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Hojōjutsu, or Torinawajutsu, or just Nawajutsu, is the traditional Japanese martial art of restraining a person using cord or rope. Encompassing many different materials and methods from many different schools, Hojōjutsu is a quintessentially Japanese art, a unique product of Japanese history and culture; as a martial arts practice, Hojōjutsu is if taught on its own but as part of a curriculum under the aegis of the body of study encompassed by a larger school of bugei or budō as an advanced study in jujutsu. Regardless of the source, Hojōjutsu techniques and methods are demonstrated outside Japan. Speaking, Hojōjutsu can be divided into two broad categories; the first is the capture and restraint of a prisoner, effected with strong, thin cord called a hayanawa or “fast rope”, sometimes the sageo carried by samurai on the sword-sheaths was used. In law-enforcement, this cord was carried by constables who secreted the rope in a small bundle that fed cord from one end; this torinawa was coiled so that the cord would pay out from one end as the bundled cord was passed around the prisoner’s body and arms as he or she was tied.

This was accomplished by one constable in the course of performing an arrest while the prisoner was resisting and had to be accomplished quickly. At this stage, attention was still paid to visual and aesthetic concerns in the tying method as well as to the cultural needs of Japanese society. According to experts, an accused but not convicted prisoner would be tied using methods which allowed the prisoner to be securely restrained but which contained no knots to save the prisoner the shame of being publicly bound. Instead of securing the tie with knots, the constable held on to the free end of the rope and walked behind the prisoner to keep him or her under control as the prisoner was taken for an interrogation which could involve the application of one or more forms of judicial torture to elicit a confession; the second category utilized with one or two “main ropes” or “honnawa” which, like the hayanawa, could be any one of many different lengths, but was hemp in material. The thickness of this rope averaged at six or more millimeters in diameter, while the length could be as much as eighty feet long.

This was used to provide a more secure, long-term binding than is possible with the hayanawa for transportation to a place of incarceration, restraint at legal proceedings, and—in the case of severe crimes—for the public display of the prisoner prior to execution by such methods as beheading, crucifixion, or, in arson convictions, death by fire. Honnawa ties were applied by a group of people not less than four, whose presence allowed the use of more intricate and ornate patterns than was the case with the hayanawa. Both forms combined effective restraint with a distinct visual aesthetic. In either form, the Hojōjutsu ties known today display a shrewd understanding of human anatomy through several recurrent themes; this can include leverage-removal, rope-placement to discourage struggling or to make it less effective by placing one or more loops of rope around the neck and constricting restraint around points on the upper arms where determined struggle put pressure on blood vessels and nerves numbing the extremities.

Hojōjutsu shows limited survival in the modern world, both in elsewhere. Torinawa techniques are taught as part of the curriculum learned by modern Japanese police officers and it remains an advanced topic within schools of jujutsu, following it and other Japanese traditional martial arts as they make their way around the world from Brazil to Eastern Europe. Yoshida ha Shidare Yanagi ryu, art of the late Don Angier, contains an extensive hojōjutsu curriculum. Although the Honnawa techniques have long been supplanted by handcuffs and leg-irons, some teachers of traditional martial arts in Japan work to continue to maintain the art form; the Soke of Masaki-ryu Bujutsu, Nawa Yumio, has written several books on the subject and has worked as an historical consultant on matters dealing with law-enforcement and Mizukoshi Hiro’s reprinted book Torinawajutsu offers historical background followed by thorough, practical instruction in more than 25 traditional ties including some recreated from rare and old texts.

