Chris Holmes (musician)
Christopher John Holmes is an American heavy metal guitarist and songwriter. Holmes started his musical career in the Pasadena, California area in the late 1970s and early 1980s, he is best known as the lead guitarist of heavy-metal band W. A. S. P. Together with Blackie Lawless and Randy Piper, he was one of the founding members of the band. Holmes was a member of W. A. S. P. First from 1982 to 1990, again from 1996 to 2002. Prior to meeting Blackie Lawless and Randy Piper, joining W. A. S. P. Holmes played guitar with Los Angeles bands Buster Savage, LAX, Slave. Holmes joined W. A. S. P. in 1982, remained with the group until 1990. In 1996 Holmes rejoined W. A. S. P. and remained lead guitarist until 2001. Holmes has not played with W. A. S. P. Since. Holmes was contacted by friend and former bandmate Randy Piper to join Animal. Holmes relocated to Ohio to prepare for Animal's upcoming "900 lb Steam" tour; the tour was considered successful, after its conclusion, Animal recorded tracks for a new album. After Holmes returned to Los Angeles in late 2003, he began working with several Southern California-based metal groups and contributing guitar tracks.
In 2007, Holmes was involved with the filming of a Randy Rhoads documentary directed by Peter M. Margolis, which has yet to be released. Holmes appears in a 2009 episode of VH1's Rock Docs, "Do It For The Band: The Women of Sunset Strip." In the Summer of 2009 Holmes released Secret Society's "Death by Misadventure." In 2010, he joined Where Angels Suffer with Randy Piper on guitar, Steve Unger on bass, Rich Lewis, on vocals, Stet Howland on drums. Ira Black has since replaced Piper; the band toured Europe for the first time in 2011. On November 26, 2012, Chris released his first solo album Nothing to Lose and decided to produce and distribute it himself along with his wife Catherine Sarah Holmes. After the success of his first album, Chris started recording his second solo album, Shitting Bricks. On May 2, 2015, Chris Holmes released his second album worldwide and had his first concert in Nantes, France with his new band'Mean Man' which consists of Thomas Cesario Guitar, Pascal Bei Bass and Folkert Beukers on the drums.
Two of the songs were filmed live, uploaded to his YouTube channel. In September 2018, Chris recorded his newest EP "Under the Influence" at Replug studio, mixed by Raphael Gary and produced by Chris and Catherine Holmes, it was released on the 2nd December 2018 in Dublin. The album is scheduled to be released at the end of 2019 Since 2019 Chris has introduced new members to Mean Man. Taking lead on the original W. A. S. P material, Oliver Tindall, introduced to the band after sharing the bill with Chris in Welwyn Garden City with his own band The Wicked Jackals. Alongside Ollie and recruited from The Wicked Jackals, is his new bassist Lex Gifford. Tying the 4 piece together is Stephen Jackson, on drums whom Chris met 2 years prior with Alexa De Strange from Heart Break Remedy. While a member of W. A. S. P. Holmes participated in the filming of the documentary film, The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years; the film included interviews with many well known heavy metal personalities of the era discussing their lifestyle and the metal scene in late 1980s Los Angeles.
Holmes' contribution to the 1988 documentary is the most memorable, as he was interviewed while floating in a swimming pool clothed and visibly quite intoxicated while his mother sat poolside. The interview stood out in stark contrast to the more light-hearted and humorous interviews conducted by director Penelope Spheeris, which portrayed rockers as good-natured, though dimwitted or deluded, party animals. During the interview, Holmes smiled drunkenly at the camera, deeming himself "a full-blown alcoholic" and "a piece of crap" despite his band's success, punctuated his remarks by guzzling from three bottles of vodka. At the end of the interview, Holmes upends a full bottle of Smirnoff over his head as he rolls out of his inflatable chair and into the water. Chris Holmes has been married three times, his first marriage was to Kaylen Rodgers in the late 1980s. He was wed to Lita Ford in the early 1990s, he is now married to Catherine Sarah Holmes, whom he wed in 2012. The couple resides in Cannes, France.
Jackson Custom Rhoads. Used in the movie "The Dungeonmaster." Returned after Chris was offered an endorsement from Jackson/Charvel. Jackson/Charvel Custom parts Star. Jackson Custom Star. Jackson Custom Rhoads. Jackson Custom Rhoads. Sold on eBay residing in Finland. Jackson Custom Star. Sold on eBay. Fender Stratocaster. Seen once on a TV Show. Jackson Custom Star. Smashed by Lita Ford. Jackson Flying V. Jackson Custom Kelly. Gibson Flying V. Ibanez Destroyer. Amfisound Custom. Ibanez Destroyer. In an interview, Holmes
Hollywood Vampires (L.A. Guns album)
Hollywood Vampires is the third studio album by the American glam metal band L. A. Guns, released in 1991. While no track from the album topped the charts, Hollywood Vampires presents various shades of the band and is representative of the late 1980s/early 1990s heavy metal scene, with riff-laden songs and big choruses on every song; the meticulous production gives the album a sound typical of the period — a full sound, with lots of background harmony vocals, layered guitars and additional keyboard tracks. The album starts in a more somber note with "Over the Edge", used in the film Point Break, but the bulk of it consists of standard hard rockers, such as "Kiss My Love Goodbye" and "My Koo Ka Choo"; the band aims for the ballad hit several times, in "Crystal Eyes", "It's Over Now" and the 1950s-style "I Found You", attempting to repeat the earlier success of their major single "The Ballad of Jayne". The Japan pressing adds the original version of "Ain't the Same" from the Cuts EP, with the addition of several saxophone solos.
The original CD and cassette releases featured a 3-D photo cover and a small pair of 3-D glasses was included. During the Hollywood Vampires tour in January 1992, drummer Steve Riley was fired and replaced by M. C. Bones. All credits adapted from the original CD edition liner notes. All tracks written by Mick Cripps, Tracii Guns, Phil Lewis, Kelly Nickels and Steve Riley except where noted. L. A. GunsPhil Lewis - lead vocals Tracii Guns - lead guitar, 6 and 12-string acoustic guitars, slide guitar, backing vocals, Mick Cripps – rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar, slide guitar, backing vocals, strings arrangements Kelly Nickels – bass, backing vocals Steve Riley – drums, backing vocalsAdditional musiciansKevin Savigar - strings arrangements John Townsend - additional backing vocalsProductionMichael James Jackson - producer, engineer Chris Minto, Micajah Ryan, Pat Regan, Will Rogers - engineers Jamie Seyberth, Jim Wirt, Ken Allroyd - assistant engineers David Thoener, Micajah Ryan, Mick Guzauski - mixing at A&M Studios, Conway Studios and Lighthouse Studios, California Rob Jazco, Ed Korengo, Gil Morales, Kevin Becka - mixing assistants Stephen Marcussen - mastering at Precision Lacquer, Los Angeles Mark Sullivan - production coordinator Holiday Foreplay is a promo EP by hard rock band L.
A. Guns, it was released in 1991 on Polydor
Keri Kelli is an American hard rock guitarist who has played with artists and groups including Alice Cooper, Jani Lane, Vince Neil and John Waite. In March 2013 he formed Project Rock together with James Kottak from the Scorpions. Project Rock consisted of James Kottak, Tim ` Ripper' Owens, Rudy Sarzo & Teddy Zig-Zag. Kelli most toured with the band Night Ranger. Kelli was born in Huntington Beach, California on September 7, 1971, he has founded several bands, including Saints of the Underground, Adler's Appetite, New World Idols, Big Bang Babies, Empire. He has played with other bands includingas Slash's Snakepit, Skid Row, Vince Neil Band, Warrant, L. A. Guns, Pretty Boy Floyd, Dad's Porno Mag, The Newlydeads, Love/Hate, Tal Bachman, Angel City Outlaws, Alice Cooper, Liberty N' Justice and Night Ranger. In July 2009, Keri opened Aces & Ales, an American craft beer bar and restaurant in Las Vegas, Nevada. In June 2013, he opened a second restaurant. Empire Show Ya – – single / vinyl – cassette tape singleBig Bang Babies Big Bang Babies – Black Market – 3 Chords & the Truth – Hollywood Hairspray Vol.1 – – "Let's Go" The Glam That Stole Christmas Vol.1 – – "Winter Wonderland"Rubber Rubber – – Cassette Tape Safe Sex, Designer Drugs, the Death of Rock N Roll – – Cassette Tape The Newlydeads Re-Bound – – 2 tracks from forthcoming album "Black & Shiny" Black & Shiny – Dead End – – some songs from "Black & Shiny" Dream from a Dirt Nap – – best of.
Some songs from "Black & Shiny"Pretty Boy Floyd The Pink and the Black – – incl. "Saturday Night" A Tale of Sex, Designer Drugs, the Death of Rock N Roll – Porn Stars – The World's Greatest Heavy Metal Anthems – – "Lether Boyz With Electric Toyz" Porn Stars – – incl. 2 bonus tracks No Brakes -BIG M. F. Compilation- – – "Shout It Out Loud" The Ultimate – Dirty Glam – – re-issue of "Porn Stars" with some bonus demo tracks Vault II – Take It Down – – feat. Aerial Stiles. Written by Keri Kelli / Steve Summers. Dad's Porno Mag Dad's Porno Mag – U. S. Crush U. S. Crush – – co-wrote "Bleed" & "Collision Course", Guitar on "Bleed"Slash's Snakepit Ain't Life Grand – – appeared on booklet only. Keri joined. Goliath The Gate – – guitar solo on "Demons"Shameless Backstreet Anthems – – wrote lyrics for "Talk to Me", but wrong credit printed in original booklet. Backstreet Anthems – – wrote lyrics for "Talk to Me" Talk to Me – – wrote lyrics and on vocals Queen 4 a Day – Splashed – Super Hardcore Show – Undressed: An Unmasked Tribute to Kiss- – Famous 4 Madness – Forever Ends Today – single incl.
"Queen 4 A Day" Splashed – – Cardboard Sleeve edition Life's a Gas – – single incl. "Live 4 Today" Queen 4 a Day – Beautiful Disaster – WebsiteSonofabitch Greatest Hits – The Black Compilation – New World Idols 5 Tracks Promotion CD – Agent Cody Banks – – "Up Town Girl" Keri, Chad Stewart Warrant Under the Influence – – co-wrote "Sub Human" & "Face"Jani Lane Back Down to One – – released by Jani himself Back Down to One – – released from Z RECORDS Monster Ballads X Mas – – plays guitar on "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"L. A. Guns Rips the Covers Off – – On the two live songs Hellraiser's Ball: Caught in the Act Adler's Appetite Adler's Appetite – Adler's Appetite – – different booklet called "Black Rose Version"Liberty N' Justice Soundtrack of a Soul – – co-wrote and play "Another Nail" Independence Day – – guitar on "Doubting Thomas" Light It Up – – guitar on "Every Reason To Believe" Hell Is Coming to Breakfast – – co-wrote "Sin", Guitar on "Stretch Armstrong" Cigar Chronicles – – co-wrote and guitar on "Sin"Nicollette Knight Nicollette Knight – – play all instruments and recorded some unreleased songs of Big Bang BabiesAngel City Outlaws Hell Bent Forever: A Tribute to Judas Priest – – "Heading Out to the Highway"Saints of the Underground Love the Sin, Hate the Sinner – Alice Cooper Along Came a Spider – Theater of Death – Live at Hammersmith 2009 – Live album & video Keepin' Halloween Alive – 7" single C.side – "I Love the Dead" from "Theater of Death" Welcome 2 My Nightmare – "We Gotta Get Outta This Place" as bonus trackStephen Pearcy Social Intercourse – – co-wrote "Freak", "In the Corner" and "Five Fingers" Fueler – – co-wrote and play "That Sick Thing" & "Spy Vs. Spy" Metal Mania Stripped Vol.2 – The Anthems – – plays acoustic guitar on "Round and Round"Penny Lane Midnight Tales from the Funhouse: Part 1 – – produced, co-wrote and play on all songsV.
A. Shout at the Remix: A Tribute to Mötley Crüe- – – guitar on "Looks That Kill" Welcome to the Aerosmithonian: A Tribute to Aerosmith- – – guitar on "Sweet Emotion" Name Your Poison: A Tribute to Poison- – – guitar on "Talk Dirty to Me", "Look What the Cat Dragged In", "I Won't Forget You" and "Fallen Angel" It's So Easy: A Millennium Tribute to Guns N' Roses- – – guitar on "Night Train" Too Fast for Love: A Millennium Tribute to Mötley Crüe- – – guitar on "Dr. Feelgood" Misty Mou
W. Axl Rose is an American singer, record producer and musician, he is the lead vocalist of the hard rock band Guns N' Roses, has been the band's sole constant member since its inception in 1985. In addition to Guns N' Roses, he toured with Australian rock band AC/DC in 2016 during their Rock or Bust World Tour when Brian Johnson took a break due to hearing problems. Rose has been named one of the greatest singers of all time by various media outlets, including Rolling Stone and NME. Born and raised in Lafayette, Rose moved in the early 1980s to Los Angeles, where he became active in the local hard rock scene and joined several bands, including Hollywood Rose and L. A. Guns. In 1985, he co-founded Guns N' Roses, with whom he had great success and recognition in the late 1980s and early 1990s, their first album, Appetite for Destruction, has sold in excess of 30 million copies worldwide, is the best-selling debut album of all time in the U. S. with 18 million units sold. Its full-length follow-ups, the twin albums Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II, were widely successful.
After 1994, following the conclusion of their two-and-a-half-year Use Your Illusion Tour, Rose disappeared from public life for several years, while the band disintegrated due to personal and musical differences. As its sole remaining original member, he was able to continue working under the Guns N' Roses banner because he had obtained the band name. In 2001, he resurfaced with a new line-up of Guns N' Roses at Rock in Rio 3, subsequently played periodic concert tours to promote the long-delayed Chinese Democracy, which undersold the music industry's commercial expectations despite positive reviews upon its release. In 2012, Rose was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Guns N' Roses, though he declined to attend the event and requested exclusion from the Hall. In 2016, Rose reunited the "classic" lineup of Guns N' Roses and has since toured the world as part of the Not in This Lifetime... Tour; that same year, Rose toured with AC/DC, filling in for Brian Johnson as the lead singer of the group and embarked on a world tour with them.
Rose was born William Bruce Rose Jr. in Lafayette, the oldest child of Sharon Elizabeth 16 years old and still in high school, William Bruce Rose 20 years old. He is of maternal German ancestry, his father has been described as "a troubled and charismatic local delinquent," and the pregnancy was unplanned. His parents separated when Rose was two years old, prompting his father to abduct and molest him before disappearing from Lafayette, his mother remarried to Stephen L. Bailey, changed her son's name to William Bruce Bailey, he has two younger siblings—a sister, a half-brother, Stuart. Until the age of 17, Rose believed, he never met his biological father as an adult. Rose did not learn about the murder until years later; the Bailey household was religious. Rose recalled an oppressive upbringing, stating, "We'd have televisions one week my stepdad would throw them out because they were Satanic. I wasn't allowed to listen to music. Women were evil. Everything was evil." He accused his stepfather of physically abusing him and his siblings and sexually abusing his sister.
Rose found solace in music from an early age. He sang in the church choir from the age of five, performed at services with his brother and sister under the name the Bailey Trio. At Jefferson High School, he studied piano. A second baritone, Rose began developing "different voices" during chorus practice to confuse his teacher, he formed a band with his friends, one of whom was Jeff Isbell known as Izzy Stradlin. At the age of 17, while going through insurance papers in his parents' home, Rose learned of his biological father's existence, he unofficially readopted his birth name. However, he referred to himself only as W. Rose, because he did not want to share a first name with his biological father. Following the discovery of his true family origins, Rose became the local juvenile delinquent in Lafayette. After Lafayette authorities threatened to charge him as a habitual criminal, Rose moved to Los Angeles, California, in December 1982. After moving to Los Angeles, he became so engrossed in his band AXL that his friends suggested he call himself Axl Rose.
Shortly after his arrival in Los Angeles, Rose met guitarist Kevin Lawrence outside The Troubadour in West Hollywood and joined his band Rapidfire. They recorded a five-song demo in May 1983, after years of legal action, was released as an EP, Ready to Rumble, in 2014. After parting ways with Lawrence, he formed the band Hollywood Rose with his childhood friend Izzy Stradlin, who had moved to Los Angeles in 1980, 16-year-old guitarist Chris Weber. In January 1984, the band recorded a five-song demo featuring the tracks "Anything Goes", "Rocker", "Shadow of Your Love", "Reckless Life", relea
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western