1814, it was the capital of a canton in the French department Zuyderzée, until 1964 the municipality of Amstelveen was called Nieuwer-Amstel, it is technically a large dorp. The symbol adopted for Amstelveen was not based on the Amsterdam symbol of three crosses, with one additional cross for distinction, but rather Amsterdam has one cross less to indicate Amstelveen's and Ouder-Amstel's seniority; the Thijssepark, was the first heempark in the Netherlands and is one of sixteen heemparks or heemgroen in Amstelveen.
Designed by landscape architect C. P. Broerse. P. Thijsse, it was developed between 1940 and 1972 and covers an area of 5 hectares, is situated just south of the Amsterdamse Bos. Amstelveen was chosen as an unlikely host of a match in the 1999 Cricket World Cup, for which the Netherlands had not qualified. South Africa played Kenya in the match. Former Dutch prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende started his political career as member of the council for Amstelveen; as a result of the vicinity of Schiphol, its links to Amsterdam, Amstelveen has grown and become a cosmopolitan mix of many cultures living in Amstelveen. In the early 20th century Amstelveen was a small rural village; the turf industry had collapsed, so the revenues of it were gone. The village was somewhat isolated, because waterway were connected; the main source of income was livestock farming with some arable, but the horticulture and floriculture were emerging. In 1852 the Haarlemmermeer polder was reclaimed and the "Fort at the Schiphol" was created as a defense for the capital Amsterdam.
Forts were in those days more named after rivers. "Fort at the Schiphol" was a separating ditch between Aalsmeer and Amstelveen, named after a piece of land from Amstelveen. Fort Schiphol, became a military airport in 1916. Four years Schiphol became a civilian airport. Schiphol Fort was demolished in 1934; the demolition was necessary for the construction of the provincial road from Amstelveen to Schiphol, with a swing bridge over the circular canal of the Haarlemmermeer. The development of Schiphol attracted many people; the headquarters of KLM was established there. Amstelveen once was the fastest growing city in the Netherlands and has now grown to 81,003 inhabitants. After World War II Amstelveen caught a portion of Amsterdam's housing shortage, was a member of the municipality of Schiphol. Amsterdams Planning was to introduce Amstelveen as a metropolitan area, with its urban and green areas. Amstelveen remained an independent and self-conscious municipality and adopted a policy that reflected many attractive new residential areas.
Amstelveens landscaping and added art attracted much international attention. Amstelveen in 2003 was voted the most attractive city of the Netherlands to live in. Amstelveen is in the top three on the national list of best cities to live in. With Amstelveen city center receiving the number one award for best shopping center Netherlands in 2013, 2014 and 2015 KLM Netherlands has its head office in Amstelveen. Air France-KLM is represented by the KLM head office. In addition Amstelveen has the international headquarters of KPMG auditing firm. Annual Revenue -$1B - $2.5B Amstelveen has a metro and tram connection with Amsterdam. The metro is a larger version of the tram, it has a point to point bus connection to other villages and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol as well as a local network. The metro line passing through Amstelveen now runs to Amsterdam Centraal station; the extension and renovation of the line includes its conversion into a tram line. Shopping Amstelveen city centre. Which has received the number one award for best shopping center Netherlands in 2013, 2014 and 2015 Aan de Poel.
A fine-dining restaurant, awarded one Michelin star for the period 2009–2012. Since 2013 it carries two Michelin stars. Aan de Poel is located on the shore of lake De Poel. Cobra Museum is located in the centre of Amstelveen. Museum Jan van der Togt, is centrehousing a glass art collection Birthplace of the artist Jan Cornelis Hofman. Birthplace of the actress Famke Janssen. Birthplace of the DJ and artist Martin Garrix A statue of Rembrandt overlooks the river Amstel, south east from the Amstelpark, where a windmill open to visitors is situated An Electric Museum-tram line still connects Amstelveen to
Australia men's national field hockey team
The Australia men's national field hockey team is one of the nation's most successful top-level sporting teams. They are the only Australian team in any sport to receive medals at the last six Summer Olympic Games; the Kookaburras placed in the top four in every Olympics between 1980 and 2012. They won the Hockey World Cup in 1986, 2010 and 2014; the Kookaburras' inability to win an Olympic gold medal despite their perennial competitiveness, led many in the Australian hockey community to speak of a "curse" afflicting the team broken in 2004 with the win in Athens. Australia's first men's team competed in an international match in 1922; the first major competition won by the national team was the 1983 World Championships held in Karachi. Australia's first men's team competed at the Olympics in field hockey at the 1956 Summer Olympics. Australia did not medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics. At the 1992 Summer Olympics, Australia earned a silver medal. At the 1996 Summer Olympics, Australia finished third.
The team won their first Olympic gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Barry Dancer coached the side. Should Australia win the gold medal at the 2012 London Olympics they will become the first national team in field hockey history to hold all four international titles available to them simultaneously, they would hold titles in the 2012 Olympics, 2010 World Cup, 2011 Champions Trophy and their continental championship at the same time. Along with those four titles Australia holds the Commonwealth Games title from the 2010 championships; the following 18 players were named in the Australia squad for the 2019 Pro League match against Spain on 2 March 2019. Caps and goals are current as of 2 March 2019 after the match against the Spain; the remainder of the 2019 national squad is as follows: Ric Charlesworth Jamie Dwyer Barry Dancer/Brent Dancer and Ric Charlesworth/Jonathan Charlesworth are two pairs of father as coach and son as player while both were affiliated with the national team in those positions.