The Koryu cited are Seigo Ryu Jujutsu, Seishin Ryu Jujutsu, Koden Enshin Ryu Iaijutsu, Nanbu Handen Hojo Jutsu, Kurokawa Ryu Ninjutsu, Kurama Yoshin Ryu Jujutsu, Nagano Ryu Heihou, Mitsuo Muteki Ryu, Bo Ryu and Tenfu Muso Ryu. That is the late Seiko Fujita’s monumental work, Zukai Torinawajutsu, which could be considered as the encyclopedia of this art, by showing hundreds of ties from many different schools. Ittatsu-ryū - a school of Hojōjutsu featured in Shintō Musō-ryū Japanese bondage jitte Surujin Takenouchi-ryū Torinawajutsu - Hiro Mizukoshi Bugei Ryuha Daijiten An article by Richard Cleaver on Hojojutsu, translations from the 1964 works of Headmaster Nawa Yumio Images from the Criminal Museum of Meiji University showing torinawa and hojojitsu techniques Masaki Ryū The ancient art of Hojojutsu Kokusai Hojojutsu Kenkyukai / International Hojojutsu Research Society

Wallaceburg Satans

The Wallaceburg Satans are the first Canadian men's senior semi-professional box lacrosse team to play in the Box Lacrosse League. The Satans play their home games out of the "Wonder on Wall St." Wallaceburg Memorial Arena in Wallaceburg, Ontario. The Satans made their inaugural appearance during the 2017 Box Lacrosse League; the first goal in franchise history was scored in Wallaceburg, during their first game at 2:21 in first period by Brady McDonald. The Satans won the game by the score of 11-6 over the Chicago Outlaws. Haven Moses and Bobby Smith split the win in net, they finished the 2017 BLL regular season with a record of 5-1 and faced the Chicago Outlaws in the 2017 BLL Semi-Finals, played at the Midwest Orthopedic Sports Center in Brookfield, Wisconsin losing the game by a score of 12-11. Wallaceburg has been home to several other senior men's lacrosse teams. In 2016 Wallaceburg was the home to the OLA Sr. B Wallaceburg Thrashers who moved to Wallaceburg from Sarnia where they were called the Sarnia Beavers.

Other former OLA Sr. B teams include the St. Clair Storm, who split games between, Wallaceburg and Walpole Island. Many other teams in Wallaceburg have played under the Satans banner, including both Senior B and Junior B teams in the 1960s and 1970s. George "Jug" McGaffey - #9 Note: GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, PTS = Points, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against Wallaceburg Satans website

The Great Airport Mystery

The Great Airport Mystery is Volume 9 in the original The Hardy Boys Mystery Stories published by Grosset & Dunlap. This book was written for the Stratemeyer Syndicate by Leslie McFarlane in 1930. Between 1959 and 1973 the first 38 volumes of this series were systematically revised as part of a project directed by Harriet Adams, Edward Stratemeyer's daughter; the original version of this book was rewritten in 1965 by Tom Mulvey resulting in two different stories with the same title. While driving home the Hardy boys take a shortcut which results in a strange car crash and an encounter with an unfriendly stranger; the next day they are hired by Mr. Allen, the president of Stanwide Mining Equipment Company, under the guise of being factory messengers when in fact they are working undercover to investigate missing shipments of expensive mining equipment containing platinum; the Hardy boys decide to quit their messenger jobs. Instead they take aerial photographs of the area where their car crash occurred.

Continuing to investigate the theft of their camera, as well as the theft of the mining equipment, they see footprints and hear a voice belonging to Clint Hill, an aircraft pilot, presumed dead after his plane crashed into the ocean, causing them to wonder if his ghost is somehow involved in the thefts. After recovering their pictures the Hardy boys rent a helicopter and return to the area of the car crash, finding a large hidden cave and recovering the stolen shipments of equipment. Next the Hardy boys fly to a small Caribbean island, to Montana in pursuit of the criminals, they manage to apprehend all of the criminals involved and return to Bayport gratified at solving yet another mystery. Clint faked his death. In the original version of this story on the way to the new Bayport Airport the boys are run over by Mail Pilot Giles Ducroy. Ducroy blames the boys because he lost his job and he frames the boys for a mail robbery. Although they don't have an alibi they are bailed out of jail by Mr Applegate and Mr Jefferson owner of Cabin Island.

