Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park in Woodstock, Vermont. The park preserves the site where Frederick Billings established a managed forest and a progressive dairy farm; the name honors Billings and the other owners of the property: George Perkins Marsh, Mary Montagu Billings French, Laurance Rockefeller, Mary French Rockefeller. The Rockefellers transferred the property to the federal government in 1992, it is the only unit of the United States National Park System in Vermont. Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is located just northwest of Woodstock village, on the west side of Vermont Route 12. Opposite it on the east side of the road stands the Billings Farm, a working farm and heritage museum on land belonging to the Billingses. Parking for both properties is located on the east side of VT 12, National Park Service staff attend visitors at both the farm's visitor center, one located on the park property; the area nearest the road is a landscaped area featuring the George Perkins Marsh Boyhood Home, the architectural centerpiece of the park and a National Historic Landmark.
Although it was built in 1805, it underwent major alterations under Frederick Billings to achieve its present Late Victorian splendor. Visitors can take guided tours of the house, which include displays of landscape paintings, highlighting the influence painting and photography had on the conservation movement; the gardens have been restored. Extending up the hillside to the west is a conservation landscape of more than 600 acres, through which carriage roads and trails traverse a variety of ecosystems and landscapes. A pond is located near the center of the high valley, there are several scenic viewpoints accessible from the trails; the property extends westward all the way to Prosper Road, where trailhead access is provided to the western portions of the park. Charles Marsh, a prominent Vermont lawyer, built the core of the main house in 1805, as a typical two-story five-bay Federal style house, it is where he raised his family, his son George Perkins Marsh was born elsewhere in Woodstock in 1801, grew up here before leaving for Dartmouth College when he was sixteen.
The younger Marsh followed his father into both law and politics, winning election to Congress in 1834 as a Whig, gaining appointment to diplomatic posts by Presidents John Tyler and Abraham Lincoln. Between the 1830s and 1860s he developed a philosophy of land stewardship which laid the foundation for the conservation movement in the United States with the 1864 publication of Man and Nature, or the Physical Geography as Modified by Human Behavior; this work, updated in 1874, gave a historical assessment of the decline of earlier societies because of a lack of stewardship, made substantive calls for remedial actions to preserve the natural environment. Marsh died in 1882, never seeing his ideas realized; the Marsh estate 246 acres, was purchased in 1869 by Frederick H. Billings, a native of Royalton, Vermont who made a fortune as a lawyer dealing with land claims during the California Gold Rush, was one of the founding partners of the Northern Pacific Railroad, serving as its president from 1873 to 1881.
Between 1869 and 1881 Billings commissioned two significant enlargements and alterations to the house, the first adding a wing and a mansard roof, the second, designed by Henry Hudson Holley, that transformed the building into the elaborate Queen Anne Victorian it is today. Billings established what he considered to be a model farm on the property, now the adjacent Billings Farm museum; the next major owners of the property were Mary French Rockefeller and her husband Laurance Rockefeller. The latter, an influential conservation advisor to several United States presidents, donated the house and upland properties to the people of the United States in 1992, the year the park was established; the house and a surrounding 40 acres of land were designated a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1967 for their association with Marsh and Billings, for the house's architecture, judged a fine and imposing example of Queen Anne architecture. Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park was awarded the first Forest Stewardship Council certification of a United States national park by the Rainforest Alliance's SmartWood program in August 2005.
This certification made Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller only the second United States federal land to receive such certification for sustainable forest management. First Congregational Church of Woodstock, Vermont National Register of Historic Places listings in Windsor County, Vermont Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller NHP official site Encyclopedia article with bibliography Historic American Landscapes Survey No. VT-1, "Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park, 54 Elm Street, Windsor County, VT", 48 photos, 19 color transparencies, 19 measured drawings, 12 photo caption pages
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form and alignment that have arisen from the same cause an orogeny. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. Mountain ranges are found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are a feature of most terrestrial planets. Mountain ranges are segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys. Individual mountains within the same mountain range do not have the same geologic structure or petrology, they may be a mix of different orogenic expressions and terranes, for example thrust sheets, uplifted blocks, fold mountains, volcanic landforms resulting in a variety of rock types. Most geologically young mountain ranges on the Earth's land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring of Fire or the Alpide Belt.
