Hoeryong

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Hoeryong

회령시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerHoeryŏng-si
 • Revised RomanizationHoeryeong-si
Hoeryong City Centre
Hoeryong City Centre
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Hoeryong
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Hoeryong
Hoeryong is located in North Korea
Hoeryong
Hoeryong
Map of North Korea showing the location of Hoeryong
Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750Coordinates: 42°26′N 129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceNorth Hamgyong Province
Population
 • Total134,524

Hoeryŏng (Korean pronunciation: [hø.ɾjʌŋ]) is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is located opposite Jilin Province, China, with the Tumen River in between. Sanhe (三合鎮), in Longjing City, is the closest Chinese town across the river. Hoeryŏng is claimed to be the birthplace of Kim Il Sung's first wife and Kim Jong Il's mother, Kim Jong Suk;[1] the Hoeryong Revolutionary Site commemorates the birthplace.[2]

The Hoeryŏng concentration camp (Kwalliso No. 22) is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city.[3]

Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk

History[edit]

Hoeryŏng was one of the six post/garrisons (Chosŏngŭl: 육진, Hanja: 六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418 - 1450) to safeguard his people from the potentially hostile semi-nomadic Jurchens living north of the Yalu river.

In early May 2007, the newly appointed Prime Minister Kim Yong-il visited Hoeryŏng. At the time, the Prime Minister brought with him on his train, one carriage worth of glass (made in South Korea) and 3 carriages worth of cement. After delivering the goods to the People’s Committee of Hoeryŏng he ordered that the city of Hoeryŏng be decorated and adorned as much as a city where Mother Kim Jong Suk’s birthplace should be.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hoeryŏng-si is divided into 19 tong (neighbourhoods) and 28 ri (villages):

  • Chungdo-dong
  • Chungbong-dong
  • Ch'irwŏlp'aril-dong
  • Kang'an-dong
  • Kyerim-dong
  • Kungsim-dong
  • Mang'yang-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Osandŏk-tong
  • Poŭl-dong
  • Saemaŭl-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sech'ŏn-dong
  • Sinch'ŏn-dong
  • Sŏngch'ŏn-dong
  • Subuk-tong
  • Tongmyŏng-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Yusŏn-dong
  • Ch'angt'ae-ri
  • Ch'anghyo-ri
  • Hakp'o-ri
  • Hangyong-ri
  • Hongsal-li
  • In'ge-ri
  • Kesang-ri
  • Keha-ri
  • Kulsal-li
  • Kŭmsaeng-ri
  • Musal-li
  • Namsal-li
  • Obong-ri
  • Oryu-ri
  • Pangwŏl-li
  • Pyŏksŏng-ri
  • P'ungsal-li
  • Raksaeng-ri
  • Ryongch'ŏl-li
  • Saŭl-li
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Sŏngbung-ri
  • Sŏngdong-ri
  • Songhang-ri
  • Taedong-ri
  • Tokhŭng-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yŏngsu-ri

Economy[edit]

Hoeryŏng's main industries are mining machines and a paper mill; the area contains many mines. According to media reports, in 2017 ordinary residents in Hoeryong receive electricity for 3–4 hours per day.[4]

Civil unrest[edit]

It is reported that on 24 September 2008 only about 20% of Hoeryŏng's city residents attended a civilian defence-training programme held in Hoeryŏng City; the other 80% are thought to have stayed home or tended to private patch fields. As punishment, authorities from the Civilian Defence ordered non-attendees to pay KP₩5,000, however this fine was largely ignored.[5]

Climate[edit]

Hoeryong has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb).

Climate data for Hoeryong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.2
(39.6)
12.6
(54.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
21.2
(70.2)
14.7
(58.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.7
(42.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.0
(60.8)
20.3
(68.5)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
8.1
(46.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
5.6
(42.0)
Average low °C (°F) −17.0
(1.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.6
(40.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
16.3
(61.3)
9.4
(48.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−14.0
(6.8)
−0.3
(31.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
29
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
94
(3.7)
112
(4.4)
155
(6.1)
82
(3.2)
38
(1.5)
20
(0.8)
8
(0.3)
625
(24.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Brilliant life of Kim Jong Suk". KCNA. Archived from the original on 2005-03-16. Retrieved 2006-06-28.
  2. ^ "Hoeryong Revolutionary Site". KCNA. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Kwan-li-so No.22 Haengyŏng (Hoeryŏng)". Wikimapia. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. ^ Shim, Elizabeth (July 12, 2017). "North Korea supplies high-voltage electricity to border fence". UPI. Ordinary North Koreans in Hoeryong, North Hamgyong Province, on the other hand, are supplied with electricity for about 3 to 4 hours a day, the North Korean source said.
  5. ^ North Korea Today, No. 28. (2008). Research Institute for North Korean society.
  6. ^ "Climate: Hoeryong - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 25 July 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]