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For the quarter in Hamburg, the district in Lower Saxony and the train station, see Harburg and Hamburg-Harburg station. Harburg is a borough of the city of Hamburg, the quarter used to be the capital of the district in Lower Saxony. The borough Harburg lies on the shores of the river Elbe and covers parts of the port of Hamburg and rural areas. In 2006 the population of the borough was 201,119, main article, History of Harburg upon Elbe Until 1937 Harburg belonged to the Prussian Province of Hanover, where it was the capital of the district of Harburg. In 1927 it was merged with the city of Wilhelmsburg to form the city of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg. Following the Greater Hamburg Act Harburg, together with cities such as Altona, was incorporated into the city of Hamburg. Despite its incorporation into Hamburg, Harburg continued to be the capital of the Hanoverian district of Harburg. In 1944, the capital was transferred to Winsen upon Luhe. On 1 January 2007 the Ortsämter were dissolved and the organisation of all boroughs of Hamburg was restructured.
In the borough Harburg to the former precinct Kerngebiet Harburg had belonged the quarters Eißendorf, Gut Moor, Heimfeld, Marmstorf, Neuland, Rönneburg, the quarters Altenwerder, Francop, Moorburg and Neugraben-Fischbek belonged to the precinct Süderelbe. On 1 March 2008 Harburgs quarter Wilhelmsburg was transferred to the borough Hamburg-Mitte due to a law of Hamburg. In 2006 according to the office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the borough Harburg has a total area of 160.6 km². Like the other boroughs of Hamburg, Harburg is divided into quarters and they are, In 2006 there were 201,119 inhabitants in the borough. The population density was 1,253 people per km².18. 9% were children under the age of 18,12,785 people were registered as unemployed. In 1999 there were 94,273 households, of which 23. 9% had children under the age of 18 living in them, the average household size was 2.11. Population by year In 2006 there were 24,900 criminal offences in borough and these numbers include the Harburg quarter.
Simultaneously with elections to the parliament, the Bezirksversammlung is elected as representatives of the citizens. See also, Boroughs of Hamburg Elections were held in Hamburg on 24 February 2008, the five parties having more than 5 percent in recent polls are the conservative CDU, the social-democratic SPD, the ecologist Green Party, the left-wing Die Linke and liberal Free Democratic Party
Since the Middle Ages, as a Hanseatic City one part of Hamburgs transport was the economic trade with other cities or regions. In 2008, the port of Hamburg was the second-largest port in Europe, Hamburg is connected to four motorways and in Hamburg proper are two airports. The Hamburg traffic group Hamburger Verkehrsverbund was the first organisation of its kind in the world, in 2007, more than 618 million passengers used bus, rapid transit, ferries or light rail. The charter was given orally for Hamburgs backing of Fredericks crusades, in 1241, the two contracts between Hamburg and Lübeck marked the beginning of the Hanseatic League, a trade union in Northern Europe. And in 1264 the Steinstraße was the third cobbled road in Europe, in 1800 Hamburg has 1,473 street-lamps and on the Hamburg hill in St. Pauli several new streets were given Christian names e. g. Davidstraße, Erichstraße or Herbertstraße. On 31 October 1839, the first horse-drawn bus line served a route from Hamburg to the Danish Altona.
In 1866, the Hamburg tramway network was opened, initially, it was operated with horsecar trams. In 1894, Hamburgs first electric tram served Meßberg – Lombardsbrücke – Landungsbrücken – Zollkanal – Meßberg,1911, the first tunnel under a river in continental Europe was finished, and Benzindroschken were allowed on Hamburgs streets. In 1912, the port of Hamburg provided 64 km moorings for more than 15,000 seagoing vessels, the Hamburger Hochbahn was founded in 1911, and the first metro trains ran on the circle line in 1912. On 30 September 1978, after 84 years of service, the last tram served line no.2 from Rathausmarkt to Schnelsen, in 2008, Hamburg had an area of 755.2 km2, 92% was land and 8% water areas. Area for the infrastructure was 12%. Opened in 1911, Hamburg Airport, is situated in Fuhlsbüttel in the north of the city, in 2008, the airport had an area of 5.7 km2, and handled 152.271 take-offs and landings and 12,690,114 passengers in total. 33,108 t of cargo were transported, Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport is a private airport for EADS plant, situated in Finkenwerder, on the left bank of the Elbe river.
