Hokes Bluff is a city in Etowah County, United States. It is part of the Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 census the population was 4,286. Hokes Bluff was established on a high bluff overlooking the Coosa River; the town was called "The Bluff", was used as a lookout station for Native American tribes, as they could see a great distance across, up and down the Coosa River. Hokes Bluff was one the staging areas where the Cherokee were collected, sent to Gunter's Landing, west to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears. Settlers came into the area in the 1840s. Daniel Hoke Jr. was among the settlers, who came in 1850 and built a trading post and a blacksmith shop near the site of the bluff. The town was renamed "Hoke's Bluff" after him in 1853 by W. B. Wynne, a friend of Hoke; the town was raided and pillaged during the Civil War by raiding parties of both sides of the Union and the Confederacy. John Henry Wisdom, who became the "Paul Revere of the Confederacy" after making his famous ride from Gadsden to Rome during the Civil War, was a resident of Hokes Bluff.
A new mail route was established from Gadsden to Hokes Bluff in 1890. Before it was established, Hokes Bluff had poor mail service; the post office was established in 1877 and discontinued in 1931. One legend associated with the town is about the town's water supply, it is said that the springs are named for a Native American princess who grieved herself to death after her cousin, Princess Noccalula, jumped herself to death at Noccalula Falls in Gadsden. Hokes Bluff was incorporated in 1946 with a population of 1,200. W. B. Ford was the first mayor. In 1949, a water system was installed with 54 hydrants. In 1953, gas was installed in the town, in 1956, the streets were paved. Hokes Bluff is located in eastern Etowah County at 34°00′N 85°52′W, it is bordered to the west by the cities of Gadsden and Glencoe, to the northwest by the Coosa River. U. S. Route 278 passes through the city, leading west 9 miles to the center of Gadsden, east 15 miles to Piedmont. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city of Hokes Bluff has a total area of 12.1 square miles, of which 11.9 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.35%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,149 people, 1,638 households, 1,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 357.0 people per square mile. There were 1,721 housing units at an average density of 148.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.99% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.39% from two or more races. 0.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,638 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.3% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,923, the median income for a family was $42,534. Males had a median income of $32,444 versus $26,513 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,476. About 3.8% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 4,286 people, 1,747 households, 1,287 families residing in the city; the population density was 351.6 people per square mile. There were 1,846 housing units at an average density of 156.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.5% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.5% from two or more races. 0.2 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 1,747 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.3% were non-families.
23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $54,668, the median income for a family was $67,857. Males had a median income of $47,424 versus $34,288 for females; the per capita income for the city was $26,375. About 1.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over. Drake White, country music singer Linda Howard, Author Isaac Haas, American basketball player Emily Frederick, United States Paralympic Team Rio 2016 athlete, shot put, 9th Place.
5x national champion, Tyler Stovall, Athlete Former professional baseball player Ronald Womack, Vietnam War Veteran and current subs
"Herzlich tut mich verlangen" is a German hymn, with lyrics written in 1611 by Christoph Knoll, with a melody adapted from a secular song by Hans Leo Hassler. It is a prayer for a blessed death, beginning "Herzlich tut mich verlangen nach einem sel'gen End". Knoll wrote the "geistliches Sterbelied" "Herzlich thut mich verlangen nach einem selgen End" during the plague of 1599, it became known during his lifetime. It appeared in Görlitz in 1613 in the hymnal Harmoniae sacrae; the tune, "Befiehl du deine Wege", was written by Hans Leo Hassler around 1600 for a secular love song, "Mein G'müt ist mir verwirret", which first appeared in print in the 1601 Lustgarten Neuer Teutscher Gesäng. It was combined with the sacred text "Herzlich tut mich verlangen", first in Brieg in an organ tablature, it was first printed with this text in 1613 in Görlitz in the hymnal Harmoniae sacrae. Johann Crüger published it in 1640 in his hymnal Newes vollkömliches Gesangbuch, he used the same tune for Paul Gerhardt's hymn "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", in his Praxis pietatis melica, published in 1656.
The rhythmic melody in phrygian mode was sung in regular meter. Its phrygian mode and ambiguous harmonies contribute to the affekt of sadness common to all three texts; the hymn appears in 52 hymnals. The hymn was used as the base for a 1640 composition by Johann Crüger and a four-part setting by Samuel Scheidt, written in 1650. Johann Pachelbel used it in part 3 of his chorale preludes on hymns about dying, Musicalische Sterbens-Gedancken. Georg Philipp Telemann wrote a cantata of the title, translated to singable English as My longing is unbounded, for the feast of Purification. Johann Sebastian Bach used the hymn in his chorale prelude, BWV 727, for his Weimar cantata Komm, du süße Todesstunde, BWV 161. Johannes Brahms composed two chorale preludes as part of his Eleven Chorale Preludes, Op. 122, in 1896. Max Reger composed a chorale prelude as No. 14 of his 52 Chorale Preludes, Op. 67 in 1902. Jahn Topeit composed a setting for three instruments, titled Gedanken über den Choral "Herzlich tut mich verlangen", published by Hofmeister in 1998.
Bernhard Krol wrote a partita for organ, translated to "My Heart Is Filled With Longing / Partita about dying blessedly. Liederkunde zum Evangelischen Gesangbuch "Herzlich tut mich verlangen" / Ewigkeitslied zu Philipper 1, 23–24, christliche-gedichte.de Free scores by "Mein G'müth ist mir verwirret" in the Choral Public Domain Library
Genesis was a professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, which took place on January 11, 2009 at the Bojangles' Coliseum in Charlotte, North Carolina. It was scheduled to take place on November 9, 2008 at the Impact! Zone in Orlando, however, TNA moved Turning Point to that date instead, it was the fourth event under the Genesis chronology. In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand. Genesis featured eight professional wrestling matches that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers portrayed villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that built tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. Genesis at In Demand.com
Warne Marsh is an album by saxophonist Warne Marsh recorded in late 1957 and early 1958, released on the Atlantic label. "Too Close for Comfort" – 3:48 "Yardbird Suite" – 5:00 "It's All Right With Me" – 8:14 "My Melancholy Baby" – 7:54 "Just Squeeze Me" – 6:38 "Excerpt" – 3:32 Warne Marsh – tenor saxophone Ronnie Ball – piano Paul Chambers – bass Philly Joe Jones, Paul Motian – drums
The culture of Chile reflects the population and the geographic isolation of the country in relation to the rest of South America. Since colonial times, the Chilean culture has been a mix of Spanish colonial elements with elements of indigenous culture, as well that of other immigrant cultures; the Huasos of Central Chile and their native or folk music and dance are central to Chilean folk culture. Though the folk traditions the Central Chile are central to Chilean cultural and national identity, Chile is both geographically and culturally diverse with both the North and the South having their own folk music and dance due to different indigenous peoples and different immigrant groups settling there. Additionally, while some regions of Chile have strong indigenous heritage, such as Araucanía Region, Easter Island, Arica y Parinacota Region, some regions lack considerable indigenous communities and a few other regions have noteworthy non-Spanish European immigrant heritage; the term Chilenidad describes the Chilean National identity.
Hernán Godoy describes the psychological characteristics of the Chilean, hence part of the Chilean national identity, with following words: roto, sober, prudent, sense of humor, great fear to the ridicule, servile and lack of foresight, among other qualities. Jorge Larraín criticized these older descriptions as "overgeneralized abstractions" impossible to apply to a whole nation; the national dance of Chile is the cueca and first appeared in 1824. Another form of traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada. Arising imported by the Spanish colonists, it is distinguished from the cueca by an intermediate melodic section and a more prominent melody; the cueca was promoted by the Pinochet regime in the 1970s and 1980s for political reasons to promote Chilean nationalism, cultural pride and conservative patriotic fervor. In the period starting from 1930 to 1970 appears a rebirth in the interest and popularity in folk music in Chile carried out by groups such as Los Cuatro Huasos, who took folk songs from the Chilean country and arranged them vocally and with musical instruments.
They gave several recitals in Chile, in Latin America that contributed with its diffusion. Appeared other groups such as Los de Ramon, Los Huasos Quincheros, Los Cuatro Cuartos, others who continued with this diffusion. Appeared several Chilean folk composers such as Raul de Ramon, Margot Loyola, Luis Aguirre Pinto, Violeta Parra, Víctor Jara, others that carried out folk investigation and composed folk music, still sung up to this day. In the mid-1960s native musical forms were revitalized by the Parra family with the Nueva Canción Chilena, which became associated with political activism and reformers like Chilean socialist Salvador Allende and his Popular Unity government. Violeta Parra, Víctor Jara, Los Jaivas, Inti-Illimani and Quilapayún perform of this music. During the military rule in the 1970s, all forms of public expression contrary to the junta were repressed, protest songs, which were played and circulated in a clandestine manner. In the late 1980s and after the return of democracy in the 1990s, new musical bands like La Ley, Los Tres and Los Prisioneros, began to appear, the rise of heavy metal and alternative rock there.
1970s Chilean rock bands like the Los Ángeles Negros regained popularity across Latin America. Chile's most famous contributions to literature have come from Nobel Prize poets Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral, whose homes and birthplaces are now museums that attract literary pilgrims to Chile; the majority of Neruda's poetry, as individual books or collections of selected poems, as well as his memoirs, are available in English, however Mistral's works are harder to find, though collected editions are available. Contemporary Chilean authors have earned an international reputation in the literary world; the most famous is novelist Isabel Allende, whose House of the Spirits, Of Love and Shadows, Eva Luna have all been international bestsellers. She is the niece of president Salvador Allende; the popular Luis Sepúlveda has written stylish short novels like The Old Man Who Read Love Stories, combines travel writing with imaginative fiction in Full Circle: a South American Journey. José Donoso's novel Curfew recalls the latter days of the recent military dictatorship, while Antonio Skármeta's novel Burning Patience was the inspiration for the Oscar-winning Italian film, Il Postino.
Established in 1849 in the University of Chile, the Chilean Academy of Painting has helped foster fine painting and inspire young artists. Roberto Matta, a 20th-century painter, is a world known artist who used abstract and surrealist technique in his work. Carlos Sotomayor is considered one of the main exponents of cubism from South America. Camilo Mori was the founder of the Group Montparnasse. Claudio Bravo was a hyper realist who lived and worked in Morocco since 1972. Sculpture has been prominent in Chile's culture. In the 19th century, sculptor Rebeca Matte was the first Chilean woman to embrace the art, she was commissioned to produce a piece by the government of Chile as a gift to the government of Brazil which she called "Icarus and Daedalus". In 1930, her husband donated a bronze copy to the Museum of Fine Arts in Santiago, recognized as a leading masterpiece. Matte created a battle monument as a tribute to the heroes of Concepción. In the 20th century, Marta Colvin gained international status by exhibiting her work in cities around the world Chilean cuisine uses a variety of products due to Chile's location and long coastline.
Penpont Brewery is a brewery established by Joseph Thomson and Stephen Medlicott in 2008. It was built in converted farm buildings just outside Altarnun, up on the edge of Bodmin Moor, Cornwall; the beers are brewed using their own spring water near Penpont Water hence the name. Penpont is a microbrewery which produces cask ales and bottled beers, using a mixture of modern and traditional British brewing techniques, they aim to use only high-quality natural ingredients to produce the best tasting beers possible. Many of the beers have won Gold Awards; the brewery’s Ginger Beer is one of their specialities using traditional methods same as for ales, but using ginger instead of hops. This has resulted in a clear rich ginger beer rather than the cloudy alternatives; this beer was winner of best "Speciality Beer" at the SIBA South West Region Beer Competition, 2011. Although unlike many breweries they do not own any public houses, they do work with their local establishment, The Rising Sun; the Rising Sun hosts the annual event to celebrate the official birthday of Penpont Brewery, held on the first Friday of November which has become a well attended local event.
The brewery is well established in the local counties of Devon. They have started exporting to Canada and Russia. Production has trebled in volume since 2008 and further expansion in 2013 is planned to meet export demand. In 2014 Penpont Brewery launched Firebrand Brewing Co as a craft beer co-brand and on June 30 2014 changed the company name to FP Brewing Ltd. Shipwreck Coast is a deep golden ale. Full bodied & fruity with tangerine citrus hop flavours. Named for the infamous stretch of coastline in North Cornwall and Devon. Beast of Bodmin Moor is a deep chestnut red ale, great complex malt flavours with a berry, fruity bitter finish, it won bronze for cornish strong bitter at the 2018 CAMRA Falmouth beer festival. ABV: 5.0%. An Howl is a strong golden ale, with unique orange, citrus hop notes, a great mellowing malt flavour. An Howl is Cornish for the Sun; this ale’s unique flavour has been recognised by gold awards at SIBA South West Beer Competition and Taste of The West Awards 2012. St Nonna’s was the first beer to be produced, is a dark and malty session ale with a moderate bitter finish.
St Nonna’s is the local church in Altarnun