The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand. The Andes is 7,000 kilometres long and is considered the world's longest mountain system; the Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains. The belt includes other European and Asian mountain ranges; the Himalayas contain the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, 8,848 metres high and traverses the border between China and Nepal. Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains. If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65,000 kilometres.
The mountain systems of the earth are characterized by a tree structure, where mountain ranges can contain sub-ranges. The sub-range relationship is expressed as a parent-child relationship. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Equivalently, the Appalachians are the parent of the White Mountains and Blue Ridge Mountains, the White Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains are children of the Appalachians; the parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range. The position of mountains influences climate, such as snow; when air masses move up and over mountains, the air cools producing orographic precipitation. As the air descends on the leeward side, it warms again and is drier, having been stripped of much of its moisture.
A rain shadow will affect the leeward side of a range. Mountain ranges are subjected to erosional forces which work to tear them down; the basins adjacent to an eroding mountain range are filled with sediments which are buried and turned into sedimentary rock. Erosion is at work while the mountains are being uplifted until the mountains are reduced to low hills and plains; the early Cenozoic uplift of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado provides an example. As the uplift was occurring some 10,000 feet of Mesozoic sedimentary strata were removed by erosion over the core of the mountain range and spread as sand and clays across the Great Plains to the east; this mass of rock was removed as the range was undergoing uplift. The removal of such a mass from the core of the range most caused further uplift as the region adjusted isostatically in response to the removed weight. Rivers are traditionally believed to be the principal cause of mountain range erosion, by cutting into bedrock and transporting sediment.
Computer simulation has shown that as mountain belts change from tectonically active to inactive, the rate of erosion drops because there are fewer abrasive particles in the water and fewer landslides. Mountains on other planets and natural satellites of the Solar System are isolated and formed by processes such as impacts, though there are examples of mountain ranges somewhat similar to those on Earth. Saturn's moon Titan and Pluto, in particular exhibit large mountain ranges in chains composed of ices rather than rock. Examples include the Mithrim Montes and Doom Mons on Titan, Tenzing Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto; some terrestrial planets other than Earth exhibit rocky mountain ranges, such as Maxwell Montes on Venus taller than any on Earth and Tartarus Montes on Mars, Jupiter's moon Io has mountain ranges formed from tectonic processes including Boösaule Montes, Dorian Montes, Hi'iaka Montes and Euboea Montes. Peakbagger Ranges Home Page Bivouac.com
Marlboro is a town in Windham County, United States. The population was 978 at the 2000 census; the town is home to both the Southern Vermont Natural History Museum and Marlboro College, which hosts the Marlboro Music School and Festival each summer. Named "New Marlborough" for the Duke of Marlborough until 1800, the town was a New Hampshire grant chartered on April 29, 1751 to Timothy Dwight and 64 others from Northampton and vicinity; the French and Indian War prevented settlement, so the first charter was forfeited and a new one issued by Governor Benning Wentworth on September 21, 1761 again on April 17, 1764 as New Marlborough. The town was surveyed in 1762, 64 equal "rights" were created, with four lots in the center of town excepted. First settled in 1763, the town grew between 1764 and 1770 with emigrants from Massachusetts and Connecticut. By 1799 there were 313 children registered in the town's schools; the town's population peaked in 1820 with 1300 people, the subsequent decline caused by immigration to the west and a downturn in the area's economy.
Although the terrain is mountainous, the soil is rich and deep, which allowed farmers to grow good crops. When the population was 896 in 1859, the community was exclusively agricultural. Located on the Town Common are the Town House, used for town meetings, the Town Offices and Post Office building, the Marlboro Meeting House Congregational Church, the Whetstone Inn; the town's first church was organized in 1776, put up at the top of Town Hill in 1778. In 1820, it was replaced by a newer structure nearby, timbers and board from the old church were used in 1822 to build the Town House, located in the vicinity. Between 1836 and 1844 both of these buildings – the church and the Town House – were moved down the hill to about their current locations on the Town Common; the church burned down in 1931 was replaced by the current one, a reproduction of its predecessor, except smaller. After the move down the hill, Town House was on the east side of South Road, but when it was hit by a new, oversized snow plow in 1966, it was moved across the road to its current location.