In 2008, Hamburg had more than 1,700 km cycle paths, but—according to the ADFC —in a devastated condition, which repairs would cost the city Euro 10 million. The Behörde für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt designated 14 major cycle ways to improve the use of bicycles in Hamburg. The project StadtRAD Hamburg was started in July 2009 and is one of the most successful system of its kind in Germany. Hamburg has several zones, streets renovated into car free zones. The first street transformed was in Essen in 1926, like many West Germany cities Hamburg renovated several streets in the centre in the 1970s
Wandsbek is the second-largest of seven boroughs that make up the city of Hamburg, Germany. The name of the district is derived from the river Wandse which passes through here, which was formerly an independent city, is urban and, along with Eilbek and Marienthal, part of the citys economic and cultural core. In 2006 the population was 409,771, during World War II from May 2,1944 until May 3,1945 a subcamp of the Nazi concentration camp of Neuengamme was located in Wandsbek, listed as no.565 Hamburg-Wandsbek in the official German list. On January 1,2007 the Ortsämter were dissolved and the organisation of all boroughs of Hamburg was restructured, in the borough Wandsbek to the former precinct Wandsbek had belonged the quarters Eilbek, Marienthal, Tonndorf and Rahlstedt. The quarters Hummelsbüttel, Poppenbüttel and Wellingsbüttel belonged to the precinct Alstertal, the precinct Bramfeld consisted of Bramfeld and Steilshoop. The precinct Rahlstedt were the quarter Rahlstedt, and the precinct Walddörfer were Bergstedt, Farmsen-Berne, Lemsahl-Mellingstedt and Wohldorf-Ohlstedt.
In 2006 according to the office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein. In the north and the east it borders the state of Schleswig-Holstein, in the south the Hamburg-Mitte borough, only three quarters, Eilbek and Marienthal, in the core of the borough are urban. The more northerly parts of Wohldorf-Ohlstedt, Duvenstedt are still quite rural, like the other boroughs of Hamburg, Wandsbek is divided into quarters. They are, The population of Wandsbek in 2006 was 409,771 people, the population density was 2,777 inhabitants per square kilometre. 16. 5% were children under the age of 18,18,452 people were registered as unemployed. In 1999 there were 200,560 households out of which 21. 2% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 41. 6% of all households were made up of individuals, the average household size was 2.02. In 2006 there were 37,957 criminal offences in the borough, Wandsbek is a subdivision of Hamburg. Simultaneously with elections to the parliament, the Bezirksversammlung is elected as representatives of the citizens.
Elections were held in Hamburg on 24 February 2008, there are 61 elementary and 46 secondary schools in the borough of Wandsbek,695 physicians in private practice and 91 pharmacies. According to the Department of Motor Vehicles, there are 171,334 private cars registered, botanischer Sondergarten Wandsbek, a municipal botanical garden Hamburg Wandsbek the German federal parliamentary district covering the borough Seebek Jonathan Eybeschutz
The Port of Hamburg is a sea port on the river Elbe in Hamburg, Germany,110 kilometres from its mouth on the North Sea. It is Germanys largest port and is named the countrys Gateway to the World, in terms of TEU throughput, Hamburg is the second-busiest port in Europe and 15th-largest worldwide. In 2014,9.73 million TEUs were handled in Hamburg, the harbour covers an area of 73.99 km², of which 43.31 km² are land areas. The location is naturally advantaged by a branching Elbe, creating a place for a port complex with warehousing. The extensive free port enabled toll-free storing, but this was abandoned in 2013, the port is almost as old as the history of Hamburg itself. With discovery of the Americas and the transatlantic trade, Hamburg exceeded all other German ports. During the second half of the 19th century, Hamburg became Central Europes main hub for passenger and freight travel. In her time the Hamburg America Line was the largest shipping company in the world, since 1888, the HADAG runs a scheduled ferry service across various parts of the port and the Elbe.