1981 - Australian Sport Awards Team of the Year 1987 – Australian Sport Awards Team of the Year 2004 – Australian Sport Awards International Team of the Year 2014 – AIS Sport Performance Awards Team of the Year. Official website FIH profile
A round-robin tournament is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn. A round-robin contrasts with an elimination tournament, in which participants are eliminated after a certain number of losses; the term round-robin is derived from the French term ruban, meaning "ribbon". Over a long period of time, the term was idiomized to robin. In a single round-robin schedule, each participant plays every other participant once. If each participant plays all others twice, this is called a double round-robin; the term is used when all participants play one another more than twice, is never used when one participant plays others an unequal number of times. In the United Kingdom, a round-robin tournament is called an American tournament in sports such as tennis or billiards which have knockout tournaments. In Italian it is called girone all'italiana. In Serbian it is called the Berger system, after chess player Johann Berger. A round-robin tournament with four players is sometimes called "quad" or "foursome".
In sports with a large number of competitive matches per season, double round-robins are common. Most association football leagues in the world are organized on a double round-robin basis, in which every team plays all others in its league once at home and once away; this system is used in qualification for major tournaments such as the FIFA World Cup and the continental tournaments. There are round-robin bridge, draughts, go, curling and Scrabble tournaments; the World Chess Championship decided in 2005 and in 2007 on an eight-player double round-robin tournament where each player faces every other player once as white and once as black. Group tournaments rankings go by number of matches won and drawn, with any of a variety of tiebreaker criteria. Pool stages within a wider tournament are conducted on a round-robin basis. Examples with single round-robin scheduling include the FIFA World Cup, UEFA European Football Championship, UEFA Cup in football, Super Rugby in the Southern Hemisphere during its past iterations as Super 12 and Super 14, the Cricket World Cup along Pakistan Super League & Indian Premier League, the two major Twenty-20 Cricket tournaments, ] and many American Football college conferences, such as the Big 12.
The group phases of the UEFA Champions League and Copa Libertadores de América are contested as a double round-robin, as are most basketball leagues outside the United States, including the regular-season and Top 16 phases of the Euroleague. Season ending tennis tournaments use a round robin format prior to the semi on stages The champion, in a round-robin tournament, is the contestant that wins the most games. In the circle of death, it is possible that no champion emerges from a round-robin tournament if there is no draw. In theory, a round-robin tournament is the fairest way to determine the champion from among a known and fixed number of contestants; each contestant, whether player or team, has equal chances against all other opponents because there is no prior seeding of contestants that will preclude a match between any given pair. The element of luck is seen to be reduced as compared to a knockout system since one or two bad performances need not cripple a competitor's chance of ultimate victory.
Final records of participants are more accurate as they represent the results over a longer period against the same opposition. This can be used to determine which teams are the poorest performers and thus subject to relegation if the format is used in a multi-tiered league; this is helpful to determine the final rank of all competitors, from strongest to weakest, for purposes of qualification for another stage or competition as well as for prize money. In team sport the major league champions are regarded as the "best" team in the land, rather than the cup winners. Moreover, in tournaments such as the FIFA or ICC world cups, a first round stage consisting of a number of mini round robins between groups of 4 teams guards against the possibility of a team travelling thousands of miles only to be eliminated after just one poor performance in a straight knockout system; the top one, two, or three teams in these groups proceed to a straight knockout stage for the remainder of the tournament. Round-robins can suffer from being too long compared to other tournament types, with scheduled games not having any substantial meaning.
They may require tiebreaking procedures. Swiss system tournaments attempt to combine elements of the round-robin and elimination formats, to provide a worthy champion using fewer rounds than a round-robin, while allowing draws and losses; the main disadvantage of a round robin tournament is the time needed to complete it. Unlike a knockout tournament where half of the participants are eliminated after each round, a round robin requires one round less than the number of participants if the number of participants is and as many rounds as participants if the number of participants is odd. For instance, a tournament of 16 teams can be completed in just 4 rounds in a knockout format. Other issues
Field hockey at the Summer Olympics
Field hockey, was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Field hockey was removed from the Summer Olympic Games at the 1924 Paris Games because of the lack of an international sporting structure; the International Hockey Federation was founded in Paris that year as a response to field hockey's omission. Men's field hockey became a permanent feature at the 1928 Gamesin Amsterdam. For a long time, India dominated the Olympics, winning the men's gold medal in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964. Pakistan was dominant, winning three gold and three silver medals between 1956 and 1984. India lost their dominance after Pakistan after the 1990s. India won their last gold medal in Pakistan in 1984 Games. Since 1968, various teams from around the world have seen gold-medal success at the Olympics. Since 1968, several countries in the Southern Hemisphere have won various medals in men's and women's field hockey, including Australia, New Zealand and Zimbabwe.
A leading group of teams from the Northern Hemisphere has come from the Netherlands and from Germany. Spain has appeared in the most Olympic men's competitions without winning the men's gold medal, having won silver three times in 1980, 1996, 2008 and bronze once in 1960. Australia had competed in 11 Olympics without winning gold before breaking their streak in 2004; the first women's Olympic field hockey competition was held at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Olympic field hockey games were first played on artificial turf at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games; until the 1988 Olympics the tournament was invitational but FIH introduced a qualification system since the 1992 games. India is the leading team in overall medal tally with 11 medals. India lead in most number of gold medals. # = states or teams that have since split into two or more independent nations45 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Games. # = states that have since split into two or more independent nationsAustralia and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at every Olympic Games, except for only one edition.
List of Olympic venues in field hockey
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. The town was named after the Scottish Pert