The Whetstone Inn was built around 1775 by Deacon Jonas Whitney, who arrived in Marlboro in 1773. Over its history, it has been various used as a courthouse, tavern, dance hall and post office. In 1946, Marlboro College was founded on the site of three farms by Walter Hendricks, for returning World War II veterans, with poet Robert Frost as its first trustee; the Marlboro Music School and Festival, founded in 1951, is headquartered on the campus. In 2006, Marlboro was one of the first American towns to have its citizens pass a resolution endorsing the impeachment of President George W. Bush, in 2011 it was one of thirteen Vermont towns isolated by flooding caused by Hurricane Irene. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.7 square miles, of which 40.3 square miles is land and 0.3 square mile is water. Marlboro is drained by the western branch of Whetstone Brook and the Green River; the town is crossed by Vermont Route 9 known as the "Molly Stark Trail". As of the census of 2000, there were 978 people, 330 households, 215 families residing in the town.
The population density was 24.3 people per square mile. There were 497 housing units at an average density of 12.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.32% White, 0.20% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population. There were 330 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.90. In the town, the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 23.3% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $41,429, the median income for a family was $44,861. Males had a median income of $30,313 versus $25,673 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,503. About 0.9% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. Students from kindergarten to eighth grade attend Marlboro School, which replaced a number of one-room schoolhouses in 1954. Marlboro is home to 101.5, radio station. Marlboro Historical Society & Museum Southern Vermont Natural History Museum Pete Bernhard, member of the band The Devil Makes Three Forrest Holzapfel, photographer Newel Knight, religious leader Richard Lewontin and treasurer of the Marlboro Historical Society Margaret MacArthur, folk historian and musician Joseph Mazur, professor of mathematics Louis Moyse, flute player and composer Blanche Honegger Moyse, conductor Edson B.
Olds, U. S. Congressman Tasha Tudor and illustrator of children's books Newel K. Whitney, prominent in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and businessman Vermont portal Marlboro Music School and Festival Notes Town of Marlboro, Vermont Marlboro Historical Society Marlboro School Marlboro College
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Coolidge State Park
Coolidge State Park is a Vermont State Park located in Plymouth, United States. The park is named after Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States, born and raised in Plymouth and is buried there as well, it is the primary recreational center for Calvin Coolidge State Forest, the largest state forest in Vermont. The park's facilities, built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Activities in the park include camping, picnicking, mountain biking, stream fishing, wildlife watching and winter sports. Coolidge State Park is located in Windsor County, Vermont, in central Vermont, consists of two land areas, one on each side of Vermont Route 100A, about 2 miles north of Plymouth Notch, the birthplace of Calvin Coolidge; the park's total area is 1,300 acres, it is flanked in part by eastern sections of the 21,000-acre Calvin Coolidge State Forest. The western section, or Pinney Hollow block, is 800 acres in size, houses the park maintenance facilities, located at the site of the CCC camp where workers who built the park lived.
The eastern section, or Bradley Hill block, is a large wooded parcel on the western slope of Slack Hill. The park contact station and picnic areas are located in this section; the terrain is steep, but there is a level area where the contact station and main parking area are located. Near the park access road on VT 100A is a small picnic area; the main access road climbs steeply to the contact station, from which a camping loop composed of leantos branches off. This loop road follows the contours of the hill, the leantos are placed to provide views of the surrounding countryside. Continuing down the main access road, there is a second wooded camping loop for the use of tent campers and recreational vehicles. Beyond the tent loop is a larger picnic area with CCC-built pavilions. Prior to the establishment of the state forest and state park, land that makes up the park saw a variety of agricultural and light industrial uses. In the 1920s, the state began purchasing land for the state forest, considered the area north of Plymouth Notch a good candidate for a campground and other recreational amenities.
With federal funding made available for CCC works in 1933, work on the park facilities began. The main access road was cut, the leanto camping loop was built, as were the picnic and maintenance facilities, the contact station. Areas, in agricultural use were planted with trees, the CCC crews cut some of the area's hiking trails, they built a small swimming hole just west of VT 100A by damming Pinney Hollow Brook. National Register of Historic Places listings in Windsor County, Vermont
Elmore State Park
Elmore State Park is a state park located in Elmore, United States. It includes Lake Elmore and Elmore Mountain, has day-use facilities for picnicking and water-based activities, a 59-site campground; some of its facilities were developed in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The park is open seasonally between Columbus Day. Elmore State Park is located in northern Elmore, a rural community in southern Lamoille County, Vermont; the park covers 755 acres, set between the summit of 2,608-foot Elmore Mountain. Its developed area is located at the northern end of the lake, where Beach Road runs west from Vermont Route 12; the campground facilities, located north of the beach include 44 tent/RV sites and 15 lean-tos, two restrooms with hot showers, a sanitary dump station. The day-use area features a sandy beach, with a CCC-built beach house which includes a community room, a concession stand and cafe and boat rentals; the park has easy access to hiking trails on Elmore Mountain, which lead to the observation tower at its summit.
In 1934, the town of Elmore and several of its residents gave the state of Vermont a gift of 30 acres. This occurred during the Great Depression, the state set the Civilian Conservation Corps to work transforming the gift of land, along with adjacent federal lands, into a park. CCC crews, whose encampment remains are found in the area, built the main access road, the beach house and the beach between 1934 and 1936; the federal portion of the park was turned over to the state in 1938, which built the observation tower atop Elmore Mountain the following year. The campground was added in 1963. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lamoille County, Vermont ePodunk Elmore State Park - Vermont State Parks Camp Vermont
Windham County, Vermont
Windham County is a county located in the U. S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,513; the county's shire town is Newfane, the largest municipality is the town of Brattleboro. Fort Bridgman, was burned in 1755, a casualty of the French and Indian War; the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Cumberland of the Province of New York was moved to the town of Westminster in 1772. On July 4, 1776 the Province of New York became an independent state. On January 15, 1777 Vermont declared its independence from New York, functioned as an independent republic until statehood in 1791. Cumberland County and Gloucester County were extinguished when Vermont declared its independence from New York. Unity County was formed March 1778, the eastern of the two original Vermont Republic counties. Unity County was renamed Cumberland County on March 21, 1778. Cumberland County and Bennington County exchanged land. On February 16, 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County, Orange and Windsor Counties were created from Cumberland County.
Some authors assume Cumberland County was renamed Windham County in 1781. Several original sources indicate; this was to make a clean legal break from any connection with Cumberland County, New York, as some authors indicate the Cumberland County, Vermont Republic, records remained in Windham County. Newfane became the Shire Town of Windham County before 1812. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 798 square miles, of which 785 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water, it is the third-largest county in Vermont by land area. Windsor County - north Sullivan County, New Hampshire - northeast Cheshire County, New Hampshire - east Franklin County, Massachusetts - south Bennington County - west Ball Mountain Lake Harriman Reservoir Townshend Lake Green Mountain National Forest Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, 44,216 people, 18,375 households, 11,447 families resided in the county; the population density was 56 people per square mile.
There were 27,039 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile. The county's racial makeup was 96.72% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 1.42% from two or more races. 1.11 % of the population were Latino of any race. 18.1% were of English, 13.3% Irish, 9.5% French, 8.9% American, 7.7% German, 6.0% Italian and 5.0% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9 % spoke 1.3 % Spanish and 1.2 % French as their first language. There were 18,375 households, of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.70% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. The county's median household income was $38,204, the median family income was $46,989. Males had a median income of $31,094 versus $24,650 for females; the county's per capita income was $20,533. About 6.10% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.00% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, 44,513 people, 19,290 households, 11,453 families resided in the county; the population density was 56.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,735 housing units at an average density of 37.9 per square mile. The county's racial makeup was 95.3% white, 1.0% Asian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: 21.8% Irish 21.7% English 12.3% French 11.7% German 8.6% Italian 8.2% American 5.5% Polish 4.9% French Canadian 4.5% Scottish 3.2% Scotch-Irish 3.0% Swedish 1.2% WelshOf the 19,290 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families, 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 44.9 years. The county's median household income was $46,714 and the median family income was $58,814. Males had a median income of $40,872 versus $33,278 for females; the county's per capita income was $27,247. About 6.3% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. In 1828, Windham County was won by National Republican Party candidate John Quincy Adams and by Henry Clay in 1832. From William Henry Harrison in 1836 to Winfield Scott in 1852, the county would vote the Whig Party candidates. From John C. Frémont in 1856 to Richard Nixon in 1960, the Republican Party would have a 104 year winning streak w