The Free Port, established on 15 October 1888, enabled traders to ship and store goods without going through customs, the Moldauhafen has a similar arrangement, though related to the Czech Republic exclusively. Deepening of the river Elbe for large vessels is controversial for ecological reasons, Hamburg is a major cruise destination and one of Europes largest ports of call for cruise passengers traveling the Atlantic, or the Norwegian and Baltic Seas. The port is a location for shipbuilder and shipyards, designing and reconditioning yachts. The Port of Hamburg is one of Hamburgs largest attractions, both as a living and logistic center but as a backdrop for modern culture and the ports history. Among these are museum ships, musical theaters, bars and hotels -. The annual celebration of the harbours birthday during the first weekend of May is one of Hamburgs biggest public events and international visitors come to experience the festivities. Tugboats perform ballets, old galleons and new ships are open for tours.
Tour guides on boat tours in the harbour are called he lüchts after an often used call of dock workers when they overheard the stories told to tourists
Altstadt, more precisely Hamburg-Altstadt – as not to be mistaken with Hamburg-Altona-Altstadt – is one of the inner-city districts of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Germany. The area of todays Altstadt had a minor Bronze Age settlement dating from the 9th or 8th century BC, an Ingaevonian settlement at this location was known by the name Treva – a strategic trading node on amber routes during Iron Age and Late Antiquity. In the 8th century CE, Saxon merchants established what was to become the nucleus of Hamburg, the Hammaburg, a fort located at todays Domplatz. Under Frankish rule, a baptistery was installed in 804 and Hammaburg strengthened by Charlemagne in 811, the place grew to a sizable market town, declared a bishops see in 831, an archbishops see a year later. For the next 600 years, the history of Altstadt was equivalent to the history of Hamburg, by the end of the 15th century, the Hanseatic city-republic and free Imperial city had accumulated various territorial possessions in its hinterland.
Eventually, Hamburgs 13th-century city-walls received a couple of extensions, first in the 1530s, the Hammaburg, Hamburgs origin, was established on a former headland, between the confluences of Alster and Bille into the Elbe Stream. Over the centuries Alster and Bille were impondered and diverted several times, Altstadt is bordered by Alster to the West and North-West, the rail tracks of Hamburg-Altona link line and Hauptbahnhof to the East, and Zollkanal to the South. Districts bordering Hamburg-Altstadt are, Neustadt, St. Georg, Hamburg-Altstadt has four designated quarters for statistical and planning purposes, however not recognized as administrative subdivisions. The single most important square in Altstadt is Rathausmarkt, both by location and function and it is the starting point of Alter Wall, Reesendamm/Ballindamm, Mönckebergstraße and Große Johannisstraße/Großer Burstah, all important streets in Altstadt. Other important squares in Altstadt include Burchardplatz, Gerhart-Hauptmann-Platz, the eastern end of Altstadt is encircled by Ring 1, a 1880s-built ring road continuing into Neustadt.