The Hardy boys overhear two other hoods planning a major air mail robbery. They find out that Ducroy and company bought an airplane and stow in the back of it to follow the hoods; when Ducroy and company try to steal a major payroll the Hardy boys manage to capture the thieves. The real pilot, whose plane was ruined by the thieves, ends up using the crooks' plane to deliver his cargo; the boys graduate from high school. They get. Frank Hardy Joe Hardy Mrs. Laura Hardy Miss Gertrude Hardy Mr. Fenton HardyChet Morton Jerry Madden: Jerry Madden is a wiry, good-looking youth whose brother was a teammate of the Hardys on their school's varsity football squad, he is a pilot for the Stanwide Company. Jerry helps the Hardys several times on their case, including flying them to a Caribbean island near the end of the mystery. In the other books of this series his name is given as Jerry Gilroy. Iola Morton Callie Shaw Mrs. Morton Biff Hooper Bill Vogel Kurt Lerner Kyle Rodney Clint Hill Mr. Newcomer Bush Barney: Bush Barney first appears right before a plane runs down the Hardy Boys.

He has a card in Mr. Hardy's identification files as an ex-convict, where Frank Hardy finds out who Bush Barney is. Art Rodax: Art Rodax is the boss of the Hardy Boys when they take "summer jobs" at the Stanwide Mining Equipment Company. Rodax is a heavy-set man with thinning hair, a sour, belligerent expression. Lance Peterson: Lance Peterson is a man of average height, with sandy-colored hair and a hard, weathered face, he was the copilot on the plane. Peterson was the only survivor; when he starts hearing Clint Hill's voice on the radio, he pleads the Hardys to find out, doing it. Mike Zimm and Mrs. Zimm: Mike Zimm is a mechanic for the Stanwide Company, he plays a part in stealing platinum from the Stanwide Company. Mrs. Zimm, wife of Mike Zimm is unaware of his criminal activities. Aaron Lieber and Mrs. Lieber: Aaron Lieber is a copilot mechanic and a special pal of Lance Peterson, he is a bony-faced man with beady eyes. In the story, he and Peterson fly a Stanwide cargo plane without orders with intent to steal the cargo, but are apprehended.

Mrs. Lieber, his wife, is a beautiful woman with a tremendous amount of blonde hair. John Unger: A shipping clerk and accomplice of Peterson and Lieber. Mack Carney: Crony of thieves. Anchor: Accomplice. Mr. Albert Allen: The owner of Stanwide who hires the Hardys to investigate. Lou Diamond: Lou Diamond is the tower chief at Bayport Airport, he is a stocky, good-natured man, with crew-cut red hair, but has an air of authority. The Hardys consult him for information about a low-flying plane. Randy Watson: Randy Watson is a tall, lean man who pilots the Hardys when they go up in an airplane to take photos of a suspicious area. Mr. Freeman: Mr. Freeman is the owner of “Freeman’s Camera House”, he is a man of medium height with dark hair. Richard Tyson and Mrs. Tyson: Richard Tyson is a large, burly man who uses the name of “Mr. R. C. Williams” when he goes to pick up photos that are the Hardys; when scared by the mention of the police, he tells them his real name and that his neighbor, the real Mr. Williams, told him to pick up the pictures under his name.

The title of the novel was adopted by the progressive metal band The Great Airport Mystery, whose album The Great Spaceport Mystery was released May 7, 2013


Universiti Teknologi MARA Football Club or as UiTM FC is a Malaysian football club based in Shah Alam, Malaysia. The club plays in the second-tier of Malaysian football league Malaysia Premier League. Founded in 2008, their home ground is 10,000-seat UiTM Stadium; the club known as The Lion Troops. The team is under the jurisdiction of Universiti Teknologi MARA, a Malaysian public university based in Shah Alam, Selangor. Founded in 2008, UiTM FC made club debut into Malaysian football by joining the third-tier league Malaysia FAM League in 2009; the club finishes third place in 2012 Malaysia FAM League and was promoted to the second-tier league, Malaysia Premier League in 2013 to replace USM FC, who were withdrawing from Malaysia Premier League due to financial difficulties. On 25 July 2010, the club won the first edition of IPT League tournament by beating UKM FC 3–0 in the final at UiTM Stadium. UiTM FC's first goal was scored by Amirizdwan Taj before Fahrul Razi scored the second goal in the 37th minute.

The third goal was an own goal by the UKM FC's Muhammed Suffian. Fahrul Razi was selected as the man of the match in the final. During 2017 season, UiTM FC managed to qualify for the Malaysia Cup for the first time since the club's establishment. UiTM became the fifth teams from the Malaysia Premier League to qualify for the 2017 Malaysia Cup competition after the completion of the final fixtures in the first half of the season. For 2019 season, UiTM FC managed to gain the fifth spot in the league. However, due to the status change of PKNS FC to the reserve team of Selangor FA, UiTM FC gains its promotion to play in the 2020 Malaysia Super League by default since Johor Darul Ta'zim II F. C. and Terengganu F. C. II were not allowed to play in the Malaysia Super League together with its parents club, Johor Darul Ta'zim F. C. and Terengganu F. C.. It is the first time. UiTM's selection of players is somewhat unique in that the players, including import players, must undertake undergraduate courses in UiTM in order to be selected to the squad.

As of 14 February 2020Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. For details on former players, see Category:UiTM FC players. Source: Source: President: Prof Dr Azizan Abdullah Deputy President: Dr Mohd Bahrin Othman Secretary: Mustaza Ahmad Treasurer: Dr Anuar Mazuki Head coaches by years Manager by years Captain by years Source: UiTM F. C. at UiTM F. C. Official website

Wielki Staw

Wielki Staw - post glacial natural lake in the Krkonoše mountains, in western Poland. It is situated in the Karkonosze National Park at the bottom of the cirque, on the southern slope of the Smogornia mountain. With its area of 8.3 hectares, it is the biggest glacial lake in the whole range. Its depth reaches 25 m, the shores are covered in subalpine species. Waters of the lake host rare species, some of them extinct like Isoetes lacustris. Due to the regulations of a nature reserve, the object is closed and can be watched only from the top of the cirque; the place is accessible from the Polish–Czech Friendship Trail. Mały Staw

Yummy Dough

Yummy Dough is a baking mixture which, after the addition of water, is kneaded to a smooth dough. It was invented in 2005 and first introduced in the market in 2007; the product's consistency is similar to that of modeling clay, such as Play-Doh, except it is edible raw and can be baked. Its coloring agents are all vegetable, it is delivered as a powder mix. Yummy Dough was invented by Stefan Kaczmarek, an IT worker from Idstein, Germany, in fall 2005. Kaczmarek credits his two daughters as having the original idea for the product because they "wanted to have dough they can play with as well as eat", it was first mentioned in a radio broadcast by the Hessischer Rundfunk, which increased the interest significantly. Kaczmarek had no intention to market the product but decided otherwise after the reaction to the broadcast, it was premiered as a commercial product at Anuga alimentary exhibition in 2007, where it won the "Taste 07" award for innovation. This sparked the interest of several large toy chains.

Yummy Dough was first sold in supermarkets in 2007, starting with the German grocery chains Hit and REWE. The product is produced by the RUF Lebensmittelwerke in Quakenbrück. In 2009 it became available to North America; this product is featured in season 4 of the Canadian version of Dragons' Den, in which Kaczmarek, his Canadian partner, Timothy Kimber of PlaSmart Inc. received C$500,000 from investors Kevin O'Leary, W. Brett Wilson, Jim Treliving, in exchange for a 3.5% cut of revenues, once the investment has been recouped. Further plans include marketing the product in Asia. Yummy Dough was pulled from the market and has since been taken over by a German company with new branding and is only available in the EU marketplace. PlaSmart Inc. Yummy Dough Official Website PlaSmart Official Website