A hogshead is a large cask of liquid. More it refers to a specified volume, measured in either imperial or US customary measures applied to alcoholic beverages, such as wine, ale, or cider. A tobacco hogshead was used in American colonial times to transport and store tobacco, it was a large wooden barrel. A standardized hogshead 30 inches in diameter at the head. Packed with tobacco, it weighed about 1,000 pounds. A hogshead contains about 300 L; the Oxford English Dictionary notes that the hogshead was first standardized by an act of Parliament in 1423, though the standards continued to vary by locality and content. For example, the OED cites an 1897 edition of Whitaker's Almanack, which specified the number of gallons of wine in a hogshead varying by type of wine: claret 46 imperial gallons, port 57 imperial gallons, sherry 54 imperial gallons; the American Heritage Dictionary claims that a hogshead can consist of anything from 62.5 to 140 US gallons. A hogshead of wine came to be 63 US gallons, while a hogshead of beer or ale is 54 gallons.

A hogshead was used as unit of measurement for sugar in Louisiana for most of the 19th century. Plantations were listed in sugar schedules as having produced x number of hogsheads of sugar or molasses. A hogshead was used for the measurement of herring fished for sardines in Blacks Harbour, New Brunswick; the etymology of hogshead is uncertain. According to English philologist Walter William Skeat, the origin is to be found in the name for a cask or liquid measure appearing in various forms in several Germanic languages, in Dutch oxhooft, Danish oxehoved, Old Swedish oxhuvud, etc; the word should therefore be "hogshead" being a mere corruption. It has been suggested that the name arose from the branding of such a measure with the head of an ox. A hogshead of Madeira wine was equal to 45–48 gallons. A hogshead of brandy was equal to 56–61 gallons m3. English units of wine casks

British Society for Phenomenology

The British Society for Phenomenology is an organization whose purpose is to pursue and exchange philosophical ideas inspired by phenomenology. It was established in 1967 by Wolfe Mays; the society accomplishes its aims through a journal, an annual conference, a podcast. The Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology was launched in 1970. Edited by Wolfe Mays, the president of the BSP, it began by publishing a volume each year consisting of three issues. Wolfe Mays remained the editor up to his death in 2005. Assistant editor Ullrich Haase took on the editorship. During Haase's leadership, the journal went from three issues a year to four. Haase moved the journal from a private publisher to Taylor and Francis, allowing the membership and the public to access a wealth of material online, going all the way back to 1970 when the JBSP began. 2019 was the 50th anniversary of the journal, after 14 years as editor, Haase signalled his intention to stand down from his role, while completing his work on the remaining 2019 volume publications as well as some planned special issues for 2020 and beyond.

To celebrate the 50th anniversary, Haase convened a three day event titled the'JBSP 50th Anniversary Conference' in Manchester at the International Anthony Burgess Foundation. Keynote speakers were the renowned international academics Prof. Babette Babich, Prof. Robert Bernasconi, Dr. Francesca Brencio. In the wake of Hasse stepping down as editor the society instituted an editorial collective. In February 2019 Darian Meacham was appointed as editor-in-chief of the editorial collective, working towards the 2020 volume. Other members of the collective include Keith Crome, Andrea Rehberg, William Large, Matt Bernard, Michaela Summa, Haase; the JBSP is an internationally refereed journal and operates a process of at least two referees blind peer-reviewing. It publishes papers on phenomenology and existential philosophy as well as contributions from other fields of philosophy, the humanities and the human sciences; the journal publishes book reviews. The online version of the Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology is hosted at Taylor & Francis Online.

Each year the British Society for Phenomenology convenes an annual conference at a different location within the UK. Most the society has held its annual conference at Manchester Metropolitan University; the conferences have between two and four high profile keynote speakers who are invited by the conference committee. Recent keynotes have included the renowned international academics and practitioners Havi Carel, Felix O’Murchadha, Tanja Staehler, Luna Dolezal, Niall Keane and Linda Finlay; as well as keynote speakers, there is a call for papers for academics and practitioners to apply to present their work. All applications are blind peer-reviewed by the conference committee; the conference format is a single track event. The BSP funds and convenes workshops and symposia. Most these have included'Intentionality and the Human' at the Great North Museum. Speakers have included Francis Halsal, Patrick O’Connor, Raymond Tallis; the BSP Podcast was launched on 10 October 2016. It was created by Matt Barnard, a member of the British Society for Phenomenology’s executive committee.

The podcast is a free audio streaming service, organised into seasons, with episodes released each week. It is hosted on Podbean, it aims to ‘preserve and share the work of phenomenologists associated with the society’. The content comes from recordings of papers given at BSP events, such as the annual conference as well as workshops and symposia. Official website

St Oswald's Church, Askrigg

St Oswald’s Church, Askrigg is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in Askrigg, North Yorkshire. The church dates from the 15th century, but there is some earlier work, it is of stone construction in the Perpendicular style, consisting of 5 bay chancel and nave, south porch and an embattled western tower with pinnacles containing a clock and six bells. By the mid nineteenth century, the foundations of the nave piers had given way, so the church was restored between 1852 and 1854 at a cost of £1,500; the body and north aisle of the church were rebuilt. The roof of the nave which dated from the 15th century was repaired. A western gallery which blocked up the tower was removed, a staircase giving better access to the tower was inserted, it reopened for worship by Charles Longley, Bishop of Ripon, on 31 October 1854. The church is in a joint parish with St Margaret's Church, Hawes St Mary and St John's Church, Hardraw St Matthew's Church, Stalling Busk The bells were recast in 1897 by John Warner & Sons with the tenor weighing 10cwt, 1qtr and 25lb.

Three original bells, said to date from c. 1657 were recast, three new ones were obtained. The bells were rededicated on 11 November 1897 by Bishop of Richmond; the bells were rehung in a new frame by Eayre and Smith in 1992. The church has two manual pipe organ dating from 1869 by Andrews. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register