Willy-Brandt-Straße is part of Bundesstraße 4, a 1960s-built thoroughfare, crossing Altstadt midway from East to West. Major landmarks in Altstadt are three of Hamburgs five main-churches, St. Jacobi, St. Katharinen and St. Petri, the Hamburg Rathaus is an imposing Renaissance Revival structure, housing Hamburgs Senate and Parliament. Forming a joint building ensemble back-to-back with the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce, other landmarks include various buildings in the Kontorhaus District, and the Kunsthalle. de
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hamburg, Germany. 845 – Town sacked by Norsemen,1189 Adolf III of Holstein gets charter from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I that gives Hamburg a court and fishing rights. 1201 – Hamburg occupied by forces of Valdemar II of Denmark,1223 – Archbishopric relocated from Hamburg to Bremen. 1256 – St. Catherines Church active,1286 -24 April, acquires rights to maintain permanent fire on Neuwerk. 1299 -1 November, allowed to build a fortified tower,1310 - completion of the Great Tower Neuwerk. 1329 – St. Marys Cathedral consecrated,1410 – Constitution of Hamburg established. 1418 – St. Peters Church rebuilt,1479 – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg established in the Town Hall. 1491 – Printing press in operation,1500 – City expands its borders. 1510 – Hamburg becomes a city of the Holy Roman Empire. 1536 – Hamburg joins Schmalkaldic League,1558 – Hamburg Stock Exchange established. 1567 – Trade with the Company of Merchant Adventurers of London established,1615 – City walls extended around Hamburg-Neustadt.
1619 – Bank of Hamburg founded,1630 – Bremen–Lübeck–Hamburg defensive alliance formed. 1654 - Synagoge Neuer Steinweg in use,1663 - Erbauliche Monaths Unterredungen magazine begins publication. 1665 – Hamburg Chamber of Commerce founded,1678 – Oper am Gänsemarkt opens, premiere of Theiles opera Adam und Eva.1679 - Coffee house in business. 1705 - Premiere of Handels opera Almira,1710 – Hamburg City Archives established. 1762 City occupied by Danish forces,1765 Hamburgische Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Künste und nützlichen Gewerbe and Patriotic Club founded. 1789 – Clubbs der Freundschaft founded,1790 – United States consulate established. 1799 – H. J. Merck & Co. in business,1805 – Gesellschaft der Freunde des vaterländischen Schul- und Erziehungswesens founded
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
Alsterdorf is a quarter in the Hamburg-Nord borough of the Hamburg, Germany. The name has its origin after the river Alster which become the dams Außenalster and Binnenalster in the center of Hamburg, in 2006 the population was 12,955. Around 1803 the settlement became Hamburgs property, in 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter Alsterdorf has a total area of 3.1 square kilometres. The river Alster floating from Northeast to Southwest is the border to the Groß Borstel quarter in the West, in the South Alsterdorf borders to Winterhude quarter. In the East is the Ohlsdorf quarter, parts of the large Ohlsdorf Cemetery belongs to the quarter Alsterdorf. 2006 there were 12,955 people living in Alsterdorf,14. 2% were children under the age of 18, and 20. 2% were 65 years of age or older. 467 people were registered as unemployed, in 1999 there were 6,508 households out of which 15. 3% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 54. 4% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 1.77, population by year In 2006 there were 1,283 criminal offences. There were 1 elementary school and 2 secondary schools in the quarter Alsterdorf and 30 physicians in practice and 5 pharmacies. Until the opening of O2 World Hamburg in 2002, the Alsterdorfer Sporthalle was the largest indoor venue in Hamburg, serving as a hall for concerts. Alsterdorf is serviced by the transit system of the underground railway. According to the Department of Motor Vehicles, in the quarter were 4,847 private cars registered, media related to Alsterdorf at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport, known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km north of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor, as of March 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations of which three are long-haul routes to Dubai and Tehran. The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH, making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the part being used for airship operations. During the First World War, the hangar was used extensively by the military. During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name and it was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.
When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport. In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen, reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft, the plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansas move to Frankfurt. In the early 1990s, the airport began a modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal, the airports shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance. The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access, in January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers.
While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016, a few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany. Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt, in October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures. Shortly after 12pm local time on 12 February 2017, an unknown and uncommon chemical, at least 50 people were seriously injured and were taken to hospital by ambulance. Firefighters completely evacuated the airport and passengers were forced to wait outside the airport in sub-zero temperatures, all flights have been cancelled and thousands of passengers have